OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721




2019 ( 11 )

2018 ( 77 )

2017 ( 74 )

2016 ( 92 )


匹配条件: “Knowledge” ,找到相关结果约8824条。
Resource Differentiation of Knowledge  [PDF]
Evgeny Popov, Maxim Vlasov
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.32028
Abstract: The objective of the present research is classification of institutions for knowledge generation at a minimal economic level and formulation of a strategy regarding knowledge generation, which would allow introducing modifications into engineering processes. Based on the methodological apparatus for institutional economics, classification of economic institutions for new knowledge generation at a minimal economic level has been accomplished. The author has conducted an empirical study concerned with allocation of shares of new knowledge generation according to the degree of change impact on production processes of economic entities. As a result of the research carried out by us the structure of external and internal risks in the context of new knowledge generation has been determined; evaluation of risk factor significance has been made; weighting coefficient values for each risk factor have been determined through expert estimation. The received results allow the enterprises to carry out an estimation, forecasting and planning of generation of new knowledge.
A Way to Improve Knowledge Sharing: from the Perspective of Knowledge Potential  [PDF]
Lingling Zhang, Xiuyu Zheng, Jun Li, Guangli Nie, Guoqing Huo, Yong Shi
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2008.13024
Abstract: Knowledge is the most important resource in an organization, and the knowledge transfer and sharing between employees is of vital importance for organizations. “Prisoner’s dilemma” exists in the process of the organizational knowledge transfer and sharing when the employees transfer their knowledge to the organization and share their knowledge with other employees. This paper analyzes the process and obstacle of the knowledge transfer and sharing in the organization and studies the game model of the knowledge transfer and sharing, and put forward the conclusion that different knowledge potential employees should be stimulated by different measures. Through analyzing principle-agent in the incentive mechanism, introducing the equity incentive method will have infinitely repeated games to the knowledge high-potential employees who are the key sources of the knowledge transfer and sharing in the incentive mechanism design. This makes it possible to break the prisoner's dilemma of the knowledge transfer and sharing.
Culture and Knowledge Transfe: Theoretical Considerations  [PDF]
Jing Liu
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2010.31020
Abstract: Knowledge and culture are indissolubly linked together in organizations. Considerable evidence supports the importance of culture in the success or failure of knowledge management. Then, the effectiveness of knowledge transfer needs both cultural understanding and new considerations in the knowledge transfer of intercultural organizations. This paper identifies the influence of different dimensions of culture on knowledge transfer in different types of knowledge. Based on a topology that classified national culture into four dimensions provided by [12,13], power distance and individualism/collectivism are chosen as the representatives of national culture in this work and discuss the effect of national culture on knowledge transfer. The aim of this paper is to propose a theoretical framework for knowledge transfer processes based on differences in national culture for future research.
The Relation between Knowledge Heterogeneity and Knowledge Innovation Performance of R & D Team  [PDF]
Rui Yang, Jiaying Yang
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2014.63009

Using a sample of 252 R & D teams in Guangzhou, Foshan, Shenzhen, the researcher empirically examines the relationship between knowledge heterogeneity and knowledge innovation performance, the mediating role of knowledge share. Results indicate that knowledge heterogeneity is positively related to knowledge share, the same with knowledge share and knowledge innovation performance. This paper analyzes the results comprehensively and makes recommendations from multiple perspectives including building the knowledge heterogeneous steams, advocating the collaborative spirit, building a knowledge shared platform, improving the organizational structure, and grooming the communication.

Looking Back at the New Knowledge Bases of EFL Teacher Education  [PDF]
Hongmei Zhu
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.412106
Abstract: This article discusses the trend of reconceptualizing EFL teachers’ knowledge base to avoid the separation between theory and practice, which is in particular reflected on the establishment of some new EFL teachers’ knowledge domains. However, the horizontal categorizing approaches of teachers’ knowledge establish another gap between theory and practice and the hierarchical approach formulates so much abstract knowledge for teachers. The construct of knowledge of EFL classroom interaction is a pilot inquiry to create an interface between “theory knowledge” and “practice knowledge” from the teachers’ needs. In the end of the article, a rough knowledge framework is constructed for EFL classroom interaction on teachers’ needs.
Studies of Externally Funded Research and Development Projects in Higher Education: Knowledge Sources and Transfers  [PDF]
Rauno Pirinen
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.63030
Abstract: This study is addressing the question: how can sources of knowledge be understood and realized in externally funded research and development (R&D) projects. In this study, knowledge sources and transfers are concerned with identifying, creating, and disseminating of knowledge which is rooted in collaborative research settings and, in particular, in the context of learning from international research undertakings. Data were collected within the real R&D projects accepted by the European Union and the Finnish Programmes for Research and Innovations. The study focused on six knowledge sources and knowledge transfers in the form of: 1) knowledge transition and sharing, such as shared or diffused knowledge; 2) knowledge transformation, such as knowledge from legacy service-systems or cultures; 3) inquired knowledge from domain or field, such as traditional acquisition related knowledge; 4) focused knowledge or led knowledge, such as regional R&D agenda or research consortium connected knowledge which can be adopted for radical innovations; 5) knowledge co-creation and knowledge building, such as improving knowledge collectively upon experience, quality or action data; and 6) artifact and service related embedded-implicit knowledge, such as knowledge inside a service-system which can only be observed. The research findings of this study are in line with the literature and previous studies that argue that knowledge itself is an increasingly important source to competitive advantage, and a key to the success of modern organizations and creative higher education, strengthening the collective expertise, industry-service clusters, employees and competitiveness in global economy.
An Innovative Approach about the Process Knowledge Representation in the Processes of Large Cluster Projects Management  [PDF]
Yong Liu, Qiong Chen
iBusiness (IB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2010.24048
Abstract: The features of the large Cluster projects’ management processes, complexity, “one-off” and “irreversibility”, make the projects’ process knowledge hard to be expressed, analyzed and obtained accurately. It is also not convenient to be accumulated and disseminated, and can’t be learned and used by managers. However, such knowledge is the crystallization of human wisdom. It has an important role in promoting efficiency of projects management and increasing accumulation of social knowledge. A better way is needed to find for its representation and utilization. From the perspective of cluster project management department, this article takes a cluster project’s construction as an example, and proposes a suitable method for the process knowledge representation in large cluster projects’ management processes, combined with the Topic Maps and MFFC-Ⅱ & MLD-Ⅱ.
Exploiting Distributed Cognition to Make Tacit Knowledge Explicating  [PDF]
Mingrui He, Yongjian Li
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.33033
Abstract: Distributed cognition is a new development trend of cognitivism, and is also a new research field of knowledge manage- ment. The study discusses that tacit knowledge explicating activity is a distributed cognitive activity, whose success depends on interaction of each of these factors in distributed cognitive system and none of the factor could be neglected. Further, the study exploits distributed cognition to explore how to design these factors in the system so that tacit knowledge explicating can be accomplished successfully.
I like it but I don’t have time to tell patients’ families: Exploring barriers and facilitators of pain and dementia knowledge flow between healthcare providers and family caregivers  [PDF]
Cary A. Brown, Ashley Schmidt
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2012.13008
Abstract: Pain in persons with dementia is prevalent, largely undetected, and undertreated within the care setting. Family members require resources to help them assume a more significant role in pain assessment and management. This report outlines a psycho-educational online resource developed to address these needs. The report explores the apparent disconnect between the positive evaluation healthcare providers gave the resource and their infrequent rate of referring family caregivers to the resource. We apply a Sticky Knowledge framework to examine these complex and incongruent findings and conclude that health literacy and knowledge translation strategies need to focus directly on family care- givers as opposed to adhering to a more traditional biomedical model in which healthcare professionals assumed the primary responsibility for gatekeeping and knowledge dissemination.
Chemotherapy-Knowledge and Handling Practice of Nurses Working in a Medical University of Nepal  [PDF]
Ramanand Chaudhary, Basant Kumar Karn
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2012.31014
Abstract: Background: Many antineoplastic agents are known to be teratogenic and mutagenic to humans. Nurses are the main groups that are exposed to these drugs in hospital setting. Generally, the occupational activities that pose to greatest risk of exposure are the preparation and administration of antineoplastic agents, cleaning of chemotherapy spills, and handling of patient excreta. Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the knowledge of nurse regarding the way of exposure of Cytotoxic Drugs (CDs) and to determine the current patterns of use of personal protective equipments while handling antineoplastic chemotherapeutic agents. Methods: An analytic cross sectional study was carried out at BPKIHS Dharan. The study was carried out on 125 nurses. The random sampling technique was used to select the study subjects using structured and semi-structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result: More than 92% of participants reported usually wearing gloves during chemotherapy handling; 6% reported using laboratory coats as protective garments. Usual use of face and respiratory protection was less than 5%. Chemotherapy was reported to be prepared in nursing station where there are no laminar airflow hoods in 100% of work settings. None of the subjects have reportedly provided any type of medical monitoring. Conclusion: Use and availability of gloves have increased but personal protective equipment like protective garments, face and respiratory protective, when handling chemotherapy have decreased and medical monitoring of exposed employees still is neither widely practiced nor consistent with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines.

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