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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7896 matches for " Linglong Dai "
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Structured Compressive Sensing Based Superimposed Pilot Design in Downlink Large-Scale MIMO Systems
Zhen Gao,Linglong Dai,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Large-scale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) with high spectrum and energy efficiency is a very promising key technology for future 5G wireless communications. For large-scale MIMO systems, accurate channel state information (CSI) acquisition is a challenging problem, especially when each user has to distinguish and estimate numerous channels coming from a large number of transmit antennas in the downlink. Unlike the conventional orthogonal pilots whose pilot overhead prohibitively increases with the number of transmit antennas, we propose a spectrum-efficient superimposed pilot design for downlink large-scale MIMO scenarios, where frequency-domain pilots of different transmit antennas occupy the completely same subcarriers in the freqency domain. Meanwhile, spatial-temporal common sparsity of large-scale MIMO channels motivates us to exploit the emerging theory of structured compressive sensing (CS) for reliable MIMO channel estimation, which is realized by the proposed structured subspace pursuit (SSP) algorithm to simultaneously recover multiple channels with low pilot overhead. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme performs well and can approach the performance bound.
Graph Coloring Based Pilot Allocation to Mitigate Pilot Contamination for Multi-Cell Massive MIMO Systems
Xudong Zhu,Linglong Dai,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: A massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, which utilizes a large number of base station (BS) antennas to serve a set of users, suffers from pilot contamination due to the inter-cell interference (ICI). In this letter, a graph coloring based pilot allocation (GC-PA) scheme is proposed to mitigate pilot contamination for multi-cell massive MIMO systems. Specifically, by exploiting the large-scale characteristics of fading channels, an interference graph is firstly constructed to describe the potential ICI relationship of all users. Then, with the limited pilot resource, the proposed GC-PA scheme aims to mitigate the potential ICI by efficiently allocating pilots among users in the interference graph. The performance gain of the proposed scheme is verified by simulations.
Structured Compressive Sensing Based Spatio-Temporal Joint Channel Estimation for FDD Massive MIMO
Zhen Gao,Linglong Dai,Wei Dai,Byonghyo Shim,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Massive MIMO is a promising technique for future 5G communications due to its high spectrum and energy efficiency. To realize its potential performance gain, accurate channel estimation is essential. However, due to massive number of antennas at the base station (BS), the pilot overhead required by conventional channel estimation schemes will be unaffordable, especially for frequency division duplex (FDD) massive MIMO. To overcome this problem, we propose a structured compressive sensing (SCS)-based spatio-temporal joint channel estimation scheme to reduce the required pilot overhead, whereby the spatio-temporal common sparsity of delay-domain MIMO channels is leveraged. Particularly, we first propose the non-orthogonal pilots at the BS under the framework of CS theory to reduce the required pilot overhead. Then, an adaptive structured subspace pursuit (ASSP) algorithm at the user is proposed to jointly estimate channels associated with multiple OFDM symbols from the limited number of pilots, whereby the spatio-temporal common sparsity of MIMO channels is exploited to improve the channel estimation accuracy. Moreover, by exploiting the temporal channel correlation, we propose a space-time adaptive pilot scheme to further reduce the pilot overhead. Additionally, we discuss the proposed channel estimation scheme in multi-cell scenario. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can accurately estimate channels with the reduced pilot overhead, and it is capable of approaching the optimal oracle least squares estimator.
Tracking A Dynamic Sparse Channel Via Differential Orthogonal Matching Pursuit
Xudong Zhu,Linglong Dai,Wei Dai,Zhaocheng Wang,Marc Moonen
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This paper considers the problem of tracking a dynamic sparse channel in a broadband wireless communication system. A probabilistic signal model is firstly proposed to describe the special features of temporal correlations of dynamic sparse channels: path delays change slowly over time, while path gains evolve faster. Based on such temporal correlations, we then propose the differential orthogonal matching pursuit (D-OMP) algorithm to track a dynamic sparse channel in a sequential way by updating the small channel variation over time. Compared with other channel tracking algorithms, simulation results demonstrate that the proposed D-OMP algorithm can track dynamic sparse channels faster with improved accuracy.
Compressive Sensing Based Multi-User Detector for the Large-Scale SM-MIMO Uplink
Zhen Gao,Linglong Dai,Zhaocheng Wang,Sheng Chen,Lajos Hanzo
Mathematics , 2015, DOI: 10.1109/TVT.2015.2501460
Abstract: Conventional spatial modulation (SM) is typically considered for transmission in the downlink of small-scale MIMO systems, where a single one of a set of antenna elements (AEs) is activated for implicitly conveying extra bits. By contrast, inspired by the compelling benefits of large-scale MIMO (LS- MIMO) systems, here we propose a LS-SM-MIMO scheme for the uplink (UL), where each user having multiple AEs but only a single radio frequency (RF) chain invokes SM for increasing the UL-throughput. At the same time, by relying on hundreds of AEs but a small number of RF chains, the base station (BS) can simultaneously serve multiple users whilst reducing the power consumption. Due to the large number of AEs of the UL-users and the comparably small number of RF chains at the BS, the UL multi-user signal detection becomes a challenging large-scale under-determined problem. To solve this problem, we propose a joint SM transmission scheme and a carefully designed structured compressive sensing (SCS)-based multi-user detector (MUD) to be used at the users and BS, respectively. Additionally, the cyclic- prefix single-carrier (CPSC) is used to combat the multipath channels, and a simple receive AE selection is used for the improved performance over correlated Rayleigh-fading MIMO channels. We demonstrate that the aggregate SM signal consisting of SM signals of multiple UL-users in one CPSC block appears the distributed sparsity. Moreover, due to the joint SM transmission scheme, aggregate SM signals in the same transmission group exhibit the group sparsity. By exploiting these intrinsically sparse features, the proposed SCS-based MUD can reliably detect the resultant SM signals with low complexity. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed SCS-based MUD achieves a better signal detection performance than its counterparts even with higher UL-throughtput.
On the Spectral Efficiency of Massive MIMO Systems with Low-Resolution ADCs
Jiayi Zhang,Linglong Dai,Shengyang Sun,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The low-resolution analog-to-digital convertor (ADC) is a promising solution to significantly reduce the power consumption of radio frequency circuits in massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. In this letter, we investigate the uplink spectral efficiency (SE) of massive MIMO systems with low-resolution ADCs over Rician fading channels, where both perfect and imperfect channel state information are considered. By modeling the quantization noise of low-resolution ADCs as an additive quantization noise, we derive tractable and exact approximation expressions of the uplink SE of massive MIMO with the typical maximal-ratio combining (MRC) receivers. We also analyze the impact of the ADC resolution, the Rician $K$-factor, and the number of antennas on the uplink SE. Our derived results reveal that the use of low-cost and low-resolution ADCs can still achieve satisfying SE in massive MIMO systems.
Joint Channel Training and Feedback for FDD Massive MIMO Systems
Wenqian Shen,Linglong Dai,Yi Shi,Byonghyo Shim,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is widely recognized as a promising technology for future 5G wireless communication systems. To achieve the theoretical performance gains in massive MIMO systems, accurate channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) is crucial. Due to the overwhelming pilot signaling and channel feedback overhead, however, conventional downlink channel estimation and uplink channel feedback schemes might not be suitable for frequency-division duplexing (FDD) massive MIMO systems. In addition, these two topics are usually separately considered in the literature. In this paper, we propose a joint channel training and feedback scheme for FDD massive MIMO systems. Specifically, we firstly exploit the temporal correlation of time-varying channels to propose a differential channel training and feedback scheme, which simultaneously reduces the overhead for downlink training and uplink feedback. We next propose a structured compressive sampling matching pursuit (S-CoSaMP) algorithm to acquire a reliable CSIT by exploiting the structured sparsity of wireless MIMO channels. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can achieve substantial reduction in the training and feedback overhead.
Joint CSIT Acquisition Based on Low-Rank Matrix Completion for FDD Massive MIMO Systems
Wenqian Shen,Linglong Dai,Byonghyo Shim,Shahid Mumtaz,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) is essential for frequency-division duplexing (FDD) massive MIMO systems, but conventional solutions involve overwhelming overhead both for downlink channel training and uplink channel feedback. In this letter, we propose a joint CSIT acquisition scheme to reduce the overhead. Particularly, unlike conventional schemes where each user individually estimates its own channel and then feed it back to the base station (BS), we propose that all scheduled users directly feed back the pilot observation to the BS, and then joint CSIT recovery can be realized at the BS. We further formulate the joint CSIT recovery problem as a low-rank matrix completion problem by utilizing the low-rank property of the massive MIMO channel matrix, which is caused by the correlation among users. Finally, we propose a hybrid low-rank matrix completion algorithm based on the singular value projection to solve this problem. Simulations demonstrate that the proposed scheme can provide accurate CSIT with lower overhead than conventional schemes.
On the Multivariate Gamma-Gamma ($ΓΓ$) Distribution with Arbitrary Correlation and Applications in Wireless Communications
Jiayi Zhang,Michail Matthaiou,George K. Karagiannidis,Linglong Dai
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The statistical properties of the multivariate Gamma-Gamma ($\Gamma \Gamma$) distribution with arbitrary correlation have remained unknown. In this paper, we provide analytical expressions for the joint probability density function (PDF), cumulative distribution function (CDF) and moment generation function of the multivariate $\Gamma \Gamma$ distribution with arbitrary correlation. Furthermore, we present novel approximating expressions for the PDF and CDF of the sum of $\Gamma \Gamma$ random variables with arbitrary correlation. Based on this statistical analysis, we investigate the performance of radio frequency and optical wireless communication systems. It is noteworthy that the presented expressions include several previous results in the literature as special cases.
On the Ergodic Capacity of MIMO Free-Space Optical Systems over Turbulence Channels
Jiayi Zhang,Linglong Dai,Yanjun Han,Yu Zhang,Zhaocheng Wang
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The free-space optical (FSO) communications can achieve high capacity with huge unlicensed optical spectrum and low operational costs. The corresponding performance analysis of FSO systems over turbulence channels is very limited, especially when using multiple apertures at both transmitter and receiver sides. This paper aim to provide the ergodic capacity characterization of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) FSO systems over atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channels. The fluctuations of the irradiance of optical channels distorted by atmospheric conditions is usually described by a gamma-gamma ($\Gamma \Gamma$) distribution, and the distribution of the sum of $\Gamma \Gamma$ random variables (RVs) is required to model the MIMO optical links. We use an $\alpha$-$\mu$ distribution to efficiently approximate the probability density function (PDF) of the sum of independent and identical distributed $\Gamma\Gamma$ RVs through moment-based estimators. Furthermore, the PDF of the sum of independent, but not necessarily identically distributed $\Gamma \Gamma$ RVs can be efficiently approximated by a finite weighted sum of PDFs of $\Gamma \Gamma$ distributions. Based on these reliable approximations, novel and precise analytical expressions for the ergodic capacity of MIMO FSO systems are derived. Additionally, we deduce the asymptotic simple expressions in high signal-to-noise ratio regimes, which provide useful insights into the impact of the system parameters on the ergodic capacity. Finally, our proposed results are validated via Monte-Carlo simulations.
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