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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401058 matches for " M Ghorbani "
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Evaluation of Agricultural Advisory Services Effects on Sugar Beet in Razavi Khorasan Province
M. Ghorbani
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: In this study, effects of agricultural advisory services on input and output of sugar beet are examined by means compare and estimating the transcendental engineering production function. The empirical results based on the farm level data from 453 sugar beet producers of the main region of sugar beet production (Razavi Khorasan province) in 2008 suggested that agricultural advisory services has a positive and significant effect on sugar beet yield and negative effect on N, P, K fertilizer and pesticide inputs. Sugar beet output in group with advisory services was 0.0637 higher of alternative group. The results also implied that advisory of agricultural engineering had a positive and significant impact on utilization of herbicide, cultivated area, labour, number of irrigation and agricultural machinery rather than alternative group. These results call for more investment in agricultural advisory services through agricultural engineering in rural area and to organize the agricultural graduate students in this context for accelerating the agricultural growth.
Factors Influencing on Minimum Offer Price of Farmers for Producing Greenhouse Organic Cucumber in Khorasan Razavi Province
M. Ghorbani
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This study examined factors influencing on minimum offer price of farmers for producing greenhouse organic cucumber in Khorasan Razavi Province by using linear regression and cross sectional data of 60 greenhouse cucumber producers in 2008. Results showed that 80% of farmers believed price of organic products must be 10% more than conventional products. Minimum offer price of organic cucumber is 6348.6 rial kg-1. Also, relationship between age, of farmers, cucumber insurance, average current yield of conventional cucumber, information about organic cucumber, cultivated area that allocate to organic cucumber and minimum offer price for producing greenhouse organic cucumber is positive. Relationship between farmer`s job, using of agricultural advisory, agricultural experience, organic market information, participation in extension classes and minimum offer price of greenhouse organic cucumber is negative. Regard to results, creating organic products market information systems, extension and education of organic cucumber, more activate of agricultural advisory, balancing expansion of organic cucumber cultivated area and conduct of insurance toward effectiveness on decreasing of risk and increasing of production suggested.
Application Pesaran and Shin Method for Estimating Irans` Import Demand Function
M. Ghorbani,M. Motallebi
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In this study, import demand function of Iran has been analyzed with Pesaran and Shin method for 1960-2005. The results showed import demand is elastic related to increasing in gross domestic income. Thus, increasing in economic growth and national income increase balance of trade deficit and government could decrease balance of trade deficit with economic growth, simultaneously, so that imposes suitable fiscal polices like reducing in expenditure. Import growth because of increasing in gross domestic income showed Iran is going to open economy but it wouldn`t be cause of decreasing in production and competition power of domestic firms and producers.
A Survey on Factors Affecting on Consumer’s Potential Willingness to Pay for Organic Products in Iran (A Case Study)
M. Ghorbani,S. Hamraz
Trends in Agricultural Economics , 2009,
Abstract: This study determined factors influencing on consumera€ s potential willingness to pay for organic products in Iran. Data collected with filling 240 questionnaires in 2006 from Mashhada€ s households and analyzed using Tobit model. Results showed that product appearance and measure of consumersa€ information is effective on willingness to pay for organic products. In addition, consumersa€ anxieties from chemical residue in nutrition have positive effect on willingness to pay for these products. Also, results showed that householda€ s education level has negative effect on willingness to pay for organic products. encourage of consumers to organic products consumption, encourage farmers to produce organic products and without any chemical material and make sustainable marketing for organic products, increasing the households awareness about organic products, expansion of organic product cultivation, government payment for supporting of producers suggested.
Estimation the Supply and Demand Gap of Export Credit and Determination of Influencing Factors
M. Ghorbani,H. Mansoori
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The general objective of this study is to estimate the supply and demand gap of export credit and determining the factors influencing on it in Iran. Results showed that average gap of supply-demand of export credit payment in 2005 were 60%. Also, credit gap for export to Asian, European and Arabic countries are 56.7, 66 and 53.3%, respectively. Credit gap is 62.6% for industry sector and 57.4% for agriculture sector. Also it is 50.5% for land collateral and 71.4 if promissory note is used as collateral. Considering some factors such as nature of customer`s activity, selling capability, importance of good in country`s economy for determining the amount of credit as suggestion has introduced.
The Study of Qualitative Factors Influencing on Honey Consumers Demand: Application of Hedonic Pricing Model in Khorasan Razavi Province
M. Ghorbani,N. Khajehroshanaee
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In this study surveyed the consumers demand for qualitative factors of honey by using the Hedonic Pricing (HP) model and a cross section data of 360 consumer in Mashhad. Results showed that the kind (without wax), packing, color (dark), scent (scented) and protraction of honey have direct effect on honey price and sweetness (much) and existence of remains (dust and so on) have negative effect on it. This study has recommended the applied research for making honey without wax, with suitable and interesting packing, dark color, scented, less and normal sweetness, much protraction and any pollution (like dust and remains).
The Survey of Raisin Marketing Process and Structure in North Khorasan Province
M. Ghorbani,A. Darijani
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This study investigated marketing process and structure of raisin in North Khorasan Province. Survey data were collected from 187 producers, 12 middleman, 2 processing factories and one rural cooperative society in 2003. The results showed that the share of producer, marketing margin and marketing cost in export price in main channel of marketing (producer, middleman, manufactory, export) are 55.3, 44.6 and 26.9%, respectively. Also, the marketing efficiency of main channel (with high market share) is less than the second channel (producer, cooperative, manufactory, export). Regard to results, establishment rural purchasing center with guarantee price, improving efficiency of extension service, training for better processing so as to improve quality of product, constructing marketing data banks as well as undertaking marketing research can increase total profit and social welfare through reducing marketing costs.
Estimating the Efficiency of Apple Producers in Khorasan Province
S. Dehghanian,M. Ghorbani
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2003,
Abstract: In this study, efficiency of apple producers in Khorasan Province was determined by a cross sectional data of 212 apple producers. Mean technical, allocative, and economic efficiencies were estimated to be around 31, 28, and 9 percent, respectively. A high potential was also detected for increasing these efficiencies. Apple producers’ age and education had positive effects and risk aversion had a negative effect on technical efficiency. Waste reduction, optimal use of inputs, introduction of technical-extension services, and apple insurance are suggested to increase efficiencies.
Evaluation of relationship between metacognition components and dysfunctional attitudes in outpatients with bipolar mood disorder II
H Kazemi,M Ghorbani
Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between metacognitive components and dysfunctional attitudes in outpatients with bipolar mood disorder II. Methods: Thirty-six young adult outpatients with current diagnoses of BMD II(20 females and 16 males) were recruited from Esfahan Counseling Center. Diagnoses were based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorder-Clinical Version(SCID-CV). A battery of questionnaires including Metacognition Questionnaire and Dysfunctional Attitude Scale(DAS) were self-assessed by patients before medical therapy. Results: Pearson's correlation analysis showed that the components of metacognition and its relationship with dysfunctional attitudes is positive and significant(r= 28/0, p<0/05). Multiple regression analysis showed that two of the metacognitive components emerged as potentially useful in prediction of dysfunctional attitudes(negative beliefs about uncontrollability, danger and thoughts control). Also, results indicated that those two components have a significant positive relationship with vulnerability, perfectionism and effectiveness)R2= 0/29, 0/35; p<0/05). Components of positive beliefs about worry and beliefs about cognitive self-consciousness related to cognitive confidence in predicting the criterion variable and its components showed no significant contribution. Conclusion: Study findings suggest that DSM-IV BMD II outpatients with metacognitive distortions have shown higher levels of dysfunctional attitudes.
Composition and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil of Artemisia sieberi Bess. on Soil-Borne Phytopathogens
M. Farzaneh,H. Ghorbani-Ghouzhdi,M. Ghorbani,J. Hadian
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Aerial parts of Artemisia sieberi Bess. were collected at flowering stage. The essential oil obtained by means of hydro-distillation and their chemical components were identified by GC-MS. The major components of the oil of A. sieberi found to be β-thujone (19.79%), α-thujone (19.55%), camphor (19.55%), verbenol (9.69%), p-mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol (6.39) and davanone (5.79%). The antifungal activity of the essential oil was evaluated in vitro against four soilborn phytopathogenic fungi. The oil was slightly effective against Tiarosporella phaseolina, Fusarium moniliforme and Fusarium solani whereas against Rhizoctonia solani exhibited high antifungal activity.
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