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Assessment and Diagnosis of Musculoskeletal Shoulder Disorders over the Internet
Leah Steele,Hannah Lade,Stephanie McKenzie,Trevor G. Russell
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/945745
Abstract: Shoulder disorders are common, debilitating, and represent a considerable burden on society. As primary contact practitioners, physiotherapists play a large role in the management and rehabilitation of people with these conditions. For those living outside of urban areas, however, access to physiotherapy can be limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of using a telerehabilitation system to collect physical examination findings and correctly identify disorders of the shoulder. Twenty-two participants with 28 shoulder disorders were recruited and underwent a face-to-face physical examination and a remote telerehabilitation examination. Examination findings and diagnoses from the two modes of assessment were used to determine validity and reliability of the new method. Diagnostic agreement and agreement on individual findings between the two methods were found to be consistent with the reliability of conventional assessment methods. This study provides important preliminary findings on the validity and reliability of musculoskeletal examinations conducted via telerehabilitation. 1. Introduction Shoulder pain is common in society, with 7%–27% of the adult population experiencing shoulder pain at any one time, and 7%–67% of people experiencing shoulder pain in their lifetime [1]. Of first episode shoulder pain clients, 50% will continue to have symptoms 18 months later [2], making shoulder pain the third most common reason for primary care consultation, after back and neck complaints [3]. Accurate and effective assessment and treatment of shoulder conditions is therefore important to health care practitioners. Physiotherapists often assess and treat clients with shoulder pain, and there exists considerable evidence of effective physiotherapy treatments for many shoulder disorders [3–8], with conservative physiotherapy management shown to provide up to an 88% improvement in shoulder function in the long term [9]. Unfortunately, people living in rural and remote areas of Australia have limited access to physiotherapy services, a phenomenon observed also in the USA [10–12]. Telerehabilitation, the provision of rehabilitation services via the internet, is one potential service delivery model which may improve access to physiotherapy services in rural and remote areas. However, relatively little research has been conducted into the validity and reliability of telerehabilitation for the assessment and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders [13, 14]. To establish the concurrent validity of such services, research must prove that
The Probability Distribution of the Elastic Properties of Pure Metals  [PDF]
Clint Steele
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.56085

While there are many published data on the average properties of elasticity for metals, there is little on the expected randomness. This is despite the known randomness of the elasticity of the grains that make up metals. It seems implicitly assumed that due to pseudo-isotropy, the average is all that is of concern. But how does one know if this is always the case? By creating a simple model of a metal, it is shown that for typical metal samples the randomness is negligible. However, as samples become smaller, it is possible to estimate the randomness based on information about the properties of grains within the metal. Further, due to the central limit theorem, which is implied by the model, a Gaussian distribution can be expected. This can be used in an evolutionary approach to generating a distribution for further probabilistic analysis of a respective system.

The Internet of Things and Next-generation Public Health Information Systems  [PDF]
Robert Steele, Andrew Clarke
Communications and Network (CN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B1002
Abstract: The Internet of things has particularly novel implications in the area of public health. This is due to (1) The rapid and widespread adoption of powerful contemporary Smartphone’s; (2) The increasing availability and use of health and fitness sensors, wearable sensor patches, smart watches, wireless-enabled digital tattoos and ambient sensors; and (3) The nature of public health to implicitly involve connectivity with and the acquisition of data in relation to large numbers of individuals up to population scale. Of particular relevance in relation to the Internet of Things (IoT) and public health is the need for privacy and anonymity of users. It should be noted that IoT capabilities are not inconsistent with maintaining privacy, due to the focus of public health on aggregate data not individual data and broad public health interventions. In addition, public health information systems utilizing IoT capabilities can be constructed to specifically ensure privacy, security and anonymity, as has been developed and evaluated in this work. In this paper we describe the particular characteristics of the IoT that can play a role in enabling emerging public health capabilities; we describe a privacy-preserving IoT-based public health information system architecture; and provide a privacy evaluation.
Rights with Capabilities: Towards a Social Justice Framework for Migrant Activism
Leah Briones
Studies in Social Justice , 2011,
Abstract: The paradigm of rights, established throughout the academic, policy and migrant activism arenas, governs the protection of vulnerable migrant workers against abuse. To what extent this approach has achieved social justice for the migrant worker in the current global political economy climate is, however, uncertain. In analyzing the use of rights in migrant activism in Hong Kong, this paper shows the limitation of rights in the migrant experience at the same time as it shows how a new paradigm based on the Capablities Approach could provide a more appropriate framework from which to achieve social justice for the migrant worker.
Une parole libératrice: le discours féminin de l’endurance dans Un alligator nommé Rosa de Marie-Célie Agnant et Syngué Sabour: pierre de patience d’Atiq Rahimi
Leah Roth
Voix Plurielles , 2012,
Abstract: Cet article examine le discours féminin de l’endurance dans deux romans de l’extrême contemporain, Un alligator nommé Rosa (2007) de Marie-Célie Agnant et Syngué Sabour : pierre de patience (2008) d’Atiq Rahimi. S’appuyant sur les écrits de Dominique Maingueneau sur le discours littéraire, cette étude analyse d’abord la manière dont l’endurance de la femme est racontée dans la littérature de l’extrême contemporain. Elle examine ensuite la visée éthique, telle que proposée par Paul Ric ur, qui se manifeste à travers ce discours de l’endurance dans les textes et qui s’avère si importante pour le monde d’aujourd’hui.
Teaching from the Heart: Towards a Practice of Liberatory Education in Sociology
Ronnie Leah
Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis , 1995,
Abstract: Over the past few years I have been reflecting on my identity as a university sociology teacher and a social activist; at the same time, I have been experimenting with teaching practices that promote a liberatory educational process. In May 1993, I was invited to give a presentation on my “Authority in Teaching” to theannual Faculty of Education retreat at my university. This provided me with an excellent opportunity to engage in critical self-reflection about my goals as a teacher and to asses the impact of my teaching practices in the classroom. I have also participated in the “Teaching in Focus” group at my university for the past two years, and this has provided me with further opportunities to reflect on my classroom practices and to explore a number ofinnovative approaches to teaching.
Scholarly communication, scholarly publication and the status of emerging formats
Leah Halliday
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2001,
Abstract: A study was carried out to clarify the term 'scholarly publication' and to explore the role of this activity in the scholarly communication process. Desk research was supplemented by responses to a questionnaire from key figures in the development of emerging scholarly communicative behaviours. This facilitated development of a working definition of scholarly publication consisting of a list of criteria. These may be used to analyse the degree to which emerging formats can be categorised as scholarly publications and to identify the means by which these formats may be supplemented so that their status may be promoted to that of scholarly publication , i.e., documents that meet all of the publication needs of scholarly communities.
How evaluation processes affect the professional development of five teachers in higher education
Leah Shagrir
The Journal of Scholarship of Teaching and Learning , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents research that investigates the nature of the connection between the professional development of five teachers in higher education and the evaluation processes they have to undergo. Since teaching, scholarship, and service are the three components that evaluation measures, this research examines how the teachers’ professional development was reflected in these components, and how they viewed the connection between their professional activities and the evaluation process. One conclusion states that while the evaluation process is intimidating and taxing, it develops the skills for the teaching component. The contribution stems principally from a mentoring channel, which enables teachers to receive counseling and guidance from experienced veteran colleagues. Mentoring encourages the teachers and prompts them to seek advice, study, scrutinize their work methods, and improve the quality of their teaching. Another conclusion reveals that during the first years of work in higher education, evaluation was not found to influence activity in the scholarship and service components. The evaluation requirements notwithstanding, the extent of the activity in these components was limited and non-intensive as a result of the teachers’ focus on teaching. Professional development deepens and expands as seniority increases and confidence in one’s teaching abilities grow. Despite the limited scale of the study, the research conclusions may serve as recommendations for institutions of higher education to consider providing a mentoring channel for the teachers who are in their first years of academic work. Furthermore, institutions should demonstrate flexibility vis-à-vis the extent and depth of such individuals’ activity in scholarship and services when evaluating them. Another recommendation is to encourage institutions to take into account the advantages of veteran teachers, and the fact that professional activities deepen and expand as seniority increases.
Clinging to Discredited Beliefs: The Larger Cognitive Story
Leah Savion
The Journal of Scholarship of Teaching and Learning , 2009,
Simply Intersecting Pair Maps in the Mapping Class Group
Leah Childers
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: The Torelli group, I(S_g), is the subgroup of the mapping class group consisting of elements that act trivially on the homology of the surface. There are three types of elements that naturally arise in studying I(S_g): bounding pair maps, separating twists, and simply intersecting pair maps (SIP-maps). Historically the first two types of elements have been the focus of the literature on I(S_g), while SIP-maps have received relatively little attention until recently, due to an infinite presentation of I(S_g) introduced by Andrew Putman that uses all three types of elements. We will give a topological characterization of the image of an SIP-map under the Johnson homomorphism and Birman-Craggs-Johnson homomorphism. We will also classify which SIP-maps are in the kernel of these homomorphisms. Then we will look at the subgroup generated by all SIP-maps, SIP(S_g), and show it is an infinite index subgroup of I(S_g).
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