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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5124 matches for " LIAO Yuncheng "
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The emergy analysis of the eco\|economy system in typical farming and grazing households in Mu Us sandland

HuBingHui,Liao YunCheng,

生态学报 , 2009,
Abstract: As the most basic production unit, eco\|economy systems of farming and grazing households are of significance to the implementation and outcome of national policies. In this paper, eco\|economy systems of farming and grazing households, in Mu Us sandland acrossing Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and Shaanxi Province,were studied by emergy theory and emergy analysis methods. The emergy input and output structure of different industrial models in Wushen banner, where grazing is dominant, and Yuyang district, where farming is the case, have been compared and analyzed. The total characteristics of pattern and development of typical eco\|economy systems of farming and grazing households are described and compared quantitatively by net emergy output ratio, emergy investment ratio, environmental loading ability, emergy power density, productivity of unit acreage, emergy cost per capita, emergy possession per capita, system production priority, system stability index and sustainability index. We hope our study could help to provide strategies for development and optimization of farming and grazing household industrial models in farming\|dominant zones and grazing\|dominant zones of Mu Us sandland.
The coupling relationship and emergy analysis of farming and grazing ecosystems in Mu Us sandland

HU Binghui,LIAO Yuncheng,

生态学报 , 2011,
Abstract: Aiming at real productivity of frail farming and grazing ecosystems in Mu Us sandland, basing on coupling theory of complex ecosystem, Uxin banner where grazing is dominant and Yuyang district where farming is the main character were selected as research object by means of using emergy theory and analytic methods, it analyses the primary productivity, secondary productivity and the coupling status of the farming and grazing system in those two areas for 27 years. And it comes up with a possible evolvement regulation of the extent of agro-ecosystem coupling. The results show that the industrial development model of Yuyang distric is farming-dominant, but Uxin banner is the grazing-dominant; Yuyang district has the tendency of pig, poultry production, but Uxin banner has the tendency of herbivorous animal production; the primary productivity, secondary productivity, A, B and SCD in those two areas are all increasing, and the SCD has the increase in the shape of "three-stage" in 27 years. In conclusion, this paper brings forward the developmental methods of farming and grazing ecosystems coupling in Mu Us sandland, it is expected to provide credible theory supports and direction to healthy development of the farming and grazing ecosystems.
The Relationship between Polyamines and Hormones in the Regulation of Wheat Grain Filling
Yang Liu, Dandan Gu, Wei Wu, Xiaoxia Wen, Yuncheng Liao
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078196
Abstract: The grain weight of wheat is strongly influenced by filling. Polyamines (PA) are involved in regulating plant growth. However, the effects of PA on wheat grain filling and its mechanism of action are unclear. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between PAs and hormones in the regulation of wheat grain filling. Three PAs, spermidine (Spd), spermine (Spm), and putrescine (Put), were exogenously applied, and the grain filling characteristics and changes in endogenous PA and hormones, i.e., indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), zeatin (Z) + zeatin riboside (ZR), abscisic acid (ABA), ethylene (ETH) and gibberellin 1+4 (GAs), were quantified during wheat grain filling. Exogenous applications of Spd and Spm significantly increased the grain filling rate and weight, but exogenous Put had no significant effects on these measures. Exogenous Spd and Spm significantly increased the endogenous Spd, Spm, Z+ZR, ABA, and IAA contents and significantly decreased ETH evolution in grains. The endogenous Spd, Spm and Z+ZR contents were positively and significantly correlated with the grain filling rate and weight of wheat, and the endogenous ETH evolution was negatively and significantly correlated with the wheat grain filling rate and weight. Based upon these results, we concluded that PAs were involved in the balance of hormones that regulated the grain filling of wheat.
Tillage, Mulch and N Fertilizer Affect Emissions of CO2 under the Rain Fed Condition
Sikander Khan Tanveer, Xiaoxia Wen, Xing Li Lu, Junli Zhang, Yuncheng Liao
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072140
Abstract: A two year (2010–2012) study was conducted to assess the effects of different agronomic management practices on the emissions of CO2 from a field of non-irrigated wheat planted on China's Loess Plateau. Management practices included four tillage methods i.e. T1: (chisel plow tillage), T2: (zero-tillage), T3: (rotary tillage) and T4: (mold board plow tillage), 2 mulch levels i.e., M0 (no corn residue mulch) and M1 (application of corn residue mulch) and 5 levels of N fertilizer (0, 80, 160, 240, 320 kg N/ha). A factorial experiment having a strip split-split arrangement, with tillage methods in the main plots, mulch levels in the sub plots and N-fertilizer levels in the sub-sub plots with three replicates, was used for this study. The CO2 data were recorded three times per week using a portable GXH-3010E1 gas analyzer. The highest CO2 emissions were recorded following rotary tillage, compared to the lowest emissions from the zero tillage planting method. The lowest emissions were recorded at the 160 kg N/ha, fertilizer level. Higher CO2 emissions were recorded during the cropping year 2010–11 relative to the year 2011–12. During cropping year 2010–11, applications of corn residue mulch significantly increased CO2 emissions in comparison to the non-mulched treatments, and during the year 2011–12, equal emissions were recorded for both types of mulch treatments. Higher CO2 emissions were recorded immediately after the tillage operations. Different environmental factors, i.e., rain, air temperatures, soil temperatures and soil moistures, had significant effects on the CO2 emissions. We conclude that conservation tillage practices, i.e., zero tillage, the use of corn residue mulch and optimum N fertilizer use, can reduce CO2 emissions, give better yields and provide environmentally friendly options.
Syntheses of differential games and pseudo-Riccati equations
Yuncheng You
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2002, DOI: 10.1155/s1085337502000817
Abstract: For differential games of fixed duration oflinear dynamical systems with nonquadratic payoff functionals, itis proved that the value and the optimal strategies as saddlepoint exist whenever the associated pseudo-Riccati equation has aregular solution P(t,x). Then the closed-loop optimalstrategies are given by u(t)=−R−1B∗P(t,x(t)), v(t)=−S−1C∗P(t,x(t)). For differential game problems ofMayer type, the existence of a regular solution to thepseudo-Riccati equation is proved under certain assumptions and aconstructive expression of that solution can be found by solvingan algebraic equation with time parameter.
Inertial manifolds and stabilization of nonlinear beam equations with Balakrishnan-Taylor damping
Yuncheng You
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 1996, DOI: 10.1155/s1085337596000048
Abstract: In this paper we study a hinged, extensible, and elastic nonlinear beam equation with structural damping and Balakrishnan-Taylor damping with the full exponent 2(n+ 2)+1. This strongly nonlinear equation, initially proposed by Balakrishnan and Taylor in 1989, is a very general and useful model for large aerospace structures. In this work, the existence of global solutions and the existence of absorbing sets in the energy space are proved. For this equation, the feature is that the exponential rate of the absorbing property is not a global constant, but which is uniform for the family of trajectories starting from any given bounded set in the state space. Then it is proved that there exists an inertial manifold whose exponentially attracting rate is accordingly non-uniform. Finally, the spillover problem with respect to the stabilization of this equation is solved by constructing a linear state feedback control involving only finitely many modes. The obtained results are robust in regard to the uncertainty of the structural parameters.
Approximate inertial manifolds for nonlinear parabolic equations via steady-state determining mapping
Yuncheng You
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 1995, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171295000019
Abstract: For nonlinear parabolic evolution equations, it is proved that, under the assumptions of local Lipschitz continuity of nonlinearity and the dissipativity of semiflows, there exist approximate inertial manifolds (AIM) in the energy space and that the approximate inertial manifolds are constructed as the graph of the steady-state determining mapping based on the spectral decomposition. It is also shown that the thickness of the exponentially attracting neighborhood of the AIM converges to zero at a fractional power rate as the dimension of the AIM increases. Applications of the obtained results to Burgers' equation, higher dimensional reaction-diffusion equations, 2D Ginzburg-Landau equations, and axially symmetric Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equations in annular domains are included.
An Approach about Simulation Physics Experiments and Instructional Applications
Yuncheng Li
Journal of Computers , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jcp.6.1.67-74
Abstract: Simulation physics, as a mode of instructional applications, in physics teaching has been widely used. So instructional design of simulation physics experiments is particularly important problems. This paper focuses on the simulation experiments design in teaching and learning environment.
Sharp asymptotic estimates for vorticity solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equation
Yuncheng You
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2008,
Abstract: The asymptotic dynamics of high-order temporal-spatial derivatives of the two-dimensional vorticity and velocity of an incompressible, viscous fluid flow in $mathbb{R}^2$ are studied, which is equivalent to the 2D Navier-Stokes equation. It is known that for any integrable initial vorticity, the 2D vorticity solution converges to the Oseen vortex. In this paper, sharp exterior decay estimates of the temporal-spatial derivatives of the vorticity solution are established. These estimates are then used and combined with similarity and $L^p$ compactness to show the asymptotical attraction rates of temporal-spatial derivatives of generic 2D vorticity and velocity solutions by the Oseen vortices and velocity solutions respectively. The asymptotic estimates and the asymptotic attraction rates of all the derivatives obtained in this paper are independent of low or high Reynolds numbers.
Global dynamics of a reaction-diffusion system
Yuncheng You
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2011,
Abstract: In this work the existence of a global attractor for the semiflow of weak solutions of a two-cell Brusselator system is proved. The method of grouping estimation is exploited to deal with the challenge in proving the absorbing property and the asymptotic compactness of this type of coupled reaction-diffusion systems with cubic autocatalytic nonlinearity and linear coupling. It is proved that the Hausdorff dimension and the fractal dimension of the global attractor are finite. Moreover, the existence of an exponential attractor for this solution semiflow is shown.
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