Abstract:
We investigate in this paper the origin of perpendicular anisotropy in Co (1.6 nm)/Pt (3.0 nm) bilayers grown on alumina and annealed up to 650$^{\circ}$C. Above 350$^{\circ}$C, all layers exhibit perpendicular anisotropy. Then coercive fields increase linearly with annealing temperature following two different rates: 0.05 T/100$^{\circ}$C below 550$^{\circ}$C and 0.8 T/100$^{\circ}$C above. By making careful structural characterizations using x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, we demonstrate the presence of short range correlation of L1$_{1}$ type below 550$^{\circ}$C whereas above 550$^{\circ}$C, L1$_{0}$ chemical ordering is observed. We conclude that perpendicular anisotropy observed in Co/Pt bilayers grown on alumina and annealed may not only be due to interface anisotropy as usually invoked but also to CoPt alloying and chemical ordering that take place during post-growth annealing.

Abstract:
In this letter, we report on successful electrical spin injection and detection in \textit{n}-type germanium-on-insulator (GOI) using a Co/Py/Al$_{2}$O$_{3}$ spin injector and 3-terminal non-local measurements. We observe an enhanced spin accumulation signal of the order of 1 meV consistent with the sequential tunneling process via interface states in the vicinity of the Al$_{2}$O$_{3}$/Ge interface. This spin signal is further observable up to 220 K. Moreover, the presence of a strong \textit{inverted} Hanle effect points at the influence of random fields arising from interface roughness on the injected spins.

Abstract:
We report an experimental study of a gold-tungsten alloy (7% at. W concentration in Au host) displaying remarkable properties for spintronics applications using both magneto-transport in lateral spin valve devices and spin-pumping with inverse spin Hall effect experiments. A very large spin Hall angle of about 10% is consistently found using both techniques with the reliable spin diffusion length of 2 nm estimated by the spin sink experiments in the lateral spin valves. With its chemical stability, high resistivity and small induced damping, this AuW alloy may find applications in the nearest future.

Abstract:
The knowledge of the spin diffusion length $\lambda_{A}$ is a prerequisite for the estimation of the spin Hall angle. We investigate spin current absorption of materials with small $\lambda_{A}$ using AuW stripes inserted in lateral spin-valves. Width variations of the AuW stripe lead to drastic changes of the spin absorption, which cannot be explained by conventional analysis. We show that the spin-current polarization and the spin accumulation attenuation in the vicinity of the spin absorber must to be precisely taken into account for accurate estimation of $\lambda_{A}$. We propose an analytical model supported by numerical calculations that allows to extract proper $\lambda_{A}$ values of spin Hall effect materials.

Abstract:
This randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical study was conducted with seventy healthy volunteers aged between 30 and 55 years, who feel daily stress and fatigue. They took the dietary supplement based on the melon juice concentrate (10 mg Extramel？ corresponding to 140 IU SOD per capsule) or a placebo one time daily during 4 weeks. Stress and fatigue were measured using four observational psychometric scales: FARD, PSS-14, SF-12 and Epworth scale. The study was conducted by Isoclin, a clinical research organization, located in Poitiers, France.No adverse effect was noted. The supplementation with the proprietary melon juice concentrate bringing 140 IU SOD/day significantly improved signs and symptoms of stress and fatigue linked to performance, physical (pain, sleep troubles), cognitive (concentration, weariness, sleep troubles) or behavioural (attitude, irritability, difficulty of contact) compared to the placebo. In the same way, quality of life and perceived stress were significantly improved with SOD supplementation.This pilot study showed that an oral supplementation with a proprietary melon juice concentrate rich in SOD may have a positive effect on several signs and symptoms of perceived stress and fatigue.In developed countries, people from all social classes are concerned about fatigue, stress and anxiety. It is estimated that 30% of the population will suffer from these symptoms at one point in their life [1]. It is known also that professional activity generates stress and fatigue, which are closely linked [1].Several studies show that there is an emerging link between individual stress and intracellular oxidative stress. In a clinical trial on 42 women in the work force, a correlation between perceived stress and intracellular oxidative stress was demonstrated. In this trial, inflammatory markers like TNF-α or HbA1C were enhanced in women with a high burnout, indicating a role of inflammatory responses and oxidative stress in the pathophysi

Abstract:
Goal-directed proof search in first-order logic uses meta-variables to delay the choice of witnesses; substitutions for such variables are produced when closing proof-tree branches, using first-order unification or a theory-specific background reasoner. This paper investigates a generalisation of such mechanisms whereby theory-specific constraints are produced instead of substitutions. In order to design modular proof-search procedures over such mechanisms, we provide a sequent calculus with meta-variables, which manipulates such constraints abstractly. Proving soundness and completeness of the calculus leads to an axiomatisation that identifies the conditions under which abstract constraints can be generated and propagated in the same way unifiers usually are. We then extract from our abstract framework a component interface and a specification for concrete implementations of background reasoners.

Abstract:
The set S_{F}(x_{0};T) of states y reachable from a given state x_{0} at time T under a set-valued dynamic x’(t)∈F(x (t)) and under constraints x(t)∈K where K is a closed set, is also the capture-viability kernel of x_{0} at T in reverse time of the target {x_{0}} while remaining in K. In dimension up to three, Saint-Pierre’s viability algorithm is well-adapted; for higher dimensions, Bonneuil’s viability algorithm is better suited. It is used on a large-dimensional example.

The introduction of an exponential or power law gradient
in the interstellar medium (ISM) allows to produce an asymmetric
evolution of the supernova remnant (SNR) when the framework of the thin layer
approximation is adopted. Unfortunately both the exponential and power law
gradients for the ISM do not have a well defined physical meaning. The physics
conversely is well represented by an isothermal self-gravitating disk of
particles whose velocity is everywhere Maxwellian. We derived a law of motion
in the framework of the thin layer approximation with a control parameter of
the swept mass. The photon’s losses, which are often neglected in the thin layer
approximation, are modeled trough velocity dependence. The developed framework
is applied to SNR 1987A and the three observed rings are simulated.

Abstract:
A first new luminosity function of galaxies can be built starting from a left truncated beta probability density function, which is characterized by four parameters. In the astrophysical conversion, the number of parameters increases by one, due to the addition of the overall density of galaxies. A second new galaxy luminosity function is built starting from a left truncated beta probability for the mass of galaxies once a simple nonlinear relationship between mass and luminosity is assumed; in this case the number of parameters is six because the overall density of galaxies and a parameter that regulates mass and luminosity are added. The two new galaxy luminosity functions with finite boundaries were tested on the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) in five different bands; the results produce a “better fit” than the Schechter luminosity function in two of the five bands considered. A modified Schechter luminosity function with four parameters has been also analyzed.

Abstract:
We argued that the standard field scalar potential couldn’t be widely used for getting the adequate galaxies’ curve lines and determining the profiles of dark matter their halo. For discovering the global properties of scalar fields that can describe the observable characteristics of dark matter on the cosmological space and time scales, we propose the simplest form of central symmetric potential celestial-mechanical type, i.e. U(φ) = –μ/φ. It was shown that this potential allows get rather satisfactorily dark matter profiles and rotational curves lines for dwarf galaxies. The good agreement with some previous results, based on the N-body simulation method, was pointed out. A new possibility of dwarf galaxies’ masses estimation was given, also.