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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 523859 matches for " Li M "
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Rubber Tree Distribution Mapping in Northeast Thailand  [PDF]
Zhe Li, Jefferson M. Fox
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2011.24060
Abstract: In many parts of mainland Southeast Asia rubber plantations are expanding rapidly in areas where the crop was not historically found. Monitoring and mapping the distribution of rubber trees in the region is necessary for developing a better understanding of the consequences of land-cover and land-use change on carbon and water cycles. In this study, we conducted rubber tree growth mapping in Northeast Thailand using Landsat 5 TM data. A Mahalanobis typicality method was used to identify different age rubber trees. Landsat 5 TM 30 m non-thermal reflective bands, NDVI and tasseled cap transformation components were selected as the model input metrics. The validation was carried out using provincial level agricultural statistical data on the rubber tree growth area. At regional (Northeast Thailand) and provincial scales, the estimates of mature and middle-age rubber stands produced from 30 m Landsat 5 TM data compared well (high statistical significance) with the provincial rubber tree growth statistical data.
New Approach in Processing of the Infrared Image Sequence for Moving Dim Point Targets Detection  [PDF]
Mohamed Abdo M., Hongzuo Li
Journal of Signal and Information Processing (JSIP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsip.2013.43B025

The development of an efficient moving target detection algorithm in IR-image sequence is considered one of the most critical research fields in modern IRST (Infrared Search and Track) systems, especially when dealing with moving dim point targets. In this paper we propose a new approach in processing of the Infrared image sequence for moving dim point targets detection built on the transformation of the IR-image sequence into 4-vectors for each frame in the sequence. The results of testing the proposed approach on a set of frames having a simple single pixel target performing a different motion patterns show the validity of the approach for detecting the motion, with simplicity in calculation and low time consumption.

Power Supply Quality Analysis Using S-Transform and SVM Classifier  [PDF]
Jiaqi Li, M. V. Chilukuri
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24059
Abstract: In this paper, a SVM classifier based on S-Transform is presented for power quality disturbances classification. Firstly, seven types of PQ events are created using Matlab simulation. These signals are analyzed to detect and localize PQ events via S-Transform by visual inspection. Then five significant features of the PQ disturbances are extracted from the S-Transform output. Afterwards, PQ disturbance samples with the five features are fed to SVM for training and automatic classification. Besides, particle swarm optimization is implemented to improve the performance of SVM. The results of the classification indicate that SVM classifier is an effective mechanism to detect and classify power quality disturbances.
Integral Equations in Neutrino Mass Searches from Beta Decay  [PDF]
Thomas M. Semkow, Xin Li
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2019.71004
Abstract: A new mathematical model for elucidating neutrino mass from beta decay is proposed. It is based upon the solutions of transformed Fredholm and Abel integral equations. In principle, theoretical beta-particle spectra can consist of several neutrino-mass eigenstates. Integration of the beta spectrum with a normalized instrumental response function results in the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind. This equation is then transformed to yield a solution in a form of superposition of Heaviside step-functions, one for each neutrino mass eigenstate. A series expansion leading to matrix linear equations is then derived to solve the transformed Fredholm equation. Another approach is derived when the theoretical beta spectrum is obtained by a separate deconvolution of the observed spectrum. It is then proven that the transformed Fredholm equation reduces to the Abel integral equation. The Abel equation has a general integral solution, which is proven in this work by using a specific equation for the beta spectrum. Several examples of numerical solutions of the Abel equation are provided, which show a fractional sensitivity of about 10-3?for subtle neutrino eigenstate searches and can distinguish from the beta-spectrum discrepancies, such as minute shape and energy nonlinearities.
Nonlinear Vibration of a Multirotor System Connected by a Flexible Coupling Subjected to the Holonomic Constraint of Dynamic Angular Misalignment
M. Li
Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/243758
Abstract: This paper proposes a mathematical model of the multirotor system with a flexible coupling on spring supports on Lagrange's approach, which has taken into account the effects of dynamic angular misalignment and mass unbalance. Then its nonlinear dynamic behaviors of the system are discussed based on the method of multiple scales and numerical technique, respectively. The results show that the responses of the system in lateral directions contain a similar component to that of the mass unbalanced system on both the vibrating frequency and amplitude and involve the typical nonlinear components such as the ones from some combined frequencies; the results also reveal that the numerical agreements on the above-mentioned methods are perfect for the transient responses.
"Real time analysis" of the ion density measured by the satellite DEMETER in relation with the seismic activity
M. Li,M. Parrot
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/nhess-12-2957-2012
Abstract: This paper is related to the study of the ion density recorded by the low altitude satellite DEMETER. In a first time there is an automatic search for ionospheric perturbations in the complete satellite data set of ion densities. Then perturbations due to known ionospheric phenomena (for example, solar activity) are eliminated as well as perturbations not above a seismic zone. In a second time, there is a search to know if each selected perturbation corresponds to a future earthquake. The earthquakes have been classified depending on their magnitude and depth. This attempt to predict earthquakes of course generates false alarms and wrong detections. The results of this statistical analysis are presented as function of various parameters. It is shown that the number of false alarms is very important, because the ionosphere has variations not only linked to the seismic activity. The number of wrong detections is also important and can be explained by the fact that the satellite is above a seismic area only a few minutes per day and we do not expect continuous perturbations from a given earthquake. The more important results of this study is that the ratio between detected earthquakes and earthquakes to be detected increases with the magnitude of the earthquakes which intuitively makes sense.
Loss-of-Main Monitoring and Detection for Distributed Generations Using Dynamic Principal Component Analysis  [PDF]
Yuanjun Guo, Kang Li, D. M. Laverty
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2014.24057
Abstract: In this paper, our previous work on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) based fault detection method is extended to the dynamic monitoring and detection of loss-of-main in power systems using wide-area synchrophasor measurements. In the previous work, a static PCA model was built and verified to be capable of detecting and extracting system faulty events; however the false alarm rate is high. To address this problem, this paper uses a well-known ‘time lag shift’ method to include dynamic behavior of the PCA model based on the synchronized measurements from Phasor Measurement Units (PMU), which is named as the Dynamic Principal Component Analysis (DPCA). Compared with the static PCA approach as well as the traditional passive mechanisms of loss-of-main detection, the proposed DPCA procedure describes how the synchrophasors are linearly
auto- and cross-correlated, based on conducting the singular value decomposition on the augmented time lagged synchrophasor matrix. Similar to the static PCA method, two statistics, namely T2 and Q with confidence limits are calculated to form intuitive charts for engineers or operators to monitor the loss-of-main situation in real time. The effectiveness of the proposed methodology is evaluated on the loss-of-main monitoring of a real system, where the historic data are recorded from PMUs installed in several locations in the UK/Ireland power system.
Effective Assessments for Interpreter Education Programs to Increase Pass Rates for Certification  [PDF]
Rosemary Li?an Landa, M. Diane Clark
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.93021
Abstract: In the United States, students enrolled in an American Sign Language (ASL) Interpreter Education Program (IEP) are encouraged to achieve interpreter certification upon completion of the program. Obtaining the certification ensures employers they are hiring qualified personnel. A critical examination of assessments used by IEPs may result in formulating strategies that prepare students to pass the state-based assessments by graduation. A review of Program Learning Outcomes (PLO) and the way in which these are assessed should be undertaken in order to ensure that effective Student Learning Outcomes (SLO) are created to parallel appropriate stages of language development. Knowledge of Language Assessment Literacy (LAL) will assist in the development of well-defined and accurately-based objective assessments that are both valid and reliable. Targeting specific linguistic components combined with the usage of the cognitive domain of Bloom’s Taxonomy for teaching and assessing learning outcomes will provide a clear means for developing assessments. Utilizing Bloom’s Taxonomy, the development of assessments start at lower order cognitive processing and progressively moves to higher order (Marzano & Kendall, 2006). An examination of how using Bloom’s Taxonomy assists in the development of assessments is outlined.
L2/Ln Sign Language Tests and Assessment Procedures and Evaluation  [PDF]
Rosemary Li?an Landa, M. Diane Clark
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.102015
Abstract: The purpose of this review is to investigate sign language assessments in use as a tool for evaluating the linguistic abilities for job related requirements for bilingual professionals. Each corresponding sign language assessment will be discussed in terms of its original purpose, content, how it is used today, followed by a discussion of its psychometric properties via strengths and weaknesses. In some cases, when available, a discussion of the background in regards to test development will be given. Psychometrically sound assessments will allow a more consistent evaluation of the professionals who support the Deaf community. In terms of research, having normed measures will lead to an increase in research to improve pedagogical practices and the delivery of educational services.
Effect of Pressurized Soy Protein Isolate upon the Growth and Antioxidants Functions of SD Rat  [PDF]
Nancy Ali, Li Zhang, Lili Li, Laurie H. M. Chan, Baixiang Li
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.65052
Abstract: The objective of this study is to specify the effect of pressurized soy protein isolate (pSPI), upon the physical development, growth hormones and antioxidants functions of SD rats. The methodology depends on the selection of one hundred male SD rats, divided randomly into 5 groups. Each group consists of 20 rats. The groups will be defined as one blank control group, three groups with pSPI at low, medium and high doses and another control group with native soy protein isolates (nSPI). Low, medium and high doses are represented by 0.333 g/kg, 1.667 g/kg and 3.333 g/kg pSPI per weight, respectively. The native soy protein isolate is represented by 3.333 g/kg nSPI per weight. In every group, four animals will be taken out to collect the blood samples and analyze insulin like growth factor-I, growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroxine and triiodothyronin. The other SD rats will be subjected to feeding for 63 consecutive days. The body weight, the body length and food intake of each rat are measured. The total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde and Glutathione Peroxidase in liver and serum of each rat will be analyzed. The results indicated that the groups with medium and high dose of pSPI result in an obvious increase in the body weight, body length and food utilization rate of SD rats. Also, pSPI has a great effect on the growth and antioxidants functions of SD rat.
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