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La prostitution et la police des m urs au XVIIIe siècle à Paris
Mappemonde , 1988,
Abstract: à Paris, débauche et prostitution sont très actives au XVIIIe siècle. Une cartographie établie à partir des archives de justice, de la police et de l'h pital, permet de mettre en évidence les lieux de leur exercice, et la provenance des femmes.
A Day in the Life of a Meme.
Liane Gabora
Philosophica , 1996,
Richard Godbeer. Sexual Revolution in Early America, Baltimore (Md).
éliane Elmaleh
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2006,
Abstract: Cet ouvrage, au titre provocateur, dévoile la complexité et la surprenante multiplicité des comportements sexuels dans l’Amérique coloniale. L’objectif principal de l’auteur est de révéler l’existence d’un clivage persistant entre théorie et pratique, entre l’affichage d’une Amérique puritaine dont les idéologies officielles et les normes morales ont été reconstruites au travers de décrets gouvernementaux, lois, décisions juridiques, sermons, traités théologiques ou encore littérature didacti...
Les Women’s Studies aux états Unis.
éliane Elmaleh
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2006,
Abstract: Issues du mouvement des femmes des années 70, les Women’s Studies avaient pour objectif de prolonger la critique de la place faite aux femmes dans la société par la critique des discours légitimant leur exclusion. Dans un contexte général de développement des études sur les minorités, les féministes universitaires ont obtenu, à une large échelle, avec l’appui des étudiantes, la création d’enseignements sur les femmes et de Women’s Studies interdisciplinaires. Les premiers cours apparurent ent...
Indivíduos ou grupos – quem tem voz na Literatura contemporanea em língua inglesa Produzida na diáspora? Indivíduos ou grupos – quem tem voz na Literatura contemporanea em língua inglesa Produzida na diáspora?
Liane Schneider
Ilha do Desterro , 2010,
Abstract: Nosso texto analisa a rela o entre identidades individuais e grupais dentro do atual cenário das produ es culturais elaboradas no contexto globalizado, principalmente por sujeitos marcados pela diáspora. Nesse sentido, enfocamos a produ o literária de duas autoras canadenses contemporaneas, Hiromi Goto e Suzette Mayr, que, através das protagonistas que criam, representam literariamente as possibilidades de sobrevivência criativa na contemporaneidade, apesar dos atritos, das dissonancias e conflitos da convivência transcultural. Partindo de conceitos desenvolvidos na área das ciências sociais, da psicologia e da teoria literária no que se refere à forma o do indivíduo e do grupo, através da análise de elementos fundamentais na constru o e representa o social dentro do mundo globalizado, pretendemos averiguar quais as vozes que perpassam as fronteiras ainda persistentes no que se refere à delimita o de territórios e os paradoxos implícitos na luta por uma ocupa o mais justa dos espa os culturais e geográficos.
A representa o e os espa os de releitura das diferen as A representa o e os espa os de releitura das diferen as
Liane Schneider
Ilha do Desterro , 2008,
Abstract: This text discusses the relations established between postcolonial discourses developed abroad, mainly in English-speaking countries, and the form and “use” such theoretical debates have taken within the Brazilian academy. It is possible to notice a clear resistance or difficulty in approximating theoretical postcolonial discussions, especially those focusing on previous English and Portuguese colonies in Africa, to Brazilian cultural and literary production. Our aim is to analyze the possibilities of establishing a dialogue between these discourses, examining common aspects and intrinsic differences within each specific context. Nesse artigo s o discutidas as rela es entre os discursos pós-coloniais desenvolvidos no exterior, principalmente nos países de língua inglesa, e o formato, a utiliza o e aplica o que tais discuss es vêm assumindo dentro da academia brasileira. Percebe-se que há uma clara resistência ou dificuldade em aproximar aspectos teóricos da área de estudos póscoloniais, principalmente aqueles que se debru am sobre as antigas col nias inglesas e portuguesas na áfrica, à produ o cultural e literária brasileira. Nosso objetivo é investigar quais as possibilidades de diálogo entre tais discursos, a partir dos pontos comuns e das diferen as intrínsecas a cada contexto específico.
Terrorist Groups: Using Internet and Social Media for Disseminating Ideas. New Tools for Promoting Political Change
Revista Roman? de Comunicare ?i Rela?ii Publice , 2012,
Abstract: Terrorism is one of the essential problems of our times. Most commonly, terrorist organizations have their origins in social movements that presume that they cannot reach their goal of promoting political change other than through violence. This paper deals with the use of the Internet, and especially social media, by terroristgroups. Social media seem to be an essential part in the groups'strategic communication concepts. They do not only use it for the groups' internal organization but mainly for the dissemination of ideas to a broader public. If the government wants to counteract terrorist movements, it also has to counteract their use of socialmedia. Therefore, theoretical concepts of terrorism as communication, PR and propaganda will be presented as well as results of case studies in order to show the interconnectedness of terrorism and social media.
Self-other organization: Why early life did not evolve through natural selection
Liane Gabora
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.12.007
Abstract: The improbability of a spontaneously generated self-assembling molecule has suggested that life began with a set of simpler, collectively replicating elements, such as an enclosed autocatalytic set of polymers (or protocell). Since replication occurs without a self-assembly code, acquired characteristics are inherited. Moreover, there is no strict distinction between alive and dead; one can only infer that a protocell was alive if it replicates. These features of early life render natural selection inapplicable to the description of its change-of-state because they defy its underlying assumptions. Moreover, natural selection describes only randomly generated novelty; it cannot describe the emergence of form at the interface between organism and environment. Self-organization is also inadequate because it is restricted to interactions amongst parts; it too cannot account for context-driven change. A modified version of selection theory or self-organization would not work because the description of change-of-state through interaction with an incompletely specified context has a completely different mathematical structure, i.e. entails a non-Kolmogorovian probability model. It is proposed that the evolution of early life is appropriately described as lineage transformation through context-driven actualization of potential (CAP), with self-organized change-of-state being a special case of no contextual influence, and competitive exclusion of less fit individuals through a selection-like process possibly (but not necessarily) playing a secondary role. It is argued that natural selection played an important role in evolution only after genetically mediated replication was established.
The Cultural Evolution of Socially Situated Cognition
Liane Gabora
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Because human cognition is creative and socially situated, knowledge accumulates, diffuses, and gets applied in new contexts, generating cultural analogs of phenomena observed in population genetics such as adaptation and drift. It is therefore commonly thought that elements of culture evolve through natural selection. However, natural selection was proposed to explain how change accumulates despite lack of inheritance of acquired traits, as occurs with template-mediated replication. It cannot accommodate a process with significant retention of acquired or horizontally (e.g. socially) transmitted traits. Moreover, elements of culture cannot be treated as discrete lineages because they constantly interact and influence one another. It is proposed that what evolves through culture is the mind; ideas and artifacts are merely reflections of its current evolved state. Interacting minds transform (in part) through through a non-Darwinian autopoietic process similar to that by which early life evolved, involving not survival of the fittest but actualization of their potential.
If Experts Converge on the Same Answer are they Less Creative than Beginners? Redefining Creativity in Terms of Adaptive Landscapes
Liane Gabora
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The standard view that creativity entails both originality and appropriateness leads to the paradox that experts who converge on one optimal solution are rated as no more creative than beginners who give many original solutions. This paper asserts that there is no one-size-fits-all definition of creativity; creativity must be assessed relative to the constraints and affordances of the task. The flatter the adaptive landscape associated with the task, the greater the extent to which creativity is a function of originality only. For tasks with a single-peaked adaptive landscape, there is a tradeoff between originality and appropriateness. Only for tasks with rugged adaptive landscapes is creativity positively correlated with both originality and appropriateness. It is suggested that the adaptive landscapes associated with artistic and scientific pursuits are equally rugged, but for artistic pursuits their topologies reflect idiosyncratic experiences and emotions (the peaks and valleys are not aligned).
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