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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2147 matches for " Larissa Ayres Maluf "
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O que influencia a mente do investidor ao tomar suas decis es de investimento
Larissa Ayres Maluf
Revista de Finan?as Aplicadas , 2010,
Abstract: Discute-se os aspectos comportamentais do que passa na mente de investidores e profissionais de institui es financeiras. Em particular, é feita uma revis o dos vieses comportamentais do ponto de vista das decis es tomadas por investidores no mercado financeiro. Os vieses comportamentais podem levá-los a decis es inadequadas, com graves prejuízos para os tomadores da decis o e seus clientes. Palavras chave: finan as comportamentais, viés comportamental
Stethoscope: a friend or an enemy?
Maluf, Maria Elisa Zuliani;Maldonado, Andréa Fogli;Bercial, Marcos Eduardo;Pedroso, Soraya Ayres;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802002000100004
Abstract: context: the stethoscope is a universal tool in the hospital that is in direct contact with many patients and can therefore be a vector in the dissemination of bacterial infections. objective: to research the presence of bacteria, fungi and yeast on the stethoscope diaphragm and the resistance of bacteria to antimicrobial drugs. design: descriptive, prospective, non-controlled. setting: a tertiary care hospital. sample: samples were taken randomly from 300 stethoscopes employed by medical staff (medical residents, medical students, nurses and nursing school students) and other sectors of the hospital. main measurements: three hundred stethoscope diaphragms used in several sectors of the hospital facilities by medical doctors (63 samples), medical residents (54 samples), medical students (106 samples), nursing school students (33 samples) and specific sectors (36 samples) were analyzed. material was collected randomly. it was collected with the aid of a sterile swab moistened in physiological solution, inoculated into brain heart infusion media and incubated in an oven for 24 to 48 hours. after this period, the samples were inoculated into blood agar, macconkey agar and sabouraud media and identified by gram staining and biochemical assays. an assay to test bacteria sensitivity to antibiotics was also carried out by the kirby-bauer method. results: eighty-seven percent of the analyzed stethoscopes were contaminated. gram-positive cocci, yeasts, fungi and gram-positive and negative bacilli were isolated. there was no significant association between the most predominant microorganisms and professional category. staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus negative coagulase and bacillus were significantly more frequent in relation to the presence of more than one microorganism on the stethoscope diaphragm. conclusion: stethoscopes presented a high rate of contamination and their use without precautions can spread nosocomial infections.
Late surgical correction of anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary trunk in children, using autogenous aortic and pulmonary endotheliazed tube  [PDF]
Miguel A. Maluf
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23022
Abstract: Background: Direct re-implantation of an anomalous left coronary artery into the aorta is the preferred surgical option for creating a dual coronary arterial system in patients in whom the anomalous artery originated from the pulmonary trunk. This technique, however, is applicable only when the anomalous ar- tery arises from the left posterior pulmonary sinus. We report the successfully late follow-up of series of patients employing a new technique using combined autogenous aortic and pulmonary endotheliazed tube. Patients and Methods: We have treated 3 patients, aged 2 months, 6 months and 8 months respectively, who presented with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the left posterior pulmonary sinus and moderated mitral valve insufficiency by left ventricle dysfunction. We used a trapdoor like coronary artery elongation with autogenous aortic and pulmonary endotheliazed tube to connect the left coronary ostium to ascending aorta, avoiding the mitral valve intervention. Results: There was no early or late death. All patients are in functional class I, with good biventricular function and competent mitral valve at a median follow-up of 94 months, ranged from 108 to 132 months. Postoperative Computerized tomogramphy of aorta in our 1st patient showed good arterial flow, without any distortion. A local and distal stenosis of the left pulmonary artery was observed and submitted to stent treatment. Conclusions: The potential benefits of the trapdoor like and its modification technique are excellent operative exposure. The use of autogenous endothelized tube is a viable tissue capable of further growth, avoidance of injury to the aortic and pulmonary valvar apparatus or production of obstruction within the right ventricular outflow tract.
Senning operation for correction of the transposition of the great arteries, results, long-term outcome and quality of life  [PDF]
Miguel Angel Maluf
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23036
Abstract: Objective: Long-term results after the Senning operation for transposition of the great arteries are little known. Sinus node dysfunction and systemic ventricular dysfunction are crucial in patient survival. We evaluated the results, long term outcome and quality of life in a group of 39 patients. Methods: The study was a retrospective analysis, of 39 (39/40 = 97.5%) surgical surviving patients, submitted to Senning operation, with a mean follow-up time of 14.7 +/– 3.1 years. Electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and chest radiograph series were performed every 6 months. Thirty six patients of this series underwent Holter study and ergometric test, to evaluate the physical capacity. Three patients living overseas were excluded. Results: There was only one late death (1/39) (late mortality = 2.5%): a 16 year-old patient had a no cardiac death. The actuarial survival was 95.0% (38/40) (simple or with little VSD, TGA). The probability of staying in sinus rhythm, in 39 surviving patients was 77.1% (30) or normal right ventricular function was 76.5% (29), 10 to 20 years after operation. The incidence of sinus node and right ventricular dysfunction increased gradually over time. No re-operations and pacemaker implantation, was performed. Functional class: I = 30 (85.7%) cases and functional class II = 5 (14.3%) cases. Conclusions: Patients with simple TGA submitted to Senning procedure in our experience, presented during late follow-up: 1—Low incidence of right ventricular dysfunction and active arrhythmias; 2—Low mortality and no sudden death recorded; 3—Good quality of life and 4—Satisfactory surgical results (free of re-operation or definitive pacemaker implantation).
Ocorrência de ectoparasitos em avestruzes (Struthio camelus) criadas no semi-árido baiano
Almeida, Maria ?ngela O.;Duarte, Larissa de Fátima C.;Rocha, Juliana da S.;Silva, Mariana S.A.;Guimar?es, José Eugenio;Ayres, Maria Consuêlo C.;
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-29612008000300007
Abstract: in the period of may to august of 2005, 19 ostrich's farms were visited in the semi-arid area of the irecê, bahia, in order to describe the ectoparasites. the african black ostriches were reared in intensive system, and distributed for age group, in colonies, trio, couple or crèche. in each farm, after visually inspection of the ostrich, the feathers were taken in several areas of the body and were kept in plastic bags. the screwworms found were collected and stored in 70% ethanol. in 74% (14/19) and 47% (04/19) of the flocks were found ostriches infested, respectively, for the struthiopterolichus bicaudatus (acari) and struthiolipeurus rheae (mallophaga). in only one flock (5.3%) it was found an animal with cochliomyia hominivorax larvae.
Condi??o hepática de cordeiros mantidos com dietas contendo torta de dendê proveniente da produ??o de biodiesel
Nunes, Alexandro Silva;Oliveira, Ronaldo Lopes;Ayres, Maria Consuelo Caribe;Bagaldo, Adriana Regina;Garcez Neto, Américo Fróes;Barbosa, Larissa Pires;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010000800027
Abstract: this study was conducted in order to verify the best level of palm kernel cake in the diet for lambs through evaluation of hepatic condition. it was used 32 non-castrated santa inês lambs distributed into four diets with palm kernel cake levels of 0.0; 6.5; 13.0 and 19.5% in the dry matter (dm). every 15 days, blood samples were collected, totalizing five collects for the whole experimental period. it was determined levels of triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin and globulin, activities of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate-aminotrasferase, and gama-glutamiltransferase enzymes, and serum concentrations of total, direct and indirect bilirrubine. the increase of palm kernel cake percentage in the diet did not affect concentration of triglycerides whose mean value was 40.57 mg/dl. however, cholesterol levels increased as the palm kernel cake was increased in the diets. there was no difference in the total proteins either, but there was an increasing quadratic effect in the levels of albumine and urea and a decreasing linear effect in the levels of globuline. statistical differences were not observed for activities of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate-aminotrasferase, and gamaglutamiltransferase enzymes, which showed mean values of 6.40; 37.59 and 62.38 ui/l respectively. similarly, it was not detected influence on the total, direct, and indirect bilirrubine, whose mean values were 0.50; 0.11; and 0.38 mg/dl, respectively. the use of palm kernel cake at levels up to 19.5% does not cause metabolic disorders in lambs.
Rese a de "El enigma del don" de Maurice Godelier
Maluf , Marcia
Iconos : Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2003,
Abstract:
Rese a de "Culturas Juveniles. Cuerpo, música, sociabilidad y género" de Mauro Cerbino, Cinthia Chiriboga y Carlos Tutivén
Maluf , Marcia
Iconos : Revista de Ciencias Sociales , 2002,
Abstract:
Scavenging in the genus Natrix
Cesar Ayres
Acta Herpetologica , 2012,
Abstract: Scavenging is reported as an unusual behaviour of snakes. However, it is likely more common than is supposed. Here I report the use of dead newts as prey source by water snakes of the genus Natrix at a dam in north-western Spain. Juveniles and adults viperine snakes (Natrix maura), and also an adult grass snake (Natrix natrix) were found feeding on newt carcasses.
Analysis of Toll-Like Receptors, iNOS and Cytokine Profiles in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis during Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment
Larissa Ragozo Cardoso de Oliveira, Eliana Peresi, Marjorie de Assis Golim, Mariana Gatto, Jo?o Pessoa Araújo Junior, érika Alessandra Pellison Nunes da Costa, Jairo Aparecido Ayres, Maria Rita Parise Fortes, Sueli Aparecida Calvi
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088572
Abstract: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in mycobacterial infection, although little is known about the roles of these receptors, cytokines and nitric oxide during anti-tuberculosis treatment. Our objective was to evaluate the mRNA and cell surface expression of TLR2 and TLR4; inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression; and cytokine Th1, Th2 and Th17 profiles in pulmonary tuberculosis patients at different time points of anti-tuberculosis treatment. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from PPD+ healthy controls and from patients receiving anti-tuberculosis treatment. Gene expression quantification was performed by qPCR, cell surface expression was assessed using flow cytometry, and cytokine quantification was conducted using the CBA technique. The treated patients presented higher gene expression and higher numbers of receptors on the cell surface of lymphocytes and monocytes than did control individuals. IL-12 and IFN-γ levels increased after the start of treatment, whereas TNF-α levels were reduced. TGF-β presented the highest levels during treatment. IL-10 and IL-17 expression and production tended to increase during treatment. iNOS gene expression was reduced throughout treatment in patients. Our results suggest that anti-tuberculosis treatment modulates the immune response, inducing an increase in the expression of TLRs and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines to combat bacteria and reduce the inflammatory process.
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