oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 29 matches for " Lavinas "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /29
Display every page Item
Gasto social no Brasil: programas de transferência de renda versus investimento social
Lavinas,Lena;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000600009
Abstract: this paper compares the dynamics of social spending in brazil, with lower outlays on basic services and more direct monetary transfers through means-test programs, highlighting the fact that as brazil's social safety net concentrates on cash transfer programs without simultaneously increasing per capita outlays on education, basic sanitation and housing, it is not resolving the issue of inequality. this paper works with secondary data from the national household sampling survey, together with federal, state and municipal budgets.
Brazil: from reduction of poverty to a commitment to eradicate extreme poverty
Lena Lavinas
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this article is to summarise certain positive results achieved by the Lula government in the sphere of social policy and to highlight the new challenges taken on by President Dilma Rousseff in terms of eradicating extreme poverty, after her first year in government. After Lula’s success with social policy, Rousseff has committed herself to eradicating extreme poverty over the short term (the four years of her mandate) in a federation that is marked by weak links in cooperation, a distinct heterogeneity within the federated bodies and profound socio-economic inequality among citizens. Under Lula’s government, the factors that most helped to reduce poverty and inequality were the recovery of the minimum salary’s real value in rates higher than that of inflation, as well as an increase in formal employment, with the creation of approximately 12,000,000 jobs in eight years. For Dilma’s term of office, which began with a downturn in economic growth rates, an even bigger challenge lies ahead. In light of this, the article evaluates the prospects for success of Dilma’s government in terms of eradicating extreme poverty in Brazil.
Integra o Econ mica e Reestrutura o Espacial
Lena Lavinas
Anuário do Instituto de Geociências , 1992,
Abstract:
Emprego Feminino: O que Há de Novo e o que se Repete
Lavinas Lena
Dados , 1997,
Abstract: Based on Brazilian census data for 1985-95 (PNAD), the article offers evidence concerning recent changes in female employment. In doing so, it calls into question the current notion that when women become more economically active, male joblessness rates rise over the long run. If it is true that jobs are scarce at this moment of productive restructuring and that the market now favors women over men, it is also true that this has transpired without substantially shifting job standards that display sharp gender segregation. Nevertheless, there are promising signs that labor market inequalities between men and women are decreasing in terms of remuneration, particularly beyond the bounds of the wage relation. These changes, however, would appear to benefit a relatively limited group of women, that is, those with college degrees. These women are the only ones who wield any effective bargaining power on the labor market, although relative. Inequalities between women are thus increasing while differences between the genders have not yet been overcome.
Atividade e vulnerabilidade: quais os arranjos familiares em risco?
Lavinas, Lena;Nicoll, Marcelo;
Dados , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582006000100004
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to compare different family models according to the typology proposed by the ibge (brazilian institute of geography and statistics, or national census bureau), to verify whether families headed by women really represent the most vulnerable or "at-risk" family arrangement. the latter is the commonsense notion that legitimizes the framework of feminization of poverty, in vogue in the last two decades and with considerable impact on the design of anti-poverty social policies. the current empirical study disaggregates the employment data (employment rate, mean wages, workweek) not only by gender (identifying differences between men and women), but also breaking down the data for women, comparing the situation of women heads-of-families versus wives. in terms of women?s full participation in the work market, the effect of conjugality is even more harmful than motherhood (presence of children).
Combater a pobreza estimulando a freqüência escolar: o estudo de caso do Programa Bolsa-Escola do Recife
Lavinas, Lena;Barbosa, Maria Ligia de Oliveira;
Dados , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52582000000300002
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to present the initial results of an impact study on a scholarship program implemented since 1997 in recife, capital of the state of pernambuco in northeast brazil. the scholarship program is designed to guarantee a minimum income for poor families by providing a monetary stipend that is contingent on school attendance by the family?s children in the 7-14-year age bracket, in basic education (8 years of schooling). in addition to reducing poverty in the short term by increasing per capita family income and focusing social expenditures in the most under-served segments of the population, the scholarship program has proven to be an effective tool in combating repetition in school, the main factor in brazil?s high drop-out rates. the program also helps families and schools mobilize to increase schooling levels among children and has a positive impact by reducing the schooling gap.
Combater a pobreza estimulando a freqüência escolar: o estudo de caso do Programa Bolsa-Escola do Recife
Lavinas Lena,Barbosa Maria Ligia de Oliveira
Dados , 2000,
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to present the initial results of an impact study on a scholarship program implemented since 1997 in Recife, capital of the State of Pernambuco in Northeast Brazil. The scholarship program is designed to guarantee a minimum income for poor families by providing a monetary stipend that is contingent on school attendance by the family's children in the 7-14-year age bracket, in basic education (8 years of schooling). In addition to reducing poverty in the short term by increasing per capita family income and focusing social expenditures in the most under-served segments of the population, the scholarship program has proven to be an effective tool in combating repetition in school, the main factor in Brazil's high drop-out rates. The program also helps families and schools mobilize to increase schooling levels among children and has a positive impact by reducing the schooling gap.
Da Seguridade Social à intersetorialidade: reflex?es sobre a integra??o das políticas sociais no Brasil
Monnerat, Giselle Lavinas;Souza, Rosimary Gon?alves de;
Revista Katálysis , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-49802011000100005
Abstract: this article reflects on the dilemmas of integration of social policies in brazil since the inscription of social security in the country's constitution of 1988 until the most recent theories on "intersectorality." the analysis is built above all on the trajectories of health care and social assistance policies, considering that the institutional legacies and the history of formation of these fields provide a base for fertile debate for this study. it demonstrates that the implementation of social security confronts political and economic obstacles that hamper the integrated promise proposed. in addition, it observes that the decentralized model from which social policies operate, in particular those for healthcare and social assistance, emphasizes the need for an intersectorial synergy to confront the complexity of social problems. finally, it seeks to highlight the principal challenges to the integration of social policies, indicating that this is not a trivial task.
Renal Function after Major Uro-Oncologic Surgery and Dexmedetomidine Infusion  [PDF]
Marcus Vinicius M. Novaes, Paulo Sergio G. Lavinas, Grace Haber D. Pires, Ana Claudia G. de Carvalho, Renata M. B. Lopes, Regina El Dib, Paulo do Nascimento Jr.
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2013.38076
Abstract:

Objective: Acute kidney injury in major surgery is associated with increased postoperative mortality. This study aimed to evaluate renal function after major urologic surgery and intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion. Methods: Thirty oncologic patients with normal renal function scheduled for prostatectomy or nephrectomy, anesthetized with combined epidural and general anesthesia, were randomized to receive either intraoperative blind infusion of dexmedetomidine (Dexmedetomidine Group, n = 15, 0.5 μg/kg load dose plus 0.7 μg/kg/h) or 0.9% saline (Control Group, n = 15) until the end of surgery. Intraoperative and cumulative 24-hour diuresis, serum creatinine (SCr), calculated creatinine clearance (ClCr) and serum cystatin C (SCys) at postoperative days 1, 2 and 3 and 2 weeks after surgery were evaluated. Results: Mean ± standard deviation values for intraoperative diuresis in Dexmedetomidine and Control Groups were 566 ± 396 mL and 298 ± 153 mL, respectively (p = 0.014). Cumulative 24-hour diuresis in Dexmedetomidine and Control Groups was 1947 ± 266 mL and 1748 ± 237 mL, respectively (p = 0.91). Mean values of SCr, ClCr and SCys were not

Lymphedema in the Mastectomy Postoperative Period: An Integrative Literature Review  [PDF]
Ana Fátima Carvalho Fernandes, Glécya Oliveira Vidal, Camila Brasil Moreira, Tiago Barreto de Castro e Silva, Paula Natasha Rodrigues Valentim, Míria Concei??o Lavinas Santos
Advances in Breast Cancer Research (ABCR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abcr.2013.24025
Abstract:

Aims and Objectives: To analyze the evidence available in the literature on the stages during which upper limb lymphedema after mastectomy occurs. Background: Among the adverse effects of breast cancer treatment, lymphedema is the most prevalent. Design: Integrative literature review. Methods: The Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde—LILACS), PubMed, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were used to select the pertinent studies. The identification data for these studies were summarized, and their methodological features and results were extracted. Results: Regarding the time elapsed since surgery, the highest prevalence of lymphedema corresponded to the late postoperative period, and regarding its severity, mild lymphedema was the most prevalent form. The prevalence was also the highest among the women who were subjected to radical mastectomy and radiotherapy. Conclusions: Many women who are undergoing treatment for breast cancer use strategies for the prevention and control of lymphedema of the upper limb following mastectomy. Relevance to Clinical Practice: The findings of the present study might inform future studies aiming to assess strategies that can be started in the immediate and late postoperative stages to detect lymphedema early and prevent the increase of its prevalence during the late postoperative period after mastectomy.

Page 1 /29
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.