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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 337883 matches for " Lopes Vania Gloria S. "
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Study of the cardiac alterations in HIV-infected children consequent to the antiretroviral therapy: prospective study of 47 cases
Herdy Gesmar Volga Haddad,Pinto Carlos Alberto M.,Lopes Vania Gloria S.,Ribeiro Raquel P.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Detect of cardiac alterations in children with AIDS and compare their evolution with the administration of only one anti-retroviral and the recent cases who received drugs in combination. METHODS: We prospectively studied 47 children in 3 groups: group 1, 20 cases treated only with zidovudine; group 2, 10 patients treated initially with zidovudine and later with a combination of drugs and in group 3, 17 patients, who receiced two or three since the beginning. In all patients it was done chest X-ray, EKG and echocardiography every 6 months and after death complete pathological study. RESULTS: Among the 45 patients cases 26 (57%) were index cases. Malnutrition, diarrhea tachycardia, signs of congestive heart failure, pericardial effusion, abnormal ventricular repolarization and arrhythmias were more frequent in group 1. Echocardiographic abnormalities were present in 10 (50%) children of group 1. They were less frequent in the others two groups. In regard to the outcome in group 1, two patients had worsening of sings of cardiomyopaty and 4 died. Cardiac dysfunction in all cases of group 2 and 3 improved with the medication. CONCLUSION:- The children who received combination and their cardiac alterations had more favorable outcome than those who received only one drug.
Compara??o entre distribui??es de referência para a classifica??o do estado nutricional de crian?as e adolescentes com síndrome de Down
Lopes, Taís de S.;Ferreira, Daniele M.;Pereira, Rosangela A.;Veiga, Gloria V. da;Marins, Vania M. R. de;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572008000400011
Abstract: objective: to compare the agreement between classifications of children and adolescents with down syndrome (ds) by weight for age (w/a) and height for age (h/a) indexes according to a selection of international reference curves. methods: a cross-sectional study was carried out of children (2 to 9.9 years old) and adolescents (10 to 17.9 years old) with ds from cities in the state of rio de janeiro, brazil, in 2005. the w/a and h/a indexes were classified according to the percentiles of two curves developed for individuals with down syndrome and one distribution developed for healthy subjects. the cut-off limits applied for categorization were: below the 5th percentile (< p5) and above the 95th percentile (> 95). the weighted kappa index was estimated to assess agreement between the classifications (p < 0.05). results: information was obtained on 98 children and 40 adolescents. from 1.0 to 18.4% of the children were < p5 for w/a and the agreement for this index was considered weak (kappa = 0.16; 95%ci -0.03-0.34; p < 0.01) no agreement was observed between the h/a classifications. for adolescents, w/a < p5 varied from 2.5 to 5.0%; and once more there was no agreement for this classification (kappa = 0.16; 95%ci -0.15-0.48; p > 0.05). there was good agreement for the h/a index (kappa = 1.00; 95%ci 0.23-1.00; p < 0.01). conclusion: there was weak agreement between classifications of anthropometric indexes according to three different distributions. the data indicate that the construction of specific curves for individuals with ds would facilitate the identification of overweight, which is often observed among these patients.
Congenital toxoplasmosis transmitted by human immunodeficiency-virus infected women
Azevedo, Kátia Martins Lopes de;Setúbal, Sérgio;Lopes, Vania Gloria Silami;Camacho, Luiz Ant?nio Bastos;Oliveira, Solange Artimos de;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702010000200014
Abstract: we report the occurrence of congenital toxoplasmosis in three infants born to hiv infected women who had high anti-toxoplasma igg and negative igm during pregnancy. we briefly reviewed available literature and discussed the possible transmission mechanisms of congenital toxoplasmosis among hiv infected pregnant women. serum samples were tested for toxoplasma gondii igm and igg antibodies using commercial enzyme immunoassay and igg-avidity tests. in the first case, fetal death occurred at 28th week of gestation. in the second case, congenital toxoplasmosis was diagnosis at 6th month of life; and in the third case, an hiv-infected newborn, congenital toxoplasmosis was asymptomatic. these cases point out to the possibility of enhanced maternal-fetal transmission of t. gondii infection by hiv-infected women chronically infected, which may have important public health consequences, considering that increasing frequency of hiv-infection has been observed among women of childbearing age around the world.
Study of the cardiac alterations in HIV-infected children consequent to the antiretroviral therapy: prospective study of 47 cases
Herdy, Gesmar Volga Haddad;Pinto, Carlos Alberto M.;Lopes, Vania Gloria S.;Ribeiro, Raquel P.;Gomes, Ivete Martins;Tchou, Hsu Y.;Melo, Renata;Kurdian, Bedros;Tavares Jr., Plínio de Assis;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2003000300007
Abstract: objective: detect of cardiac alterations in children with aids and compare their evolution with the administration of only one anti-retroviral and the recent cases who received drugs in combination. methods: we prospectively studied 47 children in 3 groups: group 1, 20 cases treated only with zidovudine; group 2, 10 patients treated initially with zidovudine and later with a combination of drugs and in group 3, 17 patients, who receiced two or three since the beginning. in all patients it was done chest x-ray, ekg and echocardiography every 6 months and after death complete pathological study. results: among the 45 patients cases 26 (57%) were index cases. malnutrition, diarrhea tachycardia, signs of congestive heart failure, pericardial effusion, abnormal ventricular repolarization and arrhythmias were more frequent in group 1. echocardiographic abnormalities were present in 10 (50%) children of group 1. they were less frequent in the others two groups. in regard to the outcome in group 1, two patients had worsening of sings of cardiomyopaty and 4 died. cardiac dysfunction in all cases of group 2 and 3 improved with the medication. conclusion:- the children who received combination and their cardiac alterations had more favorable outcome than those who received only one drug.
Complica??es cardiovasculares em crian?a com insuficiência renal cr?nica
Herdy, Gesmar Volga Haddad;Lopes, Vania Gloria Silami;Olivaes, Maria Cecília;Mota, Isabele Coelho;Vasconcelos, Marcio Moacyr;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2007000200020
Abstract: we describe a case 11 year-old boy, in which a chronic renal disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism was treated by dyalisis, calcitriol, and calcium supplementation. he developed dyslipidemia, calcified lesions with thrombus formation in several organs and vessels. necropsy findings showed ischemic cerebral necrosis, calcification in arteries including coronaries, and myocardial infarction.
Asfixia perinatal e problemas cardíacos
Herdy Gesmar Volga H.,Lopes Vania Glória S.,Arag?o Maria Luiza S.,Pinto Carlos Alberto M.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 1998,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar a gravidade das complica es cardíacas na asfixia neonatal, sua evolu o e correlacioná-las com o grau e dura o do processo hipóxico. MéTODOS: Foram estudados 90 bebês nos últimos 7 anos com grau de Apgar <6 no 5°min de vida. Pelo protocolo, após o exame físico e os cuidados intensivos, eram submetidos a dosagem do pH arterial, CPK-MB, DHL, glicemia, além da realiza o de radiografia de tórax, eletrocardiograma (ECG), ecocardiograma, seriados e repetidos a cada semana. Aqueles que faleceram eram levados à necropsia. RESULTADOS: Dos 90, 73 (81%) eram prematuros, 30 (41%) eram apropriados para a idade gestacional (AIG) e 43 (59%) eram pequenos(PIG). Em 21 (23%) casos havia pH arterial <7,2. Os quadros clínicos mais observados foram: pneumonia em 28 (31%), anemia 24 (26%) e icterícia moderada 12 (5%), entre outros. Ao exame físico observaram-se: sopro sistólico em 46 (50%), ictus propulsivo 18 (20%) e ICC em 8 (9%). No ECG, os sinais mais freqüentes foram altera es de repolariza o (ST e T) em 44 (49%). No ecocardiograma, observou-se persistência do canal arterial (PCA) em 20 (22%), regurgita o tricúspide em 6 (7%), hipertens o pulmonar em 6 (8%), hipocontratilidade de VE e dilata o de VD em 4 (5%). Dos 23 óbitos, 14 foram estudados e as altera es mais freqüentes foram necrose de fibras em 8 (68%) casos e em 4 (29%) congest o, vacuoliza o e perda de estria o. CONCLUS O: A maioria teve evolu o favorável mesmo naqueles que tiveram acidemia importante. Muitas altera es de ECG e ecocardiograma se normalizaram. Daqueles que evoluíram para o óbito, as les es mais graves ocorreram nos que sofreram, por mais tempo, processo anóxico.
Synthesis and Insecticidal Activity of an Oxabicyclolactone and Novel Pyrethroids
Elson S. de Alvarenga,Vania M. T. Carneiro,Gabriela C. Resende,Marcelo C. Pican?o,Elizeu de Sá Farias,Mayara Cristina Lopes
Molecules , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/molecules171213989
Abstract: Deltamethrin, a member of the pyrethroids, one of the safest classes of pesticides, is among some of the most popular and widely used insecticides in the World. Our objective was to synthesize an oxabicyclolactone 6 and five novel pyrethroids 8–12 from readily available furfural and D-mannitol, respectively, and evaluate their biological activity against four insect species of economic importance namely A. obtectus, S. zeamais, A. monuste orseis, and P. americana. A concise and novel synthesis of 6,6-dimethyl-3-oxabicyclo[3.1.0]hexan-2-one (6) from furfural is described. Photochemical addition of isopropyl alcohol to furan-2(5H)-one afforded 4-(1'-hydroxy-1'-methylethyl)tetrahydro-furan-2-one (3). The alcohol 3 was directly converted into 4-(1'-bromo-1'-methylethyl)-tetrahydrofuran-2-one (5) in 50% yield by reaction with PBr3 and SiO2. The final step was performed by cyclization of 5 with potassium tert-butoxide in 40% yield. The novel pyrethroids 8–12 were prepared from methyl (1S,3S)-3-formyl-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate (7a) by reaction with five different aromatic phosphorous ylides. Compounds 6–12 presented high insecticidal activity, with 6 and 11 being the most active. Compound 6 killed 90% of S. zeamais and 100% of all the other insects evaluated. Compound 11 killed 100% of all insects tested.
Comportamiento del desarrollo sicomotor en el menor de 1 a?o, en relación con el manejo y funcionamiento familiar
Robaina Suárez,Gloria; Rodríguez,Vania;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2000,
Abstract: a descriptive and prospective study of the psychomotor development (smd) up to the first year of life in relation to family management and functioning was conducted in a sample of 51 sound newborn infants. the smd was evaluated by the trimestral observation in child care of the adquired abilities and the application of the brunet-lezine test at one year of age. to know the family management it was used a survey of closed questions. adequate and inadequate evaluations were given according to previously established parameters. in order to determine the family functioning we applied the smilkstein′s test that measures the family apgar and expresses qualitatively the functioning as: functional, moderately functional and dysfunctional. 84,3 % of the children had a normal smd at one year of age, whereas 15,7% had mild retardation from the third trimester on, being speech the most affected sphere. of them 75 % lived with dysfunctional families and 100 % with an inadequate management
Comportamiento del desarrollo sicomotor en el menor de 1 a o, en relación con el manejo y funcionamiento familiar
Gloria Robaina Suárez,Vania Rodríguez
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2000,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo del desarrollo sicomotor (DSM) hasta el a o de edad, de una muestra de 51 recién nacidos sanos, relacionándolo con el manejo y funcionamiento familiar. El DSM se evaluó por la observación trimestral en la puericultura de las habilidades adquiridas y la aplicación al a o de la prueba Brunet-Lezine. Para conocer el manejo familiar se utilizó una encuesta de preguntas cerradas, evaluando como adecuado o inadecuado, según parámetros previamente establecidos. Para el funcionamiento familiar aplicamos la prueba de Smilkstein, que mide el adgar familiar y expresa cualitativamente el funcionamiento como: funcional, moderadamente funcional y disfuncional. El 84,3 % de los ni os presentó DSM normal al a o, el 15,7 % retardo ligero a partir del tercer trimestre, siendo el lenguaje la esfera afectada; de ellos el 75 % vivía con familias disfuncionales y el 100 % con un manejo inadecuado A descriptive and prospective study of the psychomotor development (SMD) up to the first year of life in relation to family management and functioning was conducted in a sample of 51 sound newborn infants. The SMD was evaluated by the trimestral observation in child care of the adquired abilities and the application of the Brunet-Lezine test at one year of age. To know the family management it was used a survey of closed questions. Adequate and inadequate evaluations were given according to previously established parameters. In order to determine the family functioning we applied the Smilkstein′s test that measures the family Apgar and expresses qualitatively the functioning as: functional, moderately functional and dysfunctional. 84,3 % of the children had a normal SMD at one year of age, whereas 15,7% had mild retardation from the third trimester on, being speech the most affected sphere. Of them 75 % lived with dysfunctional families and 100 % with an inadequate management
Evaluation of Endectocides and Conventional Acaricides in the Control of the Boophilus microplus on Field-Kept Dairy Cattle in the State of Pernambuco-Brazil  [PDF]
Vania Lucia Assis Santana, Maria Aparecida Da Gloria Faustino, Erika Korinfsky Vanderley, Marilene Maria Lima, Leucio Camara Alves
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2012.23021
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate different acaricide treatments for the control of Boophilus microplus on field-kept dairy cattle in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The first phase of the experiment consisted of collecting the ingurgitated female Boophilus microplus directly from the hosts for attainment of larvae. After the attainment of larvae, the artificial infestation procedure began on the cattle, with larvae ages ranging from 7 to 14 days. On Day 0, animals were separated into 12 groups to receive the corresponding treatment: Abamectin; Ivermectin; Ivermectin LA; Amitraz; Amitraz + Ivermectin; Amitraz + Ivermectin LA; Amitraz + Abamectin; Association (Cypermethrin + Chlorpyrifos + Citronella); Association + Ivermectin; Association + Ivermectin LA; Association + Abamectin; and Control. Subsequent evaluations were made on post-treatment days +7, +14, +21, +28, +35, +42, +49, +56 and +63. Analyzing the post-treatment effectiveness per day, indices revealed considerable variation ranging from 0% to 96.63%. Such indices demonstrate the significant reduction in the number of ticks on the animals in some groups, especially in the Abamectin group. The analysis of the results demonstrates that the use of different avermectines can assist in the development of Boophilus microplus control programs, thereby reducing the number of acaricide applications and production costs related to ticks.
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