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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22322 matches for " Lurdes Gon?alves "
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Disponibilidades e auto-implica o: desenvolvimento profissional e plurilinguismo
Gonalves, Maria de Lurdes,Andrade, Ana Isabel
Educa??o , 2007,
Abstract: A crescente importancia e o relevo que o plurilinguismo vem adquirindo, alargou o ambito do trabalho dos docentes de línguas. Assim, a educa o plurilingue e intelectual constitui um importante desafio para o crescimento profissional de um educador em línguas, sendo os programas de forma o, enquanto mecanismos de desenvolvimento profissional, uma condi o necessária para responder a esse desafio. Este texto apresenta um programa de forma o para o desenvolvimento do plurilinguismo e analisa as disponibilidades e auto-implica o que esta proposta de forma o encontrou no seio do grupo de professores de línguas de uma escola secundária em Portugal.
Fatal acute pancreatitis following sclerosis of a bleeding duodenal ulcer complicated by an intramural duodenal hematoma Pancreatitis aguda fatal tras esclerosis de una úlcera duodenal complicada con hematoma duodenal intramural
Jo?o Dinis Silva,Nuno Veloso,Rogério Godinho,Lurdes Gonalves
Revista Espa?ola de Enfermedades Digestivas , 2012,
Abstract:
Trichotillomania and trichophagia: The causes of Rapunzel syndrome Tricotlomanía y tricofagia: la causa del síndrome de Rapunzel
Nuno Veloso,Jo?o Dinis Silva,Lurdes Gonalves,Isabel Medeiros
Revista Espa?ola de Enfermedades Digestivas , 2013,
Abstract:
Stress prevention by modulation of autonomic nervous system (heart rate variability): A preliminary study using transcranial direct current stimulation  [PDF]
Eduardo Manuel Gonalves
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.22016
Abstract: Introduction: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive, technique for brain stimulation. Anodal stimulation causes neuronal depolarisation and long-term potentiation, while cathodal stimulation causes hyperpolarisation and long-term depression. Stressors are associated with an increase in sympathetic cardiac control, a decrease in parasympathetic control, or both. Associated with these reactions is a frequently reported increase in Low Frequency (LF) Heart Rate Variability (HRV), a decrease in High Frequency (HF) power, and/or an increase in the LF/HF ratio. Objectives and aims: The present work aims to explore the tDCS potential in the modulation of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS), through indirect stimulation of Anterior Cingulate Cortex (ACC). Methods: Two subjects, a 39 year old female and a 49 year old male, gave informed consent. Saline soaked synthetic sponges involving two, thick, metalic (stainless steel) rectangles, with an area of 25 cm2 each have been used as electrodes, connected to Iomed Phoresor II Auto device. It has been delivered a 2 mA current, for 20 minutes, over the left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC) (Anode). Spectrum analysis (cStress software) of HRV has been performed before and after tDCS administration. Results: The female/male subject results of LF power, HF power and LF/HF ratio, before tDCS administration, were, respectively: 50.1 nu/60 nu, 46.1 nu/21.7 nu and 1.087/2.771; and, after tDCS administration, respectively: 33.5 nu/52.7 nu, 47.6 nu/ 22.8 nu and 0.704/2.312. Conclusions: tDCS over the left DLPFC (left ACC) increased parasympathetic activity and decreased sympathetic activity, suggesting the importance of tDCS in the management of stress-related disorders.
Urinary Estrogen Metabolites and Self-Reported Infertility in Women Infected with Schistosoma haematobium
Júlio Santos, Maria Jo?o Gouveia, Nuno Vale, Maria de Lurdes Delgado, Ana Gonalves, José M. Teixeira. da Silva, Cristiano Oliveira, Pedro Xavier, Paula Gomes, Lúcio L. Santos, Carlos Lopes, Alberto Barros, Gabriel Rinaldi, Paul J. Brindley, José M. Correia da Costa, Mário Sousa, Mónica C. Botelho
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096774
Abstract: Background Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease, endemic in 76 countries, that afflicts more than 240 million people. The impact of schistosomiasis on infertility may be underestimated according to recent literature. Extracts of Schistosoma haematobium include estrogen-like metabolites termed catechol-estrogens that down regulate estrogen receptors alpha and beta in estrogen responsive cells. In addition, schistosome derived catechol-estrogens induce genotoxicity that result in estrogen-DNA adducts. These catechol estrogens and the catechol-estrogen-DNA adducts can be isolated from sera of people infected with S. haematobium. The aim of this study was to study infertility in females infected with S. haematobium and its association with the presence of schistosome-derived catechol-estrogens. Methodology/Principal Findings A cross-sectional study was undertaken of female residents of a region in Bengo province, Angola, endemic for schistosomiasis haematobia. Ninety-three women and girls, aged from two (parents interviewed) to 94 years were interviewed on present and previous urinary, urogenital and gynecological symptoms and complaints. Urine was collected from the participants for egg-based parasitological assessment of schistosome infection, and for liquid chromatography diode array detection electron spray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/UV-DAD/ESI-MSn) to investigate estrogen metabolites in the urine. Novel estrogen-like metabolites, potentially of schistosome origin, were detected in the urine of participants who were positive for eggs of S. haematobium, but not detected in urines negative for S. haematobium eggs. The catechol-estrogens/ DNA adducts were significantly associated with schistosomiasis (OR 3.35; 95% CI 2.32–4.84; P≤0.001). In addition, presence of these metabolites was positively associated with infertility (OR 4.33; 95% CI 1.13–16.70; P≤0.05). Conclusions/Significance Estrogen metabolites occur widely in diverse metabolic pathways. In view of the statistically significant association between catechol-estrogens/ DNA adducts and self-reported infertility, we propose that an estrogen-DNA adduct mediated pathway in S. haematobium-induced ovarian hormonal deregulation could be involved. In addition, the catechol-estrogens/ DNA adducts described here represent potential biomarkers for schistosomiasis haematobia.
Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum Papillary Dermal Elastolysis: A Case Report
Rubina Alves,Lurdes Ferreira,Esmeralda Vale,Olívia Bordalo
Dermatology Research and Practice , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/352724
Abstract: PXE-PDE is a rare clinicopathological entity with few cases reported. It affects more often elderly women and is characterized by asymptomatic bilateral and symmetrical yellowish papules localized predominantly on the neck and supraclavicular regions. It is clinically similar to Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum. The authors report a case of a 64-year-old woman presenting asymptomatic, yellowish, non-follicular papules, affecting the occipital and the posterior region of the neck for 1 year. The patient denied pruritic or inflammatory changes, marked solar exposition or trauma on the affected areas. Routine laboratory studies: thoracic x-ray and ophthalmologic examination were normal. The histopathologic examination of a biopsy of one of the cutaneous lesions showed an absence of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis.The diagnosis of Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum—like Papillary Dermal Elastolysis (PXE-PDE) was made. Of great importance is the differential diagnosis with Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), but we have also to consider other elastolytic disorders: mid-dermal elastolysis (MDE), linear focal elastosis (LFE) and white fibrous papulosis of the neck (WFPN). Until know, there is no effective treatment for this pathology. 1. Introduction Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum Papillary Dermal Elastolysis (PXE-PDE) is a clinicopathological entity described for the first time by Rongioletti and Rebora in 1992. There are few cases reported. It affects more often elderly women and is characterized by asymptomatic bilateral and symmetrical yellowish papules localized predominantly on the neck and supraclavicular regions. It is dermatologically similar to Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum (PXE). The absence or marked loss of elastic fibers on the papillary dermis and the absence of calcifications or fragmentation of the elastic fibers are characteristic of PXE-PDE. The etiopathogenic factors considered are intrinsic skin aging and ultraviolet radiation. Similar clinical and histopathological features have been also described in White fibrous papulosis of the neck and the designation of Fibroelastolytic papulosis of the neck (WFPN) was proposed encompassing the spectrum of the two diseases. 2. Clinical History A 64-year-old caucasian woman presented in our department with one year slowly progressive appearance of nonfollicular papules, asymptomatic, located on the neck. The physical examination of the skin revealed the presence of multiple skin-colored and yellowish papules, with a cobblestone appearance, sized 1–6?mm, symmetrically distributed on the occipital, lateral, and posterior region
Factorial Validation of Warr’s (1990) Well-Being Measure: A Sample Study on Police Officers  [PDF]
Sónia P. Gonalves, José Neves
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.27108
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to test the factorial validity of the job-related affective well-being scale—the IWP Multi-Affect Indicator. The sample was composed of 1466 police officers and collected through self-report questionnaires. With the objective of validating the factorial structure of the IWP Multi-Affect Indicator, several models were tested using confirmatory factor analysis. The results supported a four-factor structure: anxiety, comfort, depression and enthusiasm, as well as a five-factor structure including the same four factors plus a second-order factor called global affective well-being.
Mental disorders and sociodemographic variables in pop-ulation assisted by the Family Health Program in Brazil  [PDF]
Daniel Maffasioli Gonalves, Suzi Camey
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.31006
Abstract:

Objectives: This paper aims to estimate the associations between common mental disorders (CMD) as well as cases of alcohol abuse/dependence (ADD) with sociodemographic variables in population assisted by Family Health Program (FHP) in Santa Cruz do Sul, Southern Brazil. Methods: All residents over 14 years of age from 3 areas assisted by the FHP were invited to participate between 10 February 2006 to 10 February 2007. Results: Of 2921 participants, the prevalence estimates of suspected cases of CMD and ADD were 29.93% and 12.07%, respectively. Female, unfavorable employment situation, low schooling and low income showed a positive and independent association with CMD. Male, unfavorable employment situation and CMD showed an independent association with ADD. Conclusions: Groups with unfavorable socioeconomic conditions present the highest risk and should be taken into account when planning public mental health policies.


Stress, Executive Function, Resilience and Quality of Life in Portuguese Subjects in Situations of Economic Insufficiency and Unemployment  [PDF]
Eduardo Gonalves, Saul Neves de Jesus
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.54040
Abstract: The aim of this study is the investigation of the impact of stress of Portuguese subjects in situations of economic insufficiency and unemployment on executive function and quality of life and the coping strategies and resilience skills used. The sample consists of 41 participants. The psychometric instruments used are validated for Portuguese population, measure (perceived) stress, coping, material deprivation, resilience and quality of life, defined by World Health Organization. Executive function has been evaluated through performances at Stroop and Berg tasks. It has been concluded that, in this population, resilience skills and active coping strategies are positively correlated with quality of life. Quality of life is negatively correlated with material deprivation. Active coping strategies are supported by adequate executive function, which neurobiological substrate is dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex. Not active coping strategies correlate negatively with cognitive flexibility, suggesting the presence of a deficit at infero-lateral prefrontal cortex.
Psychological Nutrition  [PDF]
Adelma do Socorro Gonalves Pimentel
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.78110
Abstract: This essay renders concepts of psychological nutrition such as the concepts of emotional and social nourishments that guide the psychosocial integration of the human being in the world, and the concept of emotional hunger. The categories are based on some proposals from the Gestalt-therapy: dental and mental metabolisms; on assumptions from the Gestalt psychology about psychological and organic isomorphism and on the concept of theory of complexity.
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