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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27737 matches for " Lee Seok Ki "
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The Activation of Technology Finance through Support for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Korea
Ki Soon Lee,Hyung Seok Lee
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n4p75
Abstract: As the economy transitions to a knowledge-based paradigm, Small and medium-sized enterprises can become more competitive by securing greater technological power, coupled with excellent innovation and flexibility. Thus, the objective of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the current situations of Small and medium-sized enterprises in Korea, and to discuss on the activation of technology finance provision systems.
Methods to Minimize Optical Noise That Degrade Fluorescence Efficiency of Optical Probe for Near-Infrared Tracking in Surgical Environment  [PDF]
Hyeong Ju Park, In Hee Shin, Jae Seok Park, Joo Beom Eom, Seok-Ki Kim, Byeong-Il Lee
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2015.81006
Abstract: In the medical field, there are growing interests in applied research such as in vivo fluorescence monitoring because of excellent body transmission characteristic of the near-infrared light. However, optical noise by excitation light and illumination equipment for medical applications such as interior light, surgical light decrease efficiency of the fluorescent signal when observers such as surgeons confirm fluorescence signals in medical field. To solve these problems in medical field, we have analyzed external noise factors by effect on image realization, quantification of optical noise generation by external factors, and have suggested methods of minimize the optical noise in this paper. In case of fluorescence imaging in the operating room, it has been confirmed that fluorescent excitation light, interior light and surgical light are factors to generate optical noise. To acquire near-infrared fluorescence images and to compare fluorescence contrast under conditions of darkroom, interior light and surgical light, light emitting diodes (LEDs) sources that have peak wavelength at 740, 760 and 780 nm respectively were used as excitation light sources. In addition, short-pass filter which has transmission edge at 775 nm has been applied to minimize the optical noise in each external noise factor. By comparing contrast of each image before and after use of the short-pass filter, we confirmed that optical noise reduced 49%, 56% and 66% in external noise factors respectively.
Novel imaging system for positioning of the indocyanine green (ICG) target; visible projection of the near-infrared fluorescence image  [PDF]
In Hee Shin, Seok Ki Kim, Joo Beom Eom, Jae Seok Park, Hyeong Ju Park, In-Kyu Park, Byeong-Il Lee
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2013.69109
Abstract: Background: Even though NIR fluorescence imaging has many advantages in SLN mapping and cancer detection, NIR fluorescence imaging shows a serious drawback that NIR cannot be detected by the naked eye without any detectors. This limitation further disturbs accurate SLN detection and adequate tumor resection resulting in the presence of cancerous cells near the boundaries of surgically removed tissues. Materials and methods: To overcome the drawback of the conventional NIR imaging method, we suggest a novel NIR imaging system which can make the NIR fluorescence image visible to the naked eye as NIR fluorescence image detected by a video camera is processed by a computer and then projected back onto the NIR fluorescence excitation position with a projector using conspicuous color light. Image processing techniques were used for projection onto the exact position of the NIR fluorescence image. Also, we implemented a phantom experiment to evaluate the performance of the developed NIR fluorescence projection system by use of the ICG. Results: The developed NIR fluorescence projection system was applied in normal mouse model to confirm the usefulness of the system in the clinical field. A BALB/c nude mouse was prepared to be applied in normal mouse model and 0.25 mg/ml stock solution of the ICG was injected through a tail vein of the mouse. From the application in normal mouse model, we could confirm that the injected ICG stayed in the liver of the mouse and verify that the projection system projected the ICG fluorescence image at the exact location of the ICG by performing laparotomy of the mouse. Conclusions: From the application in normal mouse model, we could verify that the ICG fluorescence image was precisely projected back on the site where ICG fluorescence generated. It can be demonstrated that the NIR fluorescence projection system can make it possible to visualize the invisible NIR fluorescence image and to realize that SLN mapping and cancer detection in clinical surgery.
H11/HspB8 and Its Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Homologue ICP10PK Share Functions That Regulate Cell Life/Death Decisions and Human Disease
Laure Aurelian,Jennifer M. Laing,Ki Seok Lee
Autoimmune Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/395329
Abstract: Small heat shock proteins (sHsp) also known as HspB are a large family of widely expressed proteins that contain a 90 residues domain known as α-crystallin. Here, we focus on the family member H11/HspB8 and its herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) homologue ICP10PK, and discuss the possible impact of this relationship on human disease. H11/HspB8 and ICP10PK are atypical protein kinases. They share multi-functional activity that encompasses signaling, unfolded protein response (UPR) and the regulation of life cycle potential. In melanocytes H11/HspB8 causes growth arrest. It is silenced in a high proportion of melanoma prostate cancer, Ewing’s sarcoma and hematologic malignancies through aberrant DNA methylation. Its restored expression induces cell death and inhibits tumor growth in xenograft models, identifying H11/HspB8 as a tumor suppressor. This function involves the activation of multiple and distinct death pathways, all of which initiate with H11/HspB8-mediated phosphorylation of transforming growth factor β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1). Both ICP10PK and H11/HspB8 were implicated in inflammatory processes that involve dendritic cells activation through Toll-like receptor-dependent pathways and may contribute to the onset of autoimmunity. The potential evolutionary relationship of H11/HspB8 to ICP10PK, its impact on human disorders and the development of therapeutic strategies are discussed. 1. Introduction Small Hsp (sHsp) also known as HspB are a large family of widely expressed proteins that contain a 90-residue domain known as α-crystallin [1]. The 10 members of the human HspB family (17.0–28.4?kDa in size) are expressed widely and function as molecular chaperones, which restore protein folding and cellular homeostasis [2]. They have a flexible quaternary structure that allows structural changes, which alter their oligomeric substructure and interaction with target proteins depending on intracellular conditions and posttranslational modifications [3]. Current understanding of the HspB structure and function has recently been reviewed [4, 5]. Here, we focus on the family member H11/HspB8 and its herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) homologue known as ICP10PK and discuss the possible impact of this relationship on human disease. 2. HSV-2 Encodes Hsp Homologues with Antiapoptotic Activity To the extent of our knowledge, HSV-2 is the only human viral pathogen that encodes Hsp homologues. One of these is UL14 that has 27% sequence identity with the protein-binding domain of Hsp70, but lacks ATPase activity. Like Hsp70, UL14 undergoes nuclear
Use of Hangeul Twitter to Track and Predict Human Influenza Infection
Eui-Ki Kim, Jong Hyeon Seok, Jang Seok Oh, Hyong Woo Lee, Kyung Hyun Kim
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069305
Abstract: Influenza epidemics arise through the accumulation of viral genetic changes. The emergence of new virus strains coincides with a higher level of influenza-like illness (ILI), which is seen as a peak of a normal season. Monitoring the spread of an epidemic influenza in populations is a difficult and important task. Twitter is a free social networking service whose messages can improve the accuracy of forecasting models by providing early warnings of influenza outbreaks. In this study, we have examined the use of information embedded in the Hangeul Twitter stream to detect rapidly evolving public awareness or concern with respect to influenza transmission and developed regression models that can track levels of actual disease activity and predict influenza epidemics in the real world. Our prediction model using a delay mode provides not only a real-time assessment of the current influenza epidemic activity but also a significant improvement in prediction performance at the initial phase of ILI peak when prediction is of most importance.
Clinical significance and risk factors of postembolization fever in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
Chung Hwan Jun,Ho Seok Ki,Hoon Ki Lee,Kang Jin Park
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2013, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i2.284
Abstract: AIM: To investigate tumor response and survival in patients with postembolization fever (PEF) and to determine the risk factors for PEF. METHODS: Four hundred forty-three hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who underwent the first session of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) between January 2005 and December 2009 were analyzed retrospectively. PEF was defined as a body temperature greater than 38.0 °C that developed within 3 d of TACE without evidence of infection. The tumor progression-free interval was defined as the interval from the first TACE to the second TACE based on mRECIST criteria. Clinical staging was based on the American Joint Committee on Cancer tumor, node, metastases (TNM) classification of malignant tumors. All patients were admitted before their 1st TACE treatment, and blood samples were obtained from all patients before and after treatment. Clinicoradiological variables and host-related variables were compared between two groups: patients with PEF vs patients without PEF. Additionally, variables related to 20-mo mortality and tumor progression-free survival were analyzed. RESULTS: The study population comprised 370 (85.4%) men and 73 (14.6%) women with a mean age of 62.29 ± 10.35 years. A total of 1836 TACE sessions were conducted in 443 patients, and each patient received between 1 and 27 (mean: 4.14 ± 3.57) TACE sessions. The mean follow-up duration was 22.23 ± 19.6 mo (range: 0-81 mo). PEF developed in 117 patients (26.41%) at the time of the first TACE session. PEF was not associated with 20-mo survival (P = 0.524) or computed tomography (CT) response (P = 0.413) in a univariate analysis. A univariate analysis further indicated that diffuse-type HCC (P = 0.021), large tumor size (≥ 5 cm) (P = 0.046), lipiodol dose (≥ 7 mL, P = 0.001), poor blood glucose control (P = 0.034), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) value after TACE (P = 0.004) and C-reactive protein (CRP) value after TACE (P = 0.036) served as possible risk factors correlated with PEF. The ALT value after TACE (P = 0.021) and lipiodol dose over 7 mL (P = 0.011) were independent risk factors for PEF in the multivariate analysis. For the 20-mo survival, poor blood sugar control (P < 0.001), portal vein thrombosis (P = 0.001), favorable CT response after TACE (P < 0.001), initial aspartate aminotransferase (P = 0.02), initial CRP (P = 0.042), tumor size (P < 0.001), TNM stage (P < 0.001) and lipiodol dose (P < 0.001) were possible risk factors in the univariate analysis. Tumor size (P = 0.03), poor blood sugar control (P = 0.043), and portal vein thrombosis
Prognostic value of expression of molecular markers in adenoid cystic cancer of the salivary glands compared with lymph node metastasis: a retrospective study
Lee Seok Ki,Kwon Min Su,Lee Yoon Se,Choi Seung-Ho
World Journal of Surgical Oncology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7819-10-266
Abstract: Background Adenoid cystic cancer arising in the salivary glands has distinctive features such as perineural invasion, distant metastasis, and a variable prognosis. In salivary gland cancer, c-kit, EGFR, and VEGF are representative molecular markers that may predict remnant and recurrent tumors. In this study, the expression of c-kit, EGFR, and VEGF in adenoid cystic cancer was evaluated, and the relationships between the expression of these markers and the clinical findings were investigated. Methods The medical records of 48 patients who were treated for parotid adenoid cystic cancer from January 1990 to January 2006 were reviewed. The tumor location, size, histological subtypes, perineural invasion, the resected margin status, and lymph node metastasis were assessed. Immunohistochemical staining and semiquantitative analysis of c-kit, EGFR and VEGF were performed. The relationship between the expression of each marker and the clinicopathological factors were analyzed. Results Positive c-kit immunostaining was present in 45 patients (94%), with weak positivity (+1) in 23, moderate positivity (+2) in 19 and strong positivity (+3) in three. Positive EGFR immunostaining was observed in 27 (56%), with weak positivity (+1) in 19 and moderate positivity (+2) in eight with no strong positive staining. Positive VEGF immunostaining was present in 42 patients (88%) with weak positivity (+1) in 12, moderate positivity (+2) in 17, and strong positivity (+3) in 13. Only the expression of VEGF was significantly higher in parotid gland tumors than in any other gland (P = 0.032). Marginal involvement was associated with strong VEGF expression (P = 0.02). No marker was significantly correlated with recurrence or the survival rate. Lymph node status was related to the survival rate. Conclusions The expression of c-kit, EGRF, and VEGF had no predictive value for recurrence or the prognosis of adenoid cystic cancer. Only the lymph node status was related to the prognosis.
Cordyceps militaris Extract Protects Human Dermal Fibroblasts against Oxidative Stress-Induced Apoptosis and Premature Senescence
Jun Myoung Park,Jong Seok Lee,Ki Rim Lee,Suk-Jin Ha,Eock Kee Hong
Nutrients , 2014, DOI: 10.3390/nu6093711
Abstract: Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the major cause of degenerative disorders including aging and disease. In this study, we investigated whether C ordyceps militaris extract (CME) has in vitro protective effects on hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). Our results showed that the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of CME was increased in a dose-dependent manner. We found that hydrogen peroxide treatment in HDFs increased ROS generation and cell death as compared with the control. However, CME improved the survival of HDFs against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress via inhibition of intracellular ROS production. CME treatment inhibited hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptotic cell death and apoptotic nuclear condensation in HDFs. In addition, CME prevented hydrogen peroxide-induced SA-β-gal-positive cells suggesting CME could inhibit oxidative stress-induced premature senescence. Therefore, these results suggest that CME might have protective effects against oxidative stress-induced premature senescence via scavenging ROS.
Identification and Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Rapeseed Meals (Brassica napus L.)  [PDF]
Si-Chang Yang, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Jin-Hyuk Chun, Young-Seok Jang, Yong-Hwa Lee, In Ho Kim, Ki-Taek Lee, Soon-Taek Hong, Sun-Ju Kim
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2015.41002
Abstract: This study aimed in the identification and quantification of phenolic compounds in different four varieties of rapeseeds (Brassica napus L.) using LC-MS and HPLC. LC-MS analysis guided to identify 12 phenolic compounds including sinapine, sinapine(4-O-8')guaiacyl, feruloyl choline(4-O-8') guaiacyl, kaempferol-3-O-sinapoyl-sophoroside-7-O-glucoside, kaempferol-3-O-β-sophoroside, cyclic spermidine-alkaloid, feruloyl choline(5-8')guaiacyl, kaempferol-sinapoyl-trihexoside,1,2-di- O-sinapoyl-gentiobiose, 1,2-di-O-sinapoyl-glucose, feruloyl choline(4-O-8')guaiacyl-di-sinapoyl, and sinapine(4-O-8')guaiacyl-di-sinapoyl, respectively. Total phenolic compounds in rapeseed meals were ranged from 38.50 (2012 “Sunmang”) to 63.95 mg/g dry weight (DW) (2014 Jeju local cultivar). Main phenolic compositions were cyclic spermidine-alkaloid, kaempferol, feruloyl choline, and sinapine. Sinapine was predominant compound among all the samples ranged from 29.74 to 52.24 mg/g DW (mean 79% of total phenolic contents). This study provided the information for the variation of phenolic compounds between the varieties of rapeseeds and the cultivation periods. Furthermore, this information can be developed for bio-energy industry as a reducer of the cost of the bio-energy products.
MicroRNA let-7a suppresses breast cancer cell migration and invasion through downregulation of C-C chemokine receptor type 7
Seok-Jun Kim, Ji-Young Shin, Kang-Duck Lee, Young-Ki Bae, Ki Sung, Seok Nam, Kyung-Hee Chun
Breast Cancer Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/bcr3098
Abstract: The expression of CCR7, its ligand CCL21, and let-7a was detected in breast cancer cell lines and in breast cancer patient tissues. Synthetic let-7a and an inhibitor of let-7a were transfected into MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells, respectively, and cell proliferation, cell migration, and invasion assays were performed. To confirm the fact that 3'UTR of CCR7 is a direct target of let-7a, a luciferase assay for the reporter gene expressing the let-7a binding sites of CCR7 3'UTR was used. An in vivo invasion animal model system using transparent zebrafish embryos was also established to determine the let-7a effect on breast cancer cell invasion.First, a higher expression of both CCR7 and CCL21 in malignant tissues than in their normal counterparts from breast cancer patients was observed. In addition, a reverse correlation in the expression of CCR7 and let-7a in breast cancer cell lines and breast cancer patient tissues was detected. Synthetic let-7a decreased breast cancer cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, as well as CCR7 protein expression in MDA-MB-231 cells. The let-7a inhibitor reversed the let-7a effects on the MCF-7 cells. The 3'UTR of CCR7 was confirmed as a direct target of let-7a by using the luciferase assay for the reporter gene expressing let-7a CCR7 3'UTR binding sites. Notably, when analyzing in vivo invasion, MDA-MB 231 cells after synthetic let-7a transfection were unable to invade the vessels in zebrafish embryos.The results from the present study suggest that targeting of CCL21-CCR7 signaling is a valid approach for breast cancer therapy and that let-7a directly binds to the 3'UTR of CCR7 and blocks its protein expression, thereby suppressing migration and invasion of human breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the present study underscores the therapeutic potential of let-7a as an antitumor and antimetastatic manager in breast cancer patients.Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and is ranked second only to lung cancer in
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