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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 678 matches for " Kumari Ranjeeta "
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Study on the use of tobacco among male medical students in Lucknow, India
Kumari Ranjeeta,Nath Bhola
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: Objectives: Is use of tobacco a major health problem among medical students? To find out the factors associated with the use of tobacco. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done on 250 undergraduate male medical students using a pre-designed, pre-tested questionnaire to study about the problem and various correlates of the tobacco use. Data was collected and analysed using Excel and SPSS software. Results: Among the tobacco users (28.8%), smoking was found in 87.5% and tobacco chewing in the form of gutka, khaini, gulmanjan (locally available forms of tobacco) in 37.5% as the predominant means of the use of tobacco. The mean age of our sample was 23.5 years. The residential background, i.e., rural or urban, and religion were not significantly associated with the use of tobacco in the present study. Hostellers were found to be more frequent tobacco users as compared to day-scholars. There was a familial aggregation of the use of tobacco. The factor initiating the use of tobacco was usually peer pressure. Conclusion: Tobacco use is a significant problem among the male medical students and we need to take steps to stop its use by them so as to prevent them from being exposed to its hazardous effects. This will also make their role in the advocacy of the smoking cessation activities more trustworthy.
Study on patient satisfaction in the government allopathic health facilities of Lucknow district, India
Kumari Ranjeeta,Idris M,Bhushan Vidya,Khanna Anish
Indian Journal of Community Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Background: The outcome of any disease is influenced by the decisions to seek care, timely arrival at appropriate diagnostic and treatment services and the receipt of adequate care from service providers. Satisfaction in service provision is increasingly being used as a measure of health system performance. Satisfaction manifests itself in the distribution, access and utilization of health services. Objectives: To determine the areas and causes of low satisfaction among the patients and suggest methods for improvement. Materials and Methods: Multistage stratified random sampling was used to select the government allopathic health facilities of Lucknow district and systematic random sampling for the selection of the patients for the interview. Results: The accessibility was difficult in 42% patients and waiting time more than 30 min for 62.5% of those attending the tertiary level health facility. The satisfaction with the duration of the outpatient department (OPD) (64.6%) and the presence of signboards (46.6%) was also found to be low. The overall satisfaction regarding the doctor-patient communication was more than 60% at all the levels of health care facilities but that with the examination and consultation was less than 60% at the primary level as compared to more than 80% elsewhere. The most important motivating factor for the visit to the tertiary (48.2%) and secondary level (71.9%, 67.1%) of health facilities was the faith on doctors or health facility. Conclusions: The level of patient satisfaction is severely deficient in several areas and needs improvement for the achievement of optimal health of the people.
Assessment of prescription pattern at the public health facilities of Lucknow district
Kumari Ranjeeta,Idris M,Bhushan Vidya,Khanna Anish
Indian Journal of Pharmacology , 2008,
Abstract: Objectives: To study the prescription pattern at the different levels of public health facilities of Lucknow district and to assess the average cost of drugs prescribed. Methods: Multi-stage stratified random sampling was done to select 1625 prescriptions of the patients attending the different level of public health facilities in Lucknow district, from August 2005 to September 2006, which was used for the development of study tools, collection of data and analysis. Results: The important components of prescription viz. examination findings, weight of the child, follow up visit and the signatures of the prescribers were absent in the prescriptions at the primary level. Polypharmacy was common (3.1 ± 1.6 drugs per prescription). The prescription of drugs by generic name was low (27.1%). The prescriptions at the secondary level health facilities were incomplete with respect to mentioning the suffix/prefix of the drug, full name, dose, frequency and strength of the drugs, and directions specifying the route and duration of the treatment. The average cost of drugs/prescription/day in US$ (Mean, SD) was found to be the highest at the tertiary level (0.34, 0.43), which decreased significantly at the primary level health facilities. Conclusion: The pattern of prescription in terms of completeness and rationality was poor. There is an urgent need to improve the standards of drug prescription.
Relative Equilibria of a Satellite Moving in an Elliptic Orbit Subjected to Gravitational and Aerodynamic Torques  [PDF]
Kumari Ranjana
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.41019
Abstract: Here we consider the attitude motion of a satellite, subjected to gravitational and aerodynamic torques in an elliptic orbit. The determination of orientation of equilibrium points has been discussed. It is found that they coincide with those for the circular case as studied by Sarychev and others in the works [1]-[3] and besides we have aimed at the sufficient condition for stability in the sense of Lyapunov.
Studies on the Biology and Predatory Potential of Harmonia dimidiata, a Major Predator of Aphis pomi De Geer on Apple Host in India  [PDF]
Meena Kumari
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.62013
Abstract: Observations were made on young nursery plants and apple orchards to record the coccinellid predators of Aphis pomi De Geer on apple plants in Himachal Pradesh which is main apple growing state of India. Nine species of lady bird beetles were observed feeding on green apple aphid, Aphis pomi De Geer on the apple nursery plants of Mashobra locality of Shimla district and Ner Chowk locality of Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, India. On the basis of general observations, it was found that the larvae of beetle Harmonia dimidiata (F.), are very active to feed on the nymphs of green apple aphid. Therefore, it was considered worthwhile to investigate the biology and feeding potential of this beetle on green apple aphid from biological control point of view.
Desigualdad salarial, demanda de trabajo calificado y modernización: lecciones del caso de Tijuana, 1987-1994
Ranjeeta Ghiara,Eduardo Zepeda
Región y sociedad , 2004,
Abstract: Este trabajo revisa algunos de los estudios que buscan explicar la creciente dispersión salarial que acompa ó la etapa inicial de re fo rmas económicas y liberalización,comprendida entre 1987 y 1994 y presenta evidencias para el caso de Tijuana. Esta investigación permite concluir que, efectivamente, hay evidencias que apuntan a que la liberalización implicó una mayor demanda de mano de obra calificada y que ésta explica parte de la desigualdad salarial. Pero el trabajo también argumenta que la evidencia no es contundente, particularmente si se introducen factores regionales al análisis. La revisión del comportamiento de la prima a la educación universitaria en el caso de Tijuana, puntal de las nuevas exportaciones, no muestra aumentos claros , lo que hace suponer que no se presentó ahí el pronosticado aumento de la demanda de trabajo calificado. Además, su comparación con la Ciudad de México confi rma las dudas surgidas respecto a la naturaleza altamente demandante de trabajo calificado de las nuevas exportaciones e inversiones. El texto sugiere, sin mayor elaboración, que parte de la explicación de la creciente desigualdad se debe encontrar en factores institucionales que mantuvieron bajos los salarios de los trabajadores con poca calificación.
Maternal Serum Biochemical Indicators of Trophoblastic Cell and Endothelial Function at First Trimester of Pregnancy  [PDF]
Ranjeeta Gadde, Chikkanayakanahalli Doddaiah Dayanand, Shimoga Rangappa Sheela
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.810090
Abstract: Background: Preeclampsia is a worldwide pregnancy complication, and early identification of patients with an increased risk is one of the key goals in obstetrics. First trimester screening is crucial over the second trimester for understanding the early onset of the disorder, with basal levels of the biochemical parameters associated with the underlying placentation process. Objective: The study aims to assess the levels of serum biochemical markers in pregnant women at first trimester, to evaluate statistical significance and correlation of the values in support of trophoblastic cell integrity, endothelial function and oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted on 86 pregnant women of age group 20 - 35 years, Primigravida with singleton pregnancy who visited prenatal check up between 11 - 13 weeks of gestation. Maternal sera was collected for screening Placental protein 13 (PP13), Caspase 3, Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), Nitric oxide (NO) by ELISA. Xanthine oxidase (XO) activity was assayed spectrophotometrically. Calcium and Uric acid (UA) were measured by dry chemistry analyser. Results: The mean ± SD values for mean arterial pressure (MAP) are 108.4 ± 18.9, UA 2.01 ± 0.85, Total oxidant status (TOS) 12.83 ± 5.17, Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) 24.10 ± 14.28, XO 1.01 ± 2.67, Caspase-3 1.76 ± 2.22, PP13 489.77 ± 53.6, Calcium 10.88 ± 1.97, ADMA 19.03 ± 17.08 and NO 1.16 ± 0.75. The statistical analysis by SPSS package version 20 revealed positive correlation between ADMA & Caspase-3 (r = +0.435), PP13 & NO (r = +0.241), TOS & TAC (r = +0.176), UA & ADMA (r = +0.176), UA & TAC (r = +0.168) and negative correlation between PP13 & ADMA (r = -0.158), NO & TOS (r = -0.114), UA & XO (r = -0.173), UA & NO (r = -0.186), UA & Caspase 3 (r = -0.106) and MAP & Calcium (r = -0.303). Conclusion: The study concludes that first trimester biochemical markers and their correlation predict the trophoblastic cell integrity and endothelial function during placentation under prevailing oxidative stress conditions, which may help in identifying women who subsequently go on to
Relationship between Mean Arterial Pressure, Uric Acid and Calcium with Xanthine Oxidase Activity and Fetal Outcome in Normotensive and Preeclampsia in a Nested Study  [PDF]
Ranjeeta Gadde, Dayanand Chikkanayakanahalli Doddaiah, Sheela Shimoga Rangappa
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.814154
Abstract: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication; early identification with increased risk is one of the key goals in obstetrics. In a nested case control study, serum uric acid and calcium measured in first and second trimesters of pregnancy were correlated with Xanthine oxidase (XO) activity, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and fetal birth weight. The mean ± SD of uric acid (2.01 ± 0.85, 4.8 ± 1.93), calcium (10.88 ± 1.97, 9.72 ± 2.04), MAP (84.32 ± 6.71, 78.40 ± 8.53) and XO activity (11.96 ± 1.91, 14.05 ± 3.09) of the study group (n=86) were observed in the first and second trimesters respectively. First trimester normotensive group (n=79) and preeclampsia cases (n = 7), showed a mean ± SD of uric acid (1.93 ± 0.80, 2.9 ±
Determinación del salario y capital humano en México: 1987-1993
Eduardo Zepeda Miramontes,Ranjeeta Ghiara
Economía, sociedad y territorio , 1999,
Abstract: Este documento ofrece una evidencia de la dispersión salarial creciente, basado en datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Empleo Urbano, y trata de mostrar, mediante ejercicios conométricos simples, que el capital humano es un marco analítico útil, aunque limitado, para explicar los determinantes del ingreso laboral durante el periodo 1987-1993. Este artìculo empieza con una discusión sobre el nivel y la dispersión de los salarios y clasifica a los trabajadores por grupos de actividad. Después, presenta la metodología empírica del capital humano, más específicamente en alternativas de estimación econométrica. Los datos son descritos y analizados en cinco pasos: discusión sobre las consecuencias del uso de control de variables, comparación de los resultados con estudios similares nacionales e internacionales, análisis de la evolución de las estimaciones durante el periodo de referencia, y reflexiones finales.
Change in Entropy of Spinning Black Holes Due to Corresponding Change in Mass in AGN  [PDF]
Anuradha Kumari, Supriya Kumari, Dipo Mahto
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2018.68144
Abstract: The present paper discusses the change in entropy of spinning black holes due to change in mass for AGN black holes on the basis of the model as proposed in the case of XRBs under condition that the black holes spin with unit spinning parameter and angular momentum and this model gives slightly some different nature of the super-massive spinning black holes in AGN as specified for XRBs.
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