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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 127007 matches for " Li Yuancai "
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Improvement of humidity resistance of water soluble core by precipitation method
Zhang Long,Li Yuancai,Zhao Wei
China Foundry , 2011,
Abstract: Water soluble core has been widely used in manufacturing complex metal components with hollow configurations or internal channels; however, the soluble core can absorb water easily from the air at room temperature. To improve the humidity resistance of the water soluble core and optimize the process parameters applied in manufacturing of the water soluble core, a precipitation method and a two-level-three-full factorial central composite design were used, respectively. The properties of the cores treated by the precipitation method were compared with that without any treatment. Through a systematical study by means of both an environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) and an energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyzer, the results indicate that the hygroscopicity can be reduced by 20% and the obtained optimal process conditions for three critical control factors affecting the hygroscopicity are 0.2 g·mL-1 calcium chloride concentration, 4% water concentration and 0 min ignition time. The porous surface coated by calcium chloride and the high humidity resistance products generated in the precipitation reaction between calcium chloride and potassium carbonate may contribute to the lower hygroscopicity.
Optimization of tensile strength for new type acetone-urea-formaldehyde furan resin using uniform design
Lin Shengjun,Zhao Ya,Li Yuancai
China Foundry , 2011,
Abstract: In this study, the 24 h tensile strength of new type acetone-urea-formaldehyde furan resin (nitrogen content 3%) was investigated by uniform design optimization. Four independent variables such as acetone : formaldehyde molar ratio (mol/mol), solution pH value, reaction temperature (℃) and reaction time (min) were considered in the experiments. U*13(134) uniform design was employed and the equation of 24 h tensile strength model was obtained after 13 experimentations. The 24 h tensile strength was optimized by applying single factor experiments and stepwise non-linear regression analysis. Minitab (Minitab 15 trial version) and MATLAB (R2010a trial version) were used for data analysis. The t-value and p-value indicate that the major impact factors include the interaction effect of solution pH value and reaction temperature (X2X3), the linear terms of acetone : formaldehyde molar ratio (X1), reaction time (X4) followed by the square effects of acetone/formaldehyde molar ratio (X1X1). The optimized results were achieved with the acetone: formaldehyde molar ratio (mol/mol) at 3:1, solution pH value at 6.0, reaction temperature at 70 ℃, and reaction time at 140 min, respectively. This method can not only significantly reduce the number and cost of the tests, but also provide a good experimental design strategy for the development of furan resin. The investigation shows that the predicted results of 24 h tensile strength are consistent well with the experimental ones.
Preparation of montmorillonite modified phenolic resin for shell process
Xiong Jianmin,Li Yuancai,Wang Wenqing
China Foundry , 2009,
Abstract: The development of montmorillonite modified phenolic resin under microwave irradiation heating was investigated. The effect of montmorillonite content and stirring time on the structure and morphology of synthetic resin was analyzed. The optimum processing procedure was found to be 45 min stirring time with 5.4% montmorillonite addition. Further, the platelet spacing increases with stirring time till montmorillonite exfoliated to nanoscales platelet. When montmorillonite is exfoliated, layered structure at nanoscale can be uniformly distributed in the resin. The overall performance of montmorillonite modifi ed phenolic resin is improved remarkably, such as fl ow ability, tensile strength and toughness property of resin coated sand. However, the gelation speed decreased slightly by adding montmorillonite.
Two-stage sequential sampling for two rare species in western Inner Mongolia of China
JingJing Shi,TianZhong Zhao,YuanCai Lei
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5308-7
Abstract: To evaluate the efficiencies of different sampling methods for a rare and clustered population, we investigated the sampling effects for the two species Tamarix chinensis (Salt cedar) and Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) in western Inner Mongolia with two-stage sequential sampling, which is a new sampling method, traditional simple random sampling and two-stage sampling. Based on two-stage sequential sampling and two-stage sampling, each population was partitioned into four primary sampling units, and then two of them were randomly selected. Sampling designs were simulated based on the conditions of five secondary sampling unit areas, two criterion values, five initial secondary sampling units and two sequential secondary sampling units in 1000 repetitions. To evaluate the performance of the sampling designs for each method, the variance and relative error of the density estimates were used. The relative sampling efficiencies of the three sampling methods were compared using the same final sampling sizes. We analyzed the sampling efficiency generated by two-stage sequential sampling and found that it yielded smaller variances than those of simple random sampling and two-stage sampling in all sampling designs, and that two-stage sampling was more efficient than simple random sampling. Density estimates from the two-stage sequential sampling were very close to the true values. We also determined the optimum secondary sampling unit areas for the two species in the two-stage sequential sampling. It was best for Tamarix chinensis and Elaeagnus angustifolia when the secondary sampling unit areas were 200 and 100 m2, respectively.
Isolation and identification of a polyhydroxyalkanoate producing strain
产聚羟基脂肪酸酯细菌的筛选与鉴定

Xueyun Li,Shiyu Fu,Jichuan Yu,Kai Fu,Yuancai Chen,Ruizhe Zhang,Yunsi Liu,
李雪云
,付时雨,俞霁川,傅恺,陈元彩,张睿哲,刘运思

微生物学报 , 2010,
Abstract: 摘要:【目的】聚羟基脂肪酸酯(polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs)是一种生物可降解的天然高分子聚酯,本研究的目的是从广东省某啤酒厂废弃的活性污泥中分离筛选PHAs产生菌。【方法】首先,从活性污泥中分离PHAs产生菌。分离方法分3步:(1)富集培养PHAs产生菌;(2)通过苏丹黑B染色法进行初筛;(3)挑选PHAs产量较高的菌株,然后对细胞内提取产物进行分析,最后通过生理生化试验和16S rRNA基因序列分析法对该菌株进行鉴定。【结果】从广东省某啤酒厂的活性污泥样品中筛选获得PHAs产生菌HG-B-1,被鉴定为嗜麦芽寡养单胞菌(Stenotrophomonas maltophlia)。细胞染色分析、胞内提取物的红外光谱分析表明HG-B-1胞内贮藏物为PHAs。该菌株在以蔗糖为碳源、牛肉膏为氮源的发酵培养基中,37℃振荡培养24 h,PHAs产量可达细胞干重的23.4 %。【结论】本文从广东省某啤酒厂的活性污泥中筛选得到PHAs产生菌,获得了一株新型的PHAs产生菌,为进一步研究和开发新型的PHAs产生菌提供了菌源和基础资料。
ENHANCED BIODEGRADATION OF PULPING EFFLUENTS BY A STATISTICAL EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN USING MICROBIAL CONSORTIA
Honglei Chen,Yuancai Chen,Huaiyu Zhan,Shiyu Fu
BioResources , 2010,
Abstract: Statistically based experimental designs were used to construct a mixed-culture community for maximizing the chemical oxygen demand (COD) degradation of pulping effluents by the use of six different strains, i.e., Agrobacterium sp., Bacillus sp., Enterobacter cloacae, Gordonia, Pseudomonas stutzeri, and Pseudomonas putida. Significant effects of single and mixed strains on COD degradation were quantified first by applying a fractional factorial design (FFD) of experiments, and four strains were selected as the main driving factors in the process of biodegradation of effluents. Then the Steepest Ascent method was employed to approach the experimental design space, followed by an application of response surface methodology to further optimize the proportion of cell concentration for different strains in pulping effluent. A quadratic model was found to fit COD removal efficiency. Response surface analysis revealed that the optimum levels of the tested variables for the degradation of COD, and optimized cells concentrations (OD600) of four strains in mixed-culture community were 0.35 Agrobacterium sp., 0.38 Bacillus sp., 0.43 Gordonia sp., and 0.38 P. putid., respectively. In a confirmatory experiment, three test runs were performed by using the optimized conditions, and a COD removal efficiency of (65.3 ± 0.5)% was observed, which was in agreement with the prediction.
Hormesis of Glyceollin I, an Induced Phytoalexin from Soybean, on Budding Yeast Chronological Lifespan Extension
Yuancai Liu,Ziyun Wu,Shengbao Feng,Xuena Yang,Dejian Huang
Molecules , 2014, DOI: 10.3390/molecules19010568
Abstract: Glyceollin I, an induced phytoalexin isolated from soybean, has been reported to have various bioactivities, including anti-bacterial, anti-nematode, anti-fungal, anti-estrogenic and anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, insulin sensitivity enhancing, and attenuation of vascular contractions. Here we show that glyceollin I has hormesis and extends yeast life span at low (nM) doses in a calorie restriction (CR)-dependent manner, while it reduces life span and inhibits yeast cell proliferation at higher (μM) doses. In contrast, the other two isomers (glyceollin II and III) cannot extend yeast life span and only show life span reduction and antiproliferation at higher doses. Our results in anti-aging activity indicate that glyceollin I might be a promising calorie restriction mimetic candidate, and the high content of glyceollins could improve the bioactivity of soybean as functional food ingredients.
Treatment of Pulp CEH Bleaching Effluents with the Flocculation biochemical Reactor
絮凝和生化一体化反应器处理纸浆漂白废水

Chen Yuancai,Xiao Jin,Zhan Huaiyu,
陈元彩
,肖锦,詹怀宇

环境科学 , 2000,
Abstract: 絮凝、厌氧酸化、生物接触氧化一体化反应器处理造纸制浆含氯漂白废水研究表明,在水力停留时间为15h 时,COD总去除率达83.9% ,毒性去除率92% . GC-MS、超滤实验结果表明:原废水污染物是以氯代酚为主的氯代有机物,其中毒性物质主要来源于相对分子质量小于1000的低分子物质. 絮凝单元去除的主要是大分子氯代有机物,厌氧单元通过还原脱氯及酸性水解,氯代有机物得到了基本的去除. 好氧单元对COD有较高的去除率,低分子量的酸性组分和烷烃类明显增加,表明污染物得到了进一步的氧化降解.
Secondary Metabolites in Durian Seeds: Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins
Yuancai Liu,Shengbao Feng,Lixia Song,Guangyuan He,Mingjie Chen,Dejian Huang
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules181114172
Abstract: Ethanolic extract of durian seeds was fractionated by reverse phase flash column chromatography and the fractions characterized by electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy. Among a few unknown compounds collected, oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) were found to be one of the main compounds. Based on this result, the OPCs were purified the first time from the durian seeds using standard procedures and gave a yield of 1.8 mg/g dry matter after fractionation by Sephadex LH-20 column. Structural analysis by 13C{ 1H} NMR and ESI-MS spectra showed the presence of primarily B-type procyanidins with mainly epicatechin as the extension units, which was further verified by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization–time of flight mass spectra (MALDI-TOF MS), which shows a distribution of dimers to decamers. In addition, hydroxylated peaks with molecular weight 16 units more than the poly-epicatechins represented significant peaks. We suggest this might be due to hydroxylation occurring under the MALDI-TOF MS conditions. Consistently, depolymerization with α-toluenethiol resulted in epicatechin thioether as the major product, but undetectable amount of gallocatechin or its α-toluenethiol derivatives. The oligomershave a mean degree of polymerization of 7.30.
Study on the cooperation of flocculation in the biochemical treatment of pulp CEH bleaching effluents
化学絮凝对造纸废水有机氯化物的作用研究

CHEN Yuancai,XIAO Jin,ZHAN Huaiyu,WANG Jie,
陈元彩
,肖锦,詹怀宇,王杰

环境科学学报 , 2000,
Abstract: 从絮凝过程中污染物高低分子量组分、毒性、COD值的变化,研究了制浆含氯漂白废水中絮凝对后续生化过程的协同效应,结果表明,化学沉淀处理可有效地去除废水中的高分子一分,降低废水的毒性,提高废水的生化性。
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