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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 424261 matches for " Mário; Costa "
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Kraepelin e a quest?o da manifesta??o clínica das doen?as mentais
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142009000100011
Abstract: in an article of 1920 entitled "die erscheinungsformen des irreseins," published in kraepelin's phase of theoretical maturity, this great german scholar presented a re-reading of his thinking on psychopathology, considering that clinical manifestations of mental diseases are never direct expressions of underlying pathogenic processes. manifestations depend on a complex interaction with the subject in his or her history during which changes have been installed and inscribed.
Cullen e a introdu??o do termo "neurose" na medicina
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142010000100009
Abstract: the term "neurosis" in its technical, or medical, sense, was coined in 1769 with the publication of the first edition of the famous synopsis nosologiae methodicae, by the scottish physician william cullen (1710-1790). according to a classification based on linnaeus's taxonomy, the concept refers to a class of general affections of the nervous system that are not accompanied by fever and that especially affect sensitivity and movement. the category consists of four specific "orders" of phenomena: comas, adynamias, spasmodic affections without fever, and vesanias, such as manias (madness), and melancholia.
Bayle e a descri??o da aracnoidite cr?nica na paralisia geral: sobre as origens da psiquiatria biológica na Fran?a
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142009000400009
Abstract: antoine laurent bayle's medical thesis, entitled "studies on mental diseases" and defended in paris in 1822, represented an important advance in the history of biological conceptions in psychopathology. based on a rigorous anatomic and clinical method, bayle presented clinical observations on six patients with chronic and progressive histories of exalted behavior and ideas of grandeur, power and ambition, a condition that eventually evolved to maniac delusions with psychomotor agitation. simultaneously, a situation of progressive paralysis of several muscle groups set in, leading to extreme physical incapacity. in the final stage the patients showed a typically demential condition with serious physical impairment which led to death. post-mortem examinations showed the presence, in all cases, of chronic inflammation of the cerebral meninges (chronic arachnoiditis), which bayle held to be the biological basis of the symptoms noted. bayle thus provided a rigorous clinical description of a typical psychopathological entity with chronic and progressive evolution, and showed its relationship to specific and objectively demonstrable cerebral damage. this discovery, first received with considerable reservation, later served as a type of paradigm for research and for the theoretical and therapeutic project for biological psychiatry that began in france during the 19th century.
Krafft-Ebing, a Psychopathia Sexualis e a cria??o da no??o médica de sadismo
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142009000200011
Abstract: richard krafft-ebing's psychopathia sexualis, written in the second half of the 19th century, can be considered part of the historical and cultural movement that brought in the medical gaze and authority as necessary references for determining the legitimacy of the various human sexual behaviors. psychopathia sexualis eventually became an authoritative reference in the forensic sphere. the book consists of a synthesis and extension of the studies on sexology of its time and introduced a delimitation of the field of sexual perversions through the use of a nomenclature that includes terms which eventually became widely established, such as sadism, masochism and fetishism. its precision of classification became a central reference for all later studies in the field, including for freud's work.
Griesinger e as bases da "Primeira psiquiatria biológica"
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142007000400010
Abstract: wilhelm griesinger was a central figure in the history of german psychiatry, being considered by many as one of the "fathers of biological psychiatry." his work is extremely complex, being based on a sophisticated theory of the ego and of the de-structuring of mental processes in psychopathology.
Pierre Janet e os atos psíquicos inconscientes revelados pelo automatismo psíquico das histéricas
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142008000200013
Abstract: pierre janet wrote works of great prestige and repercussion in the field of psychology and psychopathology. his theory of psychopathology is based on the hypothesis that the mental apparatus is not really a unit. it is rather held together by the action of an internal force that synthesizes its diverse cognitive and emotional elements. in his article janet examines factors that can lead to the breakdown and consequent dissociation of this apparatus. in his view, hysteria is a true prototype of the psychopathological situation where elements that should remain "unconscious," that is, that should serve as mere background for mental functioning, acquire autonomous and morbid access to the consciousness of the subject.
Morel e a quest?o da degenerescência
Pereira, Mário Eduardo Costa;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142008000300012
Abstract: the traité des degenerations, by benedict-augustin morel, published in 1857, contains a theory of the heredity of mental disorders that was to have considerable influence on psychiatric thought until the early 20th century. according to morel's proposition, strongly impregnated with a religious catholic perspective, man was created perfect by god. degeneration, a correlative of original sin, consists of the transmission of evil wishes, bad habits and morbid traits to an individual's predecessors. as these stigmas are transmitted from one generation to the next, their effects tend to grow, leading to complete de-naturation of the lineage and causing its eventual extinction through sterility. consequent to this theory, numerous projects of social intervention in the area of hygiene and sanitation were put into pratice in order to avoid more serious degeneration of the human race in the future.
Rese a de A busca da língua perfeita na cultura européia de Humberto Eco
Mário Henrique Mazzilli Costa
Eccos Revista Científica , 2001,
Pathos, violence and power: the ethical implications of Fundamental Psychopathology
Mário Eduardo Costa Pereira
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/s1415-47142009000200002
Expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 and Ki-67 in Actinic Keratosis and Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Dogs  [PDF]
Sabrina Dos Santos Costa Poggiani, Mário Roberto Hatayde, Renée Laufer-Amorim, Juliana Werner
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2012.22007
Abstract: Actinic keratosis is a common disease in humans, which also affects dogs. Lesions occur in chronically sun exposed areas, such as flank, ventral and lateral abdomen. It has been reported that actinic keratosis is a pre-neoplastic disease which may evolve into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which is one of the most frequent malignant neoplasm in dogs. The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between COX-2 and cell proliferation on the outcome of dogs with actinic keratosis and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. This study included 10 skin sections of actinic keratosis (G1) and 10 cutaneous SCC (G2). Data including age, breed, gender and histopathological findings were documented. Paraffin-embedded tissues were retrieved for COX-2 and Ki-67 staining. American Pit Bull Terrier dogs were the most affected ones in both G1 and G2, the mean age was 4.3 (±0.8) years and 5.6 (±1.7) years, respectively. Mean score of COX-2 immunostaining in G1 and G2 was 8.16 (±3.51) and 8.56 (±1.03), respectively. Mean percentage of immunopositive cells for Ki-67 in G1 and G2 was 15.77 (±8.81) and 17.71 (±12.21), respectively. There was no association between COX-2 expression and Ki-67, recurrence, survival and metastasis rate (p > 0.05). These findings highlight the role of COX-2 and Ki-67 in carcinogenesis, but do not confirm the relationship between COX-2 expression and increased cell proliferation in dogs. COX-2 may play a role in carcinogenesis, but this pathway is not responsible for cellular proliferation in actinic keratosis and cutaneous SCC in dogs. Both markers were not useful tools to differentiate the outcome of affected dogs.
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