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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144813 matches for " Lucie Félicité Temgoua "
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Land Use and Land Cover Change Analysis in Ajei Upland Watershed Community Forest, North West Region, Cameroon  [PDF]
Lucie Félicité Temgoua, Gordon Ajonina, Hans Berinyuy Woyu
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.69007
Abstract: This study was carried out in Ajei upland watershed community forest in the North West Region of Cameroon with the aim to analyze spatial and temporal dynamics of land cover and land use from 1988 to 2018 and to identify and characterize the agents, drivers and pressures of this change. The databases used were made up of 3 Lands at satellite images (5 TM of 1988, 7ETM+ of 2003 and 8OLI of 2018). Field survey, interview and focus group discussion methods were used to identify the activities carried out by the local population and to determine agents, drivers and pressures of land use and land cover change. The Ajei community forest is consisted of four main land cover namely; dense vegetation, sparse or degraded vegetation, savanna and bare soil. Between 1988 and 2018, the proportions of dense vegetation and savanna decreased and that of bare soil and sparse vegetation increased. Analysis showed ongoing deforestation with forest cover loss of about 240 ha in 30 years. For the considered time periods 1988-2003 and 2003-2018, deforestation rates were 1.83% per year and 1.49% per year respectively, signifying on average 8 hectares of forest cover undergoing conversion each year. This lost results from the actions of farmers, cattle grazers and wood extractors who through farming, grazing and lumbering activities pressurize and convert the dense forest cover. Economic motives notably the need to increase household income from a frequent demand for farm and wood products in nearby markets represent the drivers of forest cover change. Controlling grazing activities notably in the dry season to check out the use of fires, community sensitization especially among cattle headmen on the importance of the community forest, reforestation activities through natural regeneration or tree planting are needed in the forest.
Spatio-Temporal Dynamic of Land Use and Land Cover in the Classified Forest of Djoli-Kera, South-Eastern, Chad  [PDF]
Lucie Félicité Temgoua, Behimnan Allaissem, Martin Tchamba, Goy Saradoum, Mbaiakambeye Mbaidje Osée, Marie Caroline Momo Solefack
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2018.83019
Abstract: This study was carried out in the classified forest of Djoli-Kera found in the South-Eastern part of Chad. It aimed to analyze the spatial and temporal dy-namics of land cover between 1972 and 2013 and to determine the drivers of vegetation degradation. The databases used were made up of 4 Landsat satellite images (1MSS of 1972, 5TM of 1984, 7ETM+ of 1990 and 2010) and a spot 6 image of 2013, supplemented by field studies. Satellite images were processed using ENVI and ArcGIS software. Interview was used to identify the activities carried out by the local population. In 1972, the classified forest consisted of four types of land cover, the most important of which was open forest (51%), followed by wooded savannah (26%), tree savannah (21%) and sparse vegetation consisting of farms and fallows (2%). Gradually open forest and tree savannah disappeared. In 2013, the main types of land cover were shrub savannah (40%), sparse vegetation (28%), wooded savannah (12%), bare soil (12%) and dwellings (8%). Livestock, agriculture, wood collection and bushfires are perceived by local population as main drivers of forest cover change. Awareness-raising, monitoring and regulation of access to resources must be pursued, but also managers of the classified forest must accompany the local populations in the planting of trees and the setting up of more efficient farming systems to reduce pressure on the forest’s resources.
Neurodevelopmental Problems in Children at 9 Months of Age Associated with Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy  [PDF]
Evelyn Mungyeh Mah, Seraphin Nguefack, Hélène Kamo Selangai, Andréas Chiabi, Mbassi Awa, Félicité Dongmo, Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Elie Mbonda
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.72013
Abstract: Introduction: Neonatal asphyxia is a major cause of infant morbidity in Cameroon. The aim of this study was to describe the short-term neurological outcome of children following neonatal Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methodology: We conducted a retrospective cohort study from May 2010 to September 2013. We included 39 exposed cases against 78 non-exposed cases followed-up for at least 9 months. The variables studied were: age, sex, head circumference, neurological sequelae, postural anomalies and motor skills and developmental age/quotient. The data collected were analyzed using Epi info software version 3.5.3. The Fisher Exact Test was used to compare the variables with a significance threshold defined for p < 0.05. Results: We recruited 39 cases for 78 controls. The majority (74.40%) of cases were classified as HIE Sarnat 3 and 25.60% Sarnat 2. Most of the children were aged 12 - 36 months with a mean age of 18 months. The male sex was predominant with a sex ratio of 1.2; and 61.50% of children with HIE had head circumference < -2 Zscore. Thirtyone (79.50%) of the exposed cases developed a handicap against 2 (2.60%) in the control group. The handicaps were 61.54% severe, 10.26% moderate and 7.70% mild. The main sequelae were mental retardation (66.70%), cerebral palsy (46.20%) and epilepsy (30.80%). The associated anomalies were microcephaly and bucco facial dyspraxia. The neurosensory disorders consisted of blindness (41%), oculomotor disorders (18%) and deafness (7.70%). The mean developmental quotient in the cases was 49.59%. Conclusion: The frequency of neurological sequelae following HIE was high in our series. Efforts should be made to prevent perinatal asphyxia and to ensure the availability of material and staff trained to help babies’ breath in all the delivery rooms in our maternities.
Chemical and Bacteriological Analysis of Drinking Water from Alternative Sources in the Dschang Municipality, Cameroon  [PDF]
TEMGOUA Emile
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.25071
Abstract: In the poor zones of sub-Saharan Africa, the conventional drinking water network is very weak. The populations use alternative groundwater sources which are wells and springs. However, because of urbanization, the groundwater sources are degrading gradually making pure, safe, healthy and odourless drinking water a matter of deep concern. There are many pollutants in groundwater due to seepage of organic and inorganic pollutants, heavy metals, etc. Seventeen alternative water points created in 2008, for drinking water in Dschang municipality were examined for their physicochemical and bacteriological characteristics. The results revealed that water from managed points in Dschang is of poor quality. Most of the water samples were below or out of safety limits (standards) provided by WHO. The water is characterized by high turbidity and presence of feacal coliforms. It can be used for drinking and cooking only after prior treatment. This situation shows that water point management was limited only to the drawing up comfort. These water points require installation of suitable surfaces of filtration and the development of a chlorination follow-up plan. Specific concerns of well water were raised and the management options to be taken proposed.
Lipid Oxidation of Catfish (Arius maculatus) after Cooking and Smoking by Different Methods Applied in Cameroon  [PDF]
Noel Tenyang, Hilaire Macaire Womeni, Bernard Tiencheu, Nand Hrodrik Takugan Foka, Félicité Tchouanguep Mbiapo, Pierre Villeneuve, Michel Linder
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.49A1025
Abstract:

The influence of different cooking and smoking methods (boiling, frying, frying + boiling, hot and cold smoking) on oxidation and fatty acid composition of catfish (Arius maculatus) commercialized on the Wouri river coast was evaluated including commonly used analytical indexes (peroxide and acid values)and physical analysis by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The mean moisture, protein, ash and fat contents of raw fish were 75.88 ± 0.55; 64.24 ± 0.14; 10.98 ± 0.31 and 23.02 ± 0.88 respectively. All these treatments provoke the modification of the quality indexes. Lipid deterioration, thermolysis and lipid oxidation occurred throughout the treatment. Peroxide value decreased for all cooked and smoked catfish, while free fatty acids of smoked sample increased. The FTIR applied to evaluate lipid oxidation in extracted lipid clearly provided a better picture of the oxidation progress and led to a similar conclusion with chemical analysis. Boiled, bleaching hot and bleaching cold smoking were found to be the suitable treatment methods for catfish because they gave it a high nutritive value compared to other smoking methods.

Aflatoxin Contamination in Food and Body Fluids in Relation to Malnutrition and Cancer Status in Cameroon
Angele N. Tchana,Paul F. Moundipa,Félicité M. Tchouanguep
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph7010178
Abstract: Aflatoxins are food contaminants usually associated with hepatitis, immunodepression, impairment of fertility and cancer. The present work was to determine the presence of aflatoxins in eggs, milk, urine, and blood samples that were collected from various sources and periods; and hepatitis B virus antigen in blood samples. Aflatoxin was found in eggs (45.2%), cow raw milk (15.9%), breast milk (4.8%), urine from kwashiorkor and marasmic kwashiorkor children (45.5%), and sera from primary liver cancer patients (63.9%); HbsAg was also detected in 69.4% of the serum samples, but there was no association between both factors. Both AF and hepatitis B virus seem to be risk factors that could increase the incidence and prevalence rates of malnutrition and cancer in Cameroon.
Composition of Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich essential oils from Cameroon and identification of a minor diterpene: ent-13-epi manoyl oxide
Félicité Noudjou,Habiba Kouninki,Thierry Hance,Eric Haubruge
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement , 2007,
Abstract: Xylopia aethiopica (Annonaceae) essential oil was extracted from fruits collected in four localities in Cameroon, and analysed by GC/MS and GC/FID. More than sixty compounds were identified with 47.5–84.0% of monoterpenes hydrocarbon, mainly b-pinene and b-phellandrene+1,8-cineole, 6.5–12.9% of oxygenated monoterpenes, 13.8–30.4% of sesquiterpenes, and 0.4–0.6 % of a minor unidentified diterpene. Trials of purification by column chromatography, followed by GC/MS and NMR analysis led to the identification of ent-13-epi manoyl oxide which is reported for the first time as a minor component in X. aethiopica essential oil.
Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Quality of the Vegetable Watering Water in the Dschang Town, Cameroon  [PDF]
Ntangmo Tsafack Honorine, Temgoua Emile, Njine Thomas
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.328110
Abstract: Market gardening, in the swampy lowlands of the Dschangcity, plays an important role in terms of providing employment, and supply the city with fresh products. However, waterborne diseases, which occur in the city, are both attributed to the bad quality of drinking water and sanitation practices. This work aims to characterize watering waters of crop, to assess the health risks associated with the use of these waters. Water from eleven streams and five wells used to irrigate crops were sampled and analyzed once a week for a month. Analyses focused on physico-chemical parameters (temperature, suspended matter, pH, electrical conductivity, COD, BOD5, NO-3 , Al, Fe, Cu, Ni), parasitological (helminthes eggs) and bacteriological (total coliforms, fecal coliforms, fecal streptococcus). The results show that, the physico-chemical quality of well waters generally approaches the WHO standards of crop watering water. The physico-chemical of streams waters and bacteriological quality of wells and streams waters are bad, according to WHO guide. These bad quality waters could contaminate crops, some of which are eaten raw, which is surely a cause of the outbreak of waterborne diseases in the city. The waters from streams are more affected. The pretreatment of the water before use for irrigation of vegetables is highly recommended.
Mechanisms Efflux Pumps of Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR): Increasing Resistance to Antibiotics  [PDF]
Francis T. Dongmo Temgoua, Liang Wu
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2019.71006
Abstract: Acinetobacter baumannii has greatly increased its degree of resistance to become multidrug resistant (MDR) over the past 30 years and is on the red line of the most widely replicated bacteria according to World Health Organization (WHO). The efflux pumps are the main cause for the increasing antibiotic resistance of A. baumannii originated from nosocomial infection. The progressive resistance of A. baumannii even on the recent drugs (tigecycline and fosfomycin) reduces to very effective antibiotic scale. With attention focused on MDR and pan-drug-resistant (PDR) in A. baumannii multiple works on efflux pumps chemical inhibitor (NMP, PAβN, omeprazole, verapamil, reserpine, CCCP) are still in progress. Certain inhibitors from plants (Biricodar and timcodar, Falvone, Mahonia, Dalea versicolor, Lycopus europaeus, and Rosmarinus officinalis) have the capability to have such compounds according to their very significant synergistic effect with antibiotics. In this review we focused on the growth of antibiotic resistance to explain the mechanism of efflux pumps into these different super families and a comprehensive understanding of the extrusion, regulation and physiology role of drug efflux pumps in the essential development of anti-resistivity drugs. We recapitulated the evolution of the work carried out in these fields during the last years and in the course of elaboration, with the aim of increasing the chances of decreasing bacterial resistivity to antibiotics.
PTEN in liver diseases and cancer
Marion Peyrou, Lucie Bourgoin, Michelangelo F
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/Akt axis is a key signal transduction node that regulates crucial cellular functions, including insulin and other growth factors signaling, lipid and glucose metabolism, as well as cell survival and apoptosis. In this pathway, PTEN acts as a phosphoinositide phosphatase, which terminates PI3K-propagated signaling by dephosphorylating PtdIns(3,4)P2 and PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. However, the role of PTEN does not appear to be restricted only to PI3K signaling antagonism, and new functions have been recently discovered for this protein. In addition to the well-established role of PTEN as a tumor suppressor, increasing evidence now suggests that a dysregulated PTEN expression and/or activity is also linked to the development of several hepatic pathologies. Dysregulated PTEN expression/activity is observed with obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, hepatitis B virus/hepatitis C virus infections, and abusive alcohol consumption, whereas mutations/deletions have also been associated with the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, it appears that alterations of PTEN expression and activity in hepatocytes are common and recurrent molecular events associated with liver disorders of various etiologies. These recent findings suggest that PTEN might represent a potential common therapeutic target for a number of liver pathologies.
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