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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12520 matches for " Lia Maris Orth Ritter "
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Epistemological bases of landscape ecology
Lia Maris Orth Ritter,Rosemeri Segecin Moro
Journal of Biotechnology and Biodiversity , 2012,
Abstract: Landscape began to be cited as a scientific technical term in the nineteenth century. Since then it has been definedaccording to different philosophical references, where it is possible to see a clear dualism in its meaning. This is amatter of intense debate within the social and natural sciences: the physical geography proposes an understandingof the landscape as an ecological system, whereas the human geography turns to the interpretative vision. There areEuropean and North American roots of the ecological landscape, being the latter more recent (1980s), which isbased on ecosystem ecology and spatial modeling/analysis. Its development was favored by the advent of satelliteimagery and popularization of personal computers, therefore providing important resources for imaging and geostatisticalanalyzes. But still, there are different positions to be taken by the researcher working in this area.Metzger (2001) suggests adopting an integrated approach, where the ecological context and human action areconsidered and managed as mandatory elements in environmental dynamics. Our study aimed to list some of the keyconcepts of landscape considered by biologists in their research on landscape ecology.
Composi??o florística e fitofisionomia de remanescentes disjuntos de Cerrado nos Campos Gerais, PR, Brasil - limite austral do bioma
Ritter, Lia Maris Orth;Ribeiro, Milton Cezar;Moro, Rosemeri Segecin;
Biota Neotropica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032010000300034
Abstract: the cerrado (brazilian savannah) has its southern limits of occurrence in the campos gerais region in the state of paraná, through small disjunction patches with great affinities with the northern savannah formations of s?o paulo and the central plateau of brazil. they are mostly on private lands, under strong pressure from agribusiness and have been hitherto little studied. a floristic and phytophysiognomical analysis of 30 remnants in different municipalities was carried out, reaching a total of 1,782 determined taxa, being asteraceae the richest family (256), followed by fabaceae (207), poaceae (183), myrtaceae (72) and melastomataceae (54). there is a geomorphological and latitudinal gradient on the distribution of physiognomies: cerrado stricto sensu (50%) and cerrad?o (13%) are distributed mainly in the sandstone plateaus in the north region, while cerrado rupestre (17%) and grassland with cerrado facies (20%) are most frequent in the river valleys cliffs in the south. these remnants present floristic similarity with the core area of the biome, and could be considered marginal areas of the geographical range of several taxa, sharing typical species of the southern province. thus the whole area would be more correctly named savannah instead of steppe. the austral phytocoenosis of ponta grossa, a possible endemism centre with great richness, is biogeographically isolated from the other cerrado patches.
Contribui??o para o conhecimento da taxonomia, ecologia e fitogeografia de Briófitas da Amaz?nia Oriental
Alvarenga, Lisi Dámaris Pereira;Lisboa, Regina Célia Lobato;
Acta Amazonica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0044-59672009000300003
Abstract: this paper presents the floristic survey of bryophytes from ferreira penna scientific station (ecfpn), located in the flona caxiuan? (1o42'30"s - 51o31'45"w), melga?o - pará, that was undertaken in the first stage of the residence program in amazonian studies, a project of the museu paraense emílio goeldi. mosses and liverworts were collected in non-flooded forest (terra firme), flooded forest (várzea and igapó), secondary forest and savanna ecosystems. they were analyzed for composition, richness and diversity. one thousand eighty one occurrences of 120 bryophytes species (79 liverworts and 41 mosses) were recorded; and among them eight liverworts are new references from the state of pará. the richest and most frequently encountered families were lejeuneaceae (58 spp.), calymperaceae (13 spp.), sematophyllaceae (9 spp.) and plagiochilaceae (7 spp.). the most representative communities were the epiphytic (97 species/ 565 occurrences) and epixylic (65 spp./ 242 ocurr.), followed by foliicolous (27 spp./ 174 ocurr.) and terricolous (15 spp./ 96 ocurr.); and the richest and most diverse ecosystem was the terra firme forest. the composition analysis of the surveyed substrates showed a gradual inversion in the richness ratio between liverworts/mosses, where the liverworts were strongly dominant in leaves, slightly dominant in live and dead trunks and the mosses were dominant in the others substrates. the results of this study, like the new references, contribute for understanding patterns of richness and diversity in amazonia and increase the bryophyte flora of pará.
Promo??o da saúde e a??es fonoaudiológicas em educac?o infantil
Mendon?a,lia Escalda;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000068
Abstract: purpose: to check the knowledge of educators from a kindergarten unit of belo horizonte regarding the development of human communication and its disorders in children and their conceptions about the performance of speech therapy in these institutions. method: the study was developed in three stages: institutional diagnosis; data collection using an adapted form in order to characterize the knowledge of education professionals about the acquisition and development of human communication and its disturbances; planning and accomplishment of workshops. the analysis of the relation between variables was carried through the fisher exact test, considering the level of significance of 5% in the statistical. results: the majority of the professionals answered correctly the questions related to the use and understanding of the language by children and related to the attitudes adjusted for communication among adults and children. 66.7% answered correctly to the questions on language development. 17 workshops benefiting 172 students aged from 3 to 6 year old and 12 education professionals were carried out. conclusions: education professionals do not have much knowledge regarding the acquisition and development of human communication and its disturbs. education professionals know about the work performed by the speech and language therapist, but they see it from a clinical and preventive perspective. the workshops enabled the discussion of the importance of developing prevention and health promotion in speech and language therapy.
Promo o da saúde e a es fonoaudiológicas em educac o infantil Health promotion and speech and language therapy actions in infantile education
lia Escalda Mendon?a,Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Revista CEFAC , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: verificar o conhecimento de educadores de uma unidade de educa o infantil de Belo Horizonte a respeito do desenvolvimento da comunica o humana e seus distúrbios em crian as e as suas concep es sobre a atua o fonoaudiológica nessas institui es MéTODO: estudo transversal desenvolvido em três etapas: Diagnóstico Institucional; Aplica o de formulário para caracteriza o do conhecimento das educadoras a respeito do desenvolvimento e distúrbios da comunica o humana; Planejamento e realiza o de oficinas. A análise da rela o entre variáveis foi realizada utilizando o Teste Exato de Fisher, considerando o nível de significancia de 5% no programa estatístico Epi Info 2000, vers o 3.2.2. RESULTADOS: a maioria das educadoras respondeu corretamente às quest es relacionadas ao uso e à compreens o da linguagem pela crian a e às atitudes adequadas para a comunica o entre adultos e crian as. 66,7% acertaram as quest es a respeito dos marcos do desenvolvimento de linguagem e 58,3% responderam incorretamente à quest o relativa ao processamento auditivo. Foram realizadas 17 oficinas com os temas "Processamento Auditivo" e "Saúde Vocal", nas 8 salas que participaram da atividade 172 alunos na faixa etária de 3 a 6 anos, 8 professoras e 4 estagiárias. CONCLUS ES: as educadoras demonstraram conhecimentos acerca da aquisi o e desenvolvimento de linguagem, dos distúrbios da comunica o humana, e da atua o do fonoaudiólogo, principalmente na perspectiva clínica e preventiva. As oficinas realizadas propiciaram a discuss o da importancia do desenvolvimento de a es de preven o e promo o da saúde em Fonoaudiologia. PURPOSE: to check the knowledge of educators from a kindergarten unit of Belo Horizonte regarding the development of human communication and its disorders in children and their conceptions about the performance of speech therapy in these institutions. METHOD: the study was developed in three stages: Institutional Diagnosis; Data collection using an adapted form in order to characterize the knowledge of education professionals about the acquisition and development of human communication and its disturbances; Planning and accomplishment of workshops. The analysis of the relation between variables was carried through the Fisher Exact Test, considering the level of significance of 5% in the statistical. RESULTS: the majority of the professionals answered correctly the questions related to the use and understanding of the language by children and related to the attitudes adjusted for communication among adults and children. 66.7% answered correctly to
Habilidades de processamento auditivo e consciência fonológica em crian?as de cinco anos com e sem experiência musical
Escalda,lia;Lemos, Stela Maris Aguiar;Fran?a, Cecília Cavalieri;
Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2179-64912011000300012
Abstract: purpose: to investigate the relations between musical experience, auditory processing and phonological awareness of groups of 5-year-old children with and without musical experience. methods: participants were 56 5-year-old subjects of both genders, 26 in the study group, consisting of children with musical experience, and 30 in the control group, consisting of children without musical experience. all participants were assessed with the simplified auditory processing assessment and phonological awareness test and the data was statistically analyzed. results: there was a statistically significant difference between the results of the sequential memory test for verbal and non-verbal sounds with four stimuli, phonological awareness tasks of rhyme recognition, phonemic synthesis and phonemic deletion. analysis of multiple binary logistic regression showed that, with exception of the sequential verbal memory with four syllables, the observed difference in subjects' performance was associated with their musical experience. conclusion: musical experience improves auditory and metalinguistic abilities of 5-year-old children.
On Paul Ricoeur: The Owl of Minerva
Orth, Stefan
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2005,
Abstract:
Cigarette smoking: an important renal risk factor – far beyond carcinogenesis
Orth SR
Tobacco Induced Diseases , 2003,
Abstract: In recent years, it has become apparent that smoking has a negative impact on renal function, being one of the most important remediable renal risk factors. It has been clearly shown that the risk for high-normal urinary albumin excretion and microalbuminuria is increased in smoking compared to non-smoking subjects of the general population. Data from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) indicate that at least in males, smoking increases the risk to reach end-stage renal failure. Smoking is particularly "nephrotoxic" in older subjects, subjects with essential hypertension and patients with preexisting renal disease. Of interest, the magnitude of the adverse renal effect of smoking seems to be independent of the underlying renal disease. Death-censored renal graft survival is decreased in smokers, indicating that smoking also damages the renal transplant. Cessation of smoking has been show to reduce the rate of progression of renal failure both in patients with renal disease or a renal transplant. The mechanisms of smoking-induced renal damage are only partly understood and comprise acute hemodynamic (e.g., increase in blood pressure and presumably intraglomerular pressure) and chronic effects (e.g., endothelial cell dysfunction). Renal failure per se leads to an increased cardiovascular risk. The latter is further aggravated by smoking. Particularly survival of smokers with diabetes mellitus on hemodialysis is abysmal. In the present review article the current state of knowledge about the renal risks of smoking is reviewed. It is the aim of the article to point out that smoking not only increases the risk of renal cell carcinoma or uroepithelial cell carcinoma, but also the risk of a faster decline of renal function. The latter is a relatively new negative aspect which has not been widely recognized.
Cigarette smoking: an important renal risk factor – far beyond carcinogenesis
Orth SR
Tobacco Induced Diseases , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/1617-9625-1-11
Abstract: In recent years, it has become apparent that smoking has a negative impact on renal function, being one of the most important remediable renal risk factors. It has been clearly shown that the risk for high-normal urinary albumin excretion and microalbuminuria is increased in smoking compared to non-smoking subjects of the general population. Data from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) indicate that at least in males, smoking increases the risk to reach end-stage renal failure. Smoking is particularly "nephrotoxic" in older subjects, subjects with essential hypertension and patients with preexisting renal disease. Of interest, the magnitude of the adverse renal effect of smoking seems to be independent of the underlying renal disease. Death-censored renal graft survival is decreased in smokers, indicating that smoking also damages the renal transplant. Cessation of smoking has been show to reduce the rate of progression of renal failure both in patients with renal disease or a renal transplant. The mechanisms of smoking-induced renal damage are only partly understood and comprise acute hemodynamic (e.g., increase in blood pressure and presumably intraglomerular pressure) and chronic effects (e.g., endothelial cell dysfunction). Renal failure per se leads to an increased cardiovascular risk. The latter is further aggravated by smoking. Particularly survival of smokers with diabetes mellitus on hemodialysis is abysmal. In the present review article the current state of knowledge about the renal risks of smoking is reviewed. It is the aim of the article to point out that smoking not only increases the risk of renal cell carcinoma or uroepithelial cell carcinoma, but also the risk of a faster decline of renal function. The latter is a relatively new negative aspect which has not been widely recognized.
Music Therapy with Traumatized Refugees in a Clinical Setting
Jaap Orth
Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy , 2005,
Abstract: As music therapists now deal more often with traumatized refugees, and the demand for documentation, research, and a methodical description has grown, in this article I would like to make a contribution to the development of a methodology in music therapy with traumatized refugees. Various methods used by music therapists in trauma treatment will be described. An overview of the development of a set of methods at Phoenix, a highly specialized inpatient treatment facility for refugees and asylum seekers, will be presented and I will focus on four approaches I developed in my work with traumatized refugees.
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