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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 235572 matches for " Luis Edmundo Sarabia-López "
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Coping Strategies and Quality of Life in Elderly Population  [PDF]
Marco Marcelo León-Navarrete, María Elena Flores-Villavicencio, Neyda Mendoza-Ruvalcaba, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Martha Leticia Salazar-Garza, Luis Edmundo Sarabia-López, Guido Germán Albán-Pérez
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.510017
Abstract:
The elderly represent a population group that requires a specific and integral approach that promotes its wellbeing and health. There are contextual factors experience during this life stage, such as the generation of diseases, which can influence negatively central aspects of life. One of the constructs that could be affected by these factors is the Quality of Life (QOL). The interaction between the contextual variables and QOL is mediated by the Coping Strategies (CS) that the individual applies to cope with the environmental challenges. The aim of this research was to analyze the differences in Quality of Life levels of the elderly, controlling for the type of Coping Strategies implemented. A transversal study was conducted, including a sample of 100 senior adults of the Metropolitan District of Quito, Ecuador. The participants signed a inform consent form and answered the Inventario de Estrategias de Afrontamiento (Survey of Coping Strategies) and the FUMAT Scale for the evaluation of QOL. The mean age was 74.6 years (SD = 5.5), being 64% women. We observed percentages lower than 50% in all QOL dimensions, being the material wellbeing, the subscale with lower scores. The CS more frequently reported were the problem resolution, the desiderative thinking and the self-criticism. The participants that referred to use the emotional expression as a coping strategy presented higher levels of QOL. The Quality of Life in the elderly is influenced by contextual factors, being necessary to provide them with strategies that can be used to cope with the life challenges in a more effective and adaptive way.
Psychosocial Factors at Work and Occupational Stress in Gas Station Attendants in Ecuador  [PDF]
Guido Germán Albán-Pérez, Manuel Pando-Moreno, Francisco Laca-Arocena, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, ángel María Verdesoto-Galéas, Luis Edmundo Sarabia-López, Marco Marcelo León-Navarrete
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.813141
Abstract: The aim was to determine the association between the psychosocial factors at work and occupational stress in gas station attendants in Ecuador. A transversal study was conducted, including 146 dispatchers of petroleum-derived products. The participants answer a sociodemographic data, the Instrumento de Factores Psicosociales en el Trabajo (Survey of Psychosocial Factors at Work) and the Cuestionario de Evaluación del Estrés (Stress Evaluation Survey). The mean age was of 30.05 years (SD = 8.31), being 67.7% males. The results indicated that the participants perceived a high exposition to the psychosocial factors at work Social interaction (61%), and Organizational aspects and Performance remuneration (47.3%). About the occupational stress, we observed high levels of psychoemotional symptoms (88.4%), followed by those regarding social behavior (74%). When analyzing for the associations between psychosocial factors at occupational stress, we observed several significant correlations, finding that the factors Content and characteristics of the task (p < 0.005) and Job role and carrier development (p< 0.005) presented the higher number of associations with the presence of occupational stress symptoms. We conclude that, the gas station attendants perceive a high exposition to different psychosocial factors at work, which are associated with the presence of high levels of occupational stress, being important to develop further research and interventions that promote the health and wellbeing of this group.
Association between Psychosocial Risk Factors and Quality of Work Life in Air Traffic Controllers at an Ecuador Airport  [PDF]
Luis Edmundo Sarabia-López, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Alfonso Mercado, Manuel Pando-Moreno, María De Lourdes Preciado-Serrano, José Luis Calderón-Mafud, Guido Germán Galván-Pérez, Marco Marcelo León-Navarrete, Dorila Victoria Sarabia-Cruz
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.810097
Abstract: The aim of this research was to determine the association between psychosocial factors and Quality of Work Life (QWL) in air traffic controllers at an Ecuador airport. A transversal study was developed. The sample included 47 air traffic controllers of one airport in Quito, Ecuador. The participants answered an adapted version of the surveys “Factores Psicosociales en el Trabajo” (Psychosocial factors at work) and the “Calidad de vida en el trabajo” (Quality of work life) CVT-GOHISALO. The data analysis included descriptive statistics, Z scores and, association tests with chi-square and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The mean age was 40 years old, and most of the participants were males. For the psychosocial work factors, the higher mean score was for the dimension Work demands (22.94), followed by Workplace conditions (13.47). For the QWL the dimension Wellbeing accomplished through work (36.43) scored higher, followed by Institutional support for work (34.11). The findings indicated several positive associations between the study variables through the Spearman’s Coefficient, observing that the psychosocial factor content and characteristic of the task presented the higher number of associations with QWL dimensions, such as Institutional support for work (p < 0.05), Work safety (p < 0.05), Integration to the work position (p < 0.05) and to Wellbeing accomplished through work (p < 0.05). The air traffic controllers develop a professional activity under work conditions that involve psychosocial factors that could represent an important risk for the health, satisfaction and QWL.
Susceptibilidad de Haematobia irritans de las zonas nortede Veracruz y centro de Nuevo León, México, a permetrinay diazinón
Ema Maldonado Simán,Carlos Apodaca Sarabia,Héctor Sumano López,Luis Bermúdez-Villanueva
Veterinaria México , 2005,
Abstract: El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la susceptibilidad de Haematobia irritans (L.) a los insecticidas por medio de una prueba in vitro permetrina (2.5 y 6.0 μg/cm2) y diazinón (0.01 y 0.06 μg/cm2). Las moscas se recolectaron en 14 ranchos dedicados a la producción de bovinos productores de carne. También se realizó un estudio detallado por encuesta del tipo de manejo de los pesticidas al norte de Veracruz (México) durante 1998 y 2000 y la parte central de Nuevo León (México) en 2000. Para valorar el porcentaje de mortalidad de la mosca del cuerno se utilizaron bioensayos con dos dosis discriminantes de permetrina o diazinón, impregnados en frascos. Las moscas del cuerno fueron recolectadas en el campo directamente de los bovinos y expuestas inmediatamente a permetrina y diazinón. La mortalidad de las moscas se registró hasta no más de dos horas. Los resultados mostraron que el porcentaje de mortalidad para permetrina en Nuevo León y Veracruz fue poco signifi cativo e inexistente, respectivamente. En contraste, el porcentaje de mortalidad exhibido para diazinón fue más alto (P < 0.05) en ambas áreas experimentales. Sin embargo, el porcentaje de mortalidad disminuyó en Veracruz de un a o a otro. La aplicación de una encuesta a través de cuestionarios sobre el uso de éstos y otros pesticidas también reveló que los organofosforados fueron los más utilizados para el control de esta plaga en Nuevo León, mientras que los piretroides fueron los más utilizados en Veracruz. La encuesta reveló que la inefi ciencia de los productos fue la razón principal para el cambio del grupo químico. La aplicación por aspersión fue el método más generalizado en los tratamientos a los bovinos en ambos estados. En la mayoría de los casos (86.7%), los ganaderos y veterinarios aplicaron más de diez tratamientos durante todo el a o. Este estudio permite concluir que existe una resistencia generalizada a permetrina en los ranchos evaluados en los dos estados y que las poblaciones de la mosca del cuerno no mostraron resistencia al diazinón en ninguna de las áreas de trabajo.
Recursos y capacidades de servicios de emergencia para atención de lesiones por traumas en Perú
Rosales-Mayor, Edmundo;Miranda, J. Jaime;Lema, Claudia;López, Luis;Paca-Palao, Ada;Luna, Diego;Huicho, Luis;Piat, Equipo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000900017
Abstract: the objectives of this study were to evaluate the resources and capacity of emergency trauma care services in three peruvian cities using the who report guidelines for essential trauma care. this was a cross-sectional study in eight public and private healthcare facilities in lima, ayacucho, and pucallpa. semi-structured questionnaires were applied to the heads of emergency departments with managerial responsibility for resources and capabilities. considering the profiles and volume of care in each emergency service, most respondents in all three cities classified their currently available resources as inadequate. comparison of the health facilities showed a shortage in public services and in the provinces (ayacucho and pucallpa). there was a widespread perception that both human and physical resources were insufficient, especially in public healthcare facilities and in the provinces.
Caracterización de la Formación de Educadores a nivel superior en Colombia durante el Frente Nacional : 1958-1974
José Edmundo Calvache López
Revista Historia de la Educación Latinoamericana , 2004,
Abstract: En este documento se presenta un proyecto que tiene como objetivo identificar la caracterización de la formación de educadores en Colombia, entre 1958 y 1974, época de un gobierno bipartidista influenciado por políticas económicas y educativas internacionales y por corrientes pedagógicas como la Escuela Nueva y la Tecnología Educativa. En este contexto se hace énfasis en el origen y evolución de las Facultades de Educación (1928-1980) resaltando el Período de las Universidades Pedagógicas centradas en la formación en disciplinas (1953-1970) y el de las Facultades de Educación que dan un nuevo sentido a las Ciencias de la Educación (1970-1980).
Epidemiology of Road Traffic Incidents in Peru 1973–2008: Incidence, Mortality, and Fatality
J. Jaime Miranda, Luis A. López-Rivera, D. Alex Quistberg, Edmundo Rosales-Mayor, Camila Gianella, Ada Paca-Palao, Diego Luna, Luis Huicho, PIAT Working Group , PIAT Working Group
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099662
Abstract: Background The epidemiological profile and trends of road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Peru have not been well-defined, though this is a necessary step to address this significant public health problem in Peru. The objective of this study was to determine trends of incidence, mortality, and fatality of RTIs in Peru during 1973–2008, as well as their relationship to population trends such as economic growth. Methods and Findings Secondary aggregated databases were used to estimate incidence, mortality and fatality rate ratios (IRRs) of RTIs. These estimates were standardized to age groups and sex of the 2008 Peruvian population. Negative binomial regression and cubic spline curves were used for multivariable analysis. During the 35-year period there were 952,668 road traffic victims, injured or killed. The adjusted yearly incidence of RTIs increased by 3.59 (95% CI 2.43–5.31) on average. We did not observe any significant trends in the yearly mortality rate. The total adjusted yearly fatality rate decreased by 0.26 (95% CI 0.15–0.43), while among adults the fatality rate increased by 1.25 (95% CI 1.09–1.43). Models fitted with splines suggest that the incidence follows a bimodal curve and closely followed trends in the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita Conclusions The significant increasing incidence of RTIs in Peru affirms their growing threat to public health. A substantial improvement of information systems for RTIs is needed to create a more accurate epidemiologic profile of RTIs in Peru. This approach can be of use in other similar low and middle-income settings to inform about the local challenges posed by RTIs.
Theoretical and Conceptual Approaches to Co-Regulation: A Theoretical Review  [PDF]
Javier Moreno, Luis Sanabria, Omar López
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.713153
Abstract: During the last two decades, interpersonal regulation in natural and digital learning environments has gained importance. Ever since the first conceptual and methodo-logical precisions regarding collaborative learning were made, educational psychology has focused its interest on analyzing collective regulation of motivation, cognition, and behavior. Despite the fact that the body of research on co-regulation has grown, emerging epistemological frameworks evidence a lack of conceptual and theoretical clarity. In response to this situation, the authors propose a conceptual approach in order to address interpersonal regulation in four aspects: first, they describe three learning theories which have been used to study co-regulation. Second, the authors recommend a conceptual delimitation of terms regarding the learning theories on social regulation. Third, they highlight diffuse boundaries between theoretical ap-proaches and terms used in the literature on co-regulation. Finally, the authors suggest some challenges the researchers in this field face.
Helmintos del pez Dormitator maculatus (Osteichthyes: Eleotridae) de Alvarado, Veracruz, México
Montoya Mendoza,Jesús; Osorio Sarabia,David; Chávez López,Rafael; Franco López,Jonathan;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: dormitator maculatus (n=184) was collected in the alvarado lagoon, mexico during a year period (oct. 1993-1994). in the helminthologic review, the presence of clinostomum complanatum (82.3%), neoechinorhynchus golvani (76.1%), spiroxys sp. (21.3 %), and camallanus sp. (6.2%) was registered. reduction of the hematocrit caused by such infection is significant (t, ?= 0.05)
Helmintos del pez Dormitator maculatus (Osteichthyes: Eleotridae) de Alvarado, Veracruz, México
Jesús Montoya Mendoza,David Osorio Sarabia,Rafael Chávez López,Jonathan Franco López
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: Ejemplares del pez Dormitator maculatus (n=184) fueron recolectado en la laguna de Alvarado, México durante el período de un a o (octubre 1993- 1994). El análisis helmintológico permitió registrar la presencia de Clinostomum complanatum (82.3%), Neoechinorhynchus golvani (76.1%), Spiroxys sp. (21.3 %), y Camallanus sp. (6.2%). La redución del hematocrito causada por la infección es estadísticamente significativa (t, = 0.05) Dormitator maculatus (n=184) was collected in the Alvarado Lagoon, Mexico during a year period (Oct. 1993-1994). In the helminthologic review, the presence of Clinostomum complanatum (82.3%), Neoechinorhynchus golvani (76.1%), Spiroxys sp. (21.3 %), and Camallanus sp. (6.2%) was registered. Reduction of the hematocrit caused by such infection is significant (t, = 0.05)
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