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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 132 matches for " Kwame Addae-Dapaah "
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Life Satisfaction among Elderly Households in Public Rental Housing in Singapore  [PDF]
Kwame Addae-Dapaah, Quah Shu Juan
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.610132
Abstract: We set out to investigate how satisfied the poor elderly Singaporean households in social housing are with their lives, especially in relation to their housing, in an attempt to find measures to improve, where possible, the life satisfaction of this group of elderly Singaporeans. We use archival and empirical research for our investigation. The results from 403 respondents to our survey are analyzed through logistic regression and factor analysis. We find that the life satisfaction of the elderly residents of social housing is very low. Furthermore we find that home modification that meets the requirements of the respondents will substantially improve their life satisfaction. Given that these elderly households neither have the right nor financial means to modify their housing units and precincts, it is incumbent upon the government, through the relevant authorities such as HDB, Town Councils and BCA to effect the necessary home modifications to create a more elderly-friendly physical environment to improve the life satisfaction of the elderly households in social housing in Singapore. This arguably is a social imperative which should not be subjugated to economic niceties as social housing is not a luxurious housing choice but the last safety net for basic shelter.

Estimating the Nutritional Value of the Leaves of Moringa oleifera on Poultry  [PDF]
Addai-Mensah Donkor, Richard Lander Kwame Glover, Daniel Addae, Kawku Appiah Kubi
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.411140
Abstract:

In this study, we validated the effect of Moringa oleifera leaves as food supplement on poultry. Proximate neutron activation analysis was used in determining the level of some of the vital nutritional minerals and potential toxic elements in the serum of the birds during the experimental process, including Magnesium, Copper, Vanadium, Chlorine, Aluminum, Manganese, Calcium, Mercury, Cadmium, Arsenic, Sodium and Potassium. Incorporation of Moringa oleifera leaves in maize meal fed to poultry showed profound, statistically significant effect on their weight (p > 0.05) as well as intensity in coloration of the beaks and legs, combs and wattles, in contrast to a control (maize-meal only) feeding of broilers (p > 0.05). Moreover, a significant level of the biochemical minerals of serum Calcium (1.17 - 1.20 mmol·L-1), Sodium (141.6 - 152.6 mmol·L-1), Potassium (4.1 - 5.7 mmol·L-1), Chloride (95 - 110 mmol·L-1), Albumen (30 - 55 mmol·L-1) and Triglyceride (0.3 - 1.7 mmol·L-1) were observed in broilersfed with the formulated Moringa oleifera leaves and maize meal as compared to the maize meal only (control). Addition of Maringa oleifera leaves to poultry feed will lead to high output performance in poultry production.

Performance Analysis of Image Smoothing Techniques on a New Fractional Convolution Mask for Image Edge Detection  [PDF]
Peter Amoako-Yirenkyi, Justice Kwame Appati, Isaac Kwame Dontwi
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2016.67048
Abstract: We present the analysis of three independent and most widely used image smoothing techniques on a new fractional based convolution edge detector originally constructed by same authors for image edge analysis. The implementation was done using only Gaussian function as its smoothing function based on predefined assumptions and therefore did not scale well for some types of edges and noise. The experiments conducted on this mask using known images with realistic geometry suggested the need for image smoothing adaptation to obtain a more optimal performance. In this paper, we use the structural similarity index measure and show that the adaptation technique for choosing smoothing function has significant advantages over a single function implementation. The new adaptive fractional based convolution mask can smoothly find edges of various types in detail quite significantly. The method can now trap both local discontinuities in intensity and its derivatives as well as locating Dirac edges.
Microfinance and Poverty Reduction in Ghana. The Case of Central Region of Ghana
Alex Addae-Korankye
Asian Economic and Financial Review , 2012,
Abstract: The study evaluated Microfinance as a tool for poverty reduction in Ghana using central region as a case study. A survey design involving quantitative, qualitative and participatory methods within the framework of impact assessment techniques was used. Simple random and stratified sampling methods were employed to select five Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) and one hundred microcredit beneficiaries. The study made use of both primary and secondary data. It was found out that though there are challenges microfinance has a positive impact on poverty reduction. Among the recommendations were that microfinance clients should be trained before and after disbursement of the loan; and also they should be effectively monitored. In addition to the above recommendations it was concluded that if the challenges facing the Microfinance sector (eg; inappropriate institutional arrangement, poor regulatory environment etc) are addressed microfinance will be a potent tool for poverty reduction not only in Ghana but all developing countries at large.
Las tecnologías multimedia y reforma educativa en áfrica: el caso de Ghana Making the Introduction of Multi-media Technologies Count in Education Reform in Africa: the Case of Ghana
Kwame Akyeampong
Comunicar , 2009, DOI: doi:10.3916/c32-2009-02-009
Abstract: La presente contribución da un repaso a la introducción de las tecnologías antiguas y nuevas de la información en el sector educativo de Ghana. Se ala cómo la reciente proliferación de las tecnologías mul timedia en el país ha alentado finalmente la introducción de las TIC en la educación. Sin embargo, el autor sostiene que buena parte de la motivación para introducir estas nuevas tecnologías en los centros educativos e institutos superiores no ha reflejado la necesidad de reconceptualizar las prácticas curriculares en la formación docente, con el fin de fundamentarlas en ideas constructivistas sobre los conocimientos y su producción. Sin esto, las reformas para introducir las nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación en las aulas corren el riesgo de ser meramente herramientas que nuevamente se utilizan para reforzar las viejas tradiciones de ense anza y aprendizaje en base a la trasmisión de los conocimientos sin ningún pensamiento crítico. Finalmente, el autor insiste en que los cambios curriculares en la formación docente en Ghana, y en otras partes de áfrica, también deben reflejar las nuevas identidades de aprendizaje profesional y experiencias de aprendizaje que deben fomentar las TIC y otras herramientas mediáticas en el aula. This contribution reviews the introduction of old and new information communication technologies in Ghanaian education. It points out how the recent proliferation of multi-media technologies in the country has ultimately encouraged the introduction of ICTs in education. However, the author argues that much of the move to introduce these new technologies into schools and colleges has not reflected the need to re-conceptualise teacher education curriculum practices to base its foundations on constructivist ideas about knowledge and its production. Without this, reforms to introduce new information communication technologies in classrooms risk becoming tools that are again used to reinforce old traditions of teaching and learning based on uncritical transmission of knowledge. Finally, the author argues that changes to the teacher education curriculum in Ghana, and elsewhere in Africa, should also reflect the new professional learning identities and learning experiences that ICT and other media communication tools are meant to foster in the classroom.
Life Expectancy as Indicator of Health Status: The Case of Edmonton and Calgary
Kwame Boadu
Canadian Studies in Population , 1999,
Abstract:
The Effect of Contraceptive Practice on Fertility in Ghana: A Decade of Experience
Boadu, Kwame
Canadian Studies in Population , 2002,
Abstract: English This study examines some factors that influence fertility behaviour in Ghana,with particular emphasis on the influence of contraception as an intermediate variable. The decadeexamined covers the period 1988 to 1998 and the factors analyzed are age, residence, education,religion and ethnicity. Employing multivariate regression analysis and path models, the study observesthat among all the factors, age is the only variable that has a moderate effect on fertility. Also ofsignificant interest is that the positive influence of contraceptive use on fertility in 1988 isreversed in 1998. The study notes that given the non-significant effects obtained save the moderateeffect of age, it is not possible to draw a definitive conclusion regarding the impact that any ofthese factors might have contributed to the observed reduction in fertility during the period. Inlight of this, the study recommends that more effort would be required if fertility is to be reducedsubstantially. Nonetheless, the reversal in the effect of contraceptive use between the two periods isseen as encouraging. French Cette étude porte sur certains facteurs qui ont une incidence sur le comportement procréateur au Ghana. Une attention particulière a été accordée à l'influence de la contraception en tant que variable intermédiaire. L'étude porte sur la période allant de 1988 à 1998 et sur les facteurs tels que l'age, le lieu de résidence, l'éducation, la religion et l'ethnicité. Basée sur l'analyse de régression multidimensionnelle et des modèles causaux, l'étude fait remarquer que de tous les facteurs, l'age est la seule variable présente une conséquence modérée sur la fertilité. Il est également intéressant de noter que l'influence positive de la contraception en 1988 a été renversée en 1998. Les auteurs de l'étude soulignent que compte tenu des résultats peu importants obtenus, hormis l'effet modéré de l'age, il est impossible de tirer une conclusion définitive en ce qui concerne l'impact de ces facteurs sur la réduction de la fertilité observée pendant cette période. Compte tenu de cela, les auteurs recommandent une hausse des mesures si l'on veut réduire la fertilité considérablement. Quoi qu'il en soit le revirement des conséquences des pratiques contraceptives pendant les deux périodes est considéré comme encourageant.
Contractual Governance, Relational Governance, and Firm Performance: The Case of Chinese and Ghanaian and Family Firms  [PDF]
Samuel Addae-Boateng, Xiao Wen, Yaw Brew
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.55031
Abstract: Financial performance of firms is a key to long-term survival and profitability. Investors will only invest in firms whose financial performance is creditable; and family businesses are no exception. Perhaps, the performance of family businesses could be attributed to their unique characteristics, which shape their governance. Contractual governance and relational governance are corporate governance structures used to manage the relationships between parties to a transaction and reduce opportunism. Governance models of family firms are often more complex because of the need for two systems (the family and the firm) to interact positively and efficiently despite their different aims, values, institutional structures, etc. In this study, we explore the effects that contractual and relational governance models exert on family firm financial performance, from a survey of 2432 management and non-management employees of family businesses across China and Ghana.
Corporate Social Responsibility Activities of Mining Companies: The Views of the Local Communities in Ghana  [PDF]
Yaw Brew, Chai Junwu, Samuel Addae-Boateng
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.56045
Abstract: Mining companies in Ghana seem to have responded somehow over the years to the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) call but some still face open resistance from members of the communities who see them (mining companies) as socially irresponsible. The research sought to unearth the views and concerns of the local communities about the CSR activities of mining companies in the Ashanti, Eastern and Western regions of Ghana. The sample was drawn from the catchment communities of gold mining companies who had commercial membership, level A, with the Ghana Chamber of mines. The research established that there was indeed the existence of some health, education, community aid, and livelihood related CSR activities in the communities. The research revealed that most people, especially, in the Eastern region and the Western region had concerns about the lack of frequent medical screening by the mining companies. They are of the view that the operations of the mining companies have a negative effect on them (local community). The research concluded with some recommendations on how local community concerns could be addressed.
Social Responsibility Practices in the Marketing of Loans by Microfinance Companies in Ghana, the Views of the Customer  [PDF]
Yaw Brew, Junwu Chai, Samuel Addae-Boateng, Solomon Sarpong
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2015.34034
Abstract: Microfinance companies provide loans and other facilities like savings, insurance, and transfer services to poor low-income household and microenterprises. It is expected that by the nature of their customers and services, microfinance companies will be strictly socially responsible in dealing with customers to protect and preserve their rights, but this is not always the case. This research observes the views and concerns of customers about the social responsibility practices of microfinance companies in Ghana, especially, the customer’s right to be informed, to be safe, to choose, and to be heard. The sample is drawn from two major cities, the Accra Metropolis and Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana, and the respondents constitute past and present customers of micro-finance companies providing services under the Tier-2 category of microfinance institutions in Ghana. The analysis of the data shows that respondents perceive microfinance companies having transacted with not doing much to ensure that the customer’s rights are protected. Based on the analysis and results of the survey, recommendations are made to managers of microfinance companies and the Ghana Association of Microfinance companies.
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