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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2027 matches for " Lois DW Arnold "
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Global health policies that support the use of banked donor human milk: a human rights issue
Lois DW Arnold
International Breastfeeding Journal , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4358-1-26
Abstract: Donor milk banking thrives in countries such as Brazil, where there has been a concerted effort at the Health Ministry level to incorporate milk banks into health policy [1]. Its prime mover, Dr. Joao Aprigio Guerra de Almeida, has been honored with the prestigious WHO Sasekawa prize for making an important contribution to his country's overall health by establishing a network of donor human milk banks [2,3]. In countries where donor milk banking is protected, promoted, and supported as an extension of national breastfeeding policies, milk banking is considered a reasonable and effective part of health care delivery for infants and children.Premature infants who are fed infant formula have a higher risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) than when they are fed human milk, either mother's own milk or banked donor milk [4-6]. In this regard, donor milk banking could be considered preventive "medicine" in the premature population; by reducing the incidence of NEC and optimizing central nervous system development, the premature infant has a better start in life than he would have if fed premature infant formula. The argument has been made [7] that these infants become more productive members of society as adults if their health and neurological potential are maximized through optimal nutrition and appropriate health care from the start. This argument is made despite a general lack of published research on the efficacy of banked human milk because in many parts of the world there is a general belief that human milk in any form is superior to manufactured infant formulas. This is contrary to the pervading philosophy among many health care providers, especially in the US, that infant formula and human milk are equivalent.If donor milk banking has been incorporated into national public health policy and regulation, (such as France [8,9], Germany [10,11], and the Scandinavian countries [12]) and/or in other countries with socialized medicine, such as Canada and Gr
Sustained treatment effect in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: focus on long-term placebo-controlled randomized maintenance withdrawal and open-label studies
Goodman DW
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S30762
Abstract: stained treatment effect in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: focus on long-term placebo-controlled randomized maintenance withdrawal and open-label studies Review (19) Total Article Views Authors: Goodman DW Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:9 Pages 121 - 130 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S30762 Received: 30 November 2012 Accepted: 05 February 2013 Published: 21 March 2013 David W Goodman Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA Abstract: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often persists throughout life. Approximately two-thirds of patients with a childhood diagnosis of ADHD continue to experience clinically significant symptoms into adulthood. Nevertheless, most of these individuals consider themselves “well,” and a vast majority discontinue medication treatment during adolescence. As evidence concerning the adult presentation of ADHD becomes more widely accepted, increasing numbers of physicians and patients will face decisions about the benefits and risks of continuing ADHD treatment. The risks associated with psychostimulant pharmacotherapy, including abuse, dependence, and cardiovascular events, are well understood. Multiple clinical trials demonstrate the efficacy of psychostimulants in controlling ADHD symptoms in the short term. Recent investigations using randomized withdrawal designs now provide evidence of a clinically significant benefit with continued long-term ADHD pharmacotherapy and provide insight into the negative consequences associated with discontinuation. Because many patients lack insight regarding their ADHD symptoms and impairments, they may place a low value on maintaining treatment. Nevertheless, for patients who choose to discontinue treatment, physicians can remain a source of support and schedule follow-up appointments to reassess patient status. Medication discontinuation can be used as an opportunity to help patients recognize their most impairing symptoms, learn and implement behavioral strategies to cope with ADHD symptoms, and understand when additional supportive resources and the resumption of medication management may be necessary.
The boy and his microscope: Interpreting section 56(1) of the National Health Act
DW Jordaan
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law , 2009,
Abstract: This article discusses the classic conflict between freedom and propriety with reference to the use of human gametes (sperm and egg cells) in South African law. The core question addressed is whether it is legal to use one’s own gametes, or others’ with their consent, for non-medical, non-sexual-intercourse purposes. This question is answered divergently by the two possible interpretations of the relevant statutory law – section 56(1) of the National Health Act – which is ambivalent. Since these two possible interpretations are representative of the two poles of the freedom v. propriety dichotomy, this matter can be perceived as a test of the depth of the South African juristic commitment to the principle of freedom. Section 56(1) is analysed, using the applicable common law presumptions as well as human rights. To illustrate the practical implications of these analyses, a hypothetical case study of a boy who studies human spermatozoa under his microscope at home is outlined and used throughout the article. The analyses conclude that the interpretation must be followed that answers the core question in the affirmative (in favour of freedom), namely that it is indeed legal to use one’s own gametes, or others’ with their consent, for non-medical, non-sexual-intercourse purposes.
Interpreting the gospel of Matthew in light of current global realities: A response
DW Ulrich
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2009,
Abstract: This article consists of a response to fi ve papers presented by John Y.H. Yieh (Virginia Theological Seminary), Andries van Aarde (University of Pretoria), Dorothy Jean Weaver (Eastern Mennonite Seminary), Laura Anderson (Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley), and Lidija Novakovic (Baylor University, Waco), presented at the Matthew Section of the Society of Biblical Literature, held in Boston (Massachusetts), 21–25 November 2008. This response focuses on three questions: How can awareness of diverse perspectives or global realities enhance readers’ understandings of the Gospel of Matthew? In what ways might the Gospel of Matthew address global problems such as poverty, injustice and violence? To what extent do readers need a hermeneutics of suspicion in order to interpret Matthew responsibly in light of current global realities?
Sustained treatment effect in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: focus on long-term placebo-controlled randomized maintenance withdrawal and open-label studies
Goodman DW
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management , 2013,
Abstract: David W GoodmanDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USAAbstract: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that often persists throughout life. Approximately two-thirds of patients with a childhood diagnosis of ADHD continue to experience clinically significant symptoms into adulthood. Nevertheless, most of these individuals consider themselves “well,” and a vast majority discontinue medication treatment during adolescence. As evidence concerning the adult presentation of ADHD becomes more widely accepted, increasing numbers of physicians and patients will face decisions about the benefits and risks of continuing ADHD treatment. The risks associated with psychostimulant pharmacotherapy, including abuse, dependence, and cardiovascular events, are well understood. Multiple clinical trials demonstrate the efficacy of psychostimulants in controlling ADHD symptoms in the short term. Recent investigations using randomized withdrawal designs now provide evidence of a clinically significant benefit with continued long-term ADHD pharmacotherapy and provide insight into the negative consequences associated with discontinuation. Because many patients lack insight regarding their ADHD symptoms and impairments, they may place a low value on maintaining treatment. Nevertheless, for patients who choose to discontinue treatment, physicians can remain a source of support and schedule follow-up appointments to reassess patient status. Medication discontinuation can be used as an opportunity to help patients recognize their most impairing symptoms, learn and implement behavioral strategies to cope with ADHD symptoms, and understand when additional supportive resources and the resumption of medication management may be necessary.Keywords: psychostimulant, nonstimulant, adult, child
Longterm investigation of the endometrial safety of a new seven-day sequential oestradiollevonorgestrel combination patch
Sturdee DW
Journal für Menopause , 2000,
Abstract:
Langzeituntersuchung der endometrialen Unbedenklichkeit/Vertr glichkeit eines neuen stradiol-Levonorgestrel-Kombinations-Pflasters für die siebent gige Anwendung
Sturdee DW
Journal für Menopause , 2000,
Abstract:
Magnetic-Field Effects on Donor Impurity States in a Quantum Well  [PDF]
Arnold Abramov
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2012.24031
Abstract: Green’s function technique is used to obtain the solution of Shredinger equation for impurity states in a quantum well (QW) under the magnetic field. Binding energy of impurity states is defined as poles of the wave function. We studied effects of the magnetic field magnitude and impurity position on the binding energy. The calculations were performed for both ground and excited states. The dependences of binding energies versus impurity position and magnetic field are presented for GaAs/Al0.3Ga0.7As QW.
Creativity, Wicked Problems and the Contemporary PhD  [PDF]
Josie Arnold
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.48019
Abstract: In this paper, I survey the challenges the creative and contemporary PhD make to the academy. I look at the scholarship entailed in creative production and in identifying and working with wicked problems as having similar attributes contributing to the need to create new PhD models. Traditionally, the PhD has been a preparation for a career in the academy, with scholars undertaking it so as to show their capacity to identify a research gap in their area, to develop a research question from that and to build a major and new contribution to knowledge in a written submission of some 100,000 words. This traditional model is based upon the certainties of scholarship within enlightenment ideals of science. These have delivered us great strides in many areas of medicine and science and have also come, because of their productivity, to dominate the arts, particularly the social sciences and psychology. Whilst its value should not be debased, this enlightenment model has been challenged from such different areas of scholarship as creative production and wicked problems. The core ideas in this paper are how we might utilise creativity and emerging ideas of wicked problems to debate the importance of understanding the contemporary PhD.
Miradas sobre el Chaco: una aproximación a la intervención del Instituto Geográfico Argentino en la apropiación material y simbólica de los territorios chaque os (1879-1911)
Carla Lois
Fronteras de la Historia , 2002,
Abstract: En este trabajo se analiza el rol del Instituto Geográfico Argentino (IGA), fundado en 1879, en la producción, circulación, resignificación, mitificación y abandono de imágenes territoriales respecto del Chaco; una región calificada como desértica y habitada por una serie de grupos indígenas, cuyo sometimiento solo se logró tras una serie de campa as militares adelantadas entre 1886 y 1911. Dichas imágenes, inscritas en discursos y prácticas institucionales, tuvieron un lugar significativo en las formas de pensar y de operar sobre el territorio nacional en el contexto del proceso de consolidación y definición territorial que se dio a finales del siglo XIX y comienzos del XX. Estos discursos y prácticas institucionales cobrarían particular importancia si se considera que la mayoría de los miembros del IGA eran funcionarios del gobierno y militares que participaron activamente en las campa as destinadas a consolidar la apropiación material de los territorios indígenas, contribuyendo así a planificar científicamente el dise o del territorio nacional a la medida de las necesidades políticas de la época
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