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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3711 matches for " Lawrence Surendra "
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Indian Elections 2004: A Retrospective Analysis and Overview
Lawrence Surendra
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2004,
Abstract: Elections at best reflect three dimensions of formal democracy—representation in terms of representing the political will of the people; integration in terms of social classes and groups largely done through political parties, which represents the stabilising aspect of democracy; and decisions generated from stable majorities through coalitions or a single party to ensure “majorities” within parliaments and their governability. In many societies democracy can be and has been subverted in all three dimensions. Electoral results and their reflections on democracy, at best, can be tendential statements of what the results reveal.
Object-Oriented Finite Element Analysis of Metal Working Processes  [PDF]
Surendra Kumar
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.36066
Abstract: Recently an object-oriented approach has been applied in the fields of finite element analysis with a view to treating the various complexities within these. It has been demonstrated that finite element software designed using an object-oriented approach can be significantly more robust than traditional codes. This paper describes a special kind of implementation of object-oriented programming which is rather hybrid in nature, in the development of a finite element code for engineering analysis of metal working problems using C++, and discusses the advantages of this approach.
Role of Silver Incorporation on the Specific Heat in Glassy Se80Te20 Alloy  [PDF]
Shipra Saraswat, Surendra Dutt Sharma
New Journal of Glass and Ceramics (NJGC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/njgc.2014.44009
Abstract: Specific heat measurements have been made in glassy Se80-xTe20Agx (0 ≤ x ≤ 15) alloys using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique. An extremely large increase in the specific heat values has been observed at the glass transition temperature. It has also been found that the values of Cp below glass transition temperature and the difference of Cp values before and after glass transition (ΔCp) are highly composition dependent. This indicates that the incorporation of Ag in binary Se80Te20 alloy in the present study influences the structure of the binary alloy. Specific heat of the additive element Ag is found to be important for the observed changes in the specific heat of the ternary alloys as compared to binary alloy.
Transient Symptomatic Bilateral Optic Disc Oedema Following Lumbar Spinal Surgery— An Unusual Presentation  [PDF]
Vijaya Jojo, Surendra Prasad Jakhanwal
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2017.72017
Abstract: Background: Optic disc oedema has various underlying pathologies, however, unless visually disabling does not usually bring a patient to the physician. The more common symptoms of headache, nausea and vomiting lead to the incidental detection of bilateral disc oedema [1]. Optic disc oedema seen following spinal surgery is usually associated with visual acuity changes and often goes by the acronym POVL (Peri/ postoperative visual loss) wherein, as the name goes, visual acuity changes are profound [2] [3] [4]. Purpose: We would like to highlight a case of transient Bilateral Optic Disc oedema following Lumbar spinal surgery maintaining normal visual acuity and attaining spontaneous resolution. Case Report: A 42-year-old female presented with transient obscuration of vision and flashes of light post an uneventful lumbar spinal surgery. Ophthalmic evaluation revealed normal visual acuity and pupils but marked disc edema right more significant than left. There was no colour vision deficit, neither any field changes. By a process of exclusion, it was likely the patient had developed bilateral disc oedema secondary to the spinal surgery. On follow-up 6 weeks and 3 months later, the oedema had completely settled and visual acuity remained at 6/6. Conclusion: Optic disc oedema can be unilateral or bilateral with some of the uncommon conditions mentioned secondary to spinal surgery, however, in those situations, visual loss has been severe and permanent. Our case is unusual in its combination of disc edema with normal acuity along with its transient nature and resolution and to our knowledge, has not been published before.
Agile Development: Exploring What Practitioners Want to Know  [PDF]
Nanda C. Surendra, Salman Nazir
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2018.111001
Abstract: Agile development has its origins and roots in practice rather than academia. Hence, in this research, we go to the practitioners’ world to explore what they want to know about Agile development. We conducted our study using a multi-methodological approach, a combination of a survey and an interpretive case study. We learned that Agile development is yet to reach a mature phase with: a) relatively limited numbers of experienced Agile practitioners; b) a large number of software developers who were trained in plan-based Waterfall development trying to transition to Agile; c) some companies and practitioners continuing to be skeptical of the benefits of Agile development over plan-based development; and d) tools in the process of being developed to support Agile development. Based on those factors, we learned that practitioners are wanting to find answers to the following questions: a) What should good Agile practitioners and teams know and do? b) How to train developers and teams to become good Agile practitioners? c) How to transition from plan-driven Waterfall development to Agile development? d) What tools are available to practice Agile development? How to use them to support Agile practices? The following are the answers we derived from our interpretive case study for the above four questions: a) Good Agile practitioners define their job in terms of the client’s mission; they don’t define their jobs as analysts, designers, programmers, testers, or project managers; b) For training, Agile practices such as test-driven development and continuous integration are best understood not in theory but by the act of doing; for organizational adoption of Agile development, Agile practices should be used not only in software development but encouraged in all functional areas; c) The best way to introduce a plan-based Waterfall practitioner to Agile is to have him think of Agile in terms of something familiar, as a series of mini-waterfalls that have very quick iterations; d) Simple tools, even non-software tools, that help manage Agile practices intuitively are preferable to complex Agile management software.
The art of retirement for orthopedic surgeons
Tuli Surendra
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics , 2009,
Object-Oriented Finite Element Programming for Engineering Analysis in C++
Surendra Kumar
Journal of Software , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jsw.5.7.689-696
Abstract: Recently there has been growing interest in applying object-oriented approach to large-scale programs with a view to treating the various complexities within these. Software designed using an object-oriented approach can be significantly more robust than traditional software. More codes can be reused and it can be easier to refine, test, maintain and extend the software. Several benefits of this approach may also be observed in the area of finite element analysis. This paper describes an implementation of object-oriented programming to the finite element method for engineering analysis using C++, and illustrates the advantages of this approach.
Economies of Scale in Local Government: General Government Spending  [PDF]
Lawrence Southwick
iBusiness (IB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2012.43034
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to determine whether larger or smaller municipalities are more efficient in their levels of overhead costs. The operative measure is per capita annual costs for these services. In addition, the issue of market structure as a factor in these costs is also to be studied. It is not for the purpose of considering costs for specific services but rather the general overhead items that are required of all local governments. The method of study will be to use the cities and towns of New York State over a number of years. This will ensure that the study group is relatively homogeneous over applicable state laws as well as giving a wide variation in the population levels studied. The per capita expenditures will be regressed against population and market power variables using several equation forms. The results will be tested for significance in scale effects and market power effects. Optimal population sizes will be calculated where possible. The outline of the paper is as follows: 1) Introduction, 2) Background issues, 3) The study design, 4) Data, 5) Results, and 6) Conclusions.
Neuroscience, unconscious processes: Clinical applications  [PDF]
Lawrence Greenman
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.31007

This article reviews selected neuroscience and psychoanalytic writings about respective concepts regarding unconscious processes. Two objectives are pursued. The first is the modification of an apparent dualistic view of the psychoanalytic, dynamic unconscious described by Freud and the implicit, automated unconscious described by neuroscientists into a unified unconscious process concept. Secondly, to examine the functional, structural theory of Freud and to connect it to neuroscience findings via neurodevelopment and the concomitant development of speech and language, an exclusive communicative capacity of the human species. The goal is to illustrate the application of the objectives into clinical settings.

Macrophage sequestration of HIV-1 enhances homeostatic-related systems in promoting viral spread and replication  [PDF]
Lawrence Agius
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2013.47A1001

Decisive modulatory systems of compromise and systems of dynamic turnover in lymphoid cells and macrophages are activated by repeated bursts of viremia and as promotional schemes of representation of subsequent spread and replication of HIV-1. In such operative systems of micro-environmental conditioning and reconditioning, a significant mechanism towards the turnover of specific cell-types occurs within context of sequestration within macrophages and circulating monocytes. Dendritic cells in germinal follicles and within specific organs such as the Langerhans cells of the skin are allied to dysfunctionality of such cellular subtypes as exemplified by the resident microglia of the central nervous system. Decisive perturbation in cell-type number and in dysfunctional activation indicate an exquisite modulatory role for HIV-1 in promoting homeostatic-related mechanisms within organs and tissues towards utilization in terms of viral dynamics and cytokine operability. In such manner, HIV-1 replication is itself a system of promotion in spread of viruses across cell-type and host cell specificities that tend to characterize and recharacterize systems of cytokine network operability in particular.

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