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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 460280 matches for " Márcia Regina da Costa "
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Tribos urbanas e identidades nas metrópoles
Márcia Regina da Costa
Eccos Revista Científica , 2001,
Abstract: This article aims to face the issue of urban tribes and the construction of identities. The text starts from analyses made by different authors about the society we are part of and goes on by a theoretical assessment of the issue. Among others, are used contributions of Berman, Balandier, Mafessoli, Giddens, Costa, Tornero & Tropea e Castells.
Sociodemographic profile of undergraduate nursing students
Wetterich, Natalia Cadioli;Melo, Márcia Regina Antonietto da Costa;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692007000300007
Abstract: the college of nursing at ribeir?o preto, university of s?o paulo, brazil has been projected as a national reference with special appeal for students, which motivated this study on the profile of the school's applicants. the population of this exploratory-descriptive study is composed of alumni from 1999 to 2003. the data collection was performed through the university's registration forms and the analysis through the quantitative method. results show a decreasing number of applications from ribeir?o preto, a predominance of young, female and single applicants; few of them were employed at the time. regarding their educational background, the data show an increasing number of applicants coming from private schools, while the majority of them entered the university within two years after concluding secondary school. some of the students temporarily abandoned the course or lost one or more semesters, while most of them graduated within the expected term.
Gesta??o Trigemelar Espontanea: Complica??es Maternas e Resultados Perinatais
Torloni, Maria Regina;Kikuti, Márcia Akemi;Costa, Márcia Maria Marques da;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032000000700003
Abstract: purpose: to analyze maternal complications and perinatal results of triplet pregnancies. method: retrospective study of maternal and perinatal data on all triplets weighing >500 g delivered in a period of 8 years at maternidade escola de vila nova cachoeirinha. results: between 1990-1998, 18 women gave birth to triplets, representing 1 in every 2,060 deliveries. the main complications were preterm delivery (94.4%) and preeclampsia (44.4%) and 83.3% of these patients needed hospitalization before delivery, for 1-50 days, most in order to inhibit preterm labor. cesarean section was performed in 88.9%, the mean gestational age at birth was 34.2 weeks (+ 1.8), mean weight 1,827 g (+ 421), 20.4% weighed <1,500 g and 75.9% weighed 1,500-2,499 g. birth weight discrepancy (> 25%) occurred in 38.9% of these pregnancies and 35.2% of the 54 fetuses were small for gestational age. eighty-six percent of live-born infants had neonatal morbidity and 3.7% had evident congenital anomalies. perinatal mortality was 16.7%, 7.4% due to intrauterine demise and 9.3% due to neonatal death. the mean duration of hospitalization in the neonatal ward was 18.5 days; late neonatal sepsis was the main cause of death. conclusion: triplet pregnancies had high a incidence of obstetric complications, demanded prolonged maternal hospitalization and ended almost always in surgical delivery. intrauterine and neonatal death rates were high, neonatal morbidity was detected in almost all live-born infants and their hospitalization was long, exposing these prematures to infection, their main cause of death. triplet pregnancies carry high maternal and fetal risks and should be managed at tertiary facilities.
Gesta o Trigemelar Espontanea: Complica es Maternas e Resultados Perinatais
Torloni Maria Regina,Kikuti Márcia Akemi,Costa Márcia Maria Marques da
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2000,
Abstract: Objetivo: avaliar as complica es maternas e os resultados perinatais de gesta es trigemelares. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo analisando variáveis maternas e perinatais de todas gesta es trigemelares com peso fetal > 500 g ocorridas em 8 anos na Maternidade Escola de Vila Nova Cachoeirinha. Resultados: entre 1990-1998, 18 gestantes deram à luz trigemelares, representando 1:2.060 partos. As principais complica es foram a prematuridade (94,4%) e pré-eclampsia (44,4%) e 83,3% das pacientes precisaram ser internadas antes do parto por 1-50 dias, a maioria para inibi o de trabalho de parto prematuro. O parto foi cesáreo em 88,9%, a IG média ao nascer foi 34,2 semanas (+ 1,8), o peso médio foi 1.827 g (+ 421), com 20,4% <1.500 g e 75,9% pesando entre 1.500-2.499 g. Houve discordancia de peso (>25%) em 38,9% das gesta es e 35,2% dos 54 conceptos eram pequenos para idade gestacional. A morbidade neonatal acometeu 86% dos nativivos e 3,7% tiveram malforma es evidentes. A mortalidade perinatal foi de 16,7%: 7,4% natimortos e 9,3% neomortos. A permanência média no ber ário foi 18,5 dias e a principal causa de neomortalidade foi a sepse tardia. Conclus o: as gesta es trigemelares tiveram elevada incidência de complica es obstétricas, exigiram interna es maternas prolongadas e terminaram quase todas em parto operatório. A nati e neomortalidade foram elevadas, a morbidade neonatal acometeu praticamente todos os neonatos e a permanência no ber ário foi prolongada, expondo esses prematuros à infec o, principal causa de mortalidade neonatal. A gesta o trigemelar é de alto risco materno e fetal e exige atendimento em centros terciários.
Inbreeding effect on reproductive traits in a herd of Mangalarga Marchador Brazilian horses Efeito da endogamia sobre características reprodutivas em um rebanho da ra a Mangalarga Marchador
Renderson Welington Gon?alves,Maria Dulcineia Costa,Vicente Ribeiro Rocha junior,Márcia Regina da Costa
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produ??o Animal , 2011,
Abstract: This work aimed to evaluate the effect of inbreeding on the reproductive characteristics such as age at first foaling, gestation length, foaling interval in a “Mangalarga Marchador” herd in the North of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The relationship matrix involved 2186 animals from the general register of the Catuni Farm. The inbreeding coefficient (F) was calculated using the subroutine MTDFNRM present in the MTDFREML program and its effect on the reproductive indexes was evaluated through simple linear regression. Average F of the population was of 1.45% and, of the total, 27.59% of the animals were inbred. Among the inbred animals, average F reached 5.28% (minimum of 0.1 and maximum of 28.13%). The average age of the stallions, when their foals were born, was 9.06 years while for mares it was of 8.90 years giving a medium interval of 8.98 years. The age at first foaling, gestation length and foaling interval were on average 4.71 ± 1.832 years, 327.94 ± 15.58 days and 547.78 ± 316.62 days, respectively while the herd effective size was of 185.25 animals. Effect of inbreeding on the reproductive characteristics was not significant. The inbred matings did not affect the reproductive characteristics of the Mangalarga Marchador herd. Controlled mating keep inbreeding at low values, what avoids inbreeding depression. Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o efeito da endogamia sobre as características reprodutivas idade ao primeiro parto, dura o da gesta o e intervalo de partos em equinos da ra a Mangalarga Marchador criados em um rebanho na regi o Norte de Minas Gerais. A matriz de parentesco envolveu 2186 animais do arquivo zootécnico da Fazenda Catuni. O coeficiente de endogamia (F) foi calculado mediante utiliza o da subrotina MTDFNRM presente no programa MTDFREML e seu efeito sobre os índices reprodutivos por meio de regress o linear simples. O F médio da popula o foi de 1,45% e, do total de animais, 27,59% mostraram-se endogamicos. Entre os animais endogamicos, o F médio foi de 5,28% (mínimo de 0,1 e máximo de 28,13%). A média de idade dos garanh es, quando nasceram seus filhos, foi 9,06 anos enquanto a das m es foi de 8,90 anos, proporcionando um intervalo médio de gera es de 8,98 anos. A idade ao primeiro parto, a dura o da gesta o e o intervalo de partos tiveram médias de 4,71 ± 1,832 anos, 327,94 ± 15,58 dias e 547,78 ± 316,62 dias, respectivamente enquanto o tamanho efetivo para o rebanho foi de 185,25 animais. Os acasalamentos endogamicos n o comprometeram as características reprodutivas do rebanho da ra a Mangalarga Marchador. Acasalamen
Prevalência do uso de medicamentos na gravidez: uma abordagem farmacoepidemiológica
Fonseca,Márcia Regina Campos Costa da; Fonseca,Edson da; Bergsten-Mendes,Gun;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102002000200013
Abstract: introduction: few brazilian papers on the use of medication in pregnancy have been found in the indexed medical literature. this paper describes the use of medication during pregnancy among women who gave birth in a teaching maternity hospital in the city of campinas, brazil. methods: a retrospective study on the pattern of drug use during pregnancy was conducted among 1,000 mothers who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire after delivery, while they were still in hospital. the following parameters were registered: sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric and contraceptive history, data on prenatal care and medications used during pregnancy. statistical analysis was performed using anova and chi-square test at p = 0.05. results: among the interviewed patients, 94.6% had taken at least one medication during pregnancy, and 46.1% had used medication in the first trimester. of 3,778 medications reported, 88.8% had been prescribed by a doctor. the median of medications taken was 3 (ranging from 0 to 18). the six most used classes of medications were: analgesics, spasmolytics, gynecological antiinfectious agents, antianemics, antacids and systemic antibiotics. the five most used medications were: butyl scopolamine, ferrous sulfate, dipirone, nistatin and multivitamin tablets. only 27.7% of the patients had been alerted to the risk of taking medication during pregnancy. conclusion: knowing the profile of medications used during pregnancy may help devising programs to provide information to the patients and continuing education to health care professionals.
Prevalência do uso de medicamentos na gravidez: uma abordagem farmacoepidemiológica
Fonseca Márcia Regina Campos Costa da,Fonseca Edson da,Bergsten-Mendes Gun
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002,
Abstract: INTRODU O: Tendo em vista as mudan as freqüentes do mercado de medicamentos que influenciam o padr o de prescri o e automedica o, realizou-se estudo para conhecer a utiliza o de medicamentos entre mulheres durante a gravidez. MéTODOS: Em um estudo retrospectivo sobre o padr o do uso de medicamentos durante a gravidez realizado em um hospital-escola de Campinas, SP, 1.000 puérperas foram entrevistadas após o parto, ainda no hospital, por meio de um questionário estruturado. Foram registrados: características sociodemográficas, antecedentes obstétricos e de contracep o, dados sobre assistência pré-natal e sobre uso de medicamentos na gravidez. Para análise estatística dos dados, foram utilizados Anova e qui-quadrado considerando o nível de significancia (sinal de menor a 0,05). RESULTADOS: Das entrevistadas, 94,6% tomaram pelo menos um medicamento durante a gravidez, e 46,1% das pacientes utilizaram medicamentos no primeiro trimestre. Dos 3.778 itens de medicamentos relatados, 88,8% foram prescritos por médico. A mediana de medicamentos utilizados foi de 3 (0-18). As seis classes de medicamentos mais usados foram: analgésicos, antiespasmódicos, antiinfecciosos ginecológicos, antianêmicos, antiácidos e antibióticos sistêmicos. Os cinco medicamentos mais utilizados foram: butilescopolamina, sulfato ferroso, dipirona, nistatina e multivitaminas. Apenas 27,7% das pacientes haviam sido alertadas para o risco de utilizar medicamentos na gravidez. CONCLUS O: Conhecer o perfil dos medicamentos usados na gravidez pode ajudar a planejar programas de esclarecimento para pacientes e de educa o continuada para profissionais de saúde.
Contraste entre duas metodologias de determina??o do potencial agrícola das terras nas vilas rurais no município de Rio Negro, Estado do Paraná
Costa, Gilmar Pinto da;Souza, Jorge Luiz Moretti de;Jesus, Márcia Regina Gomes de;
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-86212008000500013
Abstract: the objective of this work was to analyze the agricultural potential of land in two rural villages, located in rio negro, paraná state , brazil, using two methodologies denominated land use capability (scu) and land agricultural aptitude (saa). the rural villages were chosen for their distinct characteristics of soil and slope conditions. the contrast between the methodologies was based on the land limiting factors as well as on the social factors involved in the family settlement in small farms. the results showed that: (a) the saa was more appropriate than sc u for determining the agricultural potential of the lands; (b) the saa and sc u indicate that the lands of the two villages do not feature the agricultural potential for annual cultivations; (c) the sc u was more restrictive on the agricultural potential of the land than the saa.
The neem [Azadirachta indica a: juss (meliaceae)] oil reduction in the in vitro production of zearalenone by Fusarium graminearum
Geraldo, Márcia Regina Ferreira;Costa, Christiane Luciana da;Arrotéia, Carla Cristina;Kemmelmeier, Carlos;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822011000200036
Abstract: zearalenone, a mycotoxin produced by fungi of the genus fusarium, including f. graminearum, triggers reproduction disorders in certain animals and hyperestrogen syndromes in humans. current research investigates three concentrations of neem oil extract (0.1, 0.25 and 0.5%) in reducing the production of zearalenone. neem oil extract decreased zearalenone amount in the three concentrations but highest inhibition (59.05%) occurred at 0.1%.
Caracteriza??o do perfil assistencial dos pacientes adultos de um pronto socorro
Ohara, Renato;Melo, Márcia Regina Antonietto da Costa;Laus, Ana Maria;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672010000500009
Abstract: it was developed an exploratory study, having as a method the study of case which aimed to characterize the profile of adult patients admitted at the emergency medical service in a general public hospital in s?o paulo as subsidy for the nursing personal downsizing. subjects were the patients admitted during the period of thirty days. data was obtained through application of a patient classification instrument by fugulin. this study showed patients in the category of intensive care, semi-intensive, high dependence, intermediate and minimal and occupation rate above official prediction making physical space inappropriate to the patients and professionals, reflex of the lack of control service.
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