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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144358 matches for " Lunic B. Khoza "
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Knowledge, attitudes and practice of secondary school girls towards contraception in Limpopo Province
Dorah U. Ramathuba,Lunic B. Khoza,Mutshinyalo L. Netshikweta
Curationis , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/curationis.v35i1.45
Abstract: Unplanned teenage pregnancy constitutes an important health problem, whilst contraceptive services are free throughout South Africa and the number of Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) services is increasing. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of secondary school girls towards contraception in Thulamela Municipality of Limpopo Province, South Africa. A quantitative descriptive study design was used and respondents were selected by convenience sampling from a population of secondary school girls, the sample consisting of 273 girls in Grades 10–12. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data and analysed by computing frequencies and percentages using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Findings showed that respondents were aware of different contraceptive methods that can prevent pregnancy. However, most did not have knowledge of the emergency contraceptive, intra-uterine device and female condom. Pressure from male partners, fear of parental reaction to the use of contraceptives, reluctance to use contraceptives, poor contraceptive education and lack of counselling were seen as the main causes of ineffective contraceptive use and non-utilisation. Possible modalities of intervention deal with providing contraceptive counselling and care to empower these school girls to make informed choices on reproductive health. How to cite this article: Ramathuba, D.U., Khoza, L.B. & Netshikweta M.L., 2012, ‘Knowledge, attitudes and practice of secondary schools girls towards contraception in Limpopo Province’, Curationis 35(1), Art. #45, 7 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v35i1.45
Factors influencing the uptake of contraception services by Vatsonga adolescents in rural communities of Vhembe District in Limpopo Province, South Africa
Rachel T. Lebese,Sonto M. Maputle,Dorah U. Ramathuba,Lunic B. Khoza
Health SA Gesondheid , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of the study was to determine the factors that influence the uptake of contraception services by adolescents in the Vhembe district of Limpopo Province, South Africa. A qualitative research method which is explorative, descriptive and contextual in nature was used to investigate the phenomenon from the adolescents’ perspective. The target population comprised of adolescents residing in one of the six villages of Vhembe District. Data was collected through six focus group discussions until data saturation was achieved. Data was analysed using an open coding method. The findings revealed that adolescents are aware of the availability of contraceptive services. However, they lack a comprehensive knowledge about contraception and contraceptives, which led to negative attitudes towards using the services. Cultural health beliefs and attitudes were also identified as a barrier to the uptake and use of contraceptives. Recommendations were made on interventions to increase the uptake of contraception services amongst adolescents.
Experiences of family members caring for tuberculosis patients at home at Vhembe district of the Limpopo Province
Joyce T. Sukumani,Rachel T. Lebese,Lunic B. Khoza,Patrone R. Risenga
Curationis , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/curationis.v35i1.54
Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease which enters the body by inhalation and usually affects the lungs. TB is ranked amongst the leading infectious diseases worldwide, and in South Africa (SA) it has become an epidemic, because of its high prevalence. There are multiple factors that were found to attribute to the existence and spread of this disease. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe experiences of family members caring for TB patients at home, in the Vhembe District of the Limpopo Province. The study was qualitative, explorative, descriptive, phenomenological and contextual in nature. The population group selected for the study all comprised of family members caring for tuberculosis patients at home in Tshifulanani village. A purposive sampling method was applied in the study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews guided by three questions. Tech’s eight steps of data analysis were followed. Measures to ensure trustworthiness and ethical issues were observed. The results of the study revealed that family members experienced difficulties when they care for TB patients at home. These difficulties included providing food, attending to hygiene needs, the lack of equipment, financial constraints as well as physical and psychological exhaustion. Recommendations were made concerning the provision food, attending to hygiene needs, assisting in the administration of medication, nursing practice and policy making. How to cite this article: Sukumani, J.T., Lebese, RT., Khoza, L.B. & Risenga, P.R., 2012, ‘Experiences of family members caring for tuberculosis patients at home at Vhembe district of the Limpopo Province’,Curationis 35(1), Art. #54,8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v35i1.54
Adolescents’ knowledge, beliefs and experiences regarding sexual practices
L B Khoza
Health SA Gesondheid , 2004, DOI: 10.4102/hsag.v9i3.170
Abstract: Unwanted or unprotected pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections among the youth are the result of engaging in unprotected sexual behaviour. Opsomming Ongewenste of onbeskermde swangerskappe en seksueelorgedraagde infeksies onder die jeug is die gevolg van onbeskermde seksuele gedrag. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
The impact of organisational culture on the adaptation of newly employed nurses to the work environment
L B Khoza
Health SA Gesondheid , 2005, DOI: 10.4102/hsag.v10i3.200
Abstract: Usually newly employed nurses find adjusting to a work setting a challenging experience. Opsomming Gewoonlik is die aanpassing by ‘n nuwe werksomgewing vir pasaangestelde verpleegkundiges ‘n groot uitdaging. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Who helps an online facilitator to learn with students in a day?
Simon B Khoza
Mevlana International Journal of Education , 2012,
Abstract: This article draws on a case study of one facilitator with eight postgraduate students who uses online resources in teaching a Curriculum module at one of the universities in South Africa. The facilitator uses an online chat, discussion forum, blogs and Facebook to learn with his students in a form of blended learning. This article does not only give this facilitator and his students a voice but it also encourages them to reflect from their experiences in the teaching and learning of this module. The facilitator claimed to be using these online resources in promoting active students because his students had to learn with these online resources as opposed to learning from these online resources. A guided analysis theory was used as a framework for data production and this produced four themes for presenting the findings, while this article itself is framed by Entertainment Education theory. Online document analysis, observation and semi-structured interviews were used for data generation. This article prioritises the facilitator’s claim that students should learn with resources. The article concludes that Coincidental Learning was utilised for this module. Therefore, the article is proposing the utilisation of Awareness Learning in the teaching and learning of this Curriculum module.
The competencies of newly qualified psychiatric nurses
Lunice B Khoza,Valerie J Ehlers
Health SA Gesondheid , 2000, DOI: 10.4102/hsag.v5i3.37
Abstract: This research report comprises part of a larger study, which endeavoured to identified the competencies of newly qualified nurses (NQNs) as viewed by senior professional nurses (SPNs) in the clinical units. This report concentrates only on the competencies of the NQNs working in the psychiatric nursing units. SPNs (N=29) from certain health services in the Northern Province (NP) of the RSA, constituted the population for this research. A descriptive survey was used as a research approach to conduct this research. The fieldwork, entailing the distrib~ltiona nd collection of the questionnaires by a researcher, was done during a period of political and labour unrest in this area. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
The Effect of Solvents, Acetone, Water, and Ethanol, on the Morphological and Optical Properties of ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Microwave
Phindile B. Khoza,Makwena J. Moloto,Lucky M. Sikhwivhilu
Journal of Nanotechnology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/195106
Abstract: HDA-capped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by solvothermal method using solvents of different polarities. A number of parameters were kept constant such as temperature, pressure, time, and pH while solvents were varied, that is, water, ethanol, and acetone. The TEM was used for the structural properties and morphologies such as spheres, mixture of rods, and spheres and stars were obtained in ethanol, acetone, and water, respectively, in a given reaction time of 15 minutes. Both ethanol and acetone gave rods with high aspect ratio primarily because of the lengths of the rods. Water and ethanol have the hydroxyl groups which interact with nanoparticles from nucleation, growth, and termination giving rise to nonspherical shapes. The hydroxyl group promotes growth in a nonuniform way resulting in stars and rods. The optical features were typical of ZnO nanoparticles with excitonic peaks in the range 368 to 374?nm from their absorption spectra. The XRD patterns of the particles gave the most stable form of ZnO which is the hexagonal phase, with high degree of crystallinity and with the 101 plane predominant in all solvents. 1. Introduction Semiconductors in a nanoscale level have attracted a great deal of intrest due to their unique properties [1]. One of the unique characteristic of the nanoparticles is their size dependent electrical and optical properties known as the quantum confinement effect [2, 3]. ZnO is one of the few semiconductors which exhibit quantum confinement effect. ZnO is a wide band gap (3.34?eV) material and it has found applications in various fields [4]. It is an environmental friendly oxide, because of its nontoxicity and the ability to absorb in the UV range. It is as such used as a UV absorbent in the sunscreens and in solar energy conversion [5]. Other applications of ZnO include photovoltaic devices, gas sensors, photocatalysis, transparent conducting coating, and electrostatic transducers, [4]. It is well documented that the shape and size of the material strongly affect the properties and the applications of the material [6–9]. Hence, much effort is being dedicated on controlling the size and shape of the particles; however this still remains a challenge in synthetic chemists in the nanoscience field. Different factors such as time, temperature, concentration, precursors, capping molecule, solvents, and others are reported to affect the shape and size of the nanoparticles [7, 8]. ZnO is an interesting metal oxide because it can exist in diverse convoluted morphologies [10, 11]. Herein we report on the effect of solvent effect on
Illness cognitions, doctor-patient communication and prescription adherence among first diagnosed hypertensive patients from a rural teaching hospital in South Africa
K Peltzer,L B Khoza,M E Lekhuleni,M Alberts
Health SA Gesondheid , 2003, DOI: 10.4102/hsag.v8i1.115
Abstract: This study examines the relationship between illness cognitions, doctor-patient communication and the use of prescribed medication among patients first diagnosed with hypertension in the outpatient department of a rural South African teaching hospital. Opsomming Hierdie studie ondersoek die verwantskap tussen siekte-kognisies, dokter-pasi nt kommunikasie en die gebruik van voorskrifmedisyne onder pasi nte wat die eerste keer met hipertensie gediagnoseer is, in die buitepasi ntafdeling van ‘n landelike Suid-Afrikaanse opleidingshospitaal. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Adolescents' knowledge, beliefs and experiences regarding sexual practices: research
LB Khoza
Health SA Gesondheid , 2004,
Abstract: Unwanted or unprotected pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections among the youth are the result of engaging in unprotected sexual behaviour. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and describe what adolescents view as being safer or risky sex practice, and to differentiate between their sexual practice by gender and sexual experience. Non-probability purposive sampling was used to obtain a sample comprising of 12 females and 15 males of ages ranging between 15 and 18 years. Results indicated that the adolescents were able to identify what are regarded as safer or risky sexual practices. However, when expressing their lived experiences of sexual practices, the participants were still engaging in risky sexual behaviour. In conclusion there is a need to acknowledge that young people are sexual beings. The focus of sexuality education should shift from that of disease prevention instead to looking at the more socially-oriented health-enhancing behaviour such as teaching adolescents about sexual development, sexual behaviour and its possible negative outcomes, sexual abuse, gender issues and power relations and other nonsexual ways of showing affection. Key Words: Sexual practice; Adolescents; Condom use; Safer sex practice; Risky sex practice OPSOMMING Ongewenste of onbeskermde swangerskappe en seksueel-oorgedraagde infeksies onder die jeug is die gevolg van onbeskermde seksuele gedrag. Die doel van hierdie kwalitatiewe studie was om dit wat adolessente beskou as veiliger of meer gewaagde seksuele praktyk, te verken en te beskryf en om tussen seksuele praktyke volgens geslag en seksuele ondervinding te onderskei. Nie-waarskynlikheids, doelgerigte steekproeftrekking is gebruik om ‘n steekproef te bekom wat bestaan het uit 12 vroulike en 15 manlike deelnemers, tussen 15 en 18 jaar oud. Die resultate het getoon dat adolessente by magte was om dit te identifiseer wat as veiliger en meer riskante seksuele gedrag beskou kan word. Dit terwyl die deelnemers hulle beleefde ondervinding van seksuele praktyke beskryf het, het dit duidelik geblyk dat hulle steeds riskante seksuele gedrag beoefen het. Daar is tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat daar erkenning gegee moet word aan die feit dat jong mense seksuele wesens is. Die fokus van seksualiteitsonderrig behoort te verskuif van siektevoorkoming, na gedrag wat meer sosiaal-geori nteerd is en wat op gesondheidsverbetering gerig is soos om adolessente te onderrig aangaande seksuele ontwikkeling, seksuele gedrag en die moontlike negatiewe gevolge daarvan, seksuele misbruik, geslagsvraagstukke en magsverhoudings, en nie-seksuele maniere om liefde en toegeneentheid te toon. Health SA Gesondheid Vol.9(3) 2004: 34-41
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