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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 243462 matches for " Lilia González Cárdenas "
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Comportamiento de la mortalidad infantil en el municipio Boyeros en los últimos cinco a?os
Jordán Severo,Tamine; Oramas González,René; González Cárdenas,Lilia T.;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract: a descriptive, retrospective, and transversal study was made to describe behaviour of infant rate in boyeros municipality during last five years. universe was composed by 68 deceased under 1 year during quinquennium 2000-2004 in boyeros municipality of havana city. authors analyzed infant mortality rate by years, by components, according death causes, and by weight groups. data of medical records of deceased were collected, from epidemiological surveys on infant mortality rate, discussions related to deceased, statistical registry of municipal department of statistics and were processed by means of spss statistical package. we found that infant mortality rate of our municipality was below of national and provincial rate, early neonatal component had 47 % of death total, major causes of death were congenital malformations (45.5 %) and infections (20.5 %), 41.17 % of deceased presented with low birth weight. figure of births, deceased, and infant mortality rate show a lowering trend, early neonatal mortality had the greatest figure of deceased, and congenital malformations were the major cause of death.
Comportamiento de la mortalidad infantil en el municipio Boyeros en los últimos cinco a os Behaviour of infant mortality rate in Boyeros Municipality during last five years
Tamine Jordán Severo,René Oramas González,Lilia T. González Cárdenas
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, transversal con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de la mortalidad infantil en el municipio Boyeros durante los últimos 5 a os. El universo estuvo conformado por los 68 fallecidos menores de 1 a o ocurridos en el quinquenio 2000-2004 en el municipio Boyeros de Ciudad de La Habana. Se analizó la mortalidad infantil por a os, por componentes, según causas de muerte y por grupos de peso. Se recogieron los datos de las historias clínicas de los fallecidos, encuestas epidemiológicas de mortalidad infantil, discusiones de fallecidos, los registros estadísticos del Departamento de Estadísticas Municipal y se procesaron mediante el paquete estadístico SPSS. Se encontró que la tasa de mortalidad infantil de nuestro municipio estuvo por debajo de la tasa nacional y provincial, el componente neonatal precoz ocupó el 47 % del total de defunciones, las principales causas de muerte fueron las malformaciones congénitas con un 45,5 % y las infecciones con un 20,5 %, el 41,17 % los fallecidos fueron bajo peso al nacer. El número de nacimientos, fallecidos y la tasa de mortalidad infantil muestran una tendencia descendente, la mortalidad neonatal precoz fue la que más fallecidos aportó, y las malformaciones congénitas fueron la principal causa de muerte. A descriptive, retrospective, and transversal study was made to describe behaviour of infant rate in Boyeros Municipality during last five years. Universe was composed by 68 deceased under 1 year during quinquennium 2000-2004 in Boyeros Municipality of Havana City. Authors analyzed infant mortality rate by years, by components, according death causes, and by weight groups. Data of medical records of deceased were collected, from epidemiological surveys on infant mortality rate, discussions related to deceased, statistical registry of Municipal Department of Statistics and were processed by means of SPSS statistical package. We found that infant mortality rate of our municipality was below of national and provincial rate, early neonatal component had 47 % of death total, major causes of death were congenital malformations (45.5 %) and infections (20.5 %), 41.17 % of deceased presented with low birth weight. Figure of births, deceased, and infant mortality rate show a lowering trend, early neonatal mortality had the greatest figure of deceased, and congenital malformations were the major cause of death.
Evaluación del efecto de una intervención educativa en los pacientes diabéticos de cuatro consultorios Evaluation of the effect of an educative intervention on the diabetic patients of four family physicians' offices
Tamine Jordán Severo,René Oramas González,Lilia González Cárdenas
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2007,
Abstract:
Comportamiento de la función docente-educativa del especialista en Medicina General Integral Behaviour of the teaching and educational function of the General Family Medicine
Lilia González Cárdenas,Minerva Nogueira Sotolongo,Natacha Rivera Michelena,Marlen Ruíz González
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio de investigación en el municipio de Arroyo Naranjo, en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Julio Trigo López" en La Habana. En este trabajo se utilizaron modelos de investigación cuantitativos y cualitativos, como expresión de la triangulación metodológica considerada, el sistema de métodos previstos empíricos y teóricos, fueron utilizados procedimientos estadísticos con la utilización de números absolutos y porcentajes para resumir la información, y tablas para su presentación. Se caracterizaron las actividades relacionadas con la función docente educativa, las cuales en múltiples ocasiones no eran conocidas ni ejecutadas como tareas sistemáticas por los especialistas en medicina en Medicina General Integral, además de constatarse la preparación inadecuada por insuficiencia de conocimientos y habilidades en relación con la función docente educativa que no permite que esta se desarrolle de forma sistemática. Los objetivos que perseguimos: analizar el comportamiento de la función docente educativa del especialista de Medicina General Integral en el Municipio Arroyo Naranjo, caracterizar las actividades que se relacionan con la función docente educativa del especialista de Medicina General Integral e identificar los factores que inciden en el cumplimento o no de la función docente educativa de este especialista. A research study was undertaken in "Julio Trigo López" Medical School in Arroyo Naranjo municipality, La Habana province. This paper used qualitative and quantitative research models as expression of the methodological triangulation, the system of empirical and theoretical methods, the statistical procedures with absolute numbers and percentages to summarize the information and tables to present it. The activities connected to the educational and teaching function, which were often either unknown or unfulfilled as systematic tasks by General Family Medicine specialists, were characterized. There was also confirmed the lack of adequate preparation, knowledge and skills to carry out the educational and teaching function in a systematic way. The objectives of our paper were to analyze how the educational and teaching function of the General Family Medicine specialist is performed in Arroyo Naranjo municipality, to characterize the activities related to this function and to identify the factors influencing the fulfilment or non-fulfilment of such a function by the MGI specialist.
Prevalencia de los marcadores serológicos de hepatitis viral B y C en retardados mentales
Suárez Mendoza,Georgina Ma.; Vega Sánchez,Héctor; González Cárdenas,Lilia; Soria Hernández,Yusimi;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: summary: 200 mentally retarded patients from ?la castellana? hospital were studied. the following serological markers were determined: hepatitis b surface antigen and hepatitis c antibody. a seroprevalence of hepatitis b and c of 5 % and 17 %, respectively, was found. it was proved that interned patients with longer length of institutionalization and with non-communicable chronic diseases are more susceptible to get these viruses
Prevalencia de los marcadores serológicos de hepatitis viral B y C en retardados mentales
Georgina Ma. Suárez Mendoza,Héctor Vega Sánchez,Lilia González Cárdenas,Yusimi Soria Hernández
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: Se estudiaron 200 pacientes retrasados mentales del Hospital "La Castellana", a los cuales se les determinaron los marcadores serológicos: antígeno de superficie para el virus de la hepatitis B y anticuerpo para el virus de la hepatitis C, donde se encontró una seroprevalencia para el VHB de un 5 % y de un 17 % para el VHC; se comprueba que los pacientes con un régimen interno, con mayor tiempo de institucionalización y con enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles son más susceptibles a adquirir estos virus SUMMARY: 200 mentally retarded patients from La Castellana Hospital were studied. The following serological markers were determined: hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C antibody. A seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C of 5 % and 17 %, respectively, was found. It was proved that interned patients with longer length of institutionalization and with non-communicable chronic diseases are more susceptible to get these viruses
Impacto de la primera edición del diplomado Dirección en la Atención Primaria de Salud Impact of the first diploma's course in primary health care management
Lilia González Cárdenas,Alina María Segredo Pérez,Ivonne Fernández Díaz,Pedro López Puig
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2013,
Abstract: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva de corte transversal con el objetivo de describir a los directivos de la Atención Primaria de Salud de la provincia La Habana 2012 e identificar la satisfacción con la capacitación recibida, como parte de una estrategia del Ministerio de Salud Pública. El universo estuvo constituido por el total de directivos que cursaron la primera edición del diplomado que fueron un total de 18 profesionales que se desempa aban en la atención primaria de salud en la provincia de La Habana. Fueron aplicados dos instrumentos uno al inicio y el otro al final del Diplomado, las variables estudiadas fueron: tiempo de experiencia en el cargo, a os de experiencia laboral, formación profesional y expectativas con el Diplomado. Los principales resultados obtenidos en el estudio fueron que los estudiantes manifestaron que la incorporación de conocimientos y habilidades de dirección constituyeron una herramienta para el trabajo diario en los diferentes niveles jerárquicos, actualización en los temas de dirección, calidad en el claustro de profesores, calidad docente de los temas impartidos y mejor preparación para el cargo de dirección, se recomendó impartir el diplomado por todo el país. A cross-sectional descriptive research study was conducted to describe the primary health care managers of La Habana province in 2012, and to find out their level of satisfaction with the received training, as part of a strategy of the Ministry of Public Health. The universe of study was the total number of managers who participated in the first diploma's course; they were 18 professionals who worked at the primary health care level in the province. Two instruments were applied, one at the beginning and the other at the end of the diploma's course, being the studied variables length of experience at the post, years of work experience, professional formation and expectations about the course. The main results were the students' opinions about the incorporation of management knowledge and skills- which represented a useful tool for daily work at the various hierarchical levels- the updated managing topics, the quality of the faculty, the teaching quality of the given topics and the improvement of their preparation for a managing post. It was recommended to give this diploma's course throughout the country.
Comportamiento de la función docente-educativa del especialista en Medicina General Integral
González Cárdenas,Lilia; Nogueira Sotolongo,Minerva; Rivera Michelena,Natacha; Ruíz González,Marlen; García Navarro,Zenaida D;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2011,
Abstract: a research study was undertaken in "julio trigo lópez" medical school in arroyo naranjo municipality, la habana province. this paper used qualitative and quantitative research models as expression of the methodological triangulation, the system of empirical and theoretical methods, the statistical procedures with absolute numbers and percentages to summarize the information and tables to present it. the activities connected to the educational and teaching function, which were often either unknown or unfulfilled as systematic tasks by general family medicine specialists, were characterized. there was also confirmed the lack of adequate preparation, knowledge and skills to carry out the educational and teaching function in a systematic way. the objectives of our paper were to analyze how the educational and teaching function of the general family medicine specialist is performed in arroyo naranjo municipality, to characterize the activities related to this function and to identify the factors influencing the fulfilment or non-fulfilment of such a function by the mgi specialist.
Risk factors of breast cancer in Mexican women
Calderón-Garcidue?as Ana Laura,Parás-Barrientos Franklin Uriel,Cárdenas-Ibarra Lilia,González-Guerrero Juan Francisco
Salud Pública de México , 2000,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between family history (FH) of neoplasia, gyneco-obstetric factors and breast cancer (BC) in a case--control study. In cases, to analyze those variables in relation with early onset of BC, the manner of detection (self-examination, prompted by pain, or casual), the size of tumor, and the elapsed time to seek medical attention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 151 prevalent BC cases and 235 age-matched controls were analyzed by multiple logistic regression, to assess the influence of BC risk factors. RESULTS: Ten per cent of patients and 1% of controls had first-degree relatives (FDR) with BC. Family history of FDR with BC (OR, 11.2; 95% CI 2.42-51.92) or with gastric or pancreatic cancer (OR, 17.7; 95% CI 2.2-142.6) was associated with BC risk. Breastfeeding at or under 25 years of age was protective against BC (OR, 0.40; 95% CI 0.24-0.66). The manner of tumor detection did not influence its size at the time of diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms that FH of BC and/or of gastric or pancreatic carcinoma are risk factors for BC, while lactation at 25 years of age or earlier is protective.
Health Status of Urban Medium-Low-Income Elderly at the Community  [PDF]
Lilia Cárdenas-Ibarra, Jesús Z. Villarreal-Pérez, Raúl Fernando Gutiérrez Herrera, Perla Alejandra Mellado-Urbina, Ana Laura Turner-Llaguno, Adolfo Montemayor-Alatorre, José Carlos Lira-Castillo, Fernando J. Lavalle González
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2018.83011
Abstract: Background: Nonagenarians are uncommon in our population. The study aim was to profile physical mobility, declared health problems, hypertension and diabetes frequency, awareness, treated and good control in urban low-income elders. Method: The study had cross-sectional design in population sample. Subjects were urban men and women older than 59 years at the medium low income stratum at a developing country. Survey was carried out from October 2008 to October 2009. All elder dwellers in randomly selected houses were surveyed; clinical exam after consent. Good Control: Systolic/Diastolic <135/<85 mmHg, and HbA1c < 7% for diabetes. Results: There were 162 elders, 53 (32.7%) were male, 99 (61.1%) were younger than 70 years. Forty nine (30.2%) had impaired mobility; among them 20 (55.6%) were bed or home restricted, and 29 (44.4%) needed help to go out. Unstable health condition was found in 36 (22.2%), with significantly more men 19 (52.8%) vs 34 (27.0%), X2 = 8.5, df1, P < 0.005; and impaired mobility 32 (88.9%) vs 17 (13.5%), P < 0.001; but similar age 69.2 ± 7.7 vs 68.3 ± 7.3, t = 0.62, df 160, P > 0.05. The frequency, proportions for: known diagnosis, on treatment, and good control were 75 (69.4%), 55 (73.3%), 45 (60.0%) and 12 of 45 (26.7%) for hypertension; 53 (49.1%), 47 (88.7%), 42 (79.2%) and 9 of 42 (21.4%) for diabetes. The most frequent unstable conditions were cardiovascular. Conclusions: Data suggest unstable health no association with the oldest old. The small proportion in good control of Diabetes and/or hypertension could explain the large frequency of elders with unstable health and prevention of reaching nonagenarian age.
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