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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 209661 matches for " Lázara Caridad; "
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Percepción de familias y trabajadores, sobre el Centro de Rehabilitación Integral Pediátrico "Senén Casas Regueiro"
Faife Abril,Lázara Caridad;
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0864-34662009000400014
Abstract: introduction "senén casas regueiro" center of comprehensive pediatric rehabilitation was founded in 1999 as an answer to the claim of the families with children with physical and motor disabilities that lived in habana vieja municipality and needed a place near home to receive their rehabilitation treatment. objectives to know the opinion of the relatives of the patients and of the workers about the management of the center. methods the universe was composed of workers, the children enrolled in the center and their relatives. the health characteristics of the children were determined by comparing the situation on admission and the current situation. 100 % of the workers took part in a diagnostic study of the working environment. structured interviews were made to know the impact that the incorporation of the children to the center has had according to their relatives. results the opinions of the workers and relatives about the center were coherent and both corresponded with the assessment of the clinical evolution of the patients made by the specialists. conclusions it was proved that the center has had a positive impact on the social, economic and health situation of these families and, therefore, on the community.
Percepción de familias y trabajadores, sobre el Centro de Rehabilitación Integral Pediátrico "Senén Casas Regueiro" Opinions of families and workers about "Senén Casas Regueiro" Center of Comprehensive Pediatric Rehabilitation
Lázara Caridad Faife Abril
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Introducción El Centro de Rehabilitación Integral Pediátrico "Senén Casas Regueiro" fue creado en el a o 1999, en respuesta al reclamo de las familias con ni os con discapacidades físico-motoras, residentes en el municipio Habana Vieja, de contar con un sitio, cercano al domicilio, donde estos pudieran realizar el tratamiento de rehabilitación que requieren. Objetivos Conocer la percepción que las familias de los pacientes y los trabajadores tienen de la gestión del Centro. Métodos El universo estuvo constituido por los trabajadores, los ni os matriculados en el Centro, y sus familias. Se determinaron las características de salud de los ni os comparando la situación al momento del ingreso al Centro y la actual, se hizo un estudio de diagnóstico del clima laboral con el 100% de los trabajadores y se aplicaron entrevistas estructuradas para conocer la repercusión que, según percepción familiar, ha tenido para los ni os y sus familias, su incorporación al Centro. Resultados Las percepciones de los trabajadores y las de las familias acerca del Centro fueron coherentes entre sí, y ambas se correspondieron con la valoración de la evolución clínica de los pacientes realizada por los especialistas. Conclusiones Se demuestra que el Centro ha producido un impacto positivo en lo social, económico y sanitario en las familias objetos de su trabajo y por tanto, en la comunidad. Introduction "Senén Casas Regueiro" Center of Comprehensive Pediatric Rehabilitation was founded in 1999 as an answer to the claim of the families with children with physical and motor disabilities that lived in Habana Vieja municipality and needed a place near home to receive their rehabilitation treatment. Objectives To know the opinion of the relatives of the patients and of the workers about the management of the center. Methods The universe was composed of workers, the children enrolled in the center and their relatives. The health characteristics of the children were determined by comparing the situation on admission and the current situation. 100 % of the workers took part in a diagnostic study of the working environment. Structured interviews were made to know the impact that the incorporation of the children to the center has had according to their relatives. Results The opinions of the workers and relatives about the center were coherent and both corresponded with the assessment of the clinical evolution of the patients made by the specialists. Conclusions It was proved that the center has had a positive impact on the social, economic and health situation of these families and, there
Síndrome de Angelman Angelman Syndrome
Lázara Caridad Faife Abril,Ivón Victoria Mayo Chirino
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2012,
Abstract: Se realiza la presentación de un caso de síndrome de Angelman, diagnosticado y confirmado por pruebas genéticas, que realizó su rehabilitación en el centro "Senén Casas Regueiro" de La Habana Vieja. La paciente fue diagnosticada con una parálisis cerebral y posteriormente, a partir del estudio realizado a personas con retraso mental y otras discapacidades en el a o 2001, se determina la coincidencia de los rasgos físicos y mentales del caso, con el síndrome de Angelman. Se hace la revisión y discusión de la literatura al respecto, y se encuentra coincidencia casi total de los rasgos descritos en la bibliografía, con el caso presentado. Se confirma este diagnóstico con la prueba FISH (Fluorescent in situ hybridization), que determinó la delección del cromosoma 15. We report a case of Angelman syndrome, which was diagnosed and confirmed by genetic testing. This patient had rehabilitation at "Senén Casas" center rehabilitation center in Habana Vieja. This patient was diagnosed with cerebral palsy. Further, from the study of persons with mental retardation and other disabilities in 2001, we determined the coincidence of physical and mental traits in with Angelman syndrome this case. The corresponding review and discussion of the literature was carried out, and it was found almost complete coincidence of the features described in the literature, with this case. This diagnosis was confirmed with FISH test (Fluorescent in situ hybridization), which determined the deletion of chromosome 15.
Formación de valores en los enfermeros del nuevo modelo pedagógico
Rodríguez Rodríguez,Caridad; Piloto Tomé,Kenia M; Insúa Grillo,Lázara; Morejón Perdomo,Belén;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2007,
Abstract: because of the importance of forming a new model of men and women that our society needs, an observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted with nursing students who are included in the new pedagogical model. the sample was formed by 200 students belonging to the vice-direction of nursing at "comandante pinares" general teaching hospital in san cristóbal, pinar del río. an anonymous survey was applied (it is attached) where questions about the most important concepts of values and their formation were requested, inserting problemic situations to assess by means of the answers given ethical principles in nursing students, to be developed in the future profession. this was also aimed at knowing which is the formation of moral values in the nursing personnel facing the daily activities at work in order to obtain the excellence in health services. the need to become aware of that nursing personnel must be able, not only to follow the nursing procedures properly, but also to develop moral values. it was observed that despite being skillfull professionally,the formation of moral values and ethical principles must be strengthened, emphasizing on responsibility, courage, audacity and honesty to perform their activities at work.
Formación de valores en los enfermeros del nuevo modelo pedagógico Formation of values in nursing students who are included in the new pedagogical model
Caridad Rodríguez Rodríguez,Kenia M Piloto Tomé,Lázara Insúa Grillo,Belén Morejón Perdomo
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2007,
Abstract: Por las palabras expresadas por el Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro: "creando valores, creando capital humano, creando ética y creando principios, la calidad de nuestra educación alcanzará altísimos niveles" y la importancia de formar el modelo de hombre que necesita la sociedad se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico y trasversal del universo de enfermeros del nuevo modelo pedagógico con un total de 200 correspondiente a la Vicedirección de Enfermería del Hospital General Docente "Comandante Pinares" de San Cristóbal, Pinar del Río. Se aplicó una encuesta anónima que se anexará al trabajo donde se hicieron preguntas sobre conceptos importantes dentro de la formación de valores. Se insertaron situaciones problemas para valorar con sus respuestas cómo se encuentran los enfermeros en su formación ética frente al ejercicio de su profesión y determinar cual es la formación de valores de los enfermeros frente a su realidad para llegar a ofrecer servicios de excelencia en salud, y poder concientizar que la enfermera no sólo debe estar bien preparada en sus conocimientos profesionales, sino ser un profesional íntegro moral, cívica y éticamente. Se pudo apreciar que a pesar de la buena preparación que poseen los enfermeros aún podemos continuar trabajando en base a la formación de valores en la ética frente a su profesión, puntualizando en la responsabilidad, la valentía y la audacia, así como la honestidad con que deben enfrentar su trabajo. Because of the importance of forming a new model of men and women that our society needs, an observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted with nursing students who are included in the new pedagogical model. The sample was formed by 200 students belonging to the Vice-direction of Nursing at "Comandante Pinares" General Teaching Hospital in San Cristóbal, Pinar del Río. An anonymous survey was applied (it is attached) where questions about the most important concepts of values and their formation were requested, inserting problemic situations to assess by means of the answers given ethical principles in nursing students, to be developed in the future profession. This was also aimed at knowing which is the formation of moral values in the nursing personnel facing the daily activities at work in order to obtain the excellence in health services. The need to become aware of that nursing personnel must be able, not only to follow the nursing procedures properly, but also to develop moral values. It was observed that despite being skillfull professionally,the formation of moral values and ethical princi
Comportamiento de la celulitis cervical-facial en una comunidad venezolana
Domínguez Guerra,Sorange Lázara; Machín Hernández,Anabel de la Caridad; Paredes Suárez,María Consuelo; Rosete Mazón,María del Carmen;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2012,
Abstract: a descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study in 87 patients from 0 to 60 years old and more (age bracket established by who), was conducted from may to september 2009 at "cerros de marín" comprehensive health area, maracaibo district, zulia state, venezuela. patients were informed about the characteristics of the study including an informed consent for each of the cases. once the diagnosis was stablished, the behavior of cervicofacial cellulitis was analyzed, where age, sex, etiology, most affected anatomical regions and most frequent symptoms were taken as variables into the study. data were processed using descriptive statistical methods to be represented in charts for the distribution of frequencies. hypothesis and chi-square tests having a level of significance p<0, 05 were used. male sex was the most affected (dental-origin cellulitis), ages from 35 to 59 prevailed. the most common symptoms were edema and pain in the masseter muscle and submandibular regions. venezuelan medical doctors and dentists created an educational proposal to modify the level of knowledge concerning this topic in the community.
Afecciones bucales más frecuentes en preescolares de Consolación del Sur Most frequent oral affections in pre-school children in Consolacion del Sur
María del Carmen Rosete Mazón,Anabel de la Caridad Machín Hernández,Sorange Lázara Domínguez Guerra,María Consuelo Paredes Suárez
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2011,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en ni os preescolares de 2-5 a os, pertenecientes al área de salud del policlínico "5 de Septiembre", municipio Consolación del Sur, Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre 2006-2007, con el objetivo de determinar las afecciones bucales más frecuentes. El universo estuvo formado por 453 ni os y la muestra por 412 ni os según los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Los preescolares incluidos en el estudio oscilaron entre 2 y 5 a os de edad. Se confeccionó un formulario para la recogida de los datos previo consentimiento informado de padres o representantes. Se examinaron los ni os en el consultorio, hogar o círculo infantil, con luz natural, usando guantes, depresores linguales y regla milimetrada para medir la magnitud del resalte. Para el procesamiento y el análisis de la información se confeccionó una base de datos utilizando el sistema Microsoft Excel 2003 y el programa estadístico Estadística 5.0. Se aplicó en calidad de medida de resumen el porcentaje. La asociación entre las variables se analizó mediante el test de independencia basado en la distribución ji cuadrado. El nivel de significación estadística empleado fue de 0.05. Se identificaron como afecciones bucales más frecuentes en la mayoría de los ni os estudiados la caries dental, maloclusiones y traumatismos dentarios. A descriptive, cross- sectional study with pre-school children from 2 to five years old belonging to "5 de septiembre" clinic in Consolacion del Sur was conducted from 2006 to 2007 with the objective of determining most frequent oral affections. The target group was comprised of 453 children and the sample of 412 considering inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ages taken were approximately 2 and 5 years old. A form to collect data was prepared taking into account a previous informed consent from parents or representatives. Children were examined in the polyclinic, home or care centers with natural light, wearing gloves, with lingual depressants and graph rule to measure the magnitude of the projection. To process and analyze the information a database was made using Microsoft Excel 2003 and the statistical program 5.0. Percentage method was used to sum up, as the analysis of the association among variables through independence test; which was based on the distribution chi square test. The level of statistical significance used was: 0, 05. The most frequent oral affections identified in most of the children included were: malocclusions and dental traumas.
Comportamiento de las comunicaciones bucosinusales por extracciones dentarias en la atencion primaria de salud Behavior of bucco-sinus communications due to dental extractions in Primary Health Care
María Consuelo Paredes Suárez,Anabel de la Caridad Machín Hernández,Sorange Lázara Domínguez Guerra,Irina Teresita Rivera Lugo
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2012,
Abstract: Se realizó una investigación aplicada del tipo de estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal, con el propósito de determinar el comportamiento de las comunicaciones buco-sinusales en la atención primaria de salud, en el municipio Maracaibo, Estado Zulia en el período comprendido de diciembre 2006 a diciembre de 2008. El universo estuvo constituido por todos los pacientes que asistieron a la consulta, solicitando una extracción dentaria en el maxilar superior; la muestra estuvo constituida por los 38 pacientes que tuvieron una comunicación buco-sinusal como complicación de la extracción dentaria, incluidas solo las iatrogénicas traumáticas y accidentales y las asociadas a otras patologías. Los datos se recogieron de las historias clínicas individuales y de un formulario confeccionado al efecto, se utilizaron como indicadores los números absolutos y por cientos, se confeccionaron tablas y gráficos estadísticos para una mejor interpretación de los resultados. Dentro de los principales resultados, el sexo femenino fue el mayormente afectado y el grupo de edad de 35-59 a os en ambos sexos, la exodoncia del primer y segundo molar superior izquierdo resultó la que más incidió, las comunicaciones iatrogénicas traumáticas dominaron por su frecuencia. Las comunicaciones buco sinusales inmediatas resultaron mayoritarias y el tratamiento médico-quirúrgico fue el más utilizado, siendo el tratamiento inmediato el de mayor éxito terapéutico. La diversidad de criterios en cuanto al diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta complicación de la extracción dentaria, el manejo inadecuado en la atención primaria, la estrategia inmediata de formar Estomatólogos Generales integrales de perfil amplio, se considera importante buscar puntos comunes, aunar criterios y definir conductas terapéuticas. An applied type, descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was conducted to determine the behavior of bucco-sinus communications in primary health care in Maracaibo municipality, Zulia State, Venezuela during January 2006-2008. The target group included all patients attending to the dentist office for dental extraction in the maxilla, and the sample consisted of the 38 patients suffering from bucco-sinus communication as a complication of dental extraction, including only the iatrogenic-traumatic ones, those provoked in accidents and those associated with other pathologies. Data were collected from the individual clinical histories and in a form arranged to this purpose. Absolute numbers and percentages, tables and statistical graphics were arranged to understand the results bett
Comportamiento de la celulitis cervical-facial en una comunidad venezolana Behavior of cervicofacial cellulitis in a Venezuelan community
Sorange Lázara Domínguez Guerra,Anabel de la Caridad Machín Hernández,María Consuelo Paredes Suárez,María del Carmen Rosete Mazón
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2012,
Abstract: En el área integral de salud comunitaria Cerros de Marín, del municipio Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo con 87 pacientes comprendidos en los grupos de edades establecidos por la OMS de 0 a 60 a os y más, durante el período de tiempo entre mayo y septiembre de 2009, a los cuales se les informó acerca de las características de este estudio, obteniéndose el consentimiento en cada caso. Una vez establecido el diagnóstico se analizó el comportamiento de la celulitis cervico-facial atendiendo a la edad, sexo, etiología, regiones anatómicas más afectadas y los síntomas más frecuentes. Los datos fueron procesados a través del método de estadística descriptiva para representarlos en cuadros de distribución de frecuencia. Se emplearon las pruebas de hipótesis y la no para métrica ji-cuadrado, con un nivel de significación de p<0,05. Se concluyó que el sexo más afectado por la celulitis de origen dental fue el masculino entre los 35 y 59 a os, mientras que los síntomas más frecuentes fueron el edema y el dolor, expresados en las regiones músculo masetero y sub-mandibulares. Se creó una propuesta educativa para modificar el nivel de conocimientos sobre este tema por parte del personal médico y odontológico venezolano y de la comunidad en general. A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study in 87 patients from 0 to 60 years old and more (age bracket established by WHO), was conducted from May to September 2009 at "Cerros de Marín" comprehensive health area, Maracaibo district, Zulia State, Venezuela. Patients were informed about the characteristics of the study including an informed consent for each of the cases. Once the diagnosis was stablished, the behavior of cervicofacial cellulitis was analyzed, where age, sex, etiology, most affected anatomical regions and most frequent symptoms were taken as variables into the study. Data were processed using descriptive statistical methods to be represented in charts for the distribution of frequencies. Hypothesis and chi-square tests having a level of significance p<0, 05 were used. Male sex was the most affected (dental-origin cellulitis), ages from 35 to 59 prevailed. The most common symptoms were edema and pain in the masseter muscle and submandibular regions. Venezuelan medical doctors and dentists created an educational proposal to modify the level of knowledge concerning this topic in the community.
El proceso de investigación científica en salud en Pinar del Río
Fernández Montequín,Zoila de la Caridad; Hernández Rodríguez,Yunit; Sanabria Negrín,José Guillermo; Díaz Rodríguez,Pedro Alexis; Díaz álvarez,Lázara Mayra;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2011,
Abstract: scientific research has been a major element influencing on the life quality of the cuban population, achieving results health standards as those found in the developed world. health research in pinar del rio province show its first steps during the years 1968 -1978, early decade of the medical teaching program in the province, and it has had and increasing evolution as that observed in human resources. the aim of this paper has been to show the historical evolution of the process of the scientific research in health sciences in this province. documentary methods, interviews to key professionals and data bases of departments in the pinar del rio university of medical sciences were used. it is shown that the historical process can be defined in four stages, having nowadays an increasing trend to visibility and pertinence for the scientific research as a substantive process of the university, and a gradual perfectioning of its management, showed by the increasing number of research projects, published papers, awards and in the upgrading of the scientific level of researchers.
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