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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3341 matches for " Kurniawan Liliana "
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PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU WISATAWAN YANG TERINFEKSI MALARIA TENTANG PENCEGAHAN DAN PENGOBATAN MALARIA
Liliana Kurniawan
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU WISATAWAN YANG TERINFEKSI MALARIA TENTANG PENCEGAHAN DAN PENGOBATAN MALARIA
20 YEARS OF PROGRESS IN SCHISTOSOMIASIS RESEARCH
M. Sudomo,W. Patrick Carney,Liliana Kurniawan
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Preliminary studies of schistosomiasis in Indonesia were made in the late 1930's and the early 1940's. The first human case of S. japonicum was discovered by Muller and Tesch from the Lindu valley of Central Sulawesi (Celebes). Early epidemiological studies prior to World War II demonstrated that, in addition to man, wild deer and domestic dogs served as reservoir hosts, "and subsequent microscopic examination of adult worms from these mammals confirmed them to be S. japonicum. Although extensive snail surveys were conducted at that time, the molluscan host was not found. The schistosomiasis problem in Lindu Valley virtually remained dormant until the 1970's. In the 1970's there was a resurgence of interest in the epidemiology of schistosomiasis in Indonesia. A new schistosomiasis area in the Napu valley was discovered. During this period, the intermediate host, Oncomelania hupensis was found in the Lake Lindu valley. This confirmed that the uisease situation in Indonesia was, in fact, a form of classical oriental schistosomiasis similar in its biology and transmission to that found in the Philippines, Japan, and China. The molluscan host of S. japonicum in the Lake Lindu Valley was subsequently described as a new species, O. h. iindoensis, and is most similar to O. h. quadrasi, the vector host in the Philippines. The disease occurs now only in two very isolated areas, the Lake Lindu valley and Napu valley in Central Sulawesi.
TITER ANTIBODI CAMPAK PADA BALITA PASCA IMUNISASI DI DAERAH POTENSIAL WABAH DAN NON WABAH CAMPAK DI KABUPATEN KEBUMEN
Sarwo Handayani,Liliana Kurniawan,Bambang Heriyanto,Sehatman Sehatman
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: In Indonesia, measles immunization programme had been implemented since 1982 and Indonesia had reach the Universal Child Immunization (UCI), the immunization coverage was more than 80% and it had been reached in 1991. Due to this success the measlse cases should be reduced, but the fact was, there were still outbreaks in many regions in Indonesia. And some of measles cases had been immunized before. The objective of this study was to determine the antibody titre of the children under 5 years of age, who had been measles' immunized before, lived in the measles potential and non potential outbreak regions in Kebumen District. Fifty five samples had been collected from each regions in this study. The inclusion criteria were healthy children, under 5 years old, had been measles immunized and had never got measles. The measles antibody titre was determined by neutralization test with vero cell. There was no significant difference (p=0.580, p=0.834 and p=0.996) among proportion of measles positive antibody titre, measles protective antibody titre and the GMT antibody between children who lived in the measles potential and non potential outbreak regions. There was negative measles antibody titre (titre < 8), although they had been immunized. The proportion of negative measles antibody titre was 10.9 -16.4%. There was no significant difference of the GMT antibody by sex, age groups and nutrition status. In this case booster was needed because the percentage of measles protective titre was low. It could be achieved by measles BIAS (school children immunization month) programme.and that had been implemented since 2003.
SOIL-TRANSMITTED HELMINTHIC INFECTION AMONG PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT SOCIO-ECONOMIC LEVEL (THE PREVALENCE AND INTENSITY OF INFECTION)
Liliana Kurniawan,Harijani A. Marwoto,Runizar Roesin,Sri S. Margono
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Penyelidikan tentang prevalensi dan intensitas dari "Soil transmitted helminthic infection" pada tiga golongan penduduk dengan perbedaan tingkat ekonomi-sosial telah dilakukan di Mundu, Cirebon, Jawa Barat. Dimulai dari penduduk dengan golongan ekonomi-sosial yang relatif terbaik sampai yang terburuk, maka prevalensi untuk Ascaris lumbricoides adalah: 31,5 persen, 59,0 persen dan 80,0 persen; Trichuris trichiura: 43,8 persen, 74,9 persen dan 98,5 persen; cacing tambang 21,7 persen, 44,1 persen dan 81,5 persen, sedang Stronglyloides stercoralis ditemukan hanya 0 persen, 0 persen dan 5.1 persen. Intensitas infeksi dari A. lumbricoides menunjukkan angka-angka: 8935, 18514 dan 20581; T. trichiura; 348,993 dan 2225 dan pada cacing tambang 407,677 dan 1461 telur per satu gram tinya. A. lumbricoides dan T. trichiura menunjukkan prevalensi maupun intensitas yang lebih tinggi pada wanita, sedang cacing tambang baik prevalensi maupun intensitasnya adalah lebih tinggi pada pria. Berdasarkan pembagian menurut umur, maka prevalensi dan intensitas A. lumbricoides dan T. trichiura didapatkan tertinggi pada umur-umur dibawah 14 tahun, sedang cacing tambang pada umur lebih tinggi dari 15 tahun.
20 YEARS OF PROGRESS IN LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS RESEARCH
Michael J. Bangs,David T. Dennis,Sri Oemijati,Liliana Kurniawan
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: The accomplishments and progress that have occurred over the past 20 years in collaborative filariasis research between NAMRU-2 detachment staff, National Institute of Health, Research and Development (NIHRD), and Directorate General of Communicable Disease Control and Environmental Health (CDC&EH), University of Indonesia, and other health institutions have produced an impressive array of important contributions to the study of human lymphatic filarial disease. Over this time, no less than 62 publications specifically addressing filariasis studies have come about as a direct result of close cooperation between interorganizational investigators (Figs. 1,2). Beginning in 1972 with observations on diethylcarbamazine (DEC) provocation for diurnal diagnosis of W. bancrofti, publications have covered a wide range of different disciplines all with the common goal of understanding and ultimately controlling this disease. Numerous biomedical and filariasis surveys have been recorded over this period, adding greatly to our knowledge of the diverse epidemiology and disease distribution across the archipelago. The following is an attempt to highlight the major milestones among selected categories that have made significant contributions and have provided insights into filariasis research.
GAMBARAN IgG4 dan IgE TERHADAP PROTEIN MIKROFILARIA PADA SERA PENDUDUK ENDEMIS FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN PASIR PENYU, RIAU
Basundari SU,Liliana Kurniawan,Soeroto A.,Rita Marleta
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Western blot test to detect specific IgG4 and IgE was performed to 12 microfilaraemic and 13 amicrofilaraemic individuals from malayan filariasis endemic area, Pasir Penyu, Riau. No differences in binding patterns of IgG4 and IgE antibodies to microfUarial protein components was shown. There was a parallel protein components recognition by IgG4 and IgE of molecular weight ranging from 158 kd to 14 kd. Protein component of 125 kd was only recognized by IgG4 and of 112 kd only by IgE. These findings suggest that in filarial infection IgG4 antibodies play a role as a blocking antibodies to inhibit the spesific reaction of IgE that is usually expressed as an allergic reaction.
GAMBARAN PERKEMBANGAN ANTIBODI TERHADAP KOMPONEN PROTEIN CACING MIKROFILARIA MALAYI DARI TRANSMIGRAN DI SULAWESI TENGGARA
Basundari Sri Utami,Liliana Kurniawan,Robert Widjaja,Syahrial Harun
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: The immune response to microfilarial antigen in malayan filariasis was found more prominent in ami-crofilaremic individuals than in the micro filaremics. It has been shown that in amicrofilaremic individuals antibody plays a role in reducing micro filaremiae. The targets antigens of antibody (IgG) were shown to be protein components of microfilariae with molecular weight of 75, 70 and 25 Kd. This prospective study was aimed at detecting IgG against microfilariae in transmigrats, who had settled into an filarial endemic area. Sera of 10 individuals at 8, 13, 26, 39 and 52 moths after settling, were examined by ELISA and Wes-tern Blott against microfilaria of B. malayi. Four out of 10 transmigrants showed IgG that recognized the protein components of 77, 70 and 31 Kd and were shown at 39, 52 and 8 months after settling respectively, The IgG against components of 77 and 70 Kd were revealed later than the one against 31 Kd.
STATUS OF BRUGIAN FILARIASIS RESEARCH IN INDONESIA AND FUTURE STUDIES
Lim Boo Liat,Kurniawan Liliana,Sudomo M.,Arbain Joesoef
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Penyebab penyakit filariasis di Indonesia adalah Brugia malayi dan B. timori. Penyebaran kedua jenis parasit tersebut, serta berbagai masalah perbedaan geografis dari B. malayi, baik pengobatannya dengan chemotherapy maupun immunodiagnosisnya telah diketahui. B. pahangi yang bersumber pada binatang juga telah dilaporkan. Nyamuk-nyamuk sebagai vector untuk B. malayi dan B. timori telah pula disebut. Binatang-binatang liar juga telah dilaporkan sebagai sumber penularan yang sangat potensial melalui subperiodic B. malayi.
DETECTION OF PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM IN BLOOD USING DNA PROBE, pPF 14
Syahrial Harun,Liliana Kurniawan,Roberth H. Barker, Jr,Dyan F. Wirth
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: A DNA probe pPF14, which is species specific to P.falciparum have been used to identify malaria species. The blood specimens were pretreated before spotting onto nitrocellulose filter to eliminate non specific hybridization of DNA to blood components. In this study, die DNA probe pPF14 was used for detection of P.falciparum in blood specimens spotted directly (a simple preparation of sample) onto nitrocellulose filter. Ninety two blood specimens from individuals with fever living in a P.falciparum endemic area were collected at the local Primary Health Centre in Lampung. Blood was collected by finger prick technique using heparinized capillary tubes. Twenty microliter of blood was plotted directly onto nitrocellulose filter, extracted, treated with proteinase K and tested with DNA probe pPF14. Another 20 microliter of blood was used for thick smear and examined microscopically. Nineteen out of 92 (20,7 %) of the blood specimens were found to contain P.falciparum parasites by DNA probing and by thick smear. The densities of parasites ranged from 350 to 28,775 per microliter. The jDNA probing technique was successfully done for the detection of P.falciparum in the laboratory. However, this technique seems not to be quite sensitive for parasitological survey (detects 40-50 parasites per microliter of blood); while using thick smear examination, 5-10 parasites per microliter of blood could be detected with confidence. The important issue in this case is that no special treatment before spotting the blood onto nitrocellulose filter was needed to eliminate non-specific hybridization, when protease treatment was used. Collection of specimens would be easily done in the field.
Sensitivity Analysis of Flutter of A Two-Degree of Freedom Linear Aeroelastic System
Riccy Kurniawan
Jurnal Teknik Mesin , 2011,
Abstract: This paper deals with the problem of the aeroelastic stability of a typical aerofoil section with two degrees of freedom induced by unsteady aerodynamic loads. A method is presented to model the unsteady lift and pitching moment acting on a two dimensional typical aerofoil section, operating under attached flow conditions in an incompressible flow. Starting from suitable generalisations and approximations to aerodynamic indicial functions, the unsteady loads due to an arbitrary forcing are represented in a state-space form. From the resulting equations of motion, the flutter speed is computed through stability analysis of a linear state-space system. The sensitivity analysis of the aeroelastic stability boundaries to the structural parameter is evaluated. The results show that the parameter with the greatest influence on flutter speed is the center of gravity.
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