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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 370403 matches for " Lígia Helena de Andrade "
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Efeito repelente de azadiractina e óleos essenciais sobre Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em algodoeiro Repellent effect of azadirachtin and essential oils on Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in cotton plants
Lígia Helena de Andrade,José Vargas de Oliveira,Iracilda Maria de Moura Lima,Mauricéa Fidelis de Santana
Revista Ciência Agron?mica , 2013,
Abstract: A repelência de inseticidas botanicos tem se destacado como uma tática promissora no controle alternativo de pragas agrícolas e urbanas, podendo ser um dos componentes do manejo integrado de pragas. Objetivou-se com este trabalho identificar a repelência de inseticidas botanicos sobre fêmeas ápteras de Aphis gossypii Glover. Testes com chance de escolha foram realizados com discos de folha de algodoeiro, imersos nas caldas dos inseticidas e testemunha (água destilada com DMSO a 2%). Utilizou-se azadirachtina (0,075%) e os óleos essenciais de Piper hispidinervum CDC, P. aduncum L., Cymbopogon winterianus (L.), C. citratus (D.C.) Stapf, Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill e Perry, Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume, Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi e Chenopodium ambrosioides L. na concentra o de 0,05%. C. citratus, C. winterianus, P. aduncum, S. terebinthifolius, azadirachtina e C. zeylanicum apresentaram os maiores percentuais de repelência, 100; 84; 66,67; 64; 60,87 e 48% respectivamente e reduziram a produ o de ninfas em 100; 92; 42,9; 87,5; 80,65 e 89,74%, apresentando resultados significativos pelo teste do χ2 ao nível de 10% de probabilidade. Nos testes com F. vulgare (χ2 = 3,66, P = 0,05) as fêmeas de A. gossypii foram atraídas significativamente para os discos tratados e ocorreu um aumento na produ o de ninfas nos resultados obtidos para F. vulgare (χ2 = 5,87, P = 0,02) e C. ambrosioides (χ2 = 14,31, P = 0,001). The repellence of botanical insecticides has emerged as a promising technique in the alternative control of urban and agricultural pests, being seen as one component of integrated pest management. The aim of this work was to identify the repellence of botanical insecticides on apterous females of Aphis gossypii Glover. Random-choice tests were carried out with discs from the leaves of cotton plants immersed in insecticide solution and in a control (distilled water with 2% DMSO). Azadirachtin was used (0.075%) and the essential oils of Piper hispidinervum CDC, P. aduncum L., Cymbopogon winterianus (L.), C. citratus (DC) Stapf, Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill and Perry, Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume, Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi and Chenopodium ambrosioides L. at a concentration of 0.05%. C. citratus, C. winterianus, P. aduncum, S. terebinthifolius, azadirachtin and C. zeylanicum showed the highest percentage of repellence, 100, 84, 66.67, 64, 60.87 and 48% respectively, and reduced nymph production by 100, 92, 42.9, 87.5, 80.65 and 89, 74%, with significant results from the χ2 test at 10% probabilit
Effects of botanical insecticides on the instantaneous population growth rate of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in cotton
Andrade, Lígia Helena de;Oliveira, José Vargas de;Breda, Mariana Oliveira;Marques, Edmilson Jacinto;Lima, Iracilda Maria de Moura;
Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy , 2012, DOI: 10.4025/actasciagron.v34i2.10863
Abstract: botanical insecticides have been studied aiming the alternative pest control. the present study investigated the effects of these insecticides on the instantaneous population growth rate (ri) of aphis gossypii. botanical insecticides were tested in the following concentrations: compostonat?, rotenat-ce? and neempro (0, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00, 1.25, 1.50 and 1.75%); natuneem? and neemseto? (0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00%) and essential oils of foeniculum vulgare mill., cymbopogom winterianus (l.), chenopodium ambrosioides l. and piper aduncum l (0, 0.0125, 0.025, 0.0375 and 0.05%). cotton leaf discs, cnpa 8h cultivar with 5 cm in diameter were immersed for 30 seconds in products broth and dried for 30 minutes. eight replicates per concentration were used and each disc was infested with five apterous adult females of a. gossypii uniform in size and confined for 10 days. compostonat?, rotenat? and neempro provided negative ri decreasing a. gossypii population. natuneem? and neemseto? and the essential oil of f. vulgare showed positive ri increasing the population. the coefficients of determination (r2) of regression lines ranged from 0.46 to 0.85. the essential oils of c. winterianus, c. ambrosioides and p. aduncum were not statistically significant precluding the establishment of regression lines.
Epidemiologia do beber pesado e beber pesado episódico no Brasil: uma revis?o sistemática da literatura
Silveira, Camila Magalh?es;Silveira, Clóvis Castanho;Silva, Janaina Guzzardi da;Silveira, Lígia Magalh?es;Andrade, Arthur Guerra de;Andrade, Laura Helena Silveira Guerra de;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832008000700008
Abstract: background: heavy episodic drinking has been shown to be closely associated with considerable damage to and burden on society. objectives: this review aims to give an overview of the brazilian reality based on socio-demographic aspects, considering individual and social factors related to heavy drinking. methods: a computer-assisted search of relevant articles was conducted in the foremost scientific databases. results: males tended to heavy drinking more frequently than females. heavy episodic drinking was most prevalent among adolescents and young adults, though this prevalence tended to level off as they age. socioeconomic conditions appear to have an effect on heavy drinking. the early onset of heavy drinking has been associated with a history of alcohol dependency in the adult phase. heavy episodic drinking coincided with other psychoactive substance usage. motives for heavy drinking included both social activities as well as the availability of money. peer pressure was one of the strongest influencing factors in binge drinking and seemed to outweigh parental influence, particularly from late adolescence onward. heavy drinking also varied according to both the predominant adult and adolescent drinking culture, with more binge drinking in the southern areas of brazil as compared with the northern and central regions. conclusions: a myriad of socio-demographical, individual, and social characteristics associated with heavy drinking have been identified. however, knowledge in these areas remain limited, as most research has been conducted on specific groups and situations, in particular, that of north american college students. more research in brazil is urgently needed, as results from other cultural contexts should not be generalized.
Vínculos iniciais e desenvolvimento infantil: abordagem teórica em situa??o de nascimento de risco
Brum,Evanisa Helena Maio de; Schermann,Lígia;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232004000200021
Abstract: the present paper brings considerations on the development in the infant's early years, counterposing important points within the psychoanalytic theory and objectal relations theory, as well as focusing contemporary authors. aspects such as the importance of early relations, a brief history of neonatal care procedures and the mother-infant interaction in risk birth situations, especially in cases of premature birth, are approached. in these situations, the processes of formation of initial links and affection can pose difficulties. we mused about the potential interventions for promotion and prevention in collective health, directed at families that have their infants hospitalized at the neonatal intensive care unit, seeking a better life quality for those involved in this process. formulations that may come to prevent the emergence of general developmental disorders are mentioned, suggesting that they give rise to questions to be discussed in the field of collective health care.
Incontinência urinária em mulheres: raz?es da n?o procura por tratamento
Silva, Lígia da;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342009000100009
Abstract: the main purpose of this study was to verify why incontinent women, users of a basic healthcare unit in campinas, sp, do not seek treatment for urinary incontinence (ui). this is a descriptive, cross-section study, where 213 women who attended the service to have their cancer cytology examination were approached, and 35 of them, being incontinent, were included in the study. three questionnaires were used: iciq-sf, king's health questionnaire and a specific instrument elaborated for this study. a large share of the subjects (45.7%) did not know any form of ui treatment, and more than half (65.7%) did not seek treatment for the problem, with the main stated reasons being that they thought that urinary loss was normal, did not consider it important and the physician said that it was not necessary. it is concluded that the lack of knowledge about the types of treatment can contribute for not seeking professional help.
Vínculos iniciais e desenvolvimento infantil: abordagem teórica em situa o de nascimento de risco
Brum Evanisa Helena Maio de,Schermann Lígia
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2004,
Abstract: O presente artigo traz considera es sobre o desenvolvimento nos primeiros anos de vida da crian a, contrapondo pontos importantes na teoria psicanalítica e na teoria das rela es objetais, bem como enfocando autores da contemporaneidade. S o abordados aspectos como a importancia das primeiras rela es, um breve histórico das práticas de cuidados neonatais e a intera o m e-bebê em situa es de nascimento de risco, especialmente em casos de nascimento pré-termo. Nestas situa es, os processos de forma o dos vínculos iniciais e do apego podem apresentar dificuldades. Assim, faz-se uma reflex o sobre possíveis interven es de promo o e preven o em saúde coletiva dirigida às famílias que est o com seus filhos internados em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal, buscando uma melhor qualidade de vida para os envolvidos neste processo. Formula es que possam vir a prevenir o surgimento de transtornos gerais do desenvolvimento s o mencionadas, sugerindo-se que derivem em quest es a serem discutidas no ambito da Saúde Coletiva.
Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) as a diagnostic tool for Williams-Beuren syndrome
Souza, Deise Helena de;Moretti-Ferreira, Danilo;Rugolo, Lígia Maria Suppo de Souza;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572007000100005
Abstract: fluorescent in situ hybridization (fish) with commercial probes covering the elastin gene (eln) was used to determine the frequency of the 7q11.23 deletion in 18 children clinically diagnosed with williams-beuren syndrome (wbs). a de novo deletion was detected in 15 of the children (83%). diagnostic investigation for wbs started late in childhood (median = 5.8 years). all the children showed facial features typical of the syndrome, mental retardation and developmental delay. over-friendliness was observed in the majority of cases. clinodactyly of the 5th finger (n = 13), cardiovascular disease (n = 9), loquacity (n = 9), low birthweight (n = 8), and failure to thrive (n = 9) were observed only in those children with the deletion. respiratory problems (n = 9), though not previously reported in the literature, was a common finding in the group studied. our results confirmed that fish is useful in identifying 7q11.23 deletions in cases of wbs. clinical manifestations were more evident in the deletion-positive children.
Desafios à coordena??o dos cuidados em saúde: estratégias de integra??o entre níveis assistenciais em grandes centros urbanos
Almeida, Patty Fidelis de;Giovanella, Lígia;Mendon?a, Maria Helena Magalh?es de;Escorel, Sarah;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2010000200008
Abstract: this article analyzes the development of instruments for coordination between the family health strategy and other levels in the health system, with a focus on measures to promote coordination linked to the "integration among levels of care". the results of case studies in four large cities indicate the presence of mechanism for integration among levels of care, suggesting concern with guaranteeing comprehensive care. the principal strategies identified here were: creation and strengthening of regulatory structures in the municipal health secretariats and family health units with decentralization of roles to the local level, organization of flows, electronic patient charts, and expansion in the supply of specialized services at the municipal level. however, lack of integration among different providers, insufficient formal flows for hospital care, and absence of policies for medium complexity care were detected as barriers to the guarantee of comprehensive care, making the network's integration incomplete.
Plankton biomass in secondary ponds treating piggery waste
Barthel, Lígia;Oliveira, Paulo Armando Victória de;Costa, Rejane Helena Ribeiro da;
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-89132008000600025
Abstract: this study aimed at analyzing the plankton biomass found in a piggery waste treatment system, composed of a high rate algal pond (hrap), two maturation ponds (mp1, mp2) (system a) and a water hyacinth pond (whp) (system b). the ponds were disposed in series and the study was performed for 32 weeks. the physicochemical variables monitored were: ph, temperature, dissolved oxygen, soluble chemical oxygen demand, nitrogen compounds and total phosphorus. the plankton biomass was identified at genus level and the ecology index was calculated so as to describe its development in the ponds. results showed lower specific richness, which was associated to the mono-specific chlorella sp population. the protozoa density was conversely proportional to the green algae density. the higher species diversity occurred in the whp and mp2. the green algae presented high relative density (>97 %). the jaccard index reached 100% if chlorella sp and sometimes diatoms were found in the system's inlet and outlet. the productivity of algal biomass was lower than 10 gtss/m2/d in the maturation ponds, which was maintained in the hrap. the green algae coefficient of variation (cv) varied from 0 to 1.5 in the hrap and whp, but was constant at 0.9 to the 10th week in mp1 and around 0.5 during all the experimental period for mp2. for the chlorophyll a, this coefficient varied in all the ponds.
Urinary incontinence in the puerperium and its impact on the health-related quality of life
Leroy, Lígia da Silva;Lopes, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000200018
Abstract: this case-control study evaluated whether ui in the puerperium compromises the health-related quality of life (hrqol) and if so, in which aspects. the study included 344 women (77 case group and 267 control group) up to 90 days postpartum, who were attended the obstetrics outpatient clinic of a public teaching hospital, for the postpartum follow up consultation. a socio-demographic and clinical data questionnaire formulated and validated for the study, the international consultation on incontinence questionnaire - short-form (iciq-sf), the king's health questionnaire (khq) and the medical outcomes study 36 - item short form health survey (sf-36), were applied. the mean score of the iciq-sf was 13.9 (sd: 3.7). the case group presented high mean scores in the domains impact of the incontinence, emotions, daily activity limitations and physical limitations, of the khq. the groups differed significantly in the domains physical aspects, pain, general health status, vitality, social aspects and mental health of the sf-36. it is concluded that ui significantly affects the physical and mental health of puerperae.
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