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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 18250 matches for " Laura; Reyes-Zapata "
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Aplicación de la perspectiva de género en artículos publicados en cuatro revistas nacionales de salud, México, 2000-2003
Cerón-Mireles,Prudencia; Sánchez-Carrillo,Constanza I.; Robledo-Vera,Cecilia; Zolezzi,Aurora del Río; Pedrosa-Islas,Laura; Reyes-Zapata,Hilda; Cerón-Mireles,Berta; Ordaz-Hernández,Guadalupe; Olaiz-Fernández,Gustavo Adolfo;
Salud Pública de México , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342006000400008
Abstract: objective: the objective of this study was to determine the application of gender perspective in public health papers in four journals published by the mexican national health institutes. material and methods: a total of 999 papers published in the four journals between 2000 and 2003 was reviewed. two levels of analysis were considered: a) data presented by sex, providing description of differences between women and men, and b) the analysis of these differences from gender perspective. results: one quarter (25.4%) of the articles described results by sex. the largest percentage was published in salud pública de méxico (48.8%) and the smallest in revista de investigación clínica (16.1%). gender perspective was used in only 4.2% of papers; of these, drug addictions, health behaviour and violence were the topics that occurred most frequently. conclusions: this is the first study to assess the application of gender perspective in mexican health articles. similarly to other countries, a very small percentage of authors analyzed sex differences, and a smaller proportion applied gender perspective. results demonstrate the importance of promoting interdisciplinary research that may promote the elucidation of health inequalities between men and women.
Conocimientos y actitudes del personal de enfermería sobre la violencia de género
Mendoza -Flores, María Eugenia;de Jesús-Corona, Yesica;García-Urbina, Maricruz;Martínez-Hernández, Gabriela;Sánchez-Vera, Raquel;Reyes-Zapata, Hilda;
Perinatología y reproducción humana , 2006,
Abstract: objective: to identify attitudes and knowledge among nurses from instituto nacional de peinatologia (inperier) regarding gender violence (gv). material and methods: this is a cross-section, observational and analytic study. participants were nurses who had been in contact with women attending inperier. information was collected anonymously and voluntary through the "partner violence against women: healthcare professional's opinion survey". a logistic regression model was calculated to evaluate the association among several factors including knowledge of guidelines, counselling and centers for assistance to affected women. results: a total of 136 nurses participated in the study (9.4% non-participants). average age was 37 years, 52.9% did not have a partner, 51.5% were non-specialized nurses, 47.1% had a post-high school education and 54.4% had an afternoon shift. knowledge regarding was none-low in 92.6% of the nurses and moderate in 7.4%. factors associated with cognitive and behavioural attitude and gv included age between 23-35 years (or 2.93; ic 95%: 3.0-8.0), family members with violence (or 2.47; ic 95%: 1.13-5.37) and bachelor's level (or 5.03; ic 95%: 1.20-10.21). the being violence author has an unfavourable affective attitude (or 5.30; ic 95%: 11.08-25.88). personal and institutional barriers to identify gv cases were present in 74.3% of the cases. conclusions: it is necessary to sensitize and train nurses to give assistance or counselling to gv cases, as well as to implement mental health programs for nurses who act violent or are victims of violence.
Aprender a ser chilenos: identidad, trabajo y residencia de migrantes en el Alto Valle del Río Negro
Laura Zapata
Intersecciones en Antropología , 2009,
Abstract:
Construcción democrática de ciudadanía
Laura Loeza Reyes
Sociológica (México) , 2010,
Abstract:
Redes de actores sociales y liderazgos políticos: hacia nuevas formas de relación entre gobiernos y sociedad
Laura Loeza Reyes
Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales , 2008,
Abstract: El artículo analiza las propuestas teóricas de "regímenes parciales de participación", "instituciones políticas de segundo nivel" y "régimen urbano", relacionándolas, desde una perspectiva histórica, con datos empíricos provenientes de algunas iniciativas exitosas de las redes de organizaciones civiles mexicanas. Dicha relación muestra la viabilidad de nuevas formas de relación sociedad-gobiernos en México, destacando el protagonismo de algunas formas de liderazgo en las organizaciones civiles.
Disminución en la prevalencia de anticuerpos contra Toxoplasma gondii en adultos del valle central de Costa Rica
ZAPATA,MELISSA; REYES,LILLIANA; HOLST,ILEANA;
Parasitología latinoamericana , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-77122005000100004
Abstract: this is a study of the seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii in a representative sample of individuals from the central valley of costa rica. four hundred volunteers aged 20 to 40 years old participated in this survey. the influence of age, gender, socioeconomic condition and urban or rural origin of the subjects on the seroprevalence rate was evaluated. the determination of igg antibodies for t. gondii was carried out with a qualitative enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay (elisa) trademark human (germany). the general prevalence of antibodies in the studied population was 58%, lower than the ones published in previous reports in our country. a significant increase in the seropositivity was found as the age increased (p=0,002). male individuals and those of rural origin showed a higher seroprevalence than women (61,5% vs 55%; p=0,225) and adults of urban origin (62,7% vs 56,4%; p=0,394) respectively, although these differences were not statistically significant. a higher proportion of positive individuals for t. gondii of low socioeconomic status was found (67,1%) in comparison with those in middle (55,6%; p=0,048) or high status (48,7%; p= 0,014). the present study reveals an important decrease in the seroprevalence for t. gondii in the population of the central valley of costa rica, therefore, increasing the number of susceptible people to the infection. it is quite important to focus on a better clinical and epidemiological surveillance toward the detection and prevention of the infection in the seronegative pregnant women
ESTUDIO TEóRICO DE LA REACTIVIDAD DE LAS CONFORMACIONES Y CONFIGURACIONES DE LOS áCIDOS GRASOS OMEGA-3 A TRAVéS DE DESCRIPTORES MOLECULARES DE REACTIVIDAD UTILIZANDO LA TEORíA DEL FUNCIONAL DE LA DENSIDAD (DFT)
Vivas-Reyes,Ricardo; Zapata,Jhon;
Revista Colombiana de Química , 2008,
Abstract: the reactivity and structural stability of omega-3, alpha-linolenic (ala), estearidonic (sda), eicosapentaenoic (epa) and docosahexaenoic (dha), was studied from a theoretical point of view using a series of mechanical calculations dft, using the functional b3lyp together with the calculating basis 6-31g. through descriptors such as chemical reactivity, molecular electrostatic potential (mep), fukui`s function, the overall hardness, global softness and local energy of orbitals homo-lumo, explored some molecular properties of the fatty omega-3 fatty acids, which yielded valuable information about reactive molecular sites and about structural stability of these fatty acids.
Disminución en la prevalencia de anticuerpos contra Toxoplasma gondii en adultos del valle central de Costa Rica DECREASED PREVALENCE OF Toxoplasma gondii ANTIBODIES IN ADULTS FROM THE CENTRAL VALLEY OF COSTA RICA
MELISSA ZAPATA,LILLIANA REYES,ILEANA HOLST
Parasitología latinoamericana , 2005,
Abstract: Este estudio analiza la seroprevalencia contra Toxoplasma gondii en una muestra representativa de individuos del Valle Central de Costa Rica. Participaron voluntariamente 400 adultos costarricenses con edades entre 20 y 40 a os. Se valoró la influencia de la edad, sexo, condición socioeconómica y procedencia de los sujetos (urbana o rural) sobre la tasa de seroprevalencia. La determinación de anticuerpos IgG contra T.gondii se realizó con una técnica de ELISA cualitativa marca Human (Alemania). La prevalencia general de anticuerpos en la población estudiada fue de 58%, inferior a las reportadas en estudios anteriores realizados en el país. Se encontró un aumento significativo en la seropositividad al aumentar la edad (p = 0,002). Los hombres y aquellos individuos de procedencia rural mostraron una mayor seroprevalencia con respecto a las mujeres (61,5% vs 55%; p = 0,225) y los adultos de origen urbano (62,7% vs 56,4%; p = 0,394) respectivamente, aunque estas diferencias no mostraron ser significativas. Se observaron diferencias significativas entre la proporción de individuos positivos por T. gondii con un nivel socioeconómico bajo (67,1%) con respecto a los de niveles medio (55,6%; p = 0,048) y alto (48,7%; p = 0,014). El presente estudio refleja una importante disminución de la seroprevalencia contra T. gondii en la población del Valle Central de Costa Rica, incrementando el número de personas susceptibles a la infección This is a study of the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in a representative sample of individuals from the Central Valley of Costa Rica. Four hundred volunteers aged 20 to 40 years old participated in this survey. The influence of age, gender, socioeconomic condition and urban or rural origin of the subjects on the seroprevalence rate was evaluated. The determination of IgG antibodies for T. gondii was carried out with a qualitative enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay (ELISA) trademark Human (Germany). The general prevalence of antibodies in the studied population was 58%, lower than the ones published in previous reports in our country. A significant increase in the seropositivity was found as the age increased (p=0,002). Male individuals and those of rural origin showed a higher seroprevalence than women (61,5% vs 55%; p=0,225) and adults of urban origin (62,7% vs 56,4%; p=0,394) respectively, although these differences were not statistically significant. A higher proportion of positive individuals for T. gondii of low socioeconomic status was found (67,1%) in comparison with those in middle (55,6%; p=0,048) or high status (48,7%;
Microfinanzas y reducción de la vulnerabilidad: propuestas de microseguro para Veracruz, México
Nidia Hidalgo,J. Reyes Altamirano,Emma Zapata
Espiral , 2005,
Abstract: Desde el campo de las microfinanzas, surge una herramienta denominada "microseguro" y definida como: seguros dirigidos a las personas de bajos ingresos. Esta herramienta tiene como fin contribuir a la reducción de la vulnerabilidad de dicho sector. El presente trabajo propone dos esquemas de microseguro a partir de la revisión de experiencias a nivel internacional y nacional, y de un análisis cualitativo del mercado. A través de grupos focales con mujeres de bajos ingresos, organizadas en torno a proyectos de microfinanzas, y entrevistas con aseguradoras comerciales se analizó la oferta y demanda potencial del microseguro en Veracruz. Se concluye que el microseguro abrirá un nuevo horizonte para el campo de los seguros y de la protección social.
Blood donor: nursing care plan
Marco Antonio Zapata Sampedro,Laura Castro Varela
NURE Investigación , 2008,
Abstract: The standardized nursing care plan can be used as a means through which the nurse will assess and identify the particular needs of the blood donor.To draw up the care plan, we have conducted the evaluation on the basis of the Marjory Gordon’s functional health patterns.The more prevailing diagnosis according to the NANDA taxonomy have been identified, results have been established according to the NOC (Nursing Outcomes Classification) taxonomy, and nursing interventions have been suggested according to the NIC (Nursing Interventions Classification) taxonomy. Also, certain potential complications, which are infrequent, must be observed and controlled in the blood donation process. Our main aim with this article has been to offer to professionals resources that grant to the caring activity scientific rigor, professional recognition and an unique and valid tool to evaluate the assistance with the best levels of quality for the blood donor.
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