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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 163859 matches for " Li-Ying Yan "
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A 27-year-old man with headache, fever, limb weakness and inarticulate speech
LI Xiu-li,LU Qiang,MA Ling-yan,CUI Li-ying
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Neurology and Neurosurgery , 2013, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2013.01.016
Abstract:
Topological structure effect on far-infrared spectra in a GaAs/InAs nanoring

Gu Li-Ying,Li Yan-Fang,Chu Wei-Dong,Wei Ying-Hui,

中国物理 B , 2012,
Abstract: On the basis of the growth mechanism of a GaAs/InAs nanoring, we propose a fine model which reflects the confinement details of real nanoring. Through calculations of the two-electron energy and far-infrared (FIR) spectra, we find that the ring topological structure and electron-electron interaction have great influence on the FIR spectra. The two unknown transition peaks in the experiment are determined theoretically. The theoretical results are in good agreement with the experiments.
Signature of symmetry of laterally coupled quantum dots in far-infrared spectrum

Gu Li-Ying,Li Yan-Fang,Chu Wei-Dong,Wei Ying-Hui,

中国物理 B , 2012,
Abstract: We study the effect of structure asymmetry on the energy spectrum and the far-infrared spectrum (FIR) of a lateral coupled quantum dot. The calculated spectrum shows that the parity break of coupled quantum dot results in more coherent superpositions in the low-lying states and exhibits unique anti-crossing in the two-electron FIR spectrum modulated by a magnetic field. We also find that the Coulomb correlation effect can make the FIR spectrum of coupled quantum dot without strict parity deviate greatly from Kohn theorem, which is just contrary to the symmetric case. Our results therefore suggest that FIR spectrum may be used to determine the symmetry of coupled quantum dot and to evaluate the degree of Coulomb interaction.
Reliability and Validity of the Student Teacher Professional Identity Scale in Pre-Service Kindergarten Teachers  [PDF]
Li-Ying Zhang, Xin-Qiang Wang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.68021
Abstract: Objective: To revise and explore the application of the student teacher professional identity scale in pre-service kindergarten teachers (STPIS-PK). Methods: 450 preservice kindergarten teachers were surveyed by the student teacher professional identity scale. Results: 1) The EFA supported that teacher professional identity consisted of four subscales: professional values, professional willingness, professional efficiency and professional volition. Also the CFA confirmed the hypothesized four-factor model (x2 = 133.277, x2/df = 2.777, CFI = 0.939, TLI = 0.901, RMSEA = 0.047). The Criteria-related validity was remarkable; 2) The internal consistency of teacher professional identity scale was 0.801 and the four subscales were from 0.628 to 0.789. For two weeks, the test-retest reliability was from 0.616 to 0.786. Conclusion: In sum, this study generated evidence that the STPIS-PK developed in the study is a psychometrically sound and valid instruments to measure pre-service kindergarten teachers’ professional identity.
Impact of climatic change on agricultural production and response strategies in China
气候变化对中国农业生产的影响及应对策略

LIU Yan-Sui,LIU Yu,GUO Li-Ying,
刘彦随
,刘 玉,郭丽英

中国生态农业学报 , 2010,
Abstract: 全球气候呈现变暖的趋势, 对农业生产和粮食安全产生重大影响, 并成为当今全球环境变化关注的热点问题之一。本文采用文献综述与比较研究的方法, 系统分析了气候变化对光资源、温度、土壤质量和水环境等农业生产要素的影响机理, 探讨了气候变化对我国作物种植区域和种植制度、农作物病虫害、农业生产能力以及农业经济与管理等方面的实际影响, 通过梳理国外应对气候变化的主要农业战略, 提出新时期我国应对气候变化的农业可持续发展策略。
Analysis of the land landscape changes and its driving mechanism in vulnerable ecological area: a case study of Yulin city
生态脆弱区土地利用格局变化及其驱动机制分析 ——以陕西榆林市为例

GUO Li-ying,LIU Yan-sui,GUO Li-ying,REN Zhi-yuan,
郭丽英
,刘彦随,郭丽英,任志远

资源科学 , 2005,
Abstract: In this study we quantified land landscape change in the vulnerable ecological area of Yulin city between 1985 and 2000 using remote sensing and GIS in conjunction with landscape modeling. It was found that fallow land decreased by 125,147 hm2 while grassland and woodland increased by 107,975 and 17,157 hm2, respectively. The three most prominent changes were from fallow land to grassland at 129,926 hm2, and degradation of grassland from a higher cover density to a lower one at 16,996 hm2 , and from grassland to woodland at 15,651 hm2. The major factors responsible for these changes are identified as the change in the government policy on preserving the environment, continued growth in mining, and urbanization. It is concluded that as arid Yulin city has a highly vulnerable landscape that is sensitive to fluctuations in the natural environment and to changes in government land use policy. The efforts in restoring the deteriorated ecosystem have reaped certain benefits in reducing the spatial extent of sandy land through replacement by non-irrigated farmland, woodland and grassland. On the other hand, continued growth in mining and urbanization has exerted adverse impacts on the land landscape. At present regional economic development is in direct conflict with the protection of the natural environment. Such a conflict has caused the destruction to the land resources and fragmentation of the landscape accompanied by land desertification, even seriously in some localities.
The Role of Cilostazol, a Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitor, on Oocyte Maturation and Subsequent Pregnancy in Mice
Min Li, Yang Yu, Jie Yan, Li-Ying Yan, Yue Zhao, Rong Li, Ping Liu, Aaron J. Hsueh, Jie Qiao
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030649
Abstract: It is important to identify effective contraceptive drugs that cause minimal disruption to physiological processes. Phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) inhibitors suppress meiosis in oocytes by decreasing the level of cAMP and blocking the extrusion of the first polar body. In this study, we tested the PDE3 inhibitor, cilostazol, as a potential contraceptive agent. The effects of cilostazol treatment in vitro and in vivo on the suppression of oocyte maturation in a mouse model were investigated. The results indicated that treatment with increasing concentrations of cilostazol led to a dose-dependent arrest in meiosis progression. The effective in vitro concentration was 1 μM and was 300 mg/kg in vivo. The effect of cilostazol was reversible. After removal of the drug, meiosis resumed and mouse oocytes matured in vitro, and showed normal chromosome alignment and spindle organization. After fertilization using an ICSI method, the oocytes showed normal morphology, fertilization rate, embryo cleavage, blastocyst formation, and number of viable pups when compared with controls. The offspring showed similar body weight and fertility. In vivo, the mice became infertile if the drug was injected sequentially, and became pregnant following discontinuation of cilostazol. More importantly, no side effects of cilostazol were observed in treated female mice as demonstrated by blood pressure and heart rate monitoring. It is concluded that cilostazol, a drug routinely used for intermittent claudication, can effectively inhibit oocyte maturation in vitro and in vivo, does not affect the developmental potential of oocytes following drug removal and has few side effects in female mice treated with this drug. These findings suggest that cilostazol may be a potential new contraceptive agent that may facilitate an efficacy and safety study of this drug.
Changes of serum p53 antibodies and clinical significance of radiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Hong-Yi Cai, Xiao-Hu Wang, Ying Tian, Li-Ying Gao, Li-Juan Zhang, Zhi-Yan Zhang
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2008,
Abstract: AIM: To explore the relationship between serum p53 antibodies (p53-Abs) and clinicopathological characteristics and therapeutic effect in patients with esophageal carcinoma (EC), and to investigate sequential changing regularity of serum p53-Abs after radiotherapy.METHODS: The serum p53-Ab levels were detected in 46 EC patients and 30 healthy adults by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The blood samples were collected on the day before radiotherapy and on the administration of an irradiation dose of 20 Gy/10 f/12 d, 40 Gy/20 f/24 d and 60 Gy/30 f/36 d after radiotherapy.RESULTS: The level and positive rate of serum p53-Abs in EC patients were significantly higher than those in normal individuals (P < 0.05). Serum anti-p53 antibodies were positive in 18 of 46 EC patients (39.1%). The positive rate of p53-Abs in EC was related to histological grade, disease stage and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05), but it was not significantly related to sex, age and to the size and site of tumor. The level and positive rate of p53-Abs had significant differences between before radiotherapy and after administration of an irradiation dose of 40 Gy/20 f/24 d and 60 Gy/30 f/36 d (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The positive rate of p53-Abs in EC patients with effect was significantly lower than that in those without effect after radiotherapy (P < 0.0001).CONCLUSION: Detection of serum p53-Abs is helpful to the diagnosis of esophageal carcinoma. Monitoring for sequential change of serum p53-Abs before and after radiotherapy in patients with esophageal carcinoma is also useful to evaluate the response to the treatment and prognosis of the patients.
ER-α36, a Variant of ER-α, Promotes Tamoxifen Agonist Action in Endometrial Cancer Cells via the MAPK/ERK and PI3K/Akt Pathways
Sheng-Li Lin,Li-Ying Yan,Xin-Tian Zhang,Ju Yuan,Mo Li,Jie Qiao,Zhao-Yi Wang,Qing-Yuan Sun
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009013
Abstract: Recently, a novel variant of ER-α, ER-α36 was identified and cloned. ER-α36 lacks intrinsic transcription activity and mainly mediates nongenomic estrogen signaling. Here, we studied the role of nongenomic estrogen signaling pathways mediated by ER-α36 in tamoxifen resistance and agonist action.
A novel variant of ER-alpha, ER-alpha36 mediates testosterone-stimulated ERK and Akt activation in endometrial cancer Hec1A cells
Sheng-Li Lin, Li-Ying Yan, Xing-Wei Liang, Zhen-Bo Wang, Zhao-Yi Wang, Jie Qiao, Heide Schatten, Qing-Yuan Sun
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7827-7-102
Abstract: The cellular localization of ER-alpha36 was determined by immunofluorescence. Hec1A endometrial cancer cells (Hec1A/V) and Hec1A cells with siRNA knockdown of ER-alpha36 (Hec1A/RNAi) were treated with testosterone, ERK and Akt phosphorylation was assessed by Western blot analysis. Furthermore, the kinase inhibitors U0126 and LY294002 and the aromatase inhibitor letrozole were used to elucidate the pathway underlying testosterone-induced activities.Immunofluorescence shows that ER-alpha36 was localized on the plasma membrane of the both ER-alpha- and androgen receptor-negative endometrial cancer Hec1A cells. Testosterone induced ERK and Akt phosphorylation, which could be abrogated by ER-alpha 36 shRNA knockdown or the kinase inhibitors, U0126 and LY294002, and the aromatase inhibitor letrozole.Testosterone induces ERK and Akt phosphorylation via the membrane-initiated signaling pathways mediated by ER-alpha36, suggesting a possible involvement of ER-alpha 36 in testosterone carcinogenesis.Endometrial cancer represents one of the most common female pelvic malignancies and is the fourth most common type of cancer in North American and European women [1,2]. There are many risk factors for endometrial cancer, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), obesity, age at menopause, prolonged exposure to endogenous estrogens [3,4]. Recently, epidemiological studies have found that testosterone is associated with increasing endometrial cancer risk [5]. However, the molecular mechanism underlying testosterone carcinogenesis has not been established.The Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) plays a key role in regulating cell differentiation and proliferation and provides protection against apoptosis [6]. MAPK is the pivotal component of intracellular phosphorylation cascades in both cytoplasm and the nucleus [7,8] and elevated MAPK activity has been detected in invasive breast carcinomas compared with the surrounding benign breast tissue [9]. Akt, also known as protein kina
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