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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 239 matches for " Lene Tanggaard "
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Forord
Lene Tanggaard
Coaching Psykologi : the Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology , 2011,
Abstract:
Editorial
Svend Brinkmann,Lene Tanggaard
Qualitative Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This is the first issue of a new journal, entitled Qualitative Studies. We hope that this new journal will become a central forum for discussions of qualitative research in psychology, education, communication, cultural studies, health sciences and social sciences in general. Qualitative Studies is peer-reviewed and publishes papers in English and the Scandinavian languages in any of these areas. We are interested in papers that discuss qualitative methods, their promises, problems and philosophies, and also papers that apply such methods in concrete qualitative studies. We aim to publish two issues a year, but since Qualitative Studies is an open access and web-based journal, we can allow ourselves some flexibility in this regard, and for example choose to publish additional special issues, if such options arise. Qualitative Studies is associated with the Center for Qualitative Studies at Aalborg University in Denmark (www.cqs.aau.dk). But we hope that potential authors from other universities in Denmark and the rest of the world will take an interest in Qualitative Studies as an outlet for their work. In preparing this first issue, we have received a fair amount of manuscripts, many of which are still under review, but in order to show that Qualitative Studies is alive as a journal, we have chosen to publish this first issue with four articles, two of which are in English and two of which are in Danish. Together, these articles show the scope of themes and approaches that we hope will flourish in Qualitative Studies. Abbey and Zittoun offer a semiotic analysis of interview processes, Kristensen analyses power dynamics as reflected in people’s everyday lives, in casu modern traffic, Klausen reports a study of parkour, an art of urban movement, and Frimann & Jantzen present a cultural-poetic analysis of a short interaction sequence at a gas station. All articles integrate theory and empirical material in fruitful, albeit very different, ways. We hope that this will inspire future contributors to Qualitative Studies. As a journal its mission is on the one hand to discuss qualitative methods, but equally important to be a forum for the publication of qualitative studies that contribute to our knowledge about the human, social and cultural world. We wish to thank the anonymous reviewers, whose generous comments have helped improve the quality of the manuscripts and also our editorial board. We look forward to seeing how Qualitative Studies will develop! The Editors, Svend Brinkmann, email: svendb@hum.aau.dk Lene Tanggaard, email: lenet@hum.aau.dk
Coaching Psykologi
Ole Michael Spaten,Stephen Palmer,Stig Kjerulf,Lene Tanggaard
Coaching Psykologi : the Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology , 2011,
Abstract:
Evaluation of Changes in Individual Community-Related Empowerment in Community Health Promotion Interventions in Estonia
Anu Kasmel,Pernille Tanggaard
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph8061772
Abstract: This study assessed changes in community members’ ratings of the dimensions of individual community related empowerment (ICRE) before and two years after the implementation of an empowerment expansion framework in three community health promotion initiatives within the Estonian context. We employed a self-administered questionnaire, the adapted mobilisation scale–individual. As the first step, we investigated the multidimensional nature of the ICRE construct and explored the validity and reliability (internal consistency) of the ICRE scale. Two datasets were used. The first dataset comprised a cross-sectional random sample of 1,000 inhabitants of Rapla County selected in 2003 from the National Population Register, which was used to confirm the composition of the dimensions of the scale and to examine the reliability of the dimensions. The second dataset comprised two waves of data: 120 participants from three health promotion programs in 2003 (pre-test) and 115 participants in 2005 (post-test), and the dataset was used to compare participants’ pre-test and post-test ratings of their levels of empowerment. The content validity ratio, determined using Lawshe’s formula, was high (0.98). Five dimensions of ICRE, self-efficacy, intention, participation, motivation and critical awareness, emerged from the factor analysis. The internal consistency (α) of the total empowerment scale was 0.86 (subscales self-efficacy α = 0.88, intention α = 0.83, participation α = 0.81 and motivation α = 0.69; critical awareness comprised only one item). The levels of ICRE dimensions measured after the application of the empowerment expansion framework were significantly more favourable for the dimensions self-efficacy, participation, intention and motivation to participate. We conclude that for Rapla community workgroups and networks, their ICRE was rendered more favourable after the implementation of the empowerment expansion framework.
Conceptualizing Organizational Domains of Community Empowerment through Empowerment Evaluation in Estonian Communities
Anu Kasmel,Pernille Tanggaard
Societies , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/soc1010003
Abstract: The importance of community empowerment has been strongly emphasized in health promotion publications in Western societies. Only a few studies exist to highlight the empowerment processes in countries in transition in Eastern Europe. A multi-stage study was designed to develop a context-specific survey instrument appropriate for evaluating the changes in the community empowerment process within the context of health promotion programs in Rapla, Estonia. The current study comprises the first stage, which aims to identify and systematize empowering domains and activities perceived by community members during the empowerment evaluation process. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with sixteen participants from three health promotion programs. Purposive sampling was used, and data were analyzed using constant comparison. The findings suggest that there are four key organizational domains that characterize the community empowerment process in Rapla: activation of the community, competence development of the community, program management development, and creation of a supportive environment.
Measurement of Community Empowerment in Three Community Programs in Rapla (Estonia)
Anu Kasmel,Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph8030799
Abstract: Community empowerment approaches have been proven to be powerful tools for solving local health problems. However, the methods for measuring empowerment in the community remain unclear and open to dispute. This study aims to describe how a context-specific community empowerment measurement tool was developed and changes made to three health promotion programs in Rapla, Estonia. An empowerment expansion model was compiled and applied to three existing programs: Safe Community, Drug/HIV Prevention and Elderly Quality of Life. The consensus workshop method was used to create the measurement tool and collect data on the Organizational Domains of Community Empowerment (ODCE). The study demonstrated considerable increases in the ODCE among the community workgroup, which was initiated by community members and the municipality’s decision-makers. The increase was within the workgroup, which had strong political and financial support on a national level but was not the community’s priority. The program was initiated and implemented by the local community members, and continuous development still occurred, though at a reduced pace. The use of the empowerment expansion model has proven to be an applicable, relevant, simple and inexpensive tool for the evaluation of community empowerment.
Predicted Aerobic Capacity of Asthmatic Children: A Research Study from Clinical Origin
Lene Lochte
Pulmonary Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/854652
Abstract: Objective. To compare longitudinally PAC of asthmatic children against that of healthy controls during ten months. Methods. Twenty-eight asthmatic children aged 7–15 years and 27 matched controls each performed six submaximal exercise tests on treadmill, which included a test of EIA (exercise-induced asthma). Predicted aerobic capacity (mLO2/min/kg) was calculated. Spirometry and development were measured. Physical activity, medication, and “ever asthma/current asthma” were reported by questionnaire. Results. Predicted aerobic capacity of asthmatics was lower than that of controls ( ) across observation times and for both groups an important increase in predicted aerobic capacity according to time was observed ( ). FEV1 of the asthmatic children was within normal range. The majority (86%) of the asthmatics reported pulmonary symptoms to accompany their physical activity. Physical activity (hours per week) showed important effects for the variation in predicted aerobic capacity at baseline ( , ) and at the T4 observation ( , ) and the analyses showed important asthma/control group effects at baseline, month four, and month ten. Physical activity of the asthmatics correlated positively with predicted aerobic capacity. Conclusion. The asthmatic children had consistently low PAC when observed across time. Physical activity was positively associated with PAC in the asthmatics. 1. Introduction Children with asthma often experienced breathlessness during physical activity and therefore tended to avoid vigorous physical activity with disadvantageous consequences to their physical conditioning [1, 2]. There are few paediatric pulmonary conditions in which physical activity has had such potentially harmful effect on patients, not only by limiting exercise capability, but also by acting as a direct stimulus to the underlying pathophysiology [3]. Exercise-induced asthma (EIA) has been recognized as one major manifestation of untreated asthma [4] with physical activity acknowledged as a powerful trigger of asthmatic disease [3, 5]. Physical activity in paediatric asthma has been influenced by physical as well as psychosocial variables. The comprehensive psychosocial variables included attitudes towards exercise. Asthmatic children have demonstrated negative attitudes towards physical activity [6] to be influenced by the limitations that they experienced in safely and unrestrictedly to join physical activities [5]. The cardiopulmonary fitness of asthmatic children was often suboptimal. Some studies revealed lower predicted aerobic capacity (PAC) among asthmatic
Klummen som politisk barometer
Lene Rimestad
Journalistica : Tidskrift f?r Forskning i Journalistik , 2009,
Abstract: Columns generally take up a lot of space in the media. But what can an employed journalist write in his column? How is this particular freedom managed and shaped? In this article the columns written by journalists working for Berlingske Tidende are analyzed. The analysis covers two months before and after substantial changes in the paper in 2003. Two parameters are used in the analysis: Political: Is the column pro-government, anti-government, apolitical or mixed. And what sphere does the column cover: Does the column take place in the private sphere or the public sphere? Finally the changes in the period are discussed. But initially the column as a genre is defined.
At ndre nutiden gennem fortiden – mundtlig historiefort lling i Danmark
Lene Andersen
Kulturstudier , 2010,
Abstract: Mange i dag t nker umiddelbart, at mundtlig fort lling af traditionelle sagn og eventyr mest h rer fortiden til. Men inden for de sidste rtier er der opst et en ny interesse for mundtlig historiefort lling i Danmark. De nye fort llere beretter traditionelle sagn og eventyr, men ogs historier de selv har oplevet eller fundet p , eller historier fra sk nlitter re v rker. Man f r indtryk af, at historiefort lling stadig har en forbindelse til fortiden. De st rste fort llefestivaler finder sted i historiske omgivelser p museer, og nutidens historiefort llere henviser ofte til fort lletraditionens lange historie, n r de taler og skriver om historiefort lling.Hidtil har den nye interesse for historiefort lling ikke v ret genstand for forskning, men artiklen freml gger et studie af historiefort lleres syn p fort lling og fortid. Fokus er, hvilke betydninger begreberne nostalgi og autenticitet har for fort llerne. Artiklen bygger prim rt p interviews med historiefort llere. Fort llerne blev blandt andet bedt om at beskrive, hvordan de umiddelbart forestillede sig, at historiefort lling fandt sted i fortiden. Det er et positivt billede af fortiden, der toner frem, og fort llerne bruger billederne af fortiden som afs t til at kritisere tr k af den moderne levem de. De kritiserer medierne og de elektriske apparater for at g re mennesker passive og del gge deres n rv r med andre levende mennesker. Ved at genoptage - hvad fort llerne opfatter som - en ldgammel og udd d tradition, nsker de at skabe nogle oplevelser, som det moderne menneske savner i vore dages samfund. For fort llerne danner fortiden et idealiseret modbillede til nutiden og rummer dermed mulighed for, at fort llerne kan tale om deres idealer og h b for historiefort lling. Changing the Present through the Past - Oral Story-Telling in Denmark Today, many people spontaneously think that oral transmission of traditional legends and fairy tales are a thing of the past. But in the last few decades a new interest has arisen in Denmark in oral story-telling. The new story-tellers relatetraditional legends and fairy tales, but also adventures that they themselves have experienced or invented, or stories from works of fiction. One has the impressionthat story-telling still has a link to the past. The major story-telling festivalstake place in historical surroundings in museums, and present-day story-tellers frequently point to the long history of the story-telling tradition when they speakor write about story-telling.So far, the new interest in story-telling has not been a subject for research, but the
Intelligent design af fokusgrupper - om metodisk design af fokusgrupper og menneskets forskellige intelligenser
Lene Heiselberg
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 2008,
Abstract: N r man arbejder professionelt med at gennemf re kvalitative mini- og fokusgruppeanalyser, kan det ikke undg s, at man som moderator indimellem t nker: Hvorfor deltager hun ikke? Hvad kan jeg g re for at inkludere hende i diskussionen? Ofte skyldes nogle deltageres manglende engagement, at mini- eller fokusgruppens metodiske design favoriserer de deltagere, som har en fremtr dende verbalsproglig intelligens, og samtidig ekskluderes de, der har andre fremtr dende intelligenser, fra at yde det maksimale. En s dan situation er meget uheldig og kan i v rste fald give en unders gelse bias. Derfor har vi i DR Medieforskning arbejdet med en pragmatisk tilgang til problemet, hvor vi har afpr vet et metodisk design, som inkluderer kvalitative interviewteknikker og procesv rkt jer, som appellerer til samtlige intelligenser. Som et resultat af en m lrettet indsats for at inkludere flere intelligenser i det metodiske design, oplever vi, at deltagerne har mere lyst til at engagere sig og g r det med st rre selvsikkerhed. Desuden oplever vi i mindre grad f nomenet “cognitive tuning” , og derfor kan vi arbejde med flere og bedre data i analyse- og fortolkningsfasen. Intelligent design of focus groups - article about methodological design of focus groups and the different intelligences When you work professionally with the conducting and moderating of qualitative mini- and focus groups, you can't avoid sometimes thinking: Why isn’t she participating? What can I do to include her in the discussion? A participant's apparent lack of enthusiasm is often caused by the methodological design of the focus group giving preference to participants who have an explicit verbal intelligence, and as a consequence excludes participants with other explicit intelligences from contributing. A situation like the one described above is very undesirable and in a worst-case scenario it can cause a study to be biased. In order to try to solve this problem DR Media Research applied a methodological design which includes qualitative interviewing techniques and processing tools, which appeal to all of the intelligences instead of just one. As a result of this work, we find that the participants are more eager to participate and that they do it with greater self-confidence. In addition we encounter less cognitive tuning, and are therefore able to work with richer data in the phases of analysis and interpretation.
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