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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23922 matches for " Leonardo Rodrigues Sampaio "
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A psicologia e a educa o moral Psychology and moral education
Leonardo Rodrigues Sampaio
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932007000400002
Abstract: Na Psicologia, o campo de estudos sobre o desenvolvimento moral, a partir de uma perspectiva psicogenética, teve início com o trabalho O Juízo Moral na Crian a, escrito por Jean Piaget, em 1932. Nesse livro, o psicólogo suí o relata uma série de experimentos que demonstram que a moralidade se desenvolve com o passar do tempo e à medida que novas aquisi es no campo cognitivo e afetivo s o conquistadas pelo sujeito. De lá para cá, esse campo de estudos tem crescido constantemente e produzido novas teorias e propostas de interven o no ambito da educa o moral. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar uma breve vis o sobre algumas das principais teorias psicológicas que abordam a quest o do desenvolvimento moral, demonstrar algumas propostas de aplica o dessas teorias em programas de interven o e argumentar que a Educa o se apresenta como um espa o privilegiado para o desenvolvimento desse tipo de atividade, que n o tem sido devidamente aproveitado no Brasil. In Psychology, the branch of studies about moral development, from a psychogenetic perspective, began with the 1932 book Moral Judgment of the Child. In this book, Jean Piaget refers to a set of experiments demonstrating that morality and acquisitions in the cognition and affective field are related. Nowadays, this field of studies has grown constantly and produced new theories and intervention accounts in the scope of moral education. The objective of this paper is to present a brief overview of the main psychological theories that deal with moral development, demonstrating some interventions and arguing that education is a privileged space for the development of social moral awareness which has not been duly used to advantage in Brazil.
Estudos sobre a dimensionalidade da empatia: tradu o e adapta o do Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues et al.
Psico , 2011,
Abstract: Ao longo dos anos diversos métodos foram propostos para avaliar a empatia, sendo que os mais utilizados s o escalas autoavaliativas. Dentre estas, destaca-se o Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) de Davis (1983), que avalia componentes cognitivos e afetivos da empatia. Os principais objetivos do presente trabalho foram: traduzir e adaptar o IRI para uso no Brasil, verificando suas propriedades psicométricas; e avaliar a dimensionalidade do construto empatia por meio da aplica o de análises fatoriais exploratória e confirmatória. Os resultados demonstraram que a vers o traduzida e adaptada é adequada para ser aplicada no Brasil, que a dimens o de Fantasia tem importancia fundamental para a empatia e que um modelo tetrafatorial é mais adequado do que os modelos unifatorial e bifatorial para explica o dos dados, o que corrobora a tese de Davis e Hoffman de que a empatia deve ser compreendida a partir de uma perspectiva multidimensional.
Tradu o, adapta o e estudo da validade de construto da Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy =Translation, adaptation, and construct validity study of the Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues et al.
Psico , 2012,
Abstract: A empatia etnocultural é um construto que ajuda na compreens o de fen menos que envolvem quest es culturais, respeito às diferen as etnoculturais e desenvolvimento afetivo e sociomoral. O presente estudo objetivou traduzir, adaptar e testar a validade de construto da Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy – SEE para uso no Brasil. Participaram desta pesquisa 350 estudantes universitários residentes na cidade de Juazeiro (BA). Eles responderam à vers o adaptada da SEE, que passou a se chamar Escala de Empatia Etnocultural – EEE, além de um questionário sociodemográfico. Foram realizadas análises fatoriais e os resultados apontaram como melhor solu o uma estrutura composta por 26 itens, dispostos em três fatores. A consistência interna da Escala de Empatia Etnocultural como um todo (Nível Geral de Empatia Etnocultural) foi considerada boa (α = . 808). Destarte, a Escala de Empatia Etnocultural revelou propriedades psicométricas adequadas à avalia o do construto e demonstrou ser uma importante ferramenta de investiga o em pesquisas futuras. Ethnocultural Empathy is a construct that helps to understand phenomena encompassing cultural issues, respect to ethnocultural differences, and affective and social-moral development. The present study aimed to translate, to adapt and to assess the construct validity of the Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy – SEE for use in Brazil. A total of 350 undergraduate students resident in the city of Juazeiro, BA (Brazil) participated of this study. They answered to the modified version of the SEE – which was called in Portuguese Escala de Empatia Etnocultural – EEE, and a questionnaire assessing socio-demographic characteristics. A factor analysis of 26 items suggested that a three-factor solution provided the best fit to the data. The overall internal consistency of the SEE (general level of ethnocultural empathy) was good (α = . 808). Taken as a whole, the psychometric properties of the Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy are suitable to assess the Ethnocultural Empathy and demonstrate that the SEE is an important research tool in future studies.
Justi?a distributiva: uma revis?o da literatura psicossocial e desenvolvimentista
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues;Camino, Cleonice P. Santos;Roazzi, Antonio;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722009000400003
Abstract: distributive justice assigns a construct related to the way as the people evaluate the distributions of positive goods (income, freedom, positions politicians) or negatives ones (punishment, sanctions, penalties) in society. when making distributive judgments, the individuals are concerned if the distribution favored or it harmed the involved ones, using parameters or principles that determine which distributive method is more or less just of being applied in the context of the distribution. related to the distributive justice, many theoretical and empirical studies have been carried through. the main aim of the present work is to make a revision of psychological literature regarding the concept of distributive justice. it will be presented the main psychosocial and developmental theories that deal with this subject. then, some important empirical studies on distributive justice will be reviewed and criticized. finally, some consideration about the field of nowadays studies will be made.
Produtividade, necessidade e afetividade: justi?a distributiva e empatia em jovens brasileiros
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues;Camino, Cleonice Pereira;Roazzi, Antonio;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722010000100017
Abstract: throughout the years, researchers have studied the influence of cognitive development and social-cultural variables over distributive justice judgments. however, the study of the influence of affective development over distributive justice has not constituted a concern of the researchers. looking for to fill this gap, the main objective of this research was to investigate if empathy influenced the distributive decisions of 107 participants. distributive justice was evaluated through a problem-situation that involved an organizational context, and the empathy by means of escala multidimensional de reatividade interpessoal - emri. in the results, it was observed that the affective dimensions of empathy had influenced the money distribution between the characters of the problem-situation. these results had been discussed in the light of piaget's and hoffman's theories, and data of previous research.
Revis?o de aspectos conceituais, teóricos e metodológicos da empatia
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues;Camino, Cleonice Pereira dos Santos;Roazzi, Antonio;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932009000200002
Abstract: empathy was object of study of diverse fields of knowledge as aesthetic, philosophy, sociology and psychology. in relation to the last one, empathy has been discussed and investigated mainly for researchers of clinical, social and developmental areas. the main objective of the present work is to present a review of the literature on empathy, focusing the theoretical, conceptual and methodological aspects proper to the field of studies of empathy. questions related to the polysemy of the term empathy are used, and discussion concerning the dimensionality of this construct and some theoretical and methodological problems will be raised and discussed. empirical studies and some research strategies used on the empathy field will be presented. eventually, we will present some considerations regarding the necessity of resolution of the aforementioned problems, the need of more research on empathy in brazil and the future perspectives of research.
Justi?a distributiva em crian?as de 5 a 10 anos de idade
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues;Camino, Cleonice P. dos Santos;Roazzi, Antonio;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722007000200004
Abstract: the main aim of this research was to investigate the types of principles of distributive justice. a sample of 120 children, whose ages ranged from 5 to 10 years, of both sexes, took part in the investigation. their conceptions about distributive justice were evaluated through a dilemma constituted by four stories, in which two children had to decide whether or not to give more toy blocks to another child that arrived late at school. the results showed that (a) a tendency to absolute equality characterizes children of 5 to 6 years old; (b) the use of equity judgments increase with age; (c) the judgments that considered the importance of cooperation and mutual respect were present even in children 5 to 6 years old. finally, these results are discussed in the context of research on child moral development and distributive justice.
Adolescentes autores de atos infracionais: psicologia moral e legisla??o
Monte, Franciela Félix de Carvalho;Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues;Rosa Filho, Josemar Soares;Barbosa, Laila Santana;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822011000100014
Abstract: this article aims to discuss estatuto da crian?a e do adolescente (eca) and sistema nacional de atendimento socioeducativo (sinase) which provide for full protection of fundamental rights of children and adolescents. this discussion is based on the perspective of psychology of moral development, especially piaget' theory and some recent work about social-moral development of young transgressors. it will be emphasized the necessity of changing the assistance to this public, incorporating some ideals like moral autonomy, democracy and interpersonal respect in the routines of the institutions of re-socialization.
Justi?a distributiva e empatia em adolescentes do Nordeste Brasileiro
Sampaio, Leonardo Rodrigues;Monte, Franciela de Carvalho;Camino, Cleonice Pereira dos Santos;Roazzi, Antonio;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722008000200013
Abstract: the main aim of this research was to investigate whether empathy influenced the distributive reasoning of adolescents. a sample of 120 teenagers, controlled by sex and type of school (public or private), took part in the investigation. distributive justice was evaluated through a dilemma in which the participants had to decide the fairest way to share money among six workers who had worked together but were different terms of productivity, necessity and place of birth. empathy was measured with iri (davis). the results show that role-taking, personal distress, sex and type of school influenced the amounts of money distributed. these results are discussed in the context of hoffman's theory and empirical research on morality and distributive justice.
Distributive jstice and empathy in adolescents from Northeastern Brazil / Justi a distributiva e empatia em adolescentes do Nordeste Brasileiro
Leonardo Rodrigues Sampaio,Franciela de Carvalho Monte,Cleonice Pereira dos Santos Camino,Antonio Roazzi
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2008,
Abstract: The main aim of this research was to investigate whether empathy influenced the distributive reasoning of adolescents. A sample of 120 teenagers, controlled by sex and type of school (public or private), took part in the investigation. Distributive justice was evaluated through a dilemma in which the participants had to decide the fairest way to share money among six workers who had worked together but were different terms of productivity, necessity and place of birth. Empathy was measured with IRI (Davis). The results show that role-taking, personal distress, sex and type of school influenced the amounts of money distributed. These results are discussed in the context of Hoffman's theory and empirical research on morality and distributive justice.
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