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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 208452 matches for " L. Miramonti "
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Solar Neutrinos
V. Antonelli,L. Miramonti,C. Pe?a Garay,A. Serenelli
Advances in High Energy Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/351926
Abstract:
Solar Neutrinos
V. Antonelli,L. Miramonti,C. Pena-Garay,A. Serenelli
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The study of solar neutrinos has given since ever a fundamental contribution both to astroparticle and to elementary particle physics, offering an ideal test of solar models and offering at the same time relevant indications on the fundamental interactions among particles. After reviewing the striking results of the last two decades, which were determinant to solve the long standing solar neutrino puzzle and refine the Standard Solar Model, we focus our attention on the more recent results in this field and on the experiments presently running or planned for the near future. The main focus at the moment is to improve the knowledge of the mass and mixing pattern and especially to study in detail the lowest energy part of the spectrum, which represents most of solar neutrino spectrum but is still a partially unexplored realm. We discuss this research project and the way in which present and future experiments could contribute to make the theoretical framemork more complete and stable, understanding the origin of some "anomalies" that seem to emerge from the data and contributing to answer some present questions, like the exact mechanism of the vacuum to matter transition and the solution of the so called solar metallicity problem.
Solar neutrino detection
Lino Miramonti
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1063/1.3141352
Abstract: More than 40 years ago, neutrinos where conceived as a way to test the validity of the solar models which tell us that stars are powered by nuclear fusion reactions. The first measurement of the neutrino flux, in 1968 in the Homestake mine in South Dakota, detected only one third of the expected value, originating what has been known as the Solar Neutrino Problem. Different experiments were built in order to understand the origin of this discrepancy. Now we know that neutrinos undergo oscillation phenomenon changing their nature traveling from the core of the Sun to our detectors. In the work the 40 year long saga of the neutrino detection is presented; from the first proposals to test the solar models to last real time measurements of the low energy part of the neutrino spectrum.
Borexino: A real time liquid scintillator detector for low energy solar neutrino study
Lino Miramonti
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: Borexino is a large unsegmented calorimeter featuring 300 tons of liquid scintillator, contained in a 8.5 meter nylon vessel, viewed by 2200 PMTs. The main goal of Borexino is the study, in real time, of low energy solar neutrinos, and in particular, the monoenergetic neutrinos coming from $^7Be$, which is one of the missing links on the solar neutrino problem. The achievement of high radiopurity level, in the order of $10^{-16} g/g$ of U/Th equivalent, necessary to the detection of the low energy component of the solar neutrino flux, was proved in the Borexino prototype: the Counting Test Facility. The detector is located underground in the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in the center of Italy at 3500 meter water equivalent depth. In this paper the science and technology of Borexino are reviewed and its main capabilities are presented.
Neutrinos and (Anti)neutrinos from Supernovae and from the Earth in the Borexino detector
Lino Miramonti
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: The main goal of the Borexino detector, in its final phase of construction in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory, is the direct observation and measurement of the low energy component of neutrinos coming from the Sun. The unique low energy sensitivity and ultra-low background bring new capabilities to attack problems in neutrino physiscs other than solar ones. Investigation about the study of Supernoavae neutrinos and neutrino coming from the Earth (Geoneutrinos) are here resumed.
Borexino
Lino Miramonti
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: Borexino is a massive calorimetric liquid scintillation detector whose installation has been completed in the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory. The focus of the experiment is on the direct and real time measurement of the flux of neutrinos produced in the $^{7}Be$ electron capture reaction in the Sun. Furthermore, recent studies about the reduction of the $^{11}C$ background through suitable rejection techniques demonstrated the possibility to open an interesting additional observation window in the energy region of the pep and CNO solar neutrinos. Beyond the solar neutrino program, the detector will be also a powerful observatory for antineutrinos from Supernovae, as well as for geoneutrinos, profiting from a very low background from nuclear reactors.
European underground laboratories: An overview
Lino Miramonti
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1063/1.2060447
Abstract: Underground laboratories are complementary to those where the research in fundamental physics is made using accelerators. This report focus on the logistic and on the background features of the most relevant laboratories in Europe, stressing also on the low background facilities available. In particular the report is focus on the laboratories involved in the new Europeean project ILIAS with the aim to support the European large infrastructures operating in the astroparticle physics area.
Advancements in solar neutrino physics
Antonelli, Vito;Miramonti, Lino
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013, DOI: 10.1142/S0218301313300099
Abstract: We review the results of solar neutrino physics, with particular attention to the data obtained and the analyses performed in the last decades, which were determinant to solve the solar neutrino problem (SNP), proving that neutrinos are massive and oscillating particles and contributing to refine the solar models. We also discuss the perspectives of the presently running experiments in this sector and of the ones planned for the near future and the impact they can have on elementary particle physics and astrophysics.
Solar Neutrino Physics: historical evolution, present status and perspectives
Lino Miramonti,Franco Reseghetti
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: Solar neutrino physics is an exciting and difficult field of research for physicists, where astrophysics, elementary particle and nuclear physics meet. \ The Sun produces the energy that life has been using on Earth for many years, about $10^9$ y, emits a lot of particles: protons, electrons, ions, electromagnetic quanta... among them neutrinos play an important role allowing to us to check our knowledge on solar characteristics. The main aim of this paper is to offer a practical overview of various aspects concerning the solar neutrino physics: after a short historical excursus, the different detection techniques and present experimental results and problems are analysed. Moreover, the status of art of solar modeling, possible solutions to the so called solar neutrino problem (SNP) and planned detectors are reviewed.
Recent advances in neutrinoless double beta decay search
Lino Miramonti,Franco Reseghetti
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1007/s10582-004-1201-1
Abstract: Even after the discovery of neutrino flavour oscillations, based on data from atmospheric, solar, reactor, and accelerator experiments, many characteristics of the neutrino remain unknown. Only the neutrino square-mass differences and the mixing angle values have been estimated, while the value of each mass eigenstate still hasn't. Its nature (massive Majorana or Dirac particle) is still escaping. Neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\nu$-DBD) experimental discovery could be the ultimate answer to some delicate questions of elementary particle and nuclear physics. The Majorana description of neutrinos allows the $0\nu$-DBD process, and consequently either a mass value could be measured or the existence of physics beyond the standard should be confirmed without any doubt. As expected, the $0\nu$-DBD measurement is a very difficult field of application for experimentalists. In this paper, after a short summary of the latest results in neutrino physics, the experimental status, the R&D projects, and perspectives in $0\nu$-DBD sector are reviewed.
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