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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401421 matches for " M Bahar "
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Exact Solutions of the Mass-Dependent Klein-Gordon Equation with the Vector Quark-Antiquark Interaction and Harmonic Oscillator Potential
M. K. Bahar,F. Yasuk
Advances in High Energy Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/814985
An overview on Single Apparatus Quantum Measurements
Bahar Mehmani,Theo M. Nieuwenhuizen
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1166/jctn.2011.1773
Abstract: Given the state of a quantum system, one can calculate the expectation value of any observable of the system. However, the inverse problem of determining the state by performing different measurements is not a trivial task. In various experimental setups it is reasonably straightforward to reconstruct the state of a quantum system employing linear tomographic technique. In this way the elements of the density matrix can be linearly related to a set of measured quantities. But since different observables of a quantum system are not commuting with each other, one often has to perform series of successive measurements of observables which cannot be done simultaneously. Simultaneous measurement of observables cost less time and energy and is more beneficial. In this paper we review the strategy of quantum state tomography with simultaneous measurement of commuting observables. This can be done by introducing an assistant system of which the state is known. We show that the interaction between the assistant and the system of interest within different frame works allows the reconstruction of the state of the system. Specifically, we consider a two-level system and reconstruct its initial state by introducing an assistant which can be either another two-level system or a single cavity mode of the electromagnetic field.
Seroma formation after breast cancer surgery: incidence and risk factors
Jangjoo A,Mehrabi Bahar M,Aliakbarian M
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Seroma formation, or the subcutaneous collection of fluid, is a common problem after surgery for the breast cancer. It may lead to wound-related complications and also can delay adjuvant therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of various clinical and therapeutic variables on seroma formation."n"n Methods: A prospective cross sectional study of patients who underwent surgical therapy for breast cancer was carried out. Modified radical mastectomy was performed on 67 patients (65%) and 28 patients (27.2%) underwent breast conservative surgery. Simple extended mastectomy was done for the remaining 8 patients (7.8%). Seroma formation was studied in relation to age, type of surgery, tumor size, nodal involvement, preoperative chemotherapy, surgical instrument (electrocautery or scalpel), use of pressure garment, and duration of drainage. All of the patients followed for 4 weeks after surgery."n"nResults: A total of 103 patients with breast cancer were studied. The mean age of the patients was 48.3 years (25-82). Seroma occurred in 27 (26.2%) patients. There was statistically significant relation between age and seroma formation after breast cancer surgery (p=0.005), while other factors studied was found to be significantly ineffective. In addition, there was not any relation between seroma formation and drain duration. However, two factors including type of the operation and level of lymphatic dissection was considerable with confidence interval up to 90%, but it was not statistically significant with confidence interval >95% (p=0.068 and 0.063 respectively)."n"nConclusion: These findings suggest that the age is a predicting factor for seroma formation in breast cancer patients, while other factors do not significantly affect that.
Identification and Evaluation of Genetic Diversity among Potato Cultivars Using Microsatellite Markers
M. Bahar,M. R. Mohammadi,C. Ghobadi
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2007,
Abstract: The identification of potato cultivars is a recurrent objective of potato research. The research is prompted by the increasing number of potato cultivars and the importance of seed purity. In developing a reliable method for identification of the imported potato cultivars and determining their genetic relationship, the capacity of 10 polymorphic simple sequence repeat markers (SSRs) was evaluated for the analysis of 28 commercial cultivars of potato. The number of alleles detected at different loci ranged from 3 to 10 alleles with a total of 57 for all loci and a mean of 5.7 alleles per locus. In the 28 potato cultivars analyzed, the number of heterozygous genotypes per locus varied between 6 to 28 with an average number of heterozygous genotypes per locus of 18, considering the 10 loci studied. Based on the resulting dendrogram of jacquard's similarity coefficient and UPGMA analysis, the potato cultivars were placed in two major groups. However, the results from similarity coefficient confirmed the close phylogenetic relationships among members in each cluster. The dendrogram derived from SSRs data clustered together Kenebek, Florida and Atlantic which are known as American potato cultivars, but Stanbuli, an old cultivar in Iran, was placed in concert with European cultivars. This finding might be an indication that this cultivar along with other unidentified cultivars, growing in local fields, has been introduced from European countries to Iran. The results obtained illustrate the appropriate utility of SSRs to assess genetic relationships of potato cultivars and develop a PCR- based tool for evaluation of potato seed purity.
Spin-dependent resonant tunneling in ZnSe/ZnMnSe heterostructures
A. Saffarzadeh,M. Bahar,M. Banihasan
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2005.01.015
Abstract: Using the transfer matrix method and the effective-mass approximation, the effect of resonant states on spin transport is studied in ZnSe/ZnMnSe/ZnSe/ZnMnSe/ZnSe structures under the influence of both electric and magnetic fields. The numerical results show that the ZnMnSe layers, which act as spin filters, polarize the electric currents. Variation of thickness of the central ZnSe layer shifts the resonant levels and exhibits an oscillatory behavior in spin current densities. It is also shown that the spin polarization of the tunneling current in geometrical asymmetry of the heterostructure where two ZnMnSe layers have different Mn concentrations, depends strongly on the thickness and the applied bias.
Role of Hsp70 ATPase Domain Intrinsic Dynamics and Sequence Evolution in Enabling its Functional Interactions with NEFs
Ying Liu,Lila M. Gierasch,Ivet Bahar
PLOS Computational Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000931
Abstract: Catalysis of ADP-ATP exchange by nucleotide exchange factors (NEFs) is central to the activity of Hsp70 molecular chaperones. Yet, the mechanism of interaction of this family of chaperones with NEFs is not well understood in the context of the sequence evolution and structural dynamics of Hsp70 ATPase domains. We studied the interactions of Hsp70 ATPase domains with four different NEFs on the basis of the evolutionary trace and co-evolution of the ATPase domain sequence, combined with elastic network modeling of the collective dynamics of the complexes. Our study reveals a subtle balance between the intrinsic (to the ATPase domain) and specific (to interactions with NEFs) mechanisms shared by the four complexes. Two classes of key residues are distinguished in the Hsp70 ATPase domain: (i) highly conserved residues, involved in nucleotide binding, which mediate, via a global hinge-bending, the ATPase domain opening irrespective of NEF binding, and (ii) not-conserved but co-evolved and highly mobile residues, engaged in specific interactions with NEFs (e.g., N57, R258, R262, E283, D285). The observed interplay between these respective intrinsic (pre-existing, structure-encoded) and specific (co-evolved, sequence-dependent) interactions provides us with insights into the allosteric dynamics and functional evolution of the modular Hsp70 ATPase domain.
Allosteric Transitions of Supramolecular Systems Explored by Network Models: Application to Chaperonin GroEL
Zheng Yang,Peter Májek,Ivet Bahar
PLOS Computational Biology , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000360
Abstract: Identification of pathways involved in the structural transitions of biomolecular systems is often complicated by the transient nature of the conformations visited across energy barriers and the multiplicity of paths accessible in the multidimensional energy landscape. This task becomes even more challenging in exploring molecular systems on the order of megadaltons. Coarse-grained models that lend themselves to analytical solutions appear to be the only possible means of approaching such cases. Motivated by the utility of elastic network models for describing the collective dynamics of biomolecular systems and by the growing theoretical and experimental evidence in support of the intrinsic accessibility of functional substates, we introduce a new method, adaptive anisotropic network model (aANM), for exploring functional transitions. Application to bacterial chaperonin GroEL and comparisons with experimental data, results from action minimization algorithm, and previous simulations support the utility of aANM as a computationally efficient, yet physically plausible, tool for unraveling potential transition pathways sampled by large complexes/assemblies. An important outcome is the assessment of the critical inter-residue interactions formed/broken near the transition state(s), most of which involve conserved residues.
SAND: An Additive for Stabilzation of Swelling Clay Soils  [PDF]
Bahia Louafi, Ramdane Bahar
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2012.34072
Abstract: An experimental program carried out in this study seeks to understand the physical mechanisms of stabilization of an expansive soil by adding an inert material (sand) at various forms; mixing and intercalation layers of sand. The first aim of the study is to analyze the effect of stabilization on the variation of soil consistency. The results show a marked improvement in soil consistency. Then a study of the effect of the additives on the variation of the swelling in order to solve the lifting structures caused by this phenomenon is carried out. It can be seen that the addition of sand is capable of reducing the swelling action. We complete the study using an ultrasonic device, measuring the propagation velocities of ultrasonic pulse through the tested clay samples. This shows a change occurring in the porosity of the clay when sand is added to it. As a result some interesting conclusions concerning the expansive soil-material amendment are drawn.
The Relation between Freeway Average Speed and Speed Noise  [PDF]
Bahar Zarin, Siamak Ardekani
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2015.52009

Many factors affect the vehicular fuel consumption rate. The most significant traffic-related ones are speed, number of stops, speed noise, and acceleration noise (acceleration standard deviation). Fuel consumption models for both urban and highway traffic are used to evaluate the effect of these factors. Previous literature shows the speed and the acceleration of vehicles as well as the aerodynamic effects are the most commonly used variables in the highway fuel consumption mo dels. However, most existing models are based on the average or cruising speed and the effect of speed variation is by-and-large ignored. Incorporating the speed noise as a variable in the prediction models seems impractical because measuring it is cumbersome. However, knowing the relation between speed and speed noise may allow including the effect of speed noise in the model indirectly. To that end, this study examines the relation between speed and speed noise. The resulting mathematical relation is used to incorporate the speed noise effects in the fuel consumption model.

Assessment of supply water quality in the Chittagong city of Bangladesh
Zuthi M. F. R,Biswas M.,Bahar M. N.
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Chittagong Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (CWASA) of Bangladesh is supplying water to the Chittagong city dwellers through its distribution network after proper treatment of water drawn from the Halda River and groundwater source. But the quality of water is at risk to deteriorate during its flow through the distribution system as regular monitoring of the distribution network is not usually done. In order to identify such water contamination problems, water samples from different locations of the four routes of the distribution network of CWASA were analyzed in this study. The study revealed that most of the important water quality parameters except BOD5 were in the permissible limit. More than 95% of the collected water samples had BOD5 greater than 0.20ppm with maximum of those found 5.2ppm at a house connection near Polytechnic College. Microbial water quality parameters examined at some selected locations showed the presence of pathogenic organisms in water exceeding the permissible limit. Few sources of contamination along the CWASA’s distribution network have been identified. In order to avoid water contamination problems, awareness raising and regular monitoring of water distribution network have been suggested in this study.
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