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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 415887 matches for " Míriam del Socorro; Medina-Solis "
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Prevalencia de caries dental en escolares de 6-12 a?os de edad de León, Nicaragua
Herrera,Míriam del Socorro; Medina-Solis,Carlo Eduardo; Maupomé,Gerardo;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112005000400006
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of caries, deft and dmft indices (sum of decay, messing, and filling tooth in primary and permanent dentition), and the significant caries index (sic) in scholars from leon, nicaragua. patients and method: dental data from a representative sample of 1,400 children were collected and analyzed in a cross-sectional study (year 2002). all subjects were clinically evaluated by one of two calibrated and standardized examiners. results: 28.6% children were caries free in both dentitions. caries prevalence in primary teeth in 6-years-old children was 72.6% and 45.0% in permanent teeth in 12-years-old children. mean deft and dmft were 2.98 ± 2.93 (n = 1,125) and 0.65 ± 1.43 (n = 1,379), respectively. the sic at 12 years of age was 4.12. children with caries experience in primary teeth were more likely to have caries in permanent teeth (odds ratio = 2.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.66-3.79) than children without caries in primary teeth. conclusion: low caries prevalence and experience were observed in the permanent dentition, with a substantial proportion of filled teeth. such favorable finding was not observed in the primary dentition. levels of caries failed to meet the oral health goal of fdi/who for the year 2000 in 6-years-old. however, the levels found in 12-year-olds had already met the goal for 2000. the present findings confirmed prior reports that the caries experience in primary teeth is associated with the experience of caries in permanent teeth.
Fracturas maxilofaciales y factores asociados en derechohabientes del IMSS Campeche, México: Análisis retrospectivo 1994-1999
Medina-Solis, Cario Eduardo;Córdova-González, José Luis;Casanova-Rosado, Alejandro José;Zazueta-Hernández, Maria Alejandra;
Gaceta médica de México , 2004,
Abstract: objective: to determine prevalence, distribution, and associated factors of maxillofacial fractures (mfs) among third-party insurance plan patients. method: a cross-sectional and descriptive study with data of patients from oral and maxilofacial surgery department (january 1994 to december-1999) at the instituto mexicano del seguro social in campeche, mexico, was carried out. daily registries, surgical programming lists' and charts off 611 patients were used to determine presence of mfs, age, sex, and status of the insured. analysis was made in stata 7 using x2. odds ratio (or) with confidence intervals to 95% were calculated (1c9 5%). results: the prevalence of mfs was 9.4%. the age average was 31.04 +15.49 years old. the major percentage of mfs were dentoalveolar fractures (26.3%), followed by mandibular angle (20.4%) and mandibular body (13.2%). being a male was strongly associated with presence of mfs (or=6. 1; 1c95% 4.08, 9.12). the groups of age with greater association to mfs were those of 41-50 (rm-3.30 1c 95% 1.57, 6.96) and those of 31-40 (rm=2.87 1c95% 1.53,5.55). the workers-category displayed a superior association (rm=6.251c 95% 3.21, 13.56) to the other groups of the insured category. conclusions: the epidemiologic characteristics of mfs were similar to those reported in the specialized literature. appearing mainly in men and intermediate age groups ages. the patterns of fractures in the studied patients were different according to the age group to which they belonged.
RELACIóN ENTRE LA EXPERIENCIA DE LA SEPARACIóN PARENTAL Y LA CONSTRUCCIóN DE UN PROYECTO DE VIDA DEL JOVEN Y LA JOVEN UNIVERSITARIOS
DURáN,ALICIA DEL SOCORRO; MEDINA,ARGELIA; GONZáLEZ,NHORA ISABEL; ROLóN,ISMAEL;
Universitas Psychologica , 2007,
Abstract: this project tries to identify possible relationships between continuation of the parents’ couple relationship or the experience of living a parental divorce, and the definition of professional goals and establishment of couple relationships in two groups of college students. the information was gathered using a demographic survey, two questionnaires and in-depth interviews. results indicate that parental divorce is a difficult and painful event. only children of parents that are together have negative ideas about divorce. parents divorce affects neither career election nor professional plans, given that parents respect and support children’s decisions. all students have had significant couple relationships and have long term plans to form a couple and raise a family, after the satisfaction of economic and academic goals.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EXPERIENCE OF GOING THROUGH PARENT’S SEPARATION/DIVORCE AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF LIFE PROJECTS IN COLLEGE STUDENTS
ALICIA DEL SOCORRO DURáN,ARGELIA MEDINA,NHORA ISABEL GONZáLEZ,ISMAEL ROLóN
Universitas Psychologica , 2007,
Abstract: This project tries to identify possible relationships between continuation of the parents’ couple relationship or theexperience of living a parental divorce, and the definition of professional goals and establishment of couple relationshipsin two groups of college students. The information was gathered using a demographic survey, two questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Results indicate that parental divorce is a difficult and painful event. Only children of parents that are together have negative ideas about divorce. Parents divorce affects neither career election nor professional plans,given that parents respect and support children’s decisions. All students have had significant couple relationships and have long term plans to form a couple and raise a family, after the satisfaction of economic and academic goals.
Reporte de 1 caso de rinitis purulenta por Streptococcus pneumoniae en un paciente VIH/SIDA
Nereyda Cabrera Cantelar,Reynaldo Menéndez Capote,Míriam Pérez Monrás,Vilma Medina Almenares
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 1999,
Abstract: Se reporta un caso de rinitis purulenta aguda por Streptococcus pneumoniae en un paciente VIH/sida, atendido en el Servicio de Hospitalización del Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Pedro Kourí". Los hallazgos clínicos fueron fiebre, rinorrea purulenta severa, con toma del estado general. Se aisló Streptococcus pneumoniae por diagnóstico convencional y de avanzada. La prueba de susceptibilidad antimicrobiana resultó sensible a la cefaloridina, ampicilina, penicilina G y oxacilina. Recibió tratamiento con ampicilina 2 g diarios durante 10 d, el cuadro clínico mejoró con regresión total de los síntomas This paper reports a case of acute purulent rhinitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in a HIV/AIDS patient seen at the Hospitalization Center of "Pedro Kourí" Tropical Medicine Institute. The clinical findings were fever, severe purulent rhinorrea and affected general condition. Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated with standard and advanced diagnosis techniques. Antimicrobial sensitivity test revealed that it was sensitive to cefaloridien, ampicillin, penicillin G and oxacillin. The patient was treated with a dose of 2 g of ampicillin daily for 10 days. The clinical picture of the patient improved and there was a total remission of the symptoms.
Pérdida dental y patrones de caries en preescolares de una comunidad suburbana de Campeche TOOTH LOSS AND PATTERNS OF CARIES IN PRESCHOOLCHILDREN OF A SUBURBAN COMMUNITY OF CAMPECHE-2001
Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís,Miriam del Socorro Herrera,Graciela Rosado-Vila,Mirna Minaya-Sánchez
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2004,
Abstract: Objetivos: La caries dental es una enfermedad crónica, infecciosa, multifactorial y transmisible. Es muy prevalente y es la causa principal de pérdida dental durante la infancia. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de pérdida de dientes y los patrones de caries en ni os preescolares de una comunidad suburbana de Campeche, México. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 109 preescolares de 5-6 a os de edad. Los criterios para diagnosticar caries dental fueron el índice ceod (OMS) y el "criterio de magnitud de la lesión cariosa" (CMLC). Se consideró como pérdida dental a la ausencia total del diente o al grado 4 del CMLC (perdida mayor a 2/3 partes de la corono clinica). Los patrones de ataque de caries registrados fueron: 1) patrón anterior, 2) patrón posterior y 3) patrón anterior-posterior. Todos los sujetos fueron evaluados clínicamente por dos cirujanos dentistas capacitados y estandarizados (kappa>0.85). El análisis consistió en el cálculo de medidas de frecuencia, de tendencia central y de dispersión, según la escala de medición de las variables. El análisis bivariado se realizó con la prueba de chi2. Resultados: Trece (11.9%) de los 109 sujetos tuvieron 34 (1.7%) dientes perdidos de un total de 2041 piezas temporales examinadas. Los dientes perdidos con mayor frecuencia fueron los segundos molares inferiores. De los sujetos con caries (n=82) 47.6% presentaron el patrón anterior-posterior, 46.3% tuvieron patrón posterior y 6.1% exhibieron patrón anterior. No existieron diferencias substanciales en relación a la edad y sexo. Conclusiones: La pérdida dental en esta población fue alta. El patrón de mayor prevalencia fue el anterior-posterior. Objectives: The dental caries is an infectious, chronic, multifactorial and transmissible illness. It’s very prevalent during infancy and the major cause of tooth loss among children. The objectives of this study were to determine prevalence of tooth loss and to identify patterns of caries in the dentition of preschool children of a suburban community of Campeche , México. Methods: A cross-sectional study in 109 preschoolers 5-6 years old was carried-out. The criteria to diagnose dental caries were the index dmft (WHO) and "magnitude of lesion caries criteria". Dental loss is considered to be total absence of the tooth or grade 4 on the MLCC scale (a loss of more than parts of clinical crown). The attack patterns of caries registered were: 1) anterior pattern, 2) posterior pattern and 3) anterior-posterior subsequent pattern. All subjects were evaluated clinically by
Creation and Validation of Chronojump-Boscosystem: A Free Tool to Measure Vertical Jumps. (Creación y validación de Chronojump-Boscosystem: un instrumento libre para la medición de saltos verticales).
Xavier de Blas,Josep M. Padullés,José Luis López del Amo,Míriam Guerra-Balic
RICYDE : Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte , 2012,
Abstract: Measuring the height of the vertical jump is an indicator of the strength and power of the lower body. The technological tools available to measure the vertical jump are black boxes and are not open to third-party verification or adaptation. We propose the creation of a measurement system called Chronojump-Boscosystem, consisting of open hardware and free software. Methods: A microcontroller was created and validated using a square wave generator and an oscilloscope. Two types of contact platforms were developed using different materials. These platforms were validated by the minimum pressure required for activation at different points by a strain gauge, together with the on/off time of our platforms in respect of the Ergojump-Boscosystem platform by a sample of 8 subjects performing submaximal jumps with one foot on each platform. Agile methodologies were used to develop and validate the software. Results: All the tools fall under the free software / open hardware guidelines and are, in that sense, free. The microcontroller margin of error is 0.1%. The validity of the fiberglass platform is 0.95 (ICC). The management software contains nearly 113.000 lines of code and is available in 7 languages.Resumen La medición de la altura del salto vertical es un indicador de la fuerza y potencia del tren inferior. Los instrumentos electrónicos disponibles para medir este salto son cajas negras que no permiten la verificación ni la adaptación por parte de terceros. Proponemos la creación de un sistema de medición llamado Chronojump-Boscosystem, que consiste en un hardware abierto y un software libre. Métodos: Se ha creado un microcontrolador y se ha validado usando un generador de ondas cuadradas y un osciloscopio. Se han desarrollado dos tipos de plataformas usando materiales distintos. Las plataformas se han validado determinando su sensibilidad en distintos puntos por medio de una célula de carga, y por comparación con la plataforma de contactos del sistema Ergojump-Boscosystem en una muestra de 8 sujetos, realizando saltos sub-máximos con un pie en cada plataforma. Se ha usado una metodología ágil para el desarrollo y validación del software. Resultados: Todas las partes que componen el sistema se han licenciado como software libre o hardware abierto. El margen de error del microcontrolador es de 0,1%. La validez de la plataforma de fibra de vidrio es de 0,95 (ICC). El software de gestión tiene cerca de 113 mil líneas de código y está disponible en 7 idiomas.
Utilización de los registros de peso corporal con fines de selección en un zoocriadero de curies criollos, Cavia porcellus
Ojeda B. Jesús F.,Zarama M. M. del Socorro,Escobar G. Jorge
Acta Agronómica , 1987,
Abstract: El trabajo se realizó en el zoocriadero "Bellavista", Cali-Colombia. Se incluyeron los eventos correspondientes a 120 partos de 54 hembras que se aparearon con 22 machos durante un período de tres a os. Los animales presentaron promedios de 94,277 y 407 g, para nacimiento (231 crías), destete (204) y saca (170), respectivamente. Las distribuciones del peso corporal son del tipo "normaloide", con ligera asimetría positiva. Los coeficientes de correlación entre pesos corporales disminuyen con el transcurso del tiempo. Los promedios de peso se diferencian en cada etapa de vida del animal, según el sexo y el tama o de camada; para compensar los efectos, los datos se ajustaron en forma multiplicativa y se corrigieron linealmente por edad. Para la selección de reproductores se ensayaron tres criterios: grupo de mejor comportamiento, padres que no difieren significativamente del mejor reproductor y padres con hijo, homogéneamente más pesados. La estimación de heredabilidad para el incremento post-destete por el método de Hermanos Medios Paternos, arrojó un valor de 0.298 y mediante el ajuste multiplicativo, se incrementó en un 72% con la combinación de los tres factores. Con base en los datos ajustados se definió como criterio de selección de crías, las características peso a 90 días e incremento post destete, exigiendo en forma simultánea el requisito de estar por encima de la media general más 0.5 veces la desviación estándar. The accomplishment of this work took place in zoobreeeding "Bellavista", Cali-Colombia. Events this refers to 120 births of 54 females mated to 22 males, were included in this study, data gathered in a period of 3 years. These animals present weight averages of 94,227 and 407 g, per birth (231 breedings), weaning (204) and end of foIIow-up (170) respectively. A distribution of weight is of "normaloide” type, with a slight positive asimetry. Coefficients of correlation between body weight, are decreasing as time pass. In each stage of life, the average weight of animals, showed remarkable difference, in accordance with the sex and the size of the brood or litter. To compensate the effects, all data was adjusted in a multiplication way and correction was made in a lineal way, according to age. ln selection of breeder, three critetions were taken in mind: group of best behaviour, fathers with slight difference from the best one, and fathers with childs with more weight homogenously. Estimation of heredability for increments post-weaning by the method of Paternal Brothers, to throw a value of 0.298 and by means of the multiplication adjust
Ostrea puelchana (D'Orbigny 1842): a new host of Tumidotheres maculatus (Say, 1818) in northern Patagonia, Argentina Ostrea puelchana D’Orbigny 1842 nuevo hospedador de Tumidotheres maculatus (Say, 1818) en el norte de Patagonia, Argentina
María del Socorro Doldan,Erica M Oehrens-Kissner,Enrique M Morsan,Paula C Zaidman
Latin american journal of aquatic research , 2012,
Abstract: Tumidotheres maculatus has been reported as a commensal of Mytilus platensis and Atrina seminuda and suggested as a parasite of Aequipecten tehuelchus in San Matías Gulf (SMG). The native flat oyster, Ostrea puelchana, has been studied in SMG for decades, and no crab-oyster association has been reported. In autumn-spring 2009 and 2010, oysters were collected from four banks in SMG, and the occurrence of T. maculatus inside the pallial cavity of O. puelchana was recorded. The prevalence varied between sites, with 0-12.5% at El Sótano, 0-16.7% at Caleta de los Loros, and no crabs found in the samples from Las Grutas and Puerto Lobos. Infected oysters hosted a single crab. Oysters were infested by either one male (47.7%) or one female (15.1%). A positive but low correlation was found for male crab size and oyster size. The presence of these crabs inside the oysters could be due to the overlap of the distribution areas of O. puelchana and other bivalve hosts. Our findings may also be a consequence of local fishing. Commercial extraction of traditional hosts may have caused crabs to look for new hosts. En el Golfo San Matías (GSM), Tumidotheres maculatus ha sido registrado como comensal de Mytilus platensis y Atrina seminuda, y se lo ha indicado como parásito de Aequipecten tehuelchus. La ostra plana nativa Ostrea puelchana ha sido objeto de estudio por décadas en el GSM y no existen precedentes sobre una asociación entre las ostras y el cangrejo pinotérido. Durante oto o-primavera de 2009 y de 2010 se recolectaron ostras de cuatro bancos del GSM, registrándose la ocurrencia de T. maculatus en la cavidad paleal de O. puelchana. La prevalencia varió entre los sitios: 0-12,5% en El Sótano, 0-16,7% en Caleta de los Loros; no se encontraron cangrejos en los muestreos en Las Grutas y en Puerto Lobos. Se encontró un único cangrejo por hospedador; las ostras estuvieron infestadas por cangrejos macho (47,7%), o hembras (15,1%). Se encontró una correlación positiva pero baja entre la talla de los cangrejos macho y la talla de las ostras. La presencia del cangrejo en esta ostra podría ser causada por el solapamiento de áreas de distribución de O. puelchana con otros bivalvos hospedadores. Por otra parte, podría representar una consecuencia de la pesca en el área. Debido a la extracción comercial, los crustáceos habrían comenzado a buscar nuevos hospedadores.
Experiencia en el enfoque multidisciplinario de la disfunción sexual masculina
Méndez Gómez,Neida; Trápaga Ortega,Míriam; Valdivia Rodríguez,Teresita; Miranda Arencibia,Osvaldo; Medina Herrera,C. Esther E.; Saurí Chávez,José E.;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar , 1999,
Abstract: to show the methodology used and the results obtained by the multidisciplinary group of sexology of the higher military medicine institute "dr. luis díaz soto" in the diagnosis and treatment of male sexual dysfunction, a study of 369 patients who attended the sexology medical office from 1992 to 1995 was presented. 285 patients were classified as predominantly psychogenic and 84 as predominantly organic. the most frequent sexual dysfunction was the erectil dysfunction and the most affected age range was 36-55 years. the most common causes of sexual dysfunction were prolonged reactive syndrome, vascular disorders and endocrinopathies. surgical treatment was applied to patients with both artery and vein disorders and the response was evaluated as positive in 28 of the 36 operated patients. the need of a multidisciplinary care for this disease according to its different causes was demonstrated.
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