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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7799 matches for " Kirsty Park "
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Assessment and Management of Invasive Alien Predators
Kirsty Park
Ecology and Society , 2004,
Abstract: Although invasive alien species have been identified as the second greatest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss, characterizing and quantifying their impacts on native species and habitats remains a fundamental problem in conservation biology. Here, I review the techniques that are currently used to assess the impact of invasive alien species on biodiversity, highlighting both their uses in invasive species ecology and their limitations in establishing a causal relationship. Adopting a hypothesis-driven experimental approach to impact assessment, and to eradication efforts through adaptive management, would benefit our ecological understanding of invasive species without delaying critical management action that could reduce the spread of invasive species populations
Experimental Evidence for the Effect of Small Wind Turbine Proximity and Operation on Bird and Bat Activity
Jeroen Minderman, Chris J. Pendlebury, James W. Pearce-Higgins, Kirsty J. Park
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041177
Abstract: The development of renewable energy technologies such as wind turbines forms a vital part of strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. Although large wind farms generate the majority of wind energy, the small wind turbine (SWT, units generating <50 kW) sector is growing rapidly. In spite of evidence of effects of large wind farms on birds and bats, effects of SWTs on wildlife have not been studied and are likely to be different due to their potential siting in a wider range of habitats. We present the first study to quantify the effects of SWTs on birds and bats. Using a field experiment, we show that bird activity is similar in two distance bands surrounding a sample of SWTs (between 6–18 m hub height) and is not affected by SWT operation at the fine scale studied. At shorter distances from operating turbines (0–5 m), bat activity (measured as the probability of a bat “pass” per hour) decreases from 84% (71–91%) to 28% (11–54%) as wind speed increases from 0 to 14 m/s. This effect is weaker at greater distances (20–25 m) from operating turbines (activity decreases from 80% (65–89%) to 59% (32–81%)), and absent when they are braked. We conclude that bats avoid operating SWTs but that this effect diminishes within 20 m. Such displacement effects may have important consequences especially in landscapes where suitable habitat is limiting. Planning guidance for SWTs is currently lacking. Based on our results we recommend that they are sited at least 20 m away from potentially valuable bat habitat.
Redetermination of l-tryptophan hydrobromide
Kirsty Stewart
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2009, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536809017322
Abstract: The redetermined crystal structure of the title compound, C11H13N2O2+·Br , is reported. Data collection at 100 K about three crystallographic axes resulted in a crystal structure with significantly higher precision in comparison to the two-dimensional data collected at 176 K [Takigawa et al. [(1966) Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn, 39, 2369–2378]. The carboxyl group and indole ring system are planar, with maximum deviations of 0.002 (2) and 0.007 (2) , respectively, and make an angle of 70.17 (1)° with each other. The molecules are arranged in double layers of carboxyl and amino groups parallel to the ab plane, stabilized by an extensive network of N—H...Br and O—H...Br hydrogen bonds. The polar layer is held together by a network of three N—H...Br hydrogen bonds and one O—H...Br hydrogen bond. In the non-polar layer, the indole rings are linked mainly by electrostatic N—H...C interactions between the polarized bond N—H (H is δ+) of the pyrrole unit and two of the ring C atoms (δ ) of the benzene rings of adjacent molecules. The distances of these electrostatic interactions are 2.57 and 2.68 , respectively. C—H...O and C—H...π interactions are also present.
Absence et désir : moteurs de création dans Amandes et melon de Madeleine Monette
Kirsty Bell
Synergies Canada , 2012,
Abstract: Le roman Amandes et melon de Madeleine Monette joue sur le rapport intime qui se tisse entre l’absence et le désir, mettant en scène une artiste, Elvire, qui a recours à la peinture pour comprendre l’absence d’un être aimé. Le roman explore ainsi les fa ons dont la narration et l’image visuelle peuvent évoquer l’absence ainsi que les multiples fa ons dont l’absence et le désir s’informent dans et par la création artistique. De plus, c’est souvent par le genre pictural de la nature morte que le roman affiche sa conception du rapport qui existe entre l’art, l’absence et le désir. Cette analyse se penche sur ces phénomènes afin de cerner les ressemblances et les dissemblances entre les pratiques littéraires de l’écrivaine et les pratiques plastiques du personnage artiste que l’écrivaine met en scène.
The True Story About Me: Isabelle Eberhardt, the Legend of the Kahina and the Construction of Identity
Kirsty Bennett
United Academics Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Isabelle Eberhardt’s larger than life biography has exerted an extraordinary hold on the occidental feminist imagination and yet her writing, from fiction to journalism, remains in her shadow. In this article Eberhardt’s identity politics are contextualised around the historiography of the Kahina legend in Algeria; and examined in relation to the textual construction of her Islamic identity; further complicated by a negotiation of the strategic political manoeuvres that Eberhardt undertakes to further her literary career. It is part of my wider research and construction of Eberhardt for the twenty- first century: moving away from the gender ambiguities to focus on her literary and Islamic identity.
Kirsty Hughes
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2002,
Abstract: The future of Europe Convention is now three months into its task of finding answers to the challenges and questions of the Laeken declaration. The central issue for the Convention is whether it can find a route through the multitude of questions and create a strong consensus on substantive answers to the three big challenges of democratizing the EU, organizing the politics and policies of the enlarged EU, and developing the EU’s voice in the world. The enlarged EU of 25 or more members has to be able to cope in both democratic and efficiency terms with the increased numbers of member states, and increased diversity in economic and political interests and circumstances. The status quo is not an option or the enlarged EU will rapidly find its decision-making and operational mechanisms seizing up - it will be a stalled and inefficient EU. The politics of the Convention are unfolding slowly and a myriad of political alignments are emerging. But some key differences are emerging already - particularly the traditional battle between intergovernmentalists and integrationists. The relative role and powers of the Council and Commission will be central in determining the nature of the future EU. Fundamental reform of both institutions is vital in both efficiency and democratic terms. One of the big risks is that energy is concentrated on the relative power of the two institutions and not on their effective reform. Proposals for a new, five-year, appointed President of the European Council go in this direction - they will not improve legitimacy and precisely duplicate the characteristics of the current Commission President. The paper identifies 5 scenarios for the future EU to summarize the potential outcomes of different sets of decisions by Convention and IGC: emergent global political power; struggling global power; efficient but weak EU; efficient but unstable EU; technocratic, stalled and inefficient EU.
Lack of Annual Reports Make it Difficult to Analyze Library Strategic Credibility. A Review of: Staines, G. (2009). Towards an assessment of strategic credibility in academic libraries. Library Management, 30(3), 148-162.
Kirsty Thomson
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Objective – To investigate whether libraries achieve strategic credibility by assessing if strategic planning goals match the achievements described in annual reports. Design – Content analysis of annual reports and strategic plans from a sample of Association of Research Libraries (ARL). Setting – Academic libraries in Canada and the United States of America. Subjects – A random sample of 12 Canadian and 16 American academic libraries. All libraries were members of ARL. Methods – The researcher contacted the directors of 28 ARL libraries and asked for copies of their strategic plans and annual reports. She also visited the websites of libraries to obtain the reports. The contents of the strategic plans and annual reports were analyzed, and trends in the Canadian and American strategic plans were identified. Main Results – This study found that only 39% of ARL libraries produce annual reports, making it difficult to assess if libraries have strategic credibility, as their strategic plans cannot be assessed against annual reports. The strategic plans gathered in this study were analyzed and emerging themes were identified. These included physical library space (renovations, expansions or new buildings); offsite storage; assessment (both of the libraries’ services, and of information literacy training); development activities such as fundraising and marketing; and personnel issues. Cultural differences also were found inthe strategic plans, with American libraries being more focused on trends such as digitization and institutional repositories, andCanadian libraries’ plans being more focused on users’ needs. Trends in annual reports were not reported due to the small number ofannual reports in the sample. Conclusion – This study gives a snapshot ofthe trends in strategic plans of ARL members. It shows that many ARL members do not produce an annual report, and that it istherefore difficult to assess if their strategicplans are implemented successfully. Thearticle hypothesizes that the communication ofachievements may now be part ofdevelopment and marketing efforts, ratherthan traditional annual reports.
Teams Are Now Used by Many Technical Services Departments in Academic Libraries. A Review of: Zhu, L. (2011). Use of teams in technical services in academic libraries. Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 35, 69-82. doi:10.1016/j.lcats.2011.03.013
Kirsty Thomson
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice , 2012,
Abstract: Objective – An investigation of the use ofteams in technical services, provision oftraining on team-working, characteristics oftechnical services teams, and the effectivenessof teams. Design – Survey comprising of 19 closedquestions and one open question. Setting – Technical services departments inacademic libraries. Subjects– Responses were received from 322library staff members. Of those, 294 answeredthe survey question about team-basedtechnical services and 55.9% of respondentscompleted the full survey. Methods – An online survey was promotedvia seven technical services electronic mail listsand was conducted using SurveyMonkey. Main Results – The survey found that 39% oftechnical services were entirely team-based,18% were partly team-based, and 43% did notuse teams. Information was gathered about thenumber of teams, team nomenclature, andhow long teams have been used. This researchhighlighted the lack of provision of trainingand documentation about working in teams. Conclusion – Many respondents have team-basedtechnical services, and most participantsfound that working in teams had a positiveimpact. A systematic application of this surveyis planned for the future.
Courses Studied by New York Librarianship Students Affect Their Perceived Readiness for Employment. A Review of: Creel, S. L., & Pollicino, E. B. (2012). Practitioners’ & LIS students’ perceptions on preparedness in the New York metropolitan area. Education for Information, 29, 53-69. doi: 10.3233/EFI-2010-0911
Kirsty Thomson
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice , 2012,
Abstract: Objective – To investigate whetherlibrarianship students felt ready to enter theworkforce, and whether practitioners feltrecent graduates were suitably prepared. Design – Survey. Setting – A university in New York City, andschool and public librarians working in theNew York metropolitan area. Subjects – 55 MLS students, 167 school librarypractitioners, and 181 public librarypractitioners. Methods – Students surveyed practitionersabout new graduates’ readiness to work aslibrarians. The students also assessed theirown readiness. Main Results – Detailed analysis of differencesbetween the responses of the four subjectgroups – public librarians, school librarians,public library students, and school librarystudents – for each of six survey statements isprovided. Practitioners and students felt thatschool librarianship graduates were moreprepared for work than public librarianshipgraduates. This may have been due todifferences in the practical components of theircourses. Conclusion – Preparedness for libraryemployment is related to the courses studiedby librarianship students.
University Students Are Unaware of the Role of Academic Librarians. A Review of: Bickley, R. & Corral, S. (2011). Student perceptions of staff in the information commons: A survey at the University of Sheffield. Reference Services Review, 39(2), 223-243. doi:10.1108/00907321111135466
Kirsty Thomson
Evidence Based Library and Information Practice , 2012,
Abstract: Objective – To discover students’ perceptionsof information commons staff, and todetermine how these perceptions influence theuse of library resources. Design – Post-experience survey with onefollow-up interview. Setting – The University of Sheffield, a postsecondaryinstitution in England. Subjects – All undergraduate andpostgraduate students were invited to takepart. Just over 1% of the student population, or250 students, completed the survey. Methods – Information about the survey wassent to students’ institutional email addresses.One follow up interview was carried out viaemail using the critical incident technique. Main Results – Students do not understandthe academic roles of librarians. They areunlikely to approach library staff for academicsupport, preferring to turn to instructors, otherstudents, friends, and family. Most studentshad positive opinions about assistancereceived in the Information Commons, but asmall number reflected on previous badexperiences with staff, or on a fear of beingmade to feel foolish. The vast majority ofstudents who did not seek help in theInformation Commons stated that this wasbecause they did not require assistance. Most students do not perceive a difference between Information Commons staff and library staff. Conclusion – Students have positive views of Information Commons staff at the University of Sheffield, but have low awareness of the roles of professional librarians. Librarians need to develop partnerships with academic staff and strengthen their presence in both physical and online learning environments to promote their academic roles.
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