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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 830 matches for " Lane "
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Helping Oncology Nurses Advise Younger Patients about Self Care: Feasibility of Using Animated and DVD Formats for Nurse Instruction  [PDF]
Ivan Beale, Vivien Lane
Creative Education (CE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2010.11008
Abstract: This study explored the perceptions of oncology nurses about the usefulness of a video-game or an animated DVD intervention designed to teach young patients about self care. The study also measured the effects of these interventions on nurses’ cancer knowledge and perceived self-efficacy to communicate with patients about self-care. Twenty-two oncology nurses were randomly assigned either to use a video game “Re-Mission” or to view instructional animations from the game on DVD. They completed tests and rating scales before and after, then rated the acceptability of the game or DVD. Only ten participants completed the study. For these ten, ratings of the acceptability and credibility of the game or DVD were moderately positive, regardless of age or nursing experience. Self-efficacy for communicating to patients about self-care increased following use of the game or DVD. Cancer knowledge was not affected. It was concluded that oncology nurses in Australia are not generally enthusiastic about the concept of instruction via video game and animated DVD formats, although those who participated rated the experience positively.
Global Environmental Coordination: How to Overcome the Double Collective Action Problematic?  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31013
Abstract:

The need for stronger global coordination of environmental policies has become ever more obvious, but there are no formal arrangements in sight. The UN framework of UNEP is not delivering effective policies. Only global environmental coordination on the successful model of the World Band and the IMF can stem the rising emissions numbers and projections—quantitative voting reflecting the differences in size between the states of the world. However, the system of weighted voting typical of the WB and the IMF must be reformed in an egalitarian manner, when a global ecology organisation is set up, reducing their excessive voting power disparities. This paper suggests a simple but effective mechanism for reducing these voting power disparities, decreasing all member country votes by either the square root or the cube root expression.

The Principal-Agent Approach to Politics: Policy Implementation and Public Policy-Making  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.32012
Abstract:

The principal-agent models may be employed to elucidate central problems in interaction between principals and agents in both policy implementation and public policy-making concerning performance and remuneration. One then hits upon the double principal-agent relationships that are typical of the policy cycle, from policy-making to policy implementation and back: 1) government as principal for agents in public service delivery; 2) the population as principal for political agents under various forms of rulership.

Civilisations and Capitalism: On Economic Growth and Institutions  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2014.41003
Abstract:

Theories of political culture have typically refrained from a reinterpretation of the idea of civilisations, as a few well-known traditional approaches to this concept have been severely criticized. Yet, one may probe into the relevance of the concept of a set of civilisations for mankind in the period of globalisation. However, it is not the Weber thesis linking religion with modern capitalism or economic growth that appears most promising today when enquiring into cultural effects. Instead, it is the spread of respect for the rule of law regime, which has a much longer history than the democratic polity.

Institutionality: “Institution” and “Institutions Matter”  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.41004
Abstract:

Theories of institutions have become very popular in the social sciences. Thus, we often encounter the claim “Institutions Matter” in the new literature, which is called “institutionalism”. It is time to make a critique of this theme, asking what an institution is and what it “matters” for. “Institution” stands for two very different sorts of entities in social reality—rules and organisations—and the new institutionalism comes in two corresponding versions, economic or atomistic neo-institutionalism against sociological or holistic neoinstitutionalism. The notion of new logic of individual behaviour—a logic of appropriateness—is flawed, as it is not in agreement with basic notions in the philosophy of action.

Political Modernisation: The Rule of Law Perspective on Good Governance  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.51002
Abstract: The United Nations, the WB as well as the IMF speak much of “good governance”, but what is the meaning and reference of this elusive expression? In this paper, I will link it with the concept(s) of rule of law. Rule of law notions are spreading around the globe, being relevant for the transformation of monarchies and one-party states. Thus, world media are now reporting that for instance China’s leadership is seriously debating making state reforms that would be conducive to more of the rule of law in the country. This is not be interpreted as a push towards western democracy. To clarify the relation between rule of law and competitive party democracy, this paper presents an enquiry into rule of law I and rule of law II. This distinction has a long history in political thought and constitutional developments. Data from the encompassing World Bank Governance project is used to validate these concepts referentially.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions: “Potemkin Villages” and Global Resilience  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2015.54026
Abstract: The climate change problematic, becoming more relevant every day, is almost exclusively approached as a natural sciences concern. Thus, scholars debate what drives global warming physically as well as whether a fundamental turn to renewable energy would mean much difference. The point in this paper is that what the social sciences have to say about the possibility and desirability of a global policy must NOT be pushed aside. Of course, the chemical and biological processes inherent in global warming should be identified and measured in an ever more detailed manner, but policy-making is conducted by human beings in social, economic and political settings. Only the governments of the world can engage in global coordination to halt global warming, but the lessons from political theory underlining opportunism as well as self-seeking with guile and moreover game theory with asymmetric information teach humbleness and scepticism about these prospects. The states coordination coin has two sides: talk, meetings, declarations, promises on the one side, and reneging, cheating and opportunism with guile on the other less shining side.
Axel Hägerström, Max Weber and Michel Foucault  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24046
Abstract: In order to shed new light upon Swedish philosopher Axel H?gerstr?m (1868-1939), Michel Foucault’s key distinction concerning the “ontology of the present” appears very promising. H?gerstr?m published a number of books and articles in both general philosophy and social criticism, the former focussing upon ontology and epistemology, whereas the latter contained a painstaking cultural critique, aiming at demystifying the established moral conceptions, the heralded religion and authoritative law.
The Nordic Countries: From the Rokkan Model (“uns”) to the Touraine Model (“ich”)  [PDF]
Jan Erik Lane
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.63026
Abstract: Comparative politics like any comparative studies needs models with which to interpret lots of facts. Theoretical models orientate the data towards parsimony in understanding of key relationships and focus the debate on key issues. Politics in the Nordic countries used to be modelled as an exceptionally stable set of multi-party systems, based upon social cleavages as well as PR in a unitary state with comprehensive decentralisation to the local governments (communes). This model owes much to Norwegian social scientist Stein Rokkan, who traces the basic cleavages (ethnic, religious, class) to historical legacies and social organisation of civil society. Its key feature is electoral stability: “frozen party systems”. However, recently the processes of European integration and globalisation have undermined Scandinavian exceptionalism, resulting in rising political instability, electoral volatility and populist or anti-foreigner parties with considerable support. The typical political hegemony of the Social Democratic Parties (“Arbeiterbewegung”) is a thing of the past, as governments come and go in rapid fashion. As these societies have adapted to the pressures from global capitalism, inequalities in income and wealth have shot up. Yet, the Nordic welfare state has been trimmed but not abolished, as all countries have accepted some of the basic ideas in both New Public Management and further regional or local decentralisation. Adding these major changes together, we must chose another theoretical model, namely the Alain Touraine thesis about the weakening of political sociology and firm social institutions on the one hand as well as the spread of individualism and egoism on the other hand—“la fin de la societe”. The recent flows of migrants to Scandinavia and Finland have further increased centrifugal tendencies.
Aleppo I: Double Rule of Law  [PDF]
Jan-Erik Lane
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.64035
Abstract: Aleppo displays the two faces of the human race. On the one hand, it harbours an incredibly rich history of human civilisation dating back to the Sumer origins of organised society and government. On the other hand, it is today the victim of the worst atrocities human beings and states can commit, invoking religion, ethnicity and reasons of state. The destruction of Syria and its people is not based upon rational behaviour, because why would combatants keep fighting when there is no hope of an end on either side—no Zermelo point in the game? Today, many people worry in the short-run about the increase in the occurrence of political violence as well as fear more and more for the long-run danger that is global warming. A book with the title The End of History by F. Fukuyama (1992) appears completely misplaced, especially when “The Last Man” clause in this book cannot be ruled out from future projections for entirely different reason—climate change. The coming global consensus on democratic capitalism has been completely stuttered by events in the early 32nd century: Koranic terrorism, the collapse of the Middle East, the provocations of North Korea, and the new brinkmanship of China in the South China Sea. Only one remedy to civil war and interstate confrontation exists. I wish to say, namely, double rule of law. This notion covers both domestic and foreign affairs, and it belongs more to the domain of normativity than rational choice or self-interest behaviour. Global rule of law is the only viable foundation for the mighty COP21 implementation process that now starts to prohibit that we arrive at the end of human societies.
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