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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297640 matches for " Liu C "
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The Research of Medical Tourism Policy Network in Taiwan  [PDF]
I.-C. Liu
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24059
Abstract: Recently, the concept of medical tourism is gaining eminence in the field of health and medicine. “Medical Tourism” is a term involving people who travel to a different place to receive treatment for a disease, ailment, or condition, and who are seeking lower cost of care, higher quality of care, better access to care, or different care than they could receive at home. Currently, Taiwan government also declares its ambitions to become one of the best choices of cross-country medical care for international visitors. The government believes that Taiwan offers excellent medical care, so can take advantage of business opportunities in medical tourism as it has gained a reputation in the world and is particularly respected by the Chinese. A recent economic cooperation framework agreement (CEFA) between China and Taiwan will encourage trade and tourism between two entities across Taiwan Strait. The major purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze medical tourism policy network in Taiwan. This approach emphasizes the interaction and outcomes between actors in policy network. The paper utilizes literature review and supplements by in-depth interviews to examine Taiwan experience of medical tourism policy from the stage model of public policy implementation. The paper finds that medical tourism policy in Taiwan is a growing industry with government and hospitals’ participation. Thus, efforts should be made to encourage collaboration between the government, medical care providers, and tourism industry.
Contemplating Ocean Wave Measurements  [PDF]
Paul C. Liu
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.41A019

This is a personal contemplation on the state of ocean wave measurement, historically, and with an eye toward the future. The conceptual basis which leads to the conventional wave measuring instruments has been in practice for over six decades which is basically single point observations of three-dimensional waves. We need new conceptual advancement and new instrumentation to rejuvenate our research in stagnation. New instruments for spatial wave measurement have been on the horizon.

Using Multiple Imputation for Vote Choice Data: A Comparison across Multiple Imputation Tools  [PDF]
Frank C. S. Liu
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.42006

One commonly acknowledged challenge in polls or surveys is item non-response, i.e., a significant proportion of respondents conceal their preferences about particular questions. This paper applies the multiple imputation (MI) method to reconstruct the distribution of vote choice in the sample. Vote choice is one of most important dependent variables in political science studies. This paper shows how the MI procedure in general facilitates the work of reconstructing the distribution of a targeted variable. Particularly, it shows how MI can be applied to point-estimation in descriptive statistics. The three packages of R, AmeliaII, MICE, and mi, are employed for this project. The findings, based on a Taiwan Election and Democratization Study (TEDS) samples collected after the 2012 presidential election (N = 1826) suggest the following: First, there is little adjustment done given the MI methods; Second, the three tools based on two algorithms lead to similar results, while Amelia II and MICE perform better. Although the results are not striking, the implications of these findings are worthy of discussion.

Scalar and Tensor Glueballs on Asymmetric Coarse Lattices
C. Liu
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(01)00970-7
Abstract: Scalar and tensor glueball spectrum is studied using an improved gluonic action on asymmetric lattices in the pure SU(3) gauge theory. The smallest spatial lattice spacing is about 0.08fm which makes the extrapolation to the continuum limit more reliable. In particular, attention is paid to the scalar glueball mass which is known to have problems in the extrapolation. Converting our lattice results to physical units using the scale set by the static quark potential, we obtain the following results for the glueball masses: $M_G(0^{++})=1730(90)MeV$ for the scalar glueball mass and $M_G(2^{++})=2400(95)MeV$ for the tensor glueball.
Dark Matter Annihilation Induced Gamma Ray Emission from Galaxy Cluster 1E0657-56
C. Zhang,G. -C. Liu
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Based on minimal supersymmetric standard model, neutralino dark matter annihilation induced gamma ray emission from galaxy cluster 1E0657-56 is calculated. The merge of bullet-like subcluster with the main cluster is also investigated.
The NUADU experiment on TC-2 and the first Energetic Neutral Atom (ENA) images recorded by this instrument
C. Shen ,Z. Liu
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2005,
Abstract: For Double Star Project (DSP) exploration, the scientific operations are very important and essential for achieving its scientific objectives. Two years before the launch of the DSP satellites (TC-1 and TC-2) and during the mission operating phase, the long-term and short-term master science operations plans (MSOP) were produced. MSOP is composed of the operation schedules of all the scientific instruments, the modes and timelines of the Payload Service System on TC-1 and TC-2, and the data receiving schedules of the three ground stations. The MSOP of TC-1 and TC-2 have been generated according to the scientific objectives of DSP, the orbits of DSP, the near-Earth space environments and the coordination with Cluster, etc., so as to make full use of the exploration resources provided by DSP and to acquire as much quality scientific data as possible for the scientific communities. This paper has summarized the observation resources of DSP, the states of DSP and its evolution since the launch, the strategies and rules followed for operating the payload and utilizing the ground stations, and the production of MSOP. Until now, the generation and execution of MSOP is smooth and successful, the operating of DSP is satisfactory, and most of the scientific objectives of DSP have been fulfilled.
Corrigendum to Brief communication
P. C. Liu
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-11-331-2011
Abstract: No abstract available.
Feedback Compensation Algorithm for BPSK/QPSK Carrier Synchronization
Y. Liu,C. Tao
Radioengineering , 2010,
Abstract: This paper deals with carrier synchronization problem in coherent communication system, such as BPSK and QPSK. First, this paper surveys and analyzes currently existing carrier synchronization algorithms and relevant receiver structures. After an analysis of those methods, a novel algorithm called feedback compensation is proposed, including the receiver structures based on this new synchronization algorithm. This new algorithm can not only simplify the signal processing stage but also decouple the demodulator and carrier synchronization module. At last, FPGA implementation results are presented and discussed.
Study of Liapunov Exponents and the Reversibility of Molecular Dynamics Algorithms
K. Jansen,C. Liu
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(96)00831-6
Abstract: We study the question of lack of reversibility and the chaotic nature of the equations of motion in numerical simulations of lattice QCD.
Study of singular radius and surface boundary constraints in refractive beam shaper design
C. Liu,S. Zhang
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.006675
Abstract: This paper presents analysis of important issues associated with the design of refractive laser beam shaping systems. The concept of singular radius is introduced along with solutions to minimize its adverse effect on shaper performance. In addition, the surface boundary constraint is discussed in detail. This study provides useful guidelines to circumvent possible design errors that would degrade the shaper quality or add undesired complication to the system.
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