Abstract:
In this paper, some basic results of stochastic calculus are revised using the following observation: For any semimartingale, the series of jumps at predictable stopping times converges a.s. on any finite time interval, whereas the series of jumps at totally inaccessible stopping times diverges. This implies that when studying random measures generated by jumps of a given semimartingale, it is naturally to define separately a random measure μ generated by the jumps at totally inaccessible stopping times and an other random measure π generated by the jumps at predictable stopping times. Stochastic integrals f·（μ－μ^{p}）are well defined for suitable functions f, where μ^{p} is the predictable compensator of μ. Concerning the stochastic integral h·π, it is well defined without any compensating of the integer valued measure π.

Abstract:
The paper deals with asymptotic properties of the adaptive procedure proposed in the author paper (2007) for estimation of unknown nonparametric regression. We prove that this procedure is asymptotically efficient for a quadratic risk. It means that the asymptotic quadratic risk for this procedure coincides with a sharp lower bound.

Abstract:
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for the estimation problem of heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (an oracle inequality) is constructed.

Abstract:
Asymptotic efficiency is proved for the constructed in part 1 procedure, i.e. Pinsker's constant is found in the asymptotic lower bound for the minimax quadratic risk. It is shown that the asymptotic minimax quadratic risk of the constructed procedure coincides with this constant.

Abstract:
For estimating the unknown parameters in an unstable autoregressive AR(p), the paper proposes sequential least squares estimates with a special stopping time defined by the trace of the observed Fisher information matrix. The limiting distribution of the sequential LSE is shown to be normal for the parameter vector lying both inside the stability region and on some part of its boundary in contrast to the ordinary LSE. The asymptotic normality of the sequential LSE is provided by a new property of the observed Fisher information matrix which holds both inside the stability region of AR(p) process and on the part of its boundary. The asymptotic distribution of the stopping time is derived.

Abstract:
The paper deals with asymptotic properties of the adaptive procedure proposed in the author paper, 2007, for estimating a unknown nonparametric regression. We prove that this procedure is asymptotically efficient for a quadratic risk, i.e. the asymptotic quadratic risk for this procedure coincides with the Pinsker constant which gives a sharp lower bound for the quadratic risk over all possible estimators.

Abstract:
It is well known that if a submartingale $X$ is bounded then the increasing predictable process $Y$ and the martingale $M$ from the Doob decomposition $% X=Y+M$ can be unbounded. In this paper for some classes of increasing convex functions $f$ we will find the upper bounds for $\lim_n\sup_XEf(Y_n)$, where the supremum is taken over all submartingales $(X_n),0\leq X_n\leq 1,n=0,1,...$. We apply the stochastic control theory to prove these results.

Abstract:
In this paper a concentration inequality is proved for the deviation in the ergodic theorem in the case of discrete time observations of diffusion processes. The proof is based on the geometric ergodicity property for diffusion processes. As an application we consider the nonparametric pointwise estimation problem for the drift coefficient under discrete time observations.

Abstract:
An adaptive nonparametric estimation procedure is constructed for heteroscedastic regression when the noise variance depends on the unknown regression. A non-asymptotic upper bound for a quadratic risk (oracle inequality) is obtained

Abstract:
The paper deals with asymptotic properties of the adaptive procedure proposed in the author paper, 2007, for estimating an unknown nonparametric regression. %\cite{GaPe1}. We prove that this procedure is asymptotically efficient for a quadratic risk, i.e. the asymptotic quadratic risk for this procedure coincides with the Pinsker constant which gives a sharp lower bound for the quadratic risk over all possible estimates