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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 120455 matches for " Liming Wang "
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A Regularized Newton Method with Correction for Unconstrained Convex Optimization  [PDF]
Liming Li, Mei Qin, Heng Wang
Open Journal of Optimization (OJOp) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojop.2016.51006
Abstract: In this paper, we present a regularized Newton method (M-RNM) with correction for minimizing a convex function whose Hessian matrices may be singular. At every iteration, not only a RNM step is computed but also two correction steps are computed. We show that if the objective function is LC2, then the method posses globally convergent. Numerical results show that the new algorithm performs very well.
Effects of Empty Sites on Cooperation in the Prisoner’s Dilemma Game Based on Social Diversity
Wang Liming,Feng Wu
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/907052
Abstract: We study the effects of empty sites in the prisoner’s dilemma game based on social diversity by introducing some empty sites into a square lattice. The results reveal that the empty sites dramatically enhance the cooperation level for a wide range of temptation to defection values if two types of players coexist. By calculating the chances of different type-combinations of the players located on the square lattice, we find that there is an intermediate region where five social ranks are induced to satisfy the certain rank distributions and the cooperation level is significantly enhanced. Moreover, simulation results also show that the moderate gaps among the social ranks can favor cooperation for a larger occupation density. 1. Introduction Cooperation is fundamental to biological and social systems. Thus, it is a crucial issue to find and understand what kinds of factors facilitate cooperation. Over the past decades, various versions of evolutionary games have been studied extensively to explore the possibilities for enhancing the cooperative behavior among selfish individuals. Consequently, different mechanisms, for example, kin selection [1], direct [2] and indirect [3] reciprocity, spatial reciprocity [4], voluntary participation [5], and chaotic variations to the payoffs [6], are found to urge the emergence of cooperative behavior in biological systems as well as within human societies [7]. Among all the above mechanisms, the spatial reciprocity has not become an active and important topic until Nowak and May [8] introduced their seminal theoretical mechanism about game and spatial chaos. In recent years, topological inhomogeneities have been introduced to promote the level of cooperation [9–13]. Some investigations suggested that complex networks were beneficial for the evolution of cooperation if its connectivity structure was similar to that of social networks [14–18]. Besides the topological inhomogeneities, inhomogeneities of individual personality have also been introduced [19, 20], because of the fact that inhomogeneities of individual personality are the common features of society. Several authors have reported that some distinguished players have the stronger capacities to spread their own strategies, resulting in the thriving of cooperation when the system consists of two types of players with asymmetric teaching and learning activities [21–27]. For example, Droz et al. [21] suggested that the cooperation could be greatly enhanced if there was a relevant difference of the strategy transfer capability between the influential players and
Singularly Perturbed Monotone Systems and an Application to Double Phosphorylation Cycles
Liming Wang,Eduardo Sontag
Mathematics , 2007, DOI: 10.1007/s00332-008-9021-2
Abstract: The theory of monotone dynamical systems has been found very useful in the modeling of some gene, protein, and signaling networks. In monotone systems, every net feedback loop is positive. On the other hand, negative feedback loops are important features of many systems, since they are required for adaptation and precision. This paper shows that, provided that these negative loops act at a comparatively fast time scale, the main dynamical property of (strongly) monotone systems, convergence to steady states, is still valid. An application is worked out to a double-phosphorylation ``futile cycle'' motif which plays a central role in eukaryotic cell signaling.
Mapping Equivalence for Symbolic Sequences: Theory and Applications
Liming Wang,Dan Schonfeld
Mathematics , 2009, DOI: 10.1109/TSP.2009.2026544
Abstract: Processing of symbolic sequences represented by mapping of symbolic data into numerical signals is commonly used in various applications. It is a particularly popular approach in genomic and proteomic sequence analysis. Numerous mappings of symbolic sequences have been proposed for various applications. It is unclear however whether the processing of symbolic data provides an artifact of the numerical mapping or is an inherent property of the symbolic data. This issue has been long ignored in the engineering and scientific literature. It is possible that many of the results obtained in symbolic signal processing could be a byproduct of the mapping and might not shed any light on the underlying properties embedded in the data. Moreover, in many applications, conflicting conclusions may arise due to the choice of the mapping used for numerical representation of symbolic data. In this paper, we present a novel framework for the analysis of the equivalence of the mappings used for numerical representation of symbolic data. We present strong and weak equivalence properties and rely on signal correlation to characterize equivalent mappings. We derive theoretical results which establish conditions for consistency among numerical mappings of symbolic data. Furthermore, we introduce an abstract mapping model for symbolic sequences and extend the notion of equivalence to an algebraic framework. Finally, we illustrate our theoretical results by application to DNA sequence analysis.
Uniqueness of steady states for a certain chemical reaction
Liming Wang,Eduardo Sontag
Quantitative Biology , 2005,
Abstract: Samoilov, Plyasunov, and Arkin provide an example of a chemical reaction whose full stochastic (Master Equation) model exhibits bistable behavior, but for which the deterministic (mean field) version has a unique steady state at least for special parameter values. In this short note, we provide a proof of uniqueness valid for all possible parameter values.
Safety Distance Determination for 500 kV AC Transmission Line’s Helicopter Inspection  [PDF]
Shuwei Wan, Xingming Bian, Lan Chen, Liming Wang, Zhicheng Guan
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B219
Abstract: As an efficient and advanced line inspection method, helicopter line patrol is gradually more and more used in transmission lines inspection, promoting the elaborate operation of transmission lines and reducing the management cost. However, as a 'floating-potential conductor' near to a high-voltage transmission line, the helicopter would be at a high electric field region; and bring security risk to equipment and operating personnel. In this paper, the electric field strength near the cabin at locations of different distance from transmission lines is investigated by calculation, and the field in the helicopter cabin is also calculated with finite element method (FEM). The result indicates that the potential difference becomes higher with the decrease of the distance between the helicopter and transmission line. Considering the discharge energy and the guarantee of the persons’ safety, the safety distance is determined as d≥15 m.
Almost Global Convergence in Singular Perturbations of Strongly Monotone Systems
Liming Wang,Eduardo D. Sontag
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: This paper deals with global convergence to equilibria, and in particular Hirsch's generic convergence theorem for strongly monotone systems, for singular perturbations of monotone systems.
A remark on the number of steady states in a multiple futile cycle
Liming Wang,Eduardo D. Sontag
Quantitative Biology , 2007,
Abstract: The multisite phosphorylation-dephosphorylation cycle is a motif repeatedly used in cell signaling. This motif itself can generate a variety of dynamic behaviors like bistability and ultrasensitivity without direct positive feedbacks. In this paper, we study the number of positive steady states of a general multisite phosphorylation-dephosphorylation cycle, and how the number of positive steady states varies by changing the biological parameters. We show analytically that (1) for some parameter ranges, there are at least n+1 (if n is even) or n (if n is odd) steady states; (2) there never are more than 2n-1 steady states (in particular, this implies that for n=2, including single levels of MAPK cascades, there are at most three steady states); (3) for parameters near the standard Michaelis-Menten quasi-steady state conditions, there are at most n+1 steady states; and (4) for parameters far from the standard Michaelis-Menten quasi-steady state conditions, there is at most one steady state.
The Ultraviolet Detection of Corona Discharge in Power Transmission Lines  [PDF]
Lan Chen, Lin Lin, Mimi Tian, Xingming Bian, Liming Wang, Zhicheng Guan
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B246
Abstract:

Corona discharge is a common phenomenon in power transmission lines external insulation, and it may cause serious defect if without effective detection. The ultraviolet (UV) imagery technology has been widely used to detect the corona discharge in industry in recent years, but some influence factors’ functions are not definite. In this paper, the fracture aluminum strands which is common in power transmission lines were used as the electrode model while a SuperB ultraviolet imager were utilized to detect, the photon count rate was detected with different detect distance, electric field, aluminum strands length and UV gain were applied. Then the multivariate regression analysis (MRA) was taken to calculate the function between the photon count and the factors.

Stability and Stabilization of Impulsive Stochastic Delay Difference Equations
Kaining Wu,Xiaohua Ding,Liming Wang
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/592036
Abstract: When an impulsive control is adopted for a stochastic delay difference system (SDDS), there are at least two situations that should be contemplated. If the SDDS is stable, then what kind of impulse can the original system tolerate to keep stable? If the SDDS is unstable, then what kind of impulsive strategy should be taken to make the system stable? Using the Lyapunov-Razumikhin technique, we establish criteria for the stability of impulsive stochastic delay difference equations and these criteria answer those questions. As for applications, we consider a kind of impulsive stochastic delay difference equation and present some corollaries to our main results.
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