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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 406259 matches for " Márquez-Serrano Margarita "
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Experiencias de envejecimiento en el México rural
Trevi?o-Siller,Sandra; Pelcastre-Villafuerte,Blanca; Márquez-Serrano,Margarita;
Salud Pública de México , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342006000100006
Abstract: objective: to explore the aging experience among men and women older than 60 years, living in rural areas from the states of guerrero and morelos, mexico. materials and methods. a qualitative study was conducted in poverty-stricken, underserved communities with less than 2 500 inhabitants. semi-structured interviews were applied to collect data. results: the aging experience is different according to gender, being more positive for women. loneliness, together with social networks and the health-illness process, make the difference in the aging experiences. the main fears associated with aging are loneliness, illness, poverty, and loss of independence. conclusions: gender identity plays a central role in different aging experiences because the chances for development and accompanying responsibilities foster the inequality between men and women. it is necessary to improve institutional responses tailored to the specific needs of this population.
Experiencias de envejecimiento en el México rural
Trevi?o-Siller Sandra,Pelcastre-Villafuerte Blanca,Márquez-Serrano Margarita
Salud Pública de México , 2006,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Explorar la experiencia de envejecimiento de hombres y mujeres mayores de 60 a os, que viven en contextos rurales de pobreza en los estados de Guerrero y Morelos, México. MATERIAL Y MéTODOS: Se dise ó un estudio cualitativo basado en entrevistas semiestructuradas. Se trabajó en comunidades con menos de 2 500 habitantes, pobres y de alta marginación. RESULTADOS: La experiencia de envejecimiento es radicalmente diferente según la condición de género; esta vivencia resulta ser más positiva para las mujeres. La soledad es un factor que configura la experiencia diferencial del envejecimiento, así como las redes sociales y el estado de salud-enfermedad. Los principales temores asociados a la vejez fueron la soledad, la enfermedad, la pobreza y la pérdida de independencia. CONCLUSIONES: La identidad de género desempe a un papel fundamental en la configuración de la experiencia diferencial del proceso de envejecimiento, debido a que las oportunidades de desarrollo y las responsabilidades que se derivan de ella, promueven la desigualdad entre los sexos. Es necesario hacer más eficiente la respuesta institucional, de manera que responda a las necesidades específicas de esta población.
Género y trabajo: experiencia de las prestadoras de las casas de salud de mujeres indígenas de Guerrero y Oaxaca
Amaya-Castellanos,Claudia Isabel; Pelcastre-Villafuerte,Blanca; Márquez-Serrano,Margarita; Juárez-Ramírez,Clara;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232012000300020
Abstract: the scope of this paper was to identify the role of gender for women as workers, through the perception and discourse of health service providers at the 'health centers for indigenous women' ("casas de salud de las mujeres indígenas") in ometepec, guerrero and matías romero, oaxaca, mexico. it is a qualitative study, based on a secondary analysis of the interviews conducted as part of the "rescatando la experiencia de la casa de la mujer indígena: sistematización y evaluación del proceso" project. a strong sense of the value of work and a strong commitment towards the community were identified. guilt appears as the result of tension between work outside the home and the responsibilities as mothers and wives. the possibility of helping other women is a source of gratification that dissipates these conflicts; prestige and recognition are added to the benefits of their role. the labor experience of female workers in the "casas de salud de las mujeres indígenas" of matías romero, oaxaca and ometepec, guerrero, described in this paper, reveals that it has very specific characteristics, which are difficult to replicate in other regions of the country. in future studies it is necessary to consider the different contexts of vulnerability.
La industria tabacalera en México
Meneses-González,Fernando; Márquez-Serrano,Margarita; Sepúlveda-Amor,Jaime; Hernández-Avila,Mauricio;
Salud Pública de México , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342002000700021
Abstract: abstract smoking in presently one of the most important public health problems worldwide. even though smoking is a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality, it still contributes importantly to the burden of disease. in mexico, contrary to what is happening in other parts of the world, the smoking epidemic is in an early phase, as evidenced by the low number of lung cancer cases or deaths, and by the minimal public health efforts to control tobacco consumption. one of the most important advances is its recognition as a priority public health problem by public health workers and society in general. effective interventions to reduce tobacco consumption have been launched to render the country free of tobacco. these public health interventions are being countered by the tobacco industry and the market forces that strive to preserve smoking as a life style of the population. the present work reviews the production means of the mexican tobacco industry, particularly those of cigarettes, the market structure, and the product expansion in the mexican population. this information should be useful to frame effective preventive measures, in the short and long term, to control this epidemic.
La industria tabacalera en México
Meneses-González Fernando,Márquez-Serrano Margarita,Sepúlveda-Amor Jaime,Hernández-Avila Mauricio
Salud Pública de México , 2002,
Abstract: El tabaquismo es uno de los problemas de salud pública más importantes del siglo pasado y del presente. Lo paradójico de la práctica de la salud pública es que el tabaquismo es un evento totalmente prevenible que ha estado presente en el desarrollo de la sociedad, contribuyendo de manera importante en la morbilidad y mortalidad, aun a costa de la evolución que ha tenido la salud pública mundial. En el caso de México, al contrario que en otras partes del mundo, la ola epidémica del tabaquismo se encuentra en su primera fase, expresada en la morbilidad y mortalidad asociadas, como el cáncer pulmonar, así como por las mínimas actividades preventivas instrumentadas; pero un buen avance ha sido el reconocimiento que como problema prioritario de salud se ha dado por los trabajadores de la salud pública y la sociedad. Se han iniciado las acciones de intervención tendientes a disminuir el consumo de tabaco entre la población y, con ello, dejar sembrado el camino de la prevención para futuras generaciones libres de tabaco. Frente a estas acciones de intervención se encuentran la industria tabacalera y los mecanismos de reproducción del mercado que opera para mantener el consumo de tabaco como un hábito de vida poblacional. El presente trabajo revisa los mecanismos de producción del tabaco, en especial de los cigarrillos, así como la comercialización, estructura del mercado y penetración del producto en la población mexicana, para contribuir con elementos de comprensión de la epidemia mexicana de tabaquismo para la implantación de medidas preventivas exitosas, presentes y futuras, para el control de la epidemia.
Apoyo social y condiciones de vida de adultos mayores que viven en la pobreza urbana en México
Pelcastre-Villafuerte, Blanca Estela;Trevi?o-Siller, Sandra;González-Vázquez, Tonatiuh;Márquez-Serrano, Margarita;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000300007
Abstract: the aim of this paper was to analyze social support and living conditions among poor elderly people in mexican cities. a qualitative study with eight focus groups was carried out in guadalajara, cuernavaca, chilpancingo, and culiacan, mexico, in 2005. forty men and 63 women participated in the study. the main support for the elderly in daily living came from their immediate family and in some cases from neighbors. social support was basically material and economic, in addition to providing company and transportation for medical appointments. daily emotional support, companionship, and social inclusion were minimal or absent. the study identified a significant lack of support from government and religious or civil society organizations. the family is still the main source of support for the elderly. increased government collaboration is dramatically needed to combat the misconception that the needs of the elderly are the individual family's responsibility rather than a collaborative effort by society.
Violencia de género: actitud y conocimiento del personal de salud de Nicaragua
Rodríguez-Bola?os,Rosibel de los Angeles; Márquez-Serrano,Margarita; Kageyama-Escobar,María de la Luz;
Salud Pública de México , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342005000200007
Abstract: objective: to assess the knowledge and attitudes of health care personnel towards the identification and referral of gender-based violence victims (gbv). also, to identify barriers to identification and referral of gbv, and to assess the levels of knowledge about norms and procedures for intra-family violence care by the health care personnel of the nicaraguan's minister of health (minsa, for its initials in spanish). material and methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses and nursing technical aides (n=213), in 5 of the 17 local systems of integral attention (silais) from the integral program of attention for women, children and adolescence (aimna) in the primary level of attention in minsa, from april to june 2003. attitude was measured with a likert scale and an awareness index was created for intra-family violence care guidelines. the information was obtained using a self-administered instrument, based on the questionnaire of the study made among the personnel of the mexican institute for social security (imss, for its initials in spanish), morelos, mexico. a logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between attitude and several factors, as well as with the knowledge of care guidelines. results: in our population, 76.06% showed an attitude opposing gbv. in the multivariate analysis, the factors associated with opposition to gbv were: medical profession (or 6.5, 95%ci 2.70-15.82), having a middle (or 4.3, 95%ci 1.87-10.26) or high level (or 3.3, 95%ci 1.03-10.75) of knowledge about intra-family violence guidelines and the closeness to relatives or friends who were victims of gender violence (or 3.2, 95%ci 1.56-6.80). the lack of training on the subject (59.9%), fear of getting involved in legal issues (52.6%), and the concept that violence is a private affair and not a social one (50.7%), constituted the most important barriers to providing medical care. conclusions: the health
Servicios de salud en la Mixteca: utilización y condición de afiliación en hogares de migrantes y no-migrantes a EU
Salgado de Snyder,Nelly; González-Vázquez,Tonatiuh; Infante-Xibille,César; Márquez-Serrano,Margarita; Pelcastre-Villafuerte,Blanca; Serván-Mori,Edson E;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000500010
Abstract: objective. to describe the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of households in the mixteca baja and analyze differences in affiliation with health care programs and utilization, among members of households with migrants (hogmig) and without migrants (hognomig) to the united states. material and methods. a cross-sectional, descriptive survey was used with heads of households in a representative sample from the mixteca baja of 702 homes with and without migrants to the us. results. members of hogmig had more personal and economic resources than those of hognomig; they also regularly received remittances. the majority of members of both hogmig and hognomig did not receive benefits from the oportunidades program or health coverage through seguro popular, imss or issste. in general, while they used the local health clinic, they often preferred to pay for private practitioners. a small proportion of those covered by imss or issste reported very low utilization of the health services offered by those institutions.
PéRDIDAS DE CARBONO EN SUELOS DE LA LLANURA COSTERA DE NAYARIT, MéXICO
Murray Nú?ez RM,Bojórquez-Serrano JI,Hernández Jiménez A,García Paredes JD
Revista Bio Ciencias , 2012,
Abstract: Se analizaron las pérdidas de carbono orgánico en suelos a partir de 12 perfiles localizados en el delta del río San Pedro y distribuidos por nivel geomorfológico en la llanura costera del estado de Nayarit, México. El estudio se realizó comparando el contenido de carbono de los suelos con mayor conservación bajo bosque y cultivados. Los niveles considerados para este análisis fueron llanura alta, llanura media y sus depresiones, llanura baja y barras costeras. Las reservas de carbono (RCO) se determinaron teniendo en cuenta la densidad aparente (Da), el espesor de cada horizonte y el contenido de carbono. Los resultados se ponderaron para las profundidades 0-20, 0-50 y 0-100 cm. Las pérdidas de carbono identificadas fueron del 36 % para suelos Cambisoles de la llanura alta, 40 % para Feozem y Cambisoles de la llanura media, 60 % en suelos Feozem y Solonetz de las depresiones de la llanura media, 67 % para Cambisoles de la llanura baja y 90 % para Arenosoles de las barras costeras. Se demostró que la actividad agrícola intensiva y continuada, ha ocasionado pérdidas en el contenido de carbono; así mismo, la capa agrícola (20 cm) resulta la más afectada por esta actividad antropogénica.
Germinación de semilla de frijolillo, Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC., luego de someterla a tratamientos pregerminativos.
Madue?o-Molina,Alberto; García-Paredes,Diego; Martínez-Hernández,Jesús; Rubio-Torres,Candelario; Navarrete-Valencia,Ana; Bojórquez-Serrano,José;
Bioagro , 2006,
Abstract: this study was carried out to evaluate the process of germination of frijolillo, rhynchosia minima (l.) dc., through the use of seed scarification and heat exposure. three experiments were performed and the following seed treatments evaluated: scarification with concentrated sulfuric acid, with soaking time of 0, 15, 30, 45, or 60 minutes; heat exposure at 60, 70, 80, 90? or 100 oc for 5 or 10 minutes; and heat exposure at 70 or 80 oc for 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, or 30 minutes. a control with no heating was included. additionally, the seeds were exposed to a fixed temperature at 70 oc for 5 hours. it was found that the use of concentrated sulfuric acid for 30 minutes, and the heat treatment at 70 oc for 5 hours promoted the highest germination percentage.
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