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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 71292 matches for " Leda Maria Paulani "
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A crise do regime de acumula??o com dominancia da valoriza??o financeira e a situa??o do Brasil
Paulani, Leda Maria;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142009000200003
Abstract: there seems to be no doubt about the fact that capitalism has undergone drastic transformations over the last thirty years. among critics, theses on the financial nature of the process of accumulation have been prominent. one of these is the theory by french economist fran?ois chesnais (1998, 2005) whose main proposition is that, as of the late 1970s, capitalism would be reproducing itself by means of an accumulation regime in which financial valuation prevails. in this article, we attempt to show that the current crisis is a crisis of this regime of accumulation, and to reflect upon the situation and prospects for brazil in this context. in order to do so, we will first present a brief theoretical review of concepts involved (first section), then present the main features of the financialized regime (second section), recall the history of the way this regime has operated in the last three decades (third section), and, finally, reflect upon brazil?s present situation and prospects in this context (fourth section).
Ciência econ?mica e modelos de explica??o científica: retomando a quest?o
Paulani, Leda Maria;
Revista de Economia Política , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572010000100002
Abstract: economic science and scientific explanation models. economics was born under the sign of methodological vagueness. the first author who tried to solve the question (john stuart mill) asserted that it is a kind of knowledge that uses the abstract (direct deductive) method but also that it is an exception because for all other phenomena in the field of moral science the correct method is the inverse deductive or historical method. on the other side, functionalist explanations that are condemned by the scientific precepts of economics are present in the science since its beginning with adam smith. economics went ahead without worriment about these methodological issues but this indefiniteness has never gone off stage. since the start of xxi century new facts are emerging. developments in psychology are giving a new breath to friedman's point of view and seem to fortify the mainstream (rogebert e nordberg, 2005), whereas unfolding in complexity science promises to throw it down and put in its place another kind of explanation borrowed from biology (beinhocker, 2006). all this stimulates to retake the question. we do this here, under a critical vision, taking the taxonomy of scientific explanations framed by modern positivism.
Economia e retórica: o capítulo brasileiro
Paulani, Leda Maria;
Revista de Economia Política , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572006000100001
Abstract: considering the rise of the discussion about the rhetoric of economics at the beginning of the 1980's, the paper aims to show: 1) the relation between the origin of this issue in the academic field and the ascension of the so labeled "neoliberalism" as a doctrine and a collection of capitalist practices perceived at the same time; and 2) the consequences produced by this idea, overseas born, when it meets a peripherical reality like the brazilian one. in the first case, we are going to show the importance of hayek's reflections about the inadequateness of neoclassical discourse to the aim of ideologically legitimate the market society. in the second we are going to point out that, taking the consequences of the rhetoric project in brazil, it can be seeing as an additional chapter of "the ideas out of its place" that comes marking the brazilian history of the ideas.
A aventura da crítica
Paulani, Leda Maria;
Revista de Economia Política , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572008000100009
Abstract: the adventure of the critic. the aim of this paper is to reply the critical observations made by fernandes, rego and gala in this number of revista de economia política about a paper of mine, also published in this same journal in january 2006, which deals with the relationship between economics and rethoric and its unfolding in brazil. answering these critical observations i have tried to show that: a) it is not easy, as they do, to associate habermas?s project to the defense of the approach of rethoric in economics; habermas himself has a lot of objections to the association of his project with rorty?s pragmatism which seems to be the strongest mccloskey?s influence; b) it is not true that my considerations have a kind of epistemological immunity and that they are not liable to contestations; if it seems so it is because the nature of the materialistic approach itself. at the end i observe that my carpers didn?t reply my observations about the unfolding of the rethorical project in brazil and that this is, at some measure, surprising, because they are central personages in it.
Economia e retórica: o capítulo brasileiro
Paulani Leda Maria
Revista de Economia Política , 2006,
Abstract: Considering the rise of the discussion about the rhetoric of economics at the beginning of the 1980's, the paper aims to show: 1) the relation between the origin of this issue in the academic field and the ascension of the so labeled "neoliberalism" as a doctrine and a collection of capitalist practices perceived at the same time; and 2) the consequences produced by this idea, overseas born, when it meets a peripherical reality like the Brazilian one. In the first case, we are going to show the importance of Hayek's reflections about the inadequateness of neoclassical discourse to the aim of ideologically legitimate the market society. In the second we are going to point out that, taking the consequences of the rhetoric project in Brazil, it can be seeing as an additional chapter of "the ideas out of its place" that comes marking the Brazilian history of the ideas.
Regula??o social e acumula??o por espolia??o: reflex?o sobre a essencialidade das teses da financeiriza??o e da natureza do estado na caracteriza??o do capitalismo contemporaneo
Almeida Filho, Niemeyer;Paulani, Leda Maria;
Economia e Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-06182011000200002
Abstract: the article is structured from david harvey's interpretation of the nature of contemporary capitalism, particularly his proposal that this nature is essentially predatory. this proposition is confronted and qualified by the theses of financialization expressed in the contribution by fran?ois chesnais. thereafter it is shown how the discussion of the state, its mode of operation, especially its functions of social regulation, introduces key elements of "politics fields" in the characterization of contemporary capitalism. in doing so, there is an incorporation of theoretical elements of joachim hirsch, concerning the process of social regulation, showing that for him there is a "system of social regulation" diversified, which makes the issue of regulation more complex than usually recognized. the article thus seeks to show that the association between the theories of social regulation and accumulation by dispossession can broaden the scope of characterizing the process of social reproduction in capitalism today, as well as the analysis of their conditions to overcome the crisis.
Símbolo e signo: o dinheiro no capitalismo contemporaneo
Paulani, Leda Maria;Müller, Leonardo André Paes;
Estudos Econ?micos (S?o Paulo) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-41612010000400002
Abstract: this paper aims to reflect about money in contemporary capitalism, particularly about the question related to the fact that, nowadays, even in the world level, the thing that embodies money (the american dollar) is inconvertible, i.e., doesn't have ballast, doesn't have any relationship, even remote, with a true commodity. the theoretical approach is that offered by marxian monetary theory, paradigm that is read in a hegelian way. we depart from the difference between symbol and sign to show how marx, moving within the hegelian framework, could construct a commodities language, in which money - and the autonomy it has in face of the things it represents - has a detached role. finally we indicate the relation we see between this theoretical construct and the nature of money in contemporary capitalism.
O capital portador de juros em O Capital ou o sistema de Marx Interest-bearing capital in Capital or the system of Marx
Leonardo André Paes Müller,Leda Maria Paulani
Trans/Form/A??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0101-31732012000200005
Abstract: O presente artigo busca estabelecer o local e a fun o do capital portador de juros em O Capital, visando com isso jogar luz sobre a estrutura eminentemente sistemática desta obra. Deste modo a obra máxima de Marx aparecerá muito próxima do idealismo alem o (particularmente de Fichte e Hegel), onde a quest o da sistematicidade (da filosofia) foi sentida de maneira mais premente. The present article seeks to establish the place and function of monetary capital (Zinnstr gende Kapital) in Marx's Capital, with the aim of illuminating the systematic structure of this work. In this way, Marx's great work shows itself to be very close to German Idealism (mainly Fichte and Hegel), where the question of (philosophical) systematicity was felt most vividly.
Designing reading tasks to foster critical thinking Designing reading tasks to foster critical thinking
Leda Maria Braga Tomitch
Ilha do Desterro , 2008,
Abstract: What else is there besides multiple choice exercises, questions or true-false statements? What kind of readers do we EFL/ESL teachers, want to develop? Fortunately, there are alternative possibilities for designing reading activities which, besides being more interesting and fun for the students than the traditional tasks, can help develop more active and critical readers. A search in EFL/ESL reading textbooks has revealed that the most frequently encountered types of reading activities are comprehension questions, multiple-choice exercises, and true-false statements (Tomitch, in press a). These tasks have been used throughout the history of language teaching, and one must agree that they have their merits. However, there are reasons why they should not be used as the only source of activity in the classroom. What else is there besides multiple choice exercises, questions or true-false statements? What kind of readers do we EFL/ESL teachers, want to develop? Fortunately, there are alternative possibilities for designing reading activities which, besides being more interesting and fun for the students than the traditional tasks, can help develop more active and critical readers. A search in EFL/ESL reading textbooks has revealed that the most frequently encountered types of reading activities are comprehension questions, multiple-choice exercises, and true-false statements (Tomitch, in press a). These tasks have been used throughout the history of language teaching, and one must agree that they have their merits. However, there are reasons why they should not be used as the only source of activity in the classroom.
Introdu o Introdution
Leda Maria Braga Tomitch
Ilha do Desterro , 2008,
Abstract: The idea of organizing an issue of Ilha do Desterro on Critical Reading arose from discussions in the Reading courses given at our Graduate Program in English at UFSC. As a teacher I noticed that our classroom discussions on many topics of the course were always very rich and fruitful, but especially when master and/or doctoral students working in the area of critical discourse analysis brought their perspective to the discussions. I then decided to invite researchers from the two areas of study—reading and critical discourse analysis—to contribute to an issue of our journal which would be entitled Critical Reading/Leitura Crítica. Not much was said to contributors about the issue, except the title. The purpose was to see how researchers in each area of study would perceive critical reading.
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