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This ex post facto study aims to investigate the
influence of religious practice on the types of reaction to situations of
offence. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to evaluate the
relationship between religious practice and the attitudes towards offenders.
The study was carried out with adolescents and young people of both sexes. The
sample comprised 673 male and female, with an average age of 18.28 and standard
desviation of 1.21. As regards the religion that they practiced: 555 were catholic
(82.5%) 39 were evangelical (5.8%) and others 79 (11.7%). To assess the level
of religious practice, a grid with items containing the frequency of religious
practice was prepared, taking into account the person’s self perception. The
second instrument used was the Attitudes Towards Offenders Questionnaire
(ATOQ). This instrument consists of seven scales, grouped into three factors:
passive, aggressive and prosocial behavior, corresponding to the different
responses to situations of offence: submission, denial, vengeance, resentment, hostility,
claim for an explanation and forgiveness. The result of MANOVA of the tree
factors of ATOQ, according to religious practice (practitioner, occasional
practitioner and not practitioner), stated a significant difference. When
analyzing the contrasts we can see that practitioners are less aggressive with
respect to occasional practitioners and non practitioners. As regards the
prosocial factor, the only significant contrast is shown in practitioners, who
have a higher average of prosocial attitudes compared to non-practitioners.
The characterization analysis of three agro-industrial wastes was performed in order to study its thermal gasification. Some analyses such as determination of Ca, K and Mg concentration and determination of three representative toxic metals concentration Cd, Cr and Pb in all its oxidation states and the fundamental state, were carried out. The heavy metals concentration was also determined in the ashes obtained during the gasification process. The mobility of these elements was studied through three leaching tests. The behavior of heavy metals, sulfur and chlorine compounds, was predicted considering the presence of water vapor, syngas, Ca, Mg, K, Si, Al and other ash components. The heavy metals are not more concentrated in the gasification ash; these pollutants are released during this process. Ca, Mg and K presence in these residues would promote the pollutants retention. The ash of the studied waste can be disposed in controlled landfills or used in road construction, according to the obtained results during the leaching test DIN-DEV S4. The obtained results in the leaching test EPA 1311 TLCP classify these gasification ashes as no toxic waste.