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Time-Frequency Analysis of Asymmetric Triaxial Galaxy Model Including Effect of Spherical Dark Halo Component  [PDF]
Beena R. Gupta, Vinay Kumar
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2015.52014
Abstract: A method of time-frequency analysis (TFA) based on wavelets is applied to study the phase space structure of three-dimensional asymmetric triaxial galaxy enclosed by spherical dark halo component. The investigation is carried out in the presence and absence of dark halo component. Time-frequency analysis is based on the extraction of instantaneous frequency from the phase of the continuous wavelet transform. This method is comparatively fast and reliable. This method can differentiate periodic from quasi-periodic, chaotic sticky from chaotic non-sticky, ordered from chaotic and also, it can accurately determine the time interval of the resonance trapping and transitions too. Apart from that, the phenomenon of transient chaos can be explained with the help of time-frequency analysis. Comparison with the method of total angular momentum (denoted as Ltot) proposed recently is also presented.
Role of animal models in oncology drug discovery
R Kumar
Breast Cancer Research , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/bcr674
Abstract:
Breathlessness & respiratory diseases
Kumar R
Lung India , 2006,
Abstract:
Technology and healthcare costs
Kumar R
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology , 2011,
Abstract: Medicine in the 21 st century is increasingly dependent on technology. Unlike in many other areas, the cost of medical technology is not declining and its increasing use contributes to the spiraling healthcare costs. Many medical professionals equate progress in medicine to increasing use of sophisticated technology that is often expensive and beyond the reach of the average citizen. Pediatric heart care is very technology-intensive and therefore very expensive and beyond the reach of the vast majority of children in the developing world. There is an urgent need to address this situation through development and use of appropriate technology in accordance with the needs and priorities of the society. A number of simple and inexpensive quality measures that have the potential of improving outcomes substantially without the need for expensive equipment should be instituted before embracing high-end technology. Innovations to reduce costs that are commonly used in limited resource environments should be tested systematically.
Unilateral hydrocephalus in paediatric patients, a trial of endoscopic fenestration.
Kumar R
Neurology India , 1999,
Abstract: Two uncommon cases of unilateral, asymmetrical hydrocephalus secondary to membranous occlusion of foramen of monro are described. Both the cases presented with clinical features of raised intracranial pressure and their cranial computerized scans (CT) revealed asymmetrical dilatation of lateral ventricles with displacement of septum pellucidum towards the side of smaller ventricle. Neuroendoscopic fenestration of septum pellucidum and foramen of monro was tried in both the cases, which remained successful in first, while the second case required unilateral ventriculoperitoneal shunt, due to failed endoscopic negotiation of narrowed foramen of monro and intraoperative bleeding during endoscopic intervention.
Primary malignant rhabdoid tumours of brain, clinicoradiological findings of two cases.
Kumar R
Neurology India , 1999,
Abstract: Malignant rhabdoid tumours (MRT) are extremely malignant, highly aggressive and uncommon renal neoplasms of childhood with very poor prognosis. About fifteen cases of primary intracranial MRT (with their clinical details) are reported in English literature, following the recognition of this entity in 1978. Two cases of MRT are reported here. The first case, one year male baby was admitted with a very large, infiltrative, posterior fossa mass. He required elective ventilation, following the tumour decompression but ultimately died of respiratory failure during the process of weaning from the ventilator. The second child was operated for an extremely vascular, very friable, solid and lobulated tumour of temporal lobe. Radical microsurgical decompression of mass was achieved, however the child developed massive recurrence, documented five weeks after the surgery while on radiotherapy. His recurrence showed partial response to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The child is alive at 8 month′s follow up, but probably passing the terminal days of his life. Hence the recognition of this entity is very essential for the aggressive management and prognostication of the patient, which obviously seems to be different from primitive neuroectodermal tumour.
Positional moulding in premature hydrocephalics.
Kumar R
Neurology India , 2002,
Abstract: Seven premature hydrocephalics presenting with lambdoid positional moulding (LPM) were reviewed. All were treated for hydrocephalus secondary to aqueductal stenosis, Dandy Walker Syndrome and infection. Parenchymal hemorrhage, intraventricular bleed, cortical atrophy, septal agenesis, cortical anomalies and subdural hygroma were the other common associations. These children did not show expected improvement in their higher mental functions at 6 months to 5.4 years of follow-up, following the management of hydrocephalus. It was not the LPM but associated intracranial anomalies, which were most probably responsible for their poor outcome. The differentiation from posterior plagiocephaly is also highlighted.
The nuts and bolts of pediatric cardiac care for the economically challenged
Kumar R
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology , 2009,
Abstract:
Teamwork in pediatric heart care
Kumar R
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology , 2009,
Abstract: Pediatric cardiac specialties, pediatric cardiology (pediatric cardiac surgery and pediatric cardiac anesthesiology and intensive care) are only now being recognized as distinct specialties in most parts of the world. There has been a tremendous growth in knowledge in these specialties in the last 30-40 years with dramatic improvements in outcome. Pediatric cardiac care thrives on team work. The cohesiveness of the team of caregivers has a direct impact on the patient outcomes and efficiency of the system. The development of hybrid heart procedures in pediatric heart care represents an important benchmark in a team-based approach to patient care where a group of specialists with specific skills work closely together for ensuring the best possible patient outcome. Establishment of a cohesive team requires organization of group of team members with diverse skills to come together through good mutual understanding, under a leadership that actively promotes team harmony. Excellent communication among team members is a core requirement. The barriers for development and sustenance of a successful team must be recognized and overcome. They include egos of key team members as a source of conflict, time for interactions, disproportionate rewards and recognition for members of the team and traditional hierarchical arrangements. Special attention must be paid to motivating non-physician staff.
Immunological Variations in Epileptic Children  [PDF]
Sanjeev Kumar, Vinod Kumar, D. C. Jain, R. Mittal
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.31012
Abstract:

Epilepsy is one of the most frequent neurological problems. Despite of the advances and improvements in treatment of seizure disorders, immunological alterations such as immunoglobulins and complements have been measured. The levels of IgG in epileptic patients are found to be higher than controls. The levels of IgA, IgM, C3 and C4 were found to be lower in all the controls. Student’s t-test were also applied. Multiple and regression analysis, have been also carried out. A trend has also set up in the present study. An alteration in the immune mechanism of epileptic patients is required. Ketogenic diet may be given and the balance of trace elements like Na, K, Zn, Fe, Ca, Mg and Cu may be maintained to alter the immune mechanism of the epileptic patients. Green leafy vegetables may be given to the patients to control the seizure. Immunity is related with the food we eat. By adjusting the immunity with proper diet the severity of epileptic attack or any disease may be reduced.

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