oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 302 )

2018 ( 607 )

2017 ( 613 )

2016 ( 762 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 381639 matches for " L; Pava Cárdenas "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /381639
Display every page Item
Identificación de la adherencia al tratamiento nutricional aplicando el modelo de Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas en un grupo de personas con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 atendidas en la Asociación Colombiana de Diabetes
Lancheros Páez,L; Pava Cárdenas,A; Bohórquez Poveda,A;
Diaeta , 2010,
Abstract: introducción: el tratamiento nutricional es uno de los pilares en el manejo de la diabetes; sin embargo se reportan bajos niveles de adherencia, constituyendo una dificultad importante para el alcance de las metas metabólicas. objetivo: identificar la adherencia al tratamiento nutricional en un grupo de personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 2, aplicando el modelo de conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas. material y métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal realizado con un grupo de personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 afiliados a la asociación colombiana de diabetes, en quienes se evaluaron conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas acerca del tratamiento y se relacionaron con el consumo de calorías y macronutrientes. los datos se analizaron aplicando estadística descriptiva, prueba de correlación interna, chi cuadrado y prueba exacta de fisher. resultados: no hubo adherencia completa a las recomendaciones nutricionales, el 30% de los participantes se adhirió a la prescripción de calorías, 13% a la de carbohidratos, 23% a la de grasa y 3% a la de proteína. los conocimientos sobre la enfermedad fueron suficientes, pero los relacionados con el intercambio de alimentos no lo fueron; se encontraron actitudes positivas en la mayoría de los participantes y menos de la mitad refirió prácticas adecuadas. discusión y conclusiones: la relación entre conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas con la adherencia no fue estadísticamente significativa, sin embargo, la correlación entre conocimientos (p = 0,057) y practicas (p=0,053) fueron las de mayor valor. debido a que la adherencia es un fenómeno múltiple y complejo que implica diversidad de conductas, es importante seguir explorando metodologías para identificar las variables que la condicionan.
Identificación de la adherencia al tratamiento nutricional aplicando el modelo de Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas en un grupo de personas con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 atendidas en la Asociación Colombiana de Diabetes Identification of adherence to nutritional therapy using the model of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in a group of people with Diabetes Mellitus type 2 treated by Colombian Diabetes Association
L Lancheros Páez,A Pava Cárdenas,A Bohórquez Poveda
Diaeta , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: el tratamiento nutricional es uno de los pilares en el manejo de la diabetes; sin embargo se reportan bajos niveles de adherencia, constituyendo una dificultad importante para el alcance de las metas metabólicas. Objetivo: identificar la adherencia al tratamiento nutricional en un grupo de personas con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, aplicando el modelo de Conocimientos, Actitudes y Prácticas. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal realizado con un grupo de personas con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 afiliados a la Asociación Colombiana de Diabetes, en quienes se evaluaron conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas acerca del tratamiento y se relacionaron con el consumo de calorías y macronutrientes. Los datos se analizaron aplicando estadística descriptiva, prueba de correlación interna, chi cuadrado y prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados: no hubo adherencia completa a las recomendaciones nutricionales, el 30% de los participantes se adhirió a la prescripción de calorías, 13% a la de carbohidratos, 23% a la de grasa y 3% a la de proteína. Los conocimientos sobre la enfermedad fueron suficientes, pero los relacionados con el intercambio de alimentos no lo fueron; se encontraron actitudes positivas en la mayoría de los participantes y menos de la mitad refirió prácticas adecuadas. Discusión y conclusiones: la relación entre conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas con la adherencia no fue estadísticamente significativa, sin embargo, la correlación entre conocimientos (p = 0,057) y practicas (p=0,053) fueron las de mayor valor. Debido a que la adherencia es un fenómeno múltiple y complejo que implica diversidad de conductas, es importante seguir explorando metodologías para identificar las variables que la condicionan.
LA REFORMA DE 15 DE JUNIO DE 2011 AL CóDIGO CIVIL PARA EL DISTRITO FEDERAL
Elva L. CáRDENAS MIRANDA
Boletín mexicano de derecho comparado , 2012,
Abstract: ...
Escrutinio público de propuestas de candidatos durante la campa?a presidencial de 2006
López, Alejandro;Cárdenas, Enrique;
Política y gobierno , 2009,
Abstract: 2006 was the first election for president in mexico that took place under an administration that was not controlled by the pri, and these elections were characterized by a hard-fought competition and the strong presence of the candidates in mass media. three citizens' organizations, dialogues for mexico, citizens' magnifying glass, and evaluate and decide stood out because they tried to limit the tendency of the candidates and parties to exaggerate their electoral promises. the proposed initiatives of these groups included first, reducing the negative consequences of sloppy party platforms (improvisation); and second, offering information that would promote a more reasoned decision on the part of the voter by following through on the electoral promises so that they could answer questions such as, "are these solid proposals? did they improve?" the objective of this project is to allow citizens and political actors to evaluate the performance of elected officials in the next elections. because of this experience and by examining the initiatives to be able to influence general policies, these citizen-based groups were able to present suggestions for civic organizations to monitor more effectively representative institutions in mexico.
Guidelines for specialized nutritional and metabolic support in the critically-ill patient: Update. Consensus SEMICYUC-SENPE: Severe acute pancreatitis
Bordejé Laguna,L.; Lorencio Cárdenas,C.; Acosta Escribano,J.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: severe acute pancreatitis (sap) causes local and systemic complications leading to high catabolic, hypermetabolic and hyperdynamic stress states with marked morbidity and mortality. in the last decade, nutritional support has become a key element in the treatment of sap. thus, specialized nutrition is indicated from admission, with enteral nutrition being preferred to parenteral nutrition. enteral nutrition should be initiated early using infusion through the jejunum beyond the ligament of treitz to minimize pancreatic stress. there are no specific studies that establish the type of diet to be used but experts recommend the use of polymeric diets. parenteral nutrition, without a specific formula, is indicated in patients with sap who are intolerant to enteral nutrition or when the clinical signs of pancreatitis are exacerbated or aggravated by enteral nutrition. even so, a minimal level of enteral infusion should be maintained to preserve the trophic effect of the intestinal mucosa. in the last few years, several studies of the administration of immunomodulatory diets in patients with sap have been carried out to demonstrate their effects on the course of the disease. however, there are few clear recommendations on the prognostic benefits of pharmaconutrient enriched diets in these patients. there is substantial scientific evidence suggesting that the only clear indication for pharmaconutrition in patients with sap is parenteral glutamine administration, which is recommended by all clinical guidelines with distinct grades of evidence.
Guidelines for specialized nutritional and metabolic support in the critically-ill patient: Update. Consensus SEMICYUC-SENPE: Severe acute pancreatitis Recomendaciones para el soporte nutricional y metabólico especializado del paciente crítico: Actualización. Consenso SEMICYUC-SENPE: Pancreatitis aguda grave
L. Bordejé Laguna,C. Lorencio Cárdenas,J. Acosta Escribano
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) causes local and systemic complications leading to high catabolic, hypermetabolic and hyperdynamic stress states with marked morbidity and mortality. In the last decade, nutritional support has become a key element in the treatment of SAP. Thus, specialized nutrition is indicated from admission, with enteral nutrition being preferred to parenteral nutrition. Enteral nutrition should be initiated early using infusion through the jejunum beyond the ligament of Treitz to minimize pancreatic stress. There are no specific studies that establish the type of diet to be used but experts recommend the use of polymeric diets. Parenteral nutrition, without a specific formula, is indicated in patients with SAP who are intolerant to enteral nutrition or when the clinical signs of pancreatitis are exacerbated or aggravated by enteral nutrition. Even so, a minimal level of enteral infusion should be maintained to preserve the trophic effect of the intestinal mucosa. In the last few years, several studies of the administration of immunomodulatory diets in patients with SAP have been carried out to demonstrate their effects on the course of the disease. However, there are few clear recommendations on the prognostic benefits of pharmaconutrient enriched diets in these patients. There is substantial scientific evidence suggesting that the only clear indication for pharmaconutrition in patients with SAP is parenteral glutamine administration, which is recommended by all clinical guidelines with distinct grades of evidence. La pancreatitis aguda grave es una patología que cursa con complicaciones locales y sistémicas que condicionan una situación de estrés altamente catabólica, hipermetabólica e hiperdinámica con marcada morbimortalidad. En la última década, el soporte nutricional se ha convertido en uno de los puntos clave en el tratamiento de la pancreatitis aguda grave. Así, hay indicación de nutrición especializada desde el ingreso, siendo de elección la nutrición enteral sobre la nutrición parenteral administrada de forma precoz más allá del ligamento de treitz, para provocar el mínimo estímulo pancreático. No hay estudios específicos que nos aclaren cuál es el tipo de dieta a administrar, pero los expertos recomiendan la utilización de dietas poliméricas. La nutrición parenteral, sin una fórmula concreta, quedaría indicada en los pacientes con pancreatitis aguda grave que presentan intolerancia a la nutrición enteral o cuando se agravan los signos clínicos de pancreatitis al administrar la dieta enteral. Aun así, se recomienda mantener
Aproximación a un estándar de reparación integral en procesos colectivos de violación a los derechos humanos. Jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
López-Cárdenas,Carlos-Mauricio;
Estudios Socio-Jurídicos , 2009,
Abstract: this article makes an approach to a standard to provide reparations for gross collective human rights violations. for this purpose, from the perspective of the jurisprudence of the inter-american court of human rights, the paper examines the concept of victim, individually and collectively, and reparation mechanisms (restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non repetition).
Crisis del centralismo y nuevos retos para las entidades territoriales: una mirada desde Colombia
RESTREPO,DARíO I.; CáRDENAS,RAúL ERNESTO;
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2004,
Abstract: this paper explains how the relationships between decentralisation, economic globalization and privatization processes have changed the interaction and the responsibilities of several government levels, by analyzing the case of colombia. this influence can be observed in developing issues, supply of services and the political system. the paper explores the tension that arises between central, departmental and local governments about making decisions of public policies in different fields: political decentralization, fiscal issues, public funds spending, and developing and security policies
Sobre la pertinencia de las categorías culturales en la elaboración de las Representaciones de los Nuevos Movimientos Sociales
Castro, Manuel Cárdenas;López, Roberto Rodríguez;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822007000300012
Abstract: this paper presents a study of the social representations on the anti-globalization movement (agm) elaborated from a sample of spanish workers. a method of free association of words as stimuli and an image of movement survey (that takes the form of a semantic differential) were used for the analysis of these representations. the results obtained by free association of words were analyzed by multivariated methods (hierarchical cluster analysis, multidimensional scaling and correspondences analysis). the results on the image survey were summarized in seven principal factors. the averages of these factors were compared according to the criterion of political self-categorization. the principal effect observed was a rejection, from a part of the subjects of the sample, in using the cultural categories that in other studies appeared as the most pertinent fo the elaboration of social representations about the anti-globalization movement (amg).
DETERMINANTES Y CARACTERíSTICAS DE LA OFERTA DE COCAíNA EN COLOMBIA (1989 - 2006)
SANDOVAL,LUIS EDUARDO; LóPEZ,áNGELA; CáRDENAS,CAMILO;
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión , 2009,
Abstract: one of the main problems of colombia since the end of xxth century has been illegal drug trafficking of cocaine to the united states and the rest of the world. this has led to devastating consequences for colombian population, such as maintenance of armed conflict and forced displacement. the coca eradication has been made through the implementation of different methods, but unfortunately, none of them has been totally effective. at this point, it is essential to outline the importance of colombian supply over foreign demand of cocaine, considering that, in order to provide a solution from the inside of the country, the determinants which affect supply of cocaine to the united states must be clear. therefore, the objective of this document is to study and analyze the characteristics of cocaine market between colombia and the united states due to its importance in social, economic and environmental issues in colombia.
Page 1 /381639
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.