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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 228048 matches for " Lisa Sk?r "
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Meanings of being received and met by others as experienced by women with MS
Malin Olsson,Lisa Skr,Siv S?derberg
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v6i1.5769
Abstract: In order to elucidate meanings of being received and met by others as experienced by women with multiple sclerosis (MS) we conducted a qualitative inquiry. We interviewed 15 women with MS and analysed the interviews with a phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation. The findings were presented in two themes: experiencing oneself as a valuable person and experiencing oneself as diminished. Meanings of being received and met by others, as experienced by women with MS, can be understood as containing two dimensions where treatment from others can mean recognising oneself through confirmation, as well as being ignored due to missing togetherness with others.
Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives
Eva Lindgren,Siv S?derberg,Lisa Skr
Psychiatry Journal , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/457160
Abstract: Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults’ and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition. 1. Introduction Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) to general adult psychiatry (GenP). During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare [1]. During the transition from childhood to adulthood, they have to adjust to more independent living [2], incorporate new knowledge, and begin to regard themselves as adults [3]. This transition can be especially critical for young adults with mental illness [4, 5], since they can be less prepared than their peers to take responsibility for themselves [6]. Therefore, there is a need for a holistic view of transition wherein both developmental and situational aspects are taken into account [3, 7]. According to Paul et al. [8], there are differences between transfer and transition. Transfer implies the event of closure of care at CAP and reestablishment of care at GenP, while transition is the process requiring therapeutic intents. Criteria for optimal transition are stated as continuity of care, a period of parallel care or joint working, at least one transition planning meeting, and handover of information. Research showed that transfer is common but
Living with a double burden: Meanings of pain for women with fibromyalgia
P?ivi Juuso,Lisa Skr,Malin Olsson,Siv S?derberg
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health & Well-Being , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v6i3.7244
Abstract: Living with fibromyalgia (FM) means living with a chronic pain condition that greatly influences daily life. The majority of people with FM are middle-aged women. The aim of this study was to elucidate meanings of pain for women with FM. Fifteen women with FM were interviewed about their pain experiences and a phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation was used to analyse the interview texts. The findings show that meanings of pain for women with FM can be understood as living with a double burden; living with an aggressive, unpredictable pain and being doubted by others in relation to the invisible pain. The ever-present pain was described as unbearable, overwhelming, and dominated the women's whole existence. Nevertheless, all the women tried to normalize life by doing daily chores in an attempt to alleviate the pain. In order to support the women's needs and help them to feel well despite their pain, it is important that nurses and health care personnel acknowledge and understand women with FM and their pain experiences.
Using Information and Communication Technology in Home Care for Communication between Patients, Family Members, and Healthcare Professionals: A Systematic Review
Birgitta Lindberg,Carina Nilsson,Daniel Zotterman,Siv S?derberg,Lisa Skr
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/461829
Abstract: Introduction. Information and communication technology (ICT) are becoming a natural part in healthcare both for delivering and giving accessibility to healthcare for people with chronic illness living at home. Aim. The aim was to review existing studies describing the use of ICT in home care for communication between patients, family members, and healthcare professionals. Methods. A review of studies was conducted that identified 1,276 studies. A selection process and quality appraisal were conducted, which finally resulted in 107 studies. Results. The general results offer an overview of characteristics of studies describing the use of ICT applications in home care and are summarized in areas including study approach, quality appraisal, publications data, terminology used for defining the technology, and disease diagnosis. The specific results describe how communication with ICT was performed in home care and the benefits and drawbacks with the use of ICT. Results were predominated by positive responses in the use of ICT. Conclusion. The use of ICT applications in home care is an expanding research area, with a variety of ICT tools used that could increase accessibility to home care. Using ICT can lead to people living with chronic illnesses gaining control of their illness that promotes self-care. 1. Introduction Due to an ageing population and a shortage of hospital beds, it has become a challenge to find new ways to support and care for people with chronic illness living at home. Living with chronic illness changes the lives of those affected, who are often in need of support and nursing care in their homes [1–3]. eHealth has the potential to become a means of providing good care at home [4], which is especially challenging with regard to this emerging field [5]. eHealth refers to information and communication technology (ICT) tools and services for health, whether the tools are used behind the scenes by healthcare professionals or directly by patients and their relatives [6]. ICT tools can be used to access a wide variety of technological solutions for communication, including text messaging, gathering and monitoring data, diagnosis and treatment at distances, and retrieving electronic health records [5, 7]. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) [8], eHealth is used in the healthcare for transmission of digital data, including data stored and retrieved electronically to support healthcare, both at the local site and at a distance. E-Health includes the interaction between patients and health service providers or peer-to-peer
Preparation and Characterization of Nitrendipine-loaded Eudragit RL 100 Microspheres Prepared by an Emulsion-Solvent Evaporation Method
SK Basu, R Adhiyaman
Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 2008,
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of the work was to prepare nitrendipne-loaded Eudragit RL 100 microspheres to achieve sustained release nitrendipine. Method: Nitrendipne-loaded Eudragit RL 100 microspheres were prepared by an emulsion-solvent evaporation method using ethanol/liquid paraffin system. The resultant microspheres were evaluated for average particle size, drug loading, in vitro drug release and release kinetics. FTIR spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray powder diffractometry were used to investigate the physical state of the drug in the microspheres. Result: The mean particle size of the microspheres was influenced by varying drug:polymer ratio and emulsifier concentration while drug loading was dependent on drug:polymer ratio. The results of FTIR spectrometry, differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray diffractometry indicated the stable character of nitrendipne in drug-loaded microspheres and also revealed absence of drug-polymer interaction. The drug release profiles of the microspheres at pH 1.2 showed poor drug release characteristics while at pH 6.8, drug release was extended over a period of 8 h; release was influenced by polymer concentration and particle size. Drug release followed the Higuchi model. Conclusion: The nitrendipine-loaded Eudragit RL 100 microspheres prepared under optimized conditions showed a good sustained release characteristics and were stable under the conditions studied
Knowledge, Attitude and Perception regarding National Health Programmes among villagers of Chauras, Tehri-Garhwal, Uttarakhand
Gupta SK,Sarawagi R
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Background and Objective: Since India became independent, several measures have been undertaken by the national government to improve the health of the people. Prominent among these measures are the national health programmes. The main objective of these National Health programmes are protection and promotion of national and individual health. The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and perception regarding various national health programmes among the villagers. Methods: It is a descriptive and observational study. The study subjects comprised 273 respondents belonging to 15 to 64 years age group. The collection tool used was a pre designed questionnaire, which was pre-tested. Results: 60% of respondents were adults, about 16 percent were educated up to primary level and more than 40% belonged to scheduled castes. Nearly 20% were aware about National AIDS Control Programme and 6.59% had clear knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Only 4.02% knew about the national vector borne disease control programme and 24% women clearly knew about exclusive breast feeding. Peripheral health workers were the most common source of information regarding these programmes. 64% of respondents opined that these national health programmes are good. Conclusion: Low level of knowledge was observed among the respondents regarding National Health Programmes.
Shock-induced phenomena in limestones in the quarry near Ronheim, the Ries Crater, Germany
Skála R
Bulletin of Geosciences , 2002, DOI: 10.3140/bull.geosci.2002.04.313
Abstract: Shock-induced effects in Malmian limestone sequences sampled in the quarry near Ronheim in the southeastern rim of the Ries impact structure in Germany were studied using electron microscopy with local chemical microanalysis, X-ray powder diffraction, IR spectroscopy, stable isotope study and MAS NMR spectroscopy. The most pronounced deformation observed is a pervasive brecciation resulting in the formation of parautochthonous to completely allochthonous limestone megablocks (so-called 'Schollen') on a megascopic scale. On a macroscopic scale, this process gives rise to monomict breccias (so-called 'Gries'). The applied analytical methods also revealed the damage of the limestones on submicroscopic and atomic scales. The peaks in X-ray diffraction patterns are broadened due to increased domain size and microstrain. Bands in the MAS NMR spectra show also broadening - most probably due to the random shifts of CO32- ions in the calcite crystal structure. The overall degree of shock-induced solid-state deformation is, however, low. No decomposition, stable isotope fractionation or melting occurring at high degrees of shock metamorphism were found. This allows to speculate on fast attenuation of peak shock pressure towards the crater rim in the most superficial regions of the target. Also the role of brittle behaviour of carbonates occurring in a relatively thin layer deposited over more competent crystalline basement revealing considerably higher degrees of shock metamorphism in large volumes must be taken into account in interpreting the low degree of shock metamorphism in the studied limestones.
Familial Brachydactyly in an Indian Family: A case report
SK Halder,I Khan,SK Paira,R Mukherjee
Journal of Nepal Paediatric Society , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/jnps.v31i3.5364
Abstract: Brachydactyly or short digit is a rare deformity involving fingers and toes. We present a rare family with 6 known members affected with similar pattern of brachydactyly, affecting only bilateral index fingers. The knowledge of this entity is important and a thorough clinical and radiological evaluation is mandatory for any patient with digital deformities. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jnps.v31i3.5364 J Nep Paedtr Soc 2011;31(3): 241-243 ?
The Quantum Fourier Transform and Extensions of the Abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem
Lisa R. Hales
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: The quantum Fourier transform (QFT) has emerged as the primary tool in quantum algorithms which achieve exponential advantage over classical computation and lies at the heart of the solution to the abelian hidden subgroup problem, of which Shor's celebrated factoring and discrete log algorithms are a special case. We begin by addressing various computational issues surrounding the QFT and give improved parallel circuits for both the QFT over a power of 2 and the QFT over an arbitrary cyclic group. These circuits are based on new insight into the relationship between the discrete Fourier transform over different cyclic groups. We then exploit this insight to extend the class of hidden subgroup problems with efficient quantum solutions. First we relax the condition that the underlying hidden subgroup function be distinct on distinct cosets of the subgroup in question and show that this relaxation can be solved whenever G is a finitely-generated abelian group. We then extend this reasoning to the hidden cyclic subgroup problem over the reals, showing how to efficiently generate the bits of the period of any sufficiently piecewise-continuous function on R. Finally, we show that this problem of period-finding over R, viewed as an oracle promise problem, is strictly harder than its integral counterpart. In particular, period-finding over R lies outside the complexity class MA, a class which contains period-finding over the integers.
Unrestricted Weight Bearing as a Method for Assessment of Nociceptive Behavior in a Model of Tibiofemoral Osteoarthritis in Rats  [PDF]
Lise Sk?tt Gregersen, Turid R?sland, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Garth Whiteside, Michele Hummel
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2013.33030
Abstract: Background: Novel preclinical models for prediction of osteoarthritis-like pain are necessary for the elucidation of osteoarthritis (OA) pathology and for assessment of novel analgesics. A widely used behavioral test in rat models of tibiofemoral OA is hind limb weight bearing (WB). However, this method evaluates WB in an unnaturally restricted manner. The aim of this study was therefore to characterize the Tekscan Pressure Measurement System as a means to assess OA-like tibiofemoral pain in rats by determination of plantar pressure distribution in a more natural and unrestricted position, defined as unrestricted WB. Methods: Intra-articular injections of 1 mg monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) or saline were administrated in the left hind knee of 84 male Sprague Dawley rats. Changes in unrestricted WB between ipsilateral and contralateral hindlimbs were determined. Morphine (5 mg/kg administered subcutaneously) and naproxen (60 mg/kg per-oral) were examined for their ability to reverse WB changes. Results: Changes in hind limb unrestricted WB were observed 14 (P < 0.05), 21 (P < 0.001) and 28 (P < 0.001) days post intra-articular injections of MIA compared to control. These alterations were attenuated by morphine 1 hour post administration compared to baseline but were not affected by naproxen. Conclusion: This study indicated that unrestricted WB assessed by the Tekscan system can be utilized as a clinically relevant method to assess aberrations in WB induced by intra-articular MIA injections in rodents. Therefore, this system may be useful for understanding the mechanisms of OA pain in humans and may also assist in the discovery of novel
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