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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 12372 matches for " LiDong Xia "
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What geometrical factors determine the in situ solar wind speed?
Bo Li,Yao Chen,LiDong Xia
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-011-4965-2
Abstract: At present it remains to address why the fast solar wind is fast and the slow wind is slow. Recently we have shown that the field line curvature may substantially influence the wind speed ν, thereby offering an explanation for the Arge et al. finding that ν depends on more than just the flow tube expansion factor. Here we show by extensive numerical examples that the correlation between ν and field line curvature is valid for rather general base boundary conditions and for rather general heating functions. Furthermore, the effect of field line curvature is even more pronounced when the proton-alpha particle speed difference is examined. We suggest that any solar wind model has to take into account the field line shape for any quantitative analysis to be made.
Helicity conservation in magnetic reconnection
Youqiu Hu,Lidong Xia,Xing Li,Jingxiu Wang,Guoxiang Ai
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/BF02884231
Abstract:
Cool transition region loops observed by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph
Zhenghua Huang,Lidong Xia,Bo Li,Maria S. Madjarska
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/46
Abstract: We report on the first Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) study of cool transition region loops. This class of loops has received little attention in the literature. A cluster of such loops was observed on the solar disk in active region NOAA11934, in the Si IV 1402.8 \AA\ spectral raster and 1400 \AA\ slit-jaw (SJ) images. We divide the loops into three groups and study their dynamics and interaction. The first group comprises relatively stable loops, with 382--626\,km cross-sections. Observed Doppler velocities are suggestive of siphon flows, gradually changing from -10 km/s at one end to 20 km/s at the other end of the loops. Nonthermal velocities from 15 to 25 km/s were determined. These physical properties suggest that these loops are impulsively heated by magnetic reconnection occurring at the blue-shifted footpoints where magnetic cancellation with a rate of $10^{15}$ Mx/s is found. The released magnetic energy is redistributed by the siphon flows. The second group corresponds to two footpoints rooted in mixed-magnetic-polarity regions, where magnetic cancellation occurred at a rate of $10^{15}$ Mx/s and line profiles with enhanced wings of up to 200 km/s were observed. These are suggestive of explosive-like events. The Doppler velocities combined with the SJ images suggest possible anti-parallel flows in finer loop strands. In the third group, interaction between two cool loop systems is observed. Evidence for magnetic reconnection between the two loop systems is reflected in the line profiles of explosive events, and a magnetic cancellation rate of $3\times10^{15}$ Mx/s observed in the corresponding area. The IRIS observations have thus opened a new window of opportunity for in-depth investigations of cool transition region loops. Further numerical experiments are crucial for understanding their physics and their role in the coronal heating processes.
On the Reflected Geometric Brownian Motion with Two Barriers  [PDF]
Lidong Zhang, Ziping Du
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2010.23034
Abstract: In this paper, we are concerned with Re?ected Geometric Brownian Motion (RGBM) with two barriers. And the stationary distribution of RGBM is derived by Markovian in?nitesimal Generator method. Consequently the ?rst passage time of RGBM is also discussed.
Helicity conservation in magnetic reconnection

Hu Youqiu,Xia Lidong,Li Xing,Wang Jingxiu,Ai Guoxiang,

科学通报(英文版) , 1997,
Abstract:
Explosive events on sub-arcsecond scale in IRIS observations: a case study
Zhenghua Huang,Maria S. Madjarska,Lidong Xia,J. G. Doyle,Klaus Galsgaard,Hui Fu
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/797/2/88
Abstract: We present study of a typical explosive event (EE) at sub-arcsecond scale witnessed by strong non-Gaussian profiles with blue- and red-shifted emission of up to 150 km/s seen in the transition-region Si IV 1402.8 \AA, and the chromospheric Mg II k 2796.4 \AA\ and C II 1334.5 \AA\ observed by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph at unprecedented spatial and spectral resolution. For the first time a EE is found to be associated with very small-scale ($\sim$120 km wide) plasma ejection followed by retraction in the chromosphere. These small-scale jets originate from a compact bright-point-like structure of $\sim$1.5" size as seen in the IRIS 1330 \AA\ images. SDO/AIA and SDO/HMI co-observations show that the EE lies in the footpoint of a complex loop-like brightening system. The EE is detected in the higher temperature channels of AIA 171 \AA, 193 \AA\ and 131 \AA\ suggesting that it reaches a higher temperature of log T$=5.36\pm0.06$ (K). Brightenings observed in the AIA channels with durations 90--120 seconds are probably caused by the plasma ejections seen in the chromosphere. The wings of the C II line behave in a similar manner as the Si IV's indicating close formation temperatures, while the Mg II k wings show additional Doppler-shifted emission. Magnetic convergence or emergence followed by cancellation at a rate of $5\times10^{14}$ Mx s$^{-1}$ is associated with the EE region. The combined changes of the locations and the flux of different magnetic patches suggest that magnetic reconnection must have taken place. Our results challenge several theories put forward in the past to explain non-Gaussian line profiles, i.e. EEs. Our case study on its own, however, cannot reject these theories, thus further in-depth studies on the phenomena producing EEs are required.
What can we learn about solar coronal mass ejections, coronal dimmings, and Extreme-Ultraviolet jets through spectroscopic observations?
Hui Tian,Scott W. McIntosh,Lidong Xia,Jiansen He,Xin Wang
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/748/2/106
Abstract: We analyze several data sets obtained by Hinode/EIS and find various types of flows during CMEs and EUV jet eruptions. CME-induced dimming regions are found to be characterized by significant blueshift and enhanced line width by using a single Gaussian fit. While a red-blue (RB) asymmetry analysis and a RB-guided double Gaussian fit of the coronal line profiles indicate that these are likely caused by the superposition of a strong background emission component and a relatively weak (~10%) high-speed (~100 km s-1) upflow component. This finding suggests that the outflow velocity in the dimming region is probably of the order of 100 km s-1, not ~20 km s-1 as reported previously. Density and temperature diagnostics suggest that dimming is primarily an effect of density decrease rather than temperature change. The mass losses in dimming regions as estimated from different methods are roughly consistent with each other and they are 20%-60% of the masses of the associated CMEs. With the guide of RB asymmetry analysis, we also find several temperature-dependent outflows (speed increases with temperature) immediately outside the (deepest) dimming region. In an erupted CME loop and an EUV jet, profiles of emission lines formed at coronal and transition region temperatures are found to exhibit two well-separated components, an almost stationary component accounting for the background emission and a highly blueshifted (~200 km s-1) component representing emission from the erupting material. The two components can easily be decomposed through a double Gaussian fit and we can diagnose the electron density, temperature and mass of the ejecta. Combining the speed of the blueshifted component and the projected speed of the erupting material derived from simultaneous imaging observations, we can calculate the real speed of the ejecta.
Measurements of Outflow Velocities in On-Disk Plumes from EIS Hinode Observations
Hui Fu,Lidong Xia,Bo Li,Zhenghua Huang,Fangran Jiao,Chaozhou Mou
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/794/2/109
Abstract: The contribution of plumes to the solar wind has been subject to hot debate in the past decades. The EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board Hinode provides a unique means to deduce outflow velocities at coronal heights via direct Doppler shift measurements of coronal emission lines. Such direct Doppler shift measurements were not possible with previous spectrometers. We measure the outflow velocity at coronal heights in several on-disk long-duration plumes, which are located in coronal holes and show significant blue shifts throughout the entire observational period. In one case, a plume is measured 4 hours apart. The deduced outflow velocities are consistent, suggesting that the flows are quasi-steady. Furthermore, we provide an outflow velocity profile along the plumes, finding that the velocity corrected for the line-of-sight effect can reach 10 km s$^{-1}$ at 1.02 $R_{\odot}$, 15 km s$^{-1}$ at 1.03 $R_{\odot}$, and 25 km s$^{-1}$ at 1.05 $R_{\odot}$. This clear signature of steady acceleration, combined with the fact that there is no significant blue shift at the base of plumes, provides an important constraint on plume models. At the height of 1.03 $R_{\odot}$, EIS also deduced a density of 1.3$\times10^{8}$ cm$^{-3}$, resulting in a proton flux of about 4.2$\times10^9$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$ scaled to 1AU, which is an order of magnitude higher than the proton input to a typical solar wind if a radial expansion is assumed. This suggests that, coronal hole plumes may be an important source of the solar wind.
Coronal sources and in situ properties of the solar winds sampled by ACE during 1999-2008
Hui Fu,Bo Li,Xing Li,Zhenghua Huang,Chaozhou Mou,Fangran Jiao,Lidong Xia
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s11207-015-0689-9
Abstract: We identify the coronal sources of the solar winds sampled by the ACE spacecraft during 1999-2008, and examine the in situ solar wind properties as a function of wind sources. The standard two-step mapping technique is adopted to establish the photospheric footpoints of the magnetic flux tubes along which the ACE winds flow. The footpoints are then placed in the context of EIT 284~\AA\ images and photospheric magnetograms, allowing us to categorize the sources into four groups: coronal holes (CHs), active regions (ARs), the quiet Sun (QS), and "Undefined". This practice also enables us to establish the response to solar activity of the fractions occupied by each kind of solar winds, and of their speeds and O$^{7+}$/O$^{6+}$ ratios measured in situ. We find that during the maximum phase, the majority of ACE winds originate from ARs. During the declining phase, CHs and ARs are equally important contributors to the ACE solar winds. The QS contribution increases with decreasing solar activity, and maximizes in the minimum phase when QS appear to be the primary supplier of the ACE winds. With decreasing activity, the winds from all sources tend to become cooler, as represented by the increasingly low O$^{7+}$/O$^{6+}$ ratios. On the other hand, during each activity phase, the AR winds tend to be the slowest and associated with the highest O$^{7+}$/O$^{6+}$ ratios, and the CH winds correspond to the other extreme, with the QS winds lying in between. Applying the same analysis method to the slow winds only, here defined as the winds with speeds lower than 500 km s$^{-1}$, we find basically the same overall behavior, as far as the contributions of individual groups of sources are concerned. This statistical study indicates that QS regions are an important source of the solar wind during the minimum phase.
Sources of quasi-periodic propagating disturbances above a solar polar coronal hole
Fangran Jiao,Lidong Xia,Bo Li,Zhenghua Huang,Xing Li,Kalugodu Chandrashekhar,Chaozhou Mou,Hui Fu
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/809/1/L17
Abstract: Quasi-periodic propagating disturbances (PDs) are ubiquitous in polar coronal holes on the Sun. It remains unclear as to what generates PDs. In this work, we investigate how the PDs are generated in the solar atmosphere by analyzing a fourhour dataset taken by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). We find convincing evidence that spicular activities in the solar transition region as seen in the AIA 304 {\AA} passband are responsible for PDs in the corona as revealed in the AIA 171 {\AA} images. We conclude that spicules are an important source that triggers coronal PDs.
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