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OALib Journal期刊

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NIVEL DE CONOCIMIENTO SOBRE INFECCIONES DE TRANSMISIóN SEXUAL EN ESTUDIANTES DEL LICEO BOLIVARIANO “RAFAEL MONASTERIOS” DE BARQUISIMETO
Georges Agobian,Lisett Alfonzo,Verónica Alvarado,José Cordero
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2008,
Abstract: The level of knowledge was established on Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) before andafter the application of an educational workshop and the principal source of information amonghigh school students of the Lyceum Bolivariano "Rafael Monasterios" of Barquisimeto, in thelast four-month of 2007, with a study of quasi-experimental type, with accidental sampling of48 students of a population of 237, applying a survey constructed with closed questions ofsimple selection. Obtaining that 8,33% of the participants corresponded to the satisfactorycategory before the workshop and later to the same one it increased to 62,50%. As for thechangeable age appreciated that the level of knowledge increased considerably in all the groupsafter the application of the workshop. With regard to the sex, both in the feminine and in themasculine, the percentage of the participants who were located in the satisfactory categoryincreased notably later to the workshop, being more evident in the feminine sex. On havingevaluated the topics on generalities, mechanisms of transmission and methods of prevention ofthe STI, one thought that before the workshop the level of knowledge was satisfactory in56,25%, 12,50% and 25% respectively and after the same one the percentages obtained for thesame category were 93,75%, 66,67% and 60,41%. The parents constituted the principal sourceof information, followed by the teachers. This study constitutes a contribution to provide basesthat they contribute to the strengthening of the educational existing programs on the STIdirected the teenagers.
La imagen de la madre: su valoración en educación inicial
Alfonzo,Norys;
Educere , 2007,
Abstract: the image of a mother is considered to be of capital importance in the process of children education during the first years of schooling. so, in the bolivarian republic of venezuela primary education curriculum family is the main environment where it exists cooperatively and interactively with other factors (teachers, community) in the integral education of children until the age of 6. the afective bond established between mother and children is one of the first senses which afect significantly in infants’ education. highlighting that afection and the cognositive are aspects that complement each other to understand the role sensitivity plays in schooling betting on a sensitive subject who considers children ’s capacity to feel and think
Los productos informativos: importancia y utilidad en el territorio
Lisett Martínez Perera
Avanzada Científica , 2011,
Abstract: El objetivo de este artículo es exponer los diferentes productos informativos elaborados en los últimos a os por el Centro de Información y Gestión Tecnológica de Matanzas como logros de la gestión de información y el manejo de las TIC. Con cada uno de ellos se aporta un medio a profesionales y dirigentes que contiene información procesada y a adida. Se muestra el análisis y las características de cada producto.
Biblioteca virtual de Medio Ambiente, producto informativo del CIGET de Matanzas.
Lisett Martínez Perera
Avanzada Científica , 2011,
Abstract: El Medio Ambiente reviste gran importancia dentro del Sistema de Ciencia e Innovación Tecnológica en el territorio matancero, y es por ello que cada día aumenta la información generada como resultado de la gestión, coordinación y control, la política ambiental y la implementación de las estrategias ambientales, así como de las investigaciones, trabajos, diplomados, maestrías y doctorados realizados sobre esta temática. Esta información se encuentra almacenada en diferentes lugares y en diferentes formatos.Con el propósito de recopilar esta información se creó un producto informativo: una biblioteca virtual, con la utilidad de apoyar el trabajo de investigadores y profesionales en este campo
Estudio evaluativo del recurso electrónico: Revista “Avanzada Científica”
Lisett Martínez Perera
Avanzada Científica , 2010,
Abstract: La revista electrónica "Avanzada Científica" es una publicación seriada, editada por el Centro de Información y Gestión Tecnológica (CIGET) de Matanzas con el propósito de dar a conocer la producción científica, tecnológica e innovadora de los profesionales de las diferentes áreas del conocimiento del territorio. En este trabajo se realiza una valoración general de los aspectos fundamentales de la revista como son: autores, artículos , temáticas, así como se exponen datos relevantes de la misma. También es propósito de este estudio la aplicación de un método para evaluar parámetros e indicadores de calidad de la revista que ayudarán a mejorar su imagen y contenido en la Web.
Prehipertensión: mito o realidad
Alfonzo Guerra,Jorge Pablo;
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2011,
Abstract: the high blood pressure category (figures under 140/90 mm hg and over 120/180 mm hg) is suggested by life insurance agencies due to above figures increase the risk to develop high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and sudden death of cardiovascular origin. in 2003, to classify the high blood pressure, the jnc-7 take up again this term. epidemiological studies place the prevalence around the 30% in adult population progressing to a hta established in the 19% of cases each 4 years. it is frequent its association with some risk factor of cardiovascular disease (in subjects aged > 65 in a 42% versus 27% in those normotensive). due to its high prevalence, its association with other risk factors of cardiovascular disease and the increase of morbidity and mortality from these conditions, compared to those with the "optimal" blood pressure. the high blood pressure is considered as a significant health problem. many studies support the need to know with accuracy its prevalence and incidence, as well as its treatment with healthy lifestyles and in the cases with a high risk of cardiovascular disease (diabetes, chronic renal disease, proteinuria, heart disease and dyslipemia), with antihypertensive drugs. the objectives of present paper are based on: to reduce the blood pressure figures the nearest from the optimal ones (< 120/180 mm hg) and to control the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. the achievements expected with this strategy are: to decrease the blood pressure figures, the development of high blood pressure or to extend its appearance, to avoid the risk of damage in target organ, the number of cardiovascular diseases and to obtain a significant socioeconomic impact in public health. however, there are many question marks due to lack of evidences on the usefulness of its treatment.
Prehipertensión: mito o realidad Pre-high blood pressure: Myth or reality
Jorge Pablo Alfonzo Guerra
Revista Cubana de Medicina , 2011,
Abstract: La categoría de prehipertensión arterial, cifras inferiores a 140/90 mmHg y superiores a 120/80 mmHg, es sugerida en 1939 por las agencias de seguros de vida, al constatar que esas cifras aumentan el riesgo de desarrollar hipertensión, enfermedad cardiovascular y muerte prematura de causa cardiovascular. En el 2003, el JNC-7 retoma este término al clasificar la hipertensión arterial. Estudios epidemiológicos sitúan la prevalencia en los alrededores del 30 % en población adulta y que progresa a HTA establecida en el 19 % de los casos, cada 4 a os. Es frecuente la asociación a algún factor de riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular (en personas > 65 a os en un 42 % vs. 27 % en los que poseen presión normal). Por su alta prevalencia, la asociación a otros factores de riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular y el aumento de la morbilidad y la mortalidad por estas enfermedades, en comparación con sujetos con presión arterial "óptima", se considera la prehipertensión arterial como un importante problema de salud. Múltiples estudios sustentan la necesidad de conocer con exactitud su prevalencia e incidencia, así como, su tratamiento con estilos de vida sanos, y en los casos con alto riesgo de enfermedad vascular (diabéticos, enfermedad renal crónica, proteinuria, cardiopatía y dislipidemias), con fármacos antihipertensivos. Los objetivos del tratamiento están basados en: reducir las cifras de presión arterial lo más próximo posible a las cifras óptimas (< 120/80 mmHg) y controlar los factores de riesgo global de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Los logros esperados con esta estrategia son: disminuir las cifras de presión arterial, disminuir el desarrollo de hipertensión o prolongar su aparición, evitar el riesgo de da o en órgano diana, el número de enfermedades cardiovasculares y obtener impacto socioeconómico, sustancial, en la salud pública. Sin embargo, existen múltiples interrogantes, pues faltan evidencias de la utilidad de tratarla. The high blood pressure category (figures under 140/90 mm Hg and over 120/180 mm Hg) is suggested by life insurance agencies due to above figures increase the risk to develop high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and sudden death of cardiovascular origin. In 2003, to classify the high blood pressure, the JNC-7 take up again this term. Epidemiological studies place the prevalence around the 30% in adult population progressing to a HTA established in the 19% of cases each 4 years. It is frequent its association with some risk factor of cardiovascular disease (in subjects aged > 65 in a 42% versus 27% in those normotensive). Due to i
Four decades of kidney transplantation in Cuba
Jorge P. Alfonzo
MEDICC Review , 2013,
Abstract: This article describes the background, beginnings, development, evolution and outcomes of kidney transplantation in Cuba. Nephrology as a medical specialty in Cuba began in 1962 and was formalized in 1966. Conditions were created to implement renal replacement therapy (including transplants), bring nephrology care to the entire country and train human resources who would assume this responsibility, making Cuba one of the first countries with a comprehensive program for renal patient care. After three unsuccessful cadaveric-donor kidney transplantations in 1968-69, the ensuing history of kidney transplantation can be summarized in the following three stages. 1970-1975: In January 1970, cadaveric-donor kidney transplantation began at the Nephrology Institute. That year, 17 kidney transplantations were performed; four of these patients lived with functional kidneys for 15-25 years; 10-year graft survival was 23.5% (Kaplan-Meier survival curve); HLA typing began in 1974. By December 1975, 170 grafts had been done in three hospitals. 1976-1985: Seven transplantation centers performed 893 grafts during this period. HLA-DR typing was introduced in 1976 and the National Histocompatibility Laboratory Network was founded in 1978. The first related living-donor kidney transplantation was done in 1979. 1986-2011: The National Kidney Transplantation Coordinating Center and the National Kidney Transplantation Program were created in 1986; the first combined kidney-pancreas transplantation was performed the same year. In 1990, cyclosporine and the Cuban monoclonal antibody IOR-T3 were introduced for immunosuppression to prevent rejection, as were other Cuban products (hepatitis B vaccine and recombinant human erythropoietin) for transplant patients. By December 2011, the cumulative number of transplants was 4636 (384 from related living donors). With over 40 years of experience, kidney transplantation is now well established in Cuba; it is free and universally accessible, on the basis of need and appropriateness.
Abstract
Marcelo J Alfonzo Rosas
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica , 2008,
Abstract:
La Salud en el Arte de Entretener
Rafael ángel Alfonzo
Salud de los Trabajadores , 2007,
Abstract:
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