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Transition Process in the Western Balkans: How Much Successful Is This Story?  [PDF]
Skuflic Lorena
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2010.23029
Abstract: The last enlargement of the European Union put Western Balkans countries into focus of integration, and thus the countries became an area where future integration is expected. Future enlargement of the European Union depends on the success of the previous EU accession, as well as on the achieved results of the transition process in the Western Balkans, since these countries are not on the same level as the developed European countries or new member states. The region contains small countries that are at different stages on their road towards membership. Transition is a comprehensive process of economic and political reforms that creates many shocks in the economy, and when this process occurs in a politically unstable and war environment, as the case being with the Western Balkans, the results may be very unfavorable. Formal agreements improved the relations between these countries and the European Union, thereby had an influence on risk reduction and increased business transparency, resulting in a growing interest of foreign investors for the region. Despite increased investments in the region and rapid economic growth, Western Balkan countries have only 21 (Albania) and 52% (Croatia) of the average European Union Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, indicating the need for faster implementation of reforms and individual involvement of countries into the process of European integration. There is a significant development gap between Western Balkan countries, so observing the region as a whole and applying a singular strategy in the sense of its economic leveling and the process of EU accession would have a negative impact on Croatia, as the most developed country of the region.
Demand Function for Croatian Tourist Product: A Panel Data Approach Aper Title  [PDF]
Lorena ?kufli?, Igor ?tokovi?
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.21008
Abstract: Croatia as a small country with GDP of 14.255 US $ per capita and 44.6 milliard Euro of gross external debt has a strong need for a development process and construction of production bases which, in the future, will be capable to generate revenue for the return of foreign debt. As a small country, with relatively low produc- tion potential, the service sector seems the only way for achieving the necessary income to servicing foreign debt, and to start new development cycle. In Croatia, tourism sector participates with approximately 3% in the structure of GDP, while revenues from tourism has been growing constantly, from 10.6% (1996) to 22% (2008) in GDP. This sector employs about 3.5 of total employees and has a significant multiplicative effect on the overall economy, where the multiplier of tourist consumption is around 2.5. According to statistics, tourism activity tends to grow faster than the total Croatian production. The high import dependence and the weak export propulsive of goods, in last decade, had a negative impact on external trade sector, furthermore, the trade deficit reached 7.3 billion Euros, while revenues from tourism amounted 6.4 billion Euros (2009). In the Mediterranean basin the most significant Croatian competitors are France, Spain and Italy, states that are also among the five most desirable destinations in the world, while Croatia with 11 million arrivals and 56.3 million overnights (2009), was ranked around 20th place. Tourism is a sector that involves a multiplic-ity of economic activities responding to differentiated demands with specific characteristics at the national and international levels. Identifying the main determinants of tourism demand is becoming imperative for the country whose development process depends heavily on tourist revenues. Tourism brings obvious economic benefits, with the two most important being the generation of foreign exchange and revenues as well as the creation of jobs. Therefore, it is no surprise that tourism is an important economic activity in many parts of the world, including Croatia. Given the importance of the tourism, the aim of this paper is to design the model of demand for Croatian tourist product.
Review: The Molecular Basis of Resistance in Mycobaterium tuberculosis  [PDF]
Lorena Cristina Santos
Open Journal of Medical Microbiology (OJMM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmm.2012.21004
Abstract: Tuberculosis is a serious global public health problem and its high prevalence is strongly associated with the increase of drug resistance. This steady increase in the frequency of M. tuberculosis strains resistant to one or more agents commonly used to treat tuberculosis has drawn worldwide attention to understanding the molecular basis of resistance in M. tuberculosis. TB resistance is a great concern in the antibiotic resistance pandemic due to the high risk of death, as patients can remain infected for months or years and also because of the difficulty of the treatment. A molecular understanding of the series of events that render M. tuberculosis multi-drug resistant is very important in order to find a fast and appropriated diagnosis as well as a new target for new drugs.
Sobre principios de la representación arquitectónica
ARQ (Santiago) , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-69962006000300009
Abstract: far from being restrictive, distance from chile to traditional cultural centers has given to its architecture fortitude and courage. this peripheral condition has resulted in attention to representation means and concerns about the way architecture is learnt while being distant from its object of study.
Estado de conocimiento de los crustáceos zooplanctónicos dulceacuícolas de Chile
Gayana (Concepción) , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-65382006000100007
Abstract: chile is characterized to present an altitudinal and latitudinal geographic gradient making possible to find different continental water bodies, whose diversity is reflected in the composition of zooplanktonic species. five main zones can be distinguished in this gradient, in which during the last decades ecological information and in a minor part taxonomy have been collected. at the northern a zone of lakes and lagoons located in the chilean-peruvian plateau is distinguished, in thereby making possible to register endemic species as daphnia peruviana and species of boeckella. central chile is characterized normally by a series of aquatic bodies located at low altitude and low depth; among the zooplankton tumeodiaptomus vivianae. at this latitude are also lakes of high mountain of greater depth, they are characterized by the presence of species of the boeckella. in the south central zone, in the denominated nahuelbutensis lakes, few registrations exist in this respect. at the area of the nordpatagonian lakes, a large information has been gathered, and they are characterized by a low diversity of species. finally, in the southern zone of chile, as far the typical region in species richness is located in the area of torres del paine, with a high endemism (parabroteas sarsi, daphnia dadayana, d. commutata.).
Educación y relaciones de poder en una comunidad toba del Chaco argentino1
Estudios atacame?os , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-10432003002500007
Abstract: with the analyses of a toba "aboriginal community" school dynamics (east of formosa province) as a starting point, this research is focused on the study of the causes of school dropout, especially at the polimodal level, and on the answers, strategies and measures that were taken by the local educational community in accordance with the power relationships resulting from their members' social positions. bourdieu's proposal on the need of a "relational perspective" will be followed, in order to avoid understanding the social world from a "substantialist" point of view
Los constructores de consenso: argumentos político-ideológicos de la privatización de Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales en Argentina
Trabajo y sociedad , 2012,
Abstract: in argentina, the public enterprises privatization during the nineties was made possible by the construction of a discourse that legitimized the sale of assets of the state firm. that speech, argued that the state should withdraw from the economy to make way for the free play of market forces. in the case of privatization of ypf, this construction was based on three pillars: the chronic inefficiency of state firms, the need to promote competition and the possibility that workers are transformed into entrepreneurs. here we propose to review those arguments constructed by organic intellectuals and the business community.
Sentidos, representaciones y prácticas de trabajo en organizaciones comunitarias de la Región Metropolitana de Buenos Aires: Un análisis comparativo
Trabajo y sociedad , 2012,
Abstract: in this article we propose to reconstruct the senses and labor practices present in experiences of different types of community organizations that implement an equal social program: plan jefas y jefes de hogar desocupados (jyjhd). -to identify and analyze the dimensions how each of the organizations studied set differential practices and meanings attributed to work. we are particularly interested to identify the tensions in relation to the representations and work practices that cut across community organizations in a context of crisis and social restructuring which crossed our country in the post-crisis period from 2001 to 2004, the year where they begin to reconstitute some social indicators.
Poética, erótica y políticas del nombre propio: de la magia a la autobiografía
Aisthesis , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-71812010000100016
Abstract: from a wide range of disciplines, the western world has asked itself the question regarding the magic, poetic and political implications of the proper name. the following article raises issues that start with the analogies that both cabbala and magic weave around the proper name, to the modern and contemporary conceptualizations about the place of the proper name in literature. this latter is achieved particularly in reference to its connections with the subject and text, and also in reference to its projections on the name of the author and his signature, both apparently central in the construction of the autobiographical discourse.
Cómo se constituye el "vínculo especial" de cuidado entre la persona con enfermedad crónica y el cuidador familiar
Aquichán , 2011,
Abstract: the formation of bonds in human beings stems from the caring relationships that exist throughout life. there are theories that apply to situations where the human being is at risk or has reached a limit, as in the case of chronic illness. objective: describe how a "special caring bond" is constructed in the dyad involving a family caregiver and a chronically ill patient. method: the grounded theory methodology was used to arrive at the central conclusion of a qualitative study in which a substantive theory was constructed to describe the process whereby a "special caring bond" is formed. findings: a theoretical structure showing the pattern formed in the dyads with respect to the significance of care is displayed in a representative diagram that was the product of doctoral research. conclusions: the constructed pattern shows an initial separation between the two persons in the dyad. however, to the extent the experience is shared and interests increasingly coincide, the dyad achieves more awareness or consciousness with respect to the care being provided. along the same lines, the functionality of the chronically ill person declines and the level of care-giving skill increases.
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