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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31666 matches for " Leandro Luiz; Rocha "
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Efeito da temperatura de secagem na qualidade de gr?os de aveia branca
Oliveira, Leandro da Concei??o;Gutkoski, Luiz Carlos;Elias, Moacir Cardoso;Mazzutti, Simone;Aosani, Elvio;Rocha, Jeferson Cunha da;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542010000200007
Abstract: the objective of this research was to investigate the effect of different air drying temperatures upon the physical, chemical and biological quality of white oat grains, albasul cultivar. oat grains (avena sativa l.) were submitted to stationary drying at 25, 50, 75 and 100 oc until 13 % of moisture, in totally randomized arrangement. in the samples, volumetric weight, weight of 1000 grains, germination and vigor were determined. the oats grains were husked, grounded at granulometry inferior to 0.5 mm, and analyzed according to centesimal composition, residual activity lipase and peroxidase, color and content of a-glucans. increasing the temperature of drying air intensified the reduction of biological quality, expressed through germinative power and vigor, and also led to a decrease in weight of 1000 grains and volumetric weight. the drying conditions were not sufficient to deactivate lipase and peroxidase, although they reduced enzymatic activity. drying with air temperature above 75 oc showed significant decrease in the a-glucans.
Seletividade fisiológica de inseticidas a Vespidae predadores de Ascia monuste orseis
Crespo, André Luiz Barreto;Pican?o, Marcelo Coutinho;Bacci, Leandro;Pereira, Eliseu José Guedes;Gonring, Alfredo Henrique Rocha;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2002000300002
Abstract: this work aimed to study the selectivity of the insecticides carbaryl, deltamethrin, methyl parathion, permethrin and trichlorfon in relation to ascia monuste orseis (godart) (lepidoptera: pieridae) and to their predators brachygastra lecheguana latreille and protonectarina sylveirae (saussure) (hymenoptera: vespidae). based on concentration-response curves and lethal concentrations for 90% of the population (lc90), the differential selectivity index (dsi90), relative toxicity index and relative tolerance index (reti90) were calculated. methyl parathion and trichlorfon were selective to b. lecheguana (dsi90 = 2.83 and 1.75) and p. sylveirae (dsi90 = 2.95 and 3.59) against a. monuste orseis. deltamethrin and permethrin were selective to p. sylveirae (dsi90 = 1.98 and 2.70) against a. monuste orseis, but weren't selective to b. lecheguana (dsi90 = 0.21 and 0.64). b. lecheguana was less tolerant to deltamethrin, permethrin and trichlorfon than p. sylveirae (reti90 = 9.36, 4.23 and 2.05), but the opposite was observed to carbaryl (reti90 = 0.14). these two predators showed similar tolerance to methyl parathion (reti90 = 1.04). concentration-response curves of carbaryl, permethrin and trichlorfon to both predators, deltamethrin to b. lecheguana, and methyl parathion to p. sylveirae, showed greater slopes than these curves to a. monuste orseis.
Condi??es de saneamento básico em Iporanga, Estado de S?o Paulo
Giatti,Leandro Luiz; Rocha,Aristides Almeida; Santos,Francisca Alzira dos; Bitencourt,Selma Cristina; Pieroni,Susana Rodrigues de Melo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102004000400014
Abstract: objective: to assess the pollution of water bodies by domestic sewage and to evaluate the basic sanitation conditions of residences and the knowledge of the local population concerning intestinal parasitic diseases and the hazards they present to public health. methods: thirteen water samples were collected from each of four sites in different water bodies of the bairro da serra region, in iporanga, s?o paulo state. rates of total and fecal coliforms were measured and median values were presented so as to show domestic sewage contamination in the area. questionnaires were administered to 50% of local households in order to obtain information on water supply and disposal of domestic sewage and solid waste, and to evaluate knowledge of the transmission, health hazards, and prevention of intestinal parasitic diseases among the local population. results: the betari river showed microbiological indexes indicative of pollution by domestic sewage. higher levels were verified both upstream and downstream from the bairro da serra. median values were even higher in two of the river's tributary streams, indicating strong pollution by domestic sewage and lack of conformity with current legislation. in 91% of the households investigated, sewage disposal was done by means of septic tanks, most of which were rudimentary and contributed to the contamination of the environment. the knowledge of 62% of interviewed subjects concerning the transmission of helminthic diseases was considered as poor. conclusions: our results indicate a risk of proliferation of intestinal parasitoses and of other water-transmitted diseases, an issue which is aggravated by increases in population caused by the region's vocation for ecotourism.
Avalia??o clínica e radiológica após procedimento de Salter e Ombrédanne na displasia de desenvolvimento do quadril
Rocha, Válney Luiz da;Thomé, André Luiz Coelho;Castro, Daniel Labres da Silva;Oliveira, Leandro Zica de;Moraes, Frederico Barra de;
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-36162011000600005
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the clinical and radiological medium-term results from surgical treatment of developmental hip dysplasia through salter innominate bone osteotomy and ombrédanne femoral shortening. methods: fourteen patients were evaluated, with surgical treatment on 18 hips (seven right-side hips and eleven left-side hips) using the proposal technique, performed between 1998 and 2008. the dutoit and severin criteria were used respectively for clinical and radiographic evaluations. results: the average preoperative index for the seven right-side hips was 43.3o (40o to 50o), and this was corrected through surgery to an average of 31.57o (24o to 42o). the average preoperative index for the eleven left-side hips was 42.1o (36o to 56o), and this was corrected through surgery to an average of 30.36o (20o to 44o). there was a statistically significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative acetabular indexes, with p < 0.05. the clinical evaluation showed that there were seven excellent hips (38.9%), eight good ones (44.4%), three fair hips (16.7%) and no poor ones (0%). by grouping the hips rated good and excellent as satisfactory and those rated poor and fair as unsatisfactory, 83.3% of the results were seen to be favorable. there were no statistically significant correlations between occurrences of complications and patient age at the time of surgery or between complications and the preoperative acetabular index (p > 0.05). the complications observed consisted of one case each of subluxation, osteonecrosis and osteonecrosis together with subluxation. conclusion: the combined procedure of salter and ombrédanne is a viable option for treating developmental hip dysplasia after patients have started to walk.
Condi??es sanitárias e socioambientais em Iauaretê, área indígena em S?o Gabriel da Cachoeira, AM
Giatti,Leandro Luiz; Rocha,Aristides Almeida; Toledo,Renata Ferraz de; Barreira,Luciana Pranzetti; Rios,Leonardo; Pelicioni,Maria Cecília Focesi; Mutti,Luciane Viero; Cutolo,Silvana Audrá;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000600032
Abstract: objective: to describe sanitary, social and environmental conditions that are significant for health of residents in the iauaretê indigenous area in brazilian amazonia, notable for its population concentration. method: qualitative and quantitative methodologies were used, with the action research method deployed mainly for qualitative approaches, through community meetings with tribespeople and researchers in the villages constituting the hub of the area. talking maps were prepared and interviews were conducted, together with studies of solid wastes disposal techniques, in addition to locating, sampling and analyzing the quality of water used for human consumption, in parallel to the use of geo-referencing techniques. results: of the 65 water samples analyzed, 89.2% presented fecal coliforms, with no adequate sanitary solutions found for the disposal of solid wastes. from the public health standpoint, the sanitary practices of these indigenous peoples caused concern, clashing with their own relative knowledge. conclusions: the specific set of problems associated with the way of life imposed by mainstream society requires the implementation of joint activities in the infra-structure and health education fields in order to solve collective health issues, stressing local community participation.
Descritores quantitativos na estimativa da divergência genética entre genótipos de mamoneira utilizando análises multivariadas
Bezerra Neto, Francisco Valdevino;Leal, Nilton Rocha;Gon?alves, Leandro Sim?es Azeredo;Rêgo Filho, Luiz de Morais;Amaral Júnior, Antonio Teixeira do;
Revista Ciência Agron?mica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-66902010000200018
Abstract: knowledge of the diversity is of fundamental importance for plant breeding, as well as for the identification of combinations that can express high heterosis levels, increase the expectation of selection of superior segregating genotypes, based on the accumulation of varibility by crosses between dissimilar genotypes. several multivariate methods can be used to investigate diversity. the choice is made according to the accuracy desired by the researcher, the ease of the analysis and how the data were obtained. the purpose of this study was to evaluate the diversity of 11 castor bean genotypes in the north and northwest of rio de janeiro, brazil and to investigate the potential of each genotype for future breeding programs. six quantitative traits (plant height, total raceme length, length of the region with fruiting raceme, length of the region without fruiting raceme, number of fruits per raceme and total yield) were evaluated in a randomized complete block design with four replications. the differences between treatments were significant for all traits evaluated. results of multivariate analyses (upgma, tocher and canonical variables) showed similar results forming three groups each. the genotypes nordestina, iac 80, al guarany, paragua?u, mirante and iac 226 proved promising for the studied regions. for crossing or breeding programs, the combinations al guarany x nordestina, al guarany x iac 80 and nordestina x iac 80 are recommended.
Physical and Quality Characteristics of Jupi Pineapple Fruits on Macronutrient and Boron Deficiency  [PDF]
Maria José Mota Ramos, Leandro Glaydson da Rocha Pinho
Natural Resources (NR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2014.58034
Abstract:
The deficiencies of mineral elements, change the development of plants in a broad sense, and therefore may alter the growth and fruit quality. The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of macronutrient and boron deficiencies on morphological characteristics of Jupi pineapple fruits. The treatments complete, -N, -P, -K, -Ca, -Mg, -S and -B were applied as nutrient solutions in plastic pots with 14 kg of purified beach sand and one pineapple plant as the experimental unit. The trial was set up a randomized complete blocks design with six replicate. Nitrogen deficiency reduced fruit mass with and without crown, fruit length and diameter and peduncle diameter, increased TA, TSS and vitamin C, reduced TSS/TA, pH, pulp coloration and sensory acceptance of the fruits; phosphorus deficiency reduced fruit mass with and without crown, fruit and crown length, potassium deficiency reduced fruit mass with and without crown, length and diameter peduncle and calcium deficiency reduced peduncle diameter. Peel thickness was not affected by any deficiency. Nitrogen is the nutrient that most influenced the fruits quality of pineapple Jupi.
Reflex?es sobre água de abastecimento e saúde pública: um estudo de caso na Amaz?nia brasileira
Giatti, Leandro Luiz;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902007000100012
Abstract: even though amazonia displays magnificent environmental heritage and abundance of water resources, it is exactly in the brazilian northern region, contained in this remarkable biome, that the worst indices of access to sanitation services and respective public health indicators are found. a case study carried out in the town of s?o gabriel da cachoeira, located to the northwest in the state of amazonas, with nearly 18,000 inhabitants, a large portion of whom are indians, revealed a complexity of factors related to water supply and public health improvement for urban centers in amazonia. lack of proper policies, environmental peculiarities, logistic and financial difficulties, are added to socio-cultural matters, migratory processes, and unorganized urbanization associated with environmental impacts. in order to improve the public health delivery under such circumstances, an interdisciplinary approach that will allow for water resources management, basic sanitation implementation, and the promotion of the inhabitants' support become necessary.
Dialectic Approaches and Public Policy Interactions for Social, Environmental and Health Problems: Challenges for Health Promotion across Territorial Scales  [PDF]
Leandro Luiz Giatti, Ricardo Agum Ribeiro, Renata Ferraz de Toledo
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.67079
Abstract: A constant reproduction of environmental injustices and health iniquities has demanded the employment of participatory/dialectic approaches to research and to intervene in the reality making possible the involvement of social actors in healthy public policies. On this framework, the aim of this paper is to analyse scientific production with dialectic approaches associated with public policies in the context of social, environmental and health problems, considering territorial scales of intervention and the correspondence with some relevant strategies of health promotion. A systematic bibliographic review was applied on a wide pan-disciplinary scientific data base and 36 papers were analysed and classified by their territorial scales of approach. The amount of papers found and their spread through a variety of journals showed a modest, but increasing production which has been dispersed in terms of knowledge areas. Within the classification of territorial approaches, 14 papers were classified as local, 5 as expanded and 17 as a multi-level. Although the papers classified as local approaches were in a good structure of stakeholders’ participation, they are limited to dealing with the global driving forces that reproduce the environmental injustices. Regarding this limitation, the multilevel approaches were identified as more opportune to jointly deal with social, environmental and health problems by means of allowing interaction through multiple territorial scales, fomenting the strengthening of community action, creating supportive environments, and building healthy public policies.
Confiabilidade da análise qualitativa da ressonancia magnética do encéfalo em prematuros extremos
Furtado, Andre Dietz;Pinto, Marcus Vinicius Rocha;Rangel, Cláudio de Carvalho;Cruz Jr, Luiz Celso Hygino da;Lopes, José Maria A;Carvalho, Manoel de;Cabral, Jofre Ant?nio Oliveira;Domingues, Romeu C?rtes;Gasparetto, Emerson Leandro;
Radiologia Brasileira , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842010000600008
Abstract: objective: the present study was aimed at evaluating the reliability of the qualitative visual assessment of brain abnormalities using conventional brain mri in extremely preterm infants. materials and methods: a cohort of 45 consecutive infants with gestational age of 30 weeks or less (median of 27 weeks, ranging from 25 to 30 weeks) was enrolled in this study. two independent, experienced neuroradiologists blindly reviewed mri studies of the infants' brain for diffuse and excessive high-signal intensity (dehsi), dilated lateral ventricles, intracranial hemorrhage, areas of abnormal signal in the basal ganglia and cortex, cyst-like areas, ventricular deformities, enlargement of subarachnoid spaces, early leukoencephalomalacia, and cortical abnormalities. results: forty-one patients (91.1%) presented abnormalities at mri. the most common findings were dehsi in the white matter (75.6%) and ventricular dilatation (42.2%). the interobserver agreement was high (κ > 0.60) for most of the abnormal mri findings. the kappa statistic values were moderate for enlargement of the subarachnoid space (κ = 0.52) and was only low for dehsi in the white matter (κ = 0.39). conclusion: conventional mri seems to be a reliable method for evaluating the most common brain abnormalities in extremely premature infants; however, the presence of dehsi in the white matter demonstrated to be is a less reliable finding
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